HTM 173 Chapter 2+
HTM 173 Chapter 2+ HTM 173
Popular in Intro to Tourism Management
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This 6 page Bundle was uploaded by Gabrielle Hill on Wednesday February 11, 2015. The Bundle belongs to HTM 173 at Purdue University taught by Dr. Sei in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 328 views. For similar materials see Intro to Tourism Management in Hospitality at Purdue University.
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Date Created: 02/11/15
HTM 173 January 29th Continued Chapter2 WW 1 Encouraging import substitution 1 instead of importing products you use products from your own place 1 offer more jobs 2 implementing incentive programs 1 Will be particular for things that can come in and out of the country 2 encourage people to spend money at your place instead of other places 1 do what you want them to do 3 Dealing with multinational companies 1 EX foreign owned hotel Sociocultural Impacts of Tourism Social and cultural impacts come from different cultures ethnic and religious groups values and lifestyles languages and levels of prosperity Impacts are mutual visitors lt gt destination communities The degree of conflict depends on The difference between standards of living of visitors and residents The number of visitors The extent of which visitors adapt to local norms Doxey s 1975 lrridex feelings and attitudes compared to number of tourists graph Potential Negative and Social Cultural Impacts of Tourism Encouragement of urbanization and immigration Fiction and resentment between local people and visitors because of overcrowding and lack of for residents to recreational areas and facilities Increase in health risks through diseases such as AIDS malaria hepatitis and in uenza Increase in drug abuse and prostitution Open antagonism and crimes against visitors Commercialization of traditional welcome and hospitality customs cultural commodificaiton Loss of cultural identity Overcrowding and damage to archaeological and historical sites and monuments Displacement of local people Positive Impacts May encourage attempts to keep culture and traditions alive BUT Cultural involution opposite effect you want to be like the others coming in Traditional ways and goods may be restored bc visitors are interested and are willing buyers of these Festivals staged for visitors help to keep local cultures alive Environmental impacts of tourism Carrying Capacity The number of individuals who can be supported in a given area within natural resource limits When can it happen the level of visitor use gt carrying capacity Different areas have different carrying capacity The carrying capacity for any given area is not fixed potential negative changes of land use congestion and air pollution contribution to worldwide environmental problems deterioration and disturbance of the natural ecology loss of vegetation and habitats visual clutter pollution of waters February 3 2015 Positive Environmental Impacts of Tourism greater protection of specific ecosystems More control of harmful economic activities such as logging and commercial fishing Part of visitor expenditures may be reinvested in research and better conservation programs Greater understanding among local residents of environmental issues Sustainable Development SD meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs improve the quality of life of the host community Provide a high quality experience for the visitor maintain the quality of the environment on which both the host community and the visitor depend Principles of Sustainable Tourism Development 1 Ecological sustainability maintenