chapter14 copy ARH253
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This 46 page Bundle was uploaded by Emily Welt on Tuesday February 10, 2015. The Bundle belongs to ARH253 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Benefield in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 323 views. For similar materials see Art History in Art History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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If Emily isn't already a tutor, they should be. Haven't had any of this stuff explained to me as clearly as this was. I appreciate the help!
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Date Created: 02/10/15
Gardner s Art Through the Ages 14e Chapter 14 Late Medieval Italy 1 Gothic style Very religious Virgin and child main focus Byzantine style at stylistic More eastern identification HOLWtOMAN mm quotma 399 KINGDOM r 0F FRANCE lllt N 1 HRkLIA M quot mtquot quot 372313 39 nu 1 ml shufu A 39 It fl MN 7 I w on0n1 MM M l n f V x llll l s A II h 39 39 T J mt 39 r 39 k n 39 z 4 z 4 v a gquot m v e quot rrquot QR HHIN um n k NAPLES K l i Haa L O i In I I r In u n dd l Iquot l 0 5quotHmou g I Mostly republics Events happening around this time Black plague happening in Florence and Siena The Great Schism Who has papal authority France or Italy There became two popes Guilds created specialized group of workers like a union Oligarchy an elected group of people that govern Usually consisted on members of the upper class Proto Renaissance Italy is gateway from east to west Transitioning from gothic and byzantine to humanistic and naturalistic styles Goals 39 Understand the in uence of the Byzantine and classical worlds on the art and architecture 39 Understand the rejection of medieval artistic elements and the growing interest in the natural world Examine the revival of classical values in particular the growth of humanism Examine elements of the patronage system that developed at that time and the patronage rivalries among the developing city states Examine the architecture and art as responsive to the growing European power structures at that time 141 Rejection of Medieval Understand the in uence of the Byzantine and classical worlds on the art and architecture Understand the rejection of medieval artistic elements and the growing interest in the natural world Examine the artistic interest in illusionism pictorial solidity spatial depth and emotional display in the human gure Gothic style mixed with some traditional greek caps on the columns Figure 142 NICOLA PISANO pulpit of the baptistery Pisa Italy 1259 1260 Marble 15 high Figure 143 NICOLA PISANO Anna7152mm Nafz39vzy andAdamz z39on 0f 96 Shepyards relief panel on the baptistery pulpit Pisa Italy 1259 1260 Marble 2 10 X 3 9 When Gabriel comes to Mary Lots going on at once Hierarchy of scale Mary is biggest so most important appears twice Same subject matter as the previous preV artists son Style has changed more realistic lots of interaction between characters not as congested as the preV one Mary actually looking at Jesus g magi fquot W a an quot 39v Figure 144 GIOVANNI PISANO Anna715mm Nafz39vzy a dAdamz z39a 0f 96 Shepyards relief panel on the pulpit of Sant Andrea Pistoia Italy 1297 1301 Marble 2 10 X 3 4 WR i M 39 39 I 4 3 l l J t 3 3391 A Figure 145 BONAVENTURA BERLINGHIERI panel from the Saint Francis Afmpz39ece San Francesco Pescia Italy 1235 Tempera on wood 5 X 3 X 6 Very byzantine in style Very one dimensional maniera grecca in the Greek style Unrealistic proportions Elongated Documents St Francis s life 14 5A Nave looking west of the upper church San Francesco Assisi Italy 1228 1253 1453 SAINT FRANCIS MASTER Saz39m Framz39s Pram ing f0 96 Birds upper church San Francesco Assisi Italy ca 1290 1300 Fresco P high 10 The Altered Byzantine Style Examine the Byzantine styles and Classical style that is seen in the religious panel painting Understand growing interest in the natural world and the presentation of more physically solid human gures Artist one of first 2 to work away from the old style Adding suggestion of space still not as much depth however More curves and lines suggesting 3d mass her lap Figure 146 CIMABUE Madmma Jimarmed wit9 Aggle 471d Pmpaez s i from Santa Trinita Florence Italy ca 1280 1290 Tempera and gold leaf on wood 12 7 X 7 4 Galleria degli Uf zi Florence Figure 147 GIOTTO Dl BONDONE Madmma Eatarmed from the Church of Ognissanti Florence Italy ca 1310 Tempera and gold leaf on wood 10 8 X 6 8 Galleria degli Uf zi Florence 2W artist to move away from old stlye More realistic however still gold background and at halos HOWEVER Crowd adds depth not just stacked More realistic faces 3d lap and throne 1463 PIETRO CAVALLINI enthroned apostles detail of Lasz dgmem Santa Cecilia in Trastevere Rome Italy ca 1290 1295 Fresco 14 Figure 141 Giotto di Bondone Arena Chapel Cappella Scrovegm interior looking west Padua Italy 1305 1306 Devoted to Virgin Wrap around story of Mary s life Ends at door With the Final Judgment to scare people into doing good Money lender built it to try to secure place in heaven Interest in the Natural World Understand the growing interest in the natural world and the interest in real space View how artists began to depict human emotion in their work in uence of humanism Explore how these elements are depicted in the art Figure 148 GIOTTO DI BONDONE Lamenmz z39an Arena Chapel Cappella Scrovegm Padua Italy ca 1305 Fresco 6 6 3 4 X 6 3 4 17 Piece from the chapel Mary grieving over Jesus body No more gold background Not centered symmetrical Added emotion Backs turned include the Viewer in the piece Painted in Giormata gt days work fresco Lots of symbols Tree dead now but equals rebirth Jesus is reborn 10 angels 10 is a symbolic number in Chirstian art D v vAv v v a u 39v 0 UV A M r39b39A A39n39ol IV 148A GIOTTO DI BONDONE Em ij z39m a fem3416M Arena Chapel Cappella Scrovegm Padua Italy ca 1305 Fresco 6 6 34quot X 6 34quot 18 I 9 III lune Florence and Siena Loved power favored Virgin art International style is art for the wealthy Loved rich looking elements clothes elegance etc Fresco Painting and Altarpieces Comprehend the variety of media used in painting and decorative religious work in this period Recognize characteristics of the International Style Mary is the patron saint of Siena In uenced by byzantine style gold small mouth formal Added individuality John the Baptist can be seen With beard and no shoes More interest in representing space Implied perspective Overlapping of figures Figure 149 DUCCIO DI BUONINSEGNA Vz39iggz39 and Caz39ld Eatarmed wit9 Saz39m s principal panel of the Mam altarpiece from the Siena Cathedral Siena Italy 1308 1311 Tempera and gold leaf on wood 7 X 13 center panel Museo dell Opera del Duomo Siena 21 Show Jesus s life malsta majesty 1410 DUCCIO Dl BUONINSEGNA sze 0f jams 14 panels from the back of the Mam altarpiece from Siena Cathedral Siena Italy 1308 1311 Tempera and gold leaf on wood 7 X 13 Museo dell Opera del Duomo Siena 22 Still gold and at halos but moving to emotional style More off center composition mountains leading eye to the focus Peter cutting off ear of soldier Jesus puts it right back on Jesus being betrayed and captured by soldiers Other disciples eeing Figure 1411 DUCCIO DI BUONINSEGNA Betrayal 0f femy detail from the back of the Mam altarpiece from Siena Cathedral Siena Italy 1309 1311 Tempera and gold leaf on wood detail 1 10 1 2 X 3 4 Museo dell Opera del Duomo Siena 23 1410A DUCCIO Dl BUONINSEGNA E71ny z39m a jemmem panel from the back of the Mam altarpiece from Siena Cathedral Siena Italy 1308 1311 Tempera and gold leaf on wood 3 4 1 2quot X 1 9 1 8 Museo dell Opera del Duomo Siena 24 Figure 1412 LORENZO MAITANI west facade of Orvieto Cathedral Orvieto Italy begun 1310 25 A v 38 3 aoov39 039 AIC quotv a mt quotquot 39 r quot 39 w xxxM n quot39 034 a Figure 1413 SIMONE MARTINI AND LIPPO MEMMIG Ammaz39az z a altarpiece from Siena Cathedral Siena Italy 1333 frame reconstructed in the19th century Tempera and gold leaf on wood center panel 10 1 X 8 8 3 4 Galleria degli Uf zi Florence 27 W A x Dedicated to the Virgin Gold but painted in the international style Moment of Virgins conception First piece of art dedicated to this moment Very elegant frame gothic Words from bible inscribed leaving angels mouth Mary recoils but accepts is reading book of Isaac often depicted this way Lillies Mary s purity Olive branch Siena Feathers made from ostrich feathers ostrich egg is important for some reason listen to tegrity Spatial Illusion Examine the artistic interest in illusionism pictorial solidity and spatial depth Triptic 3 parts Birth of Mary Greatly increased space illusions Scene is a rich families home in Siena International style Makes piece relatable Figure 1414 PIETRO LORENZETTI Barf9 0f 96 Vz gz from the altar of Saint Savinus Siena Cathedral Siena Italy 1342 Tempera on wood 6 1 X 5 11 Museo dell Opera del Duomo Siena 142 14th Century Siena and Florence Examine elements of the patronage system that developed at that time and the patronage rivalries among the developing city states Examine the architecture and art as responsive to the growing European power structures at that time Examine the artistic interest in illusion spatial depth and emotional display in the human gure Siena and Good Government Examine the patronage system the rivalries among the developing city states and the effect on art and architecture 0 Examine the growing European power structures and the development of architecture City hall type building Siena governed by The Nine man oligarchy Trying to reform Siena and prosper Wanted painting of the perfect city to give residence and example to live by Show What happens With a good govt Markets open People interacting Dancers Peaceful commonwealth Figure 1416 Ambrogio Lorenzetti Pecmfu Cz detail from Ejfm s 0f Gaod Cavernmm 23971 96 09 and 23971 96 Cazmy Sala della Pace Palazzo Pubblico Siena Italy 1338 1339 Fresco 33 Room Where prev is painted Fresco In city hall 1416A AMBROGIO LORENZETTL Allegmg 0f Goad Gavemmem north left and east walls of the Sala della Pace Palazzo Pubblico Siena Italy 1338 1339 Fresco north wall 25 3 wide east wall 46 wide 34 Panoramic View of Tuscan country Everyone happy and prosperous Oligarchy figure With scroll if you follow rules you will be protected One of the first landscapes painted in time Figure 1417 Ambrogio Lorenzetti Pecmfu Cazmm detail from Ejj m s 0f Gaod Cavernmm 23971 96 0399 and 23971 96 Camry Sala della Pace Palazzo Pubblico Siena Italy 1338 1339 Fresco 35 The Republic of Florence Understand the role of Florence in promoting humanism 0 Examine the architecture and art as responsive to the growing European power structures at that time Biggest building in Florence Actually 3 separate areas Cathedral Baptistery Bell tower Figure 1418 1296 9 1 39 39 F I 4quot quot I ARNOLFO DI CAMBIO and others Florence Cathedral aerial View looking northeast Florence Italy begun I 0 37 14 18B ARNOLFO DI CAMBIO Palazzo della Signoria Palazzo Vecchio looking southeast Piazza della Signoria Florence Italy 1299 1310 38 Figure 1418A Arnolfo di Cambioand others interior of Florence Cathedral looking east Florence Italy begun 1296 39 1419 ANDREA PISANO south doors of the Baptistery Florence Italy 1330 1336 Gilded bronze doors 16 X 9 2 individual panels 1 7 14quot X 1 5 The door frames date to the mid 15th century 40 14 19A ANDREA ORCAGNA tabernacle Or San Michele Florence Italy 1355 1359 Mosaic gold marble lapis lazuli with inset painting by BERNARDO DADDI Madmma am Clyz39ld Em lymmd wit7 Saz39m y 1346 1347 Tempera and gold on wood 41 f0 m n mrm H Figure 14 6A Nave of Santa Maria Novella Florence Italy ca 1246 1470 Figure 1420 FRANCESCO TRAINI OR BUONAMICO BUFFALMACCO two details of Triumph of Death133OS Full fresc018 6 X 49 2 Camposanto Pisa 43 Reinforcing the Characteristics of 14th You have Viewed the features of San Giovanni Cathedral and Santa Maria Novella in Florence What Gothic features do those buildings have What are features that indicate the in uence of classical architecture Examine Orvieto Cathedral What aspects of this building illustrate Gothic in uence Would you call this a Gothic cathedral 44 1 rib A Figure 1421 Doge s Palace Venice Italy begun ca 1340 1345 expanded and remodeled 1424 1438 45 Discussion uestions What spatial and illusionary devices were developed at that time How are these examples of lay725mm Why are classical concepts of art more appealing than the Byzantine and Medieval examples In what art do you see a transition v How is the architecture of this period different from both the earlier Romanesque and Gothic periods
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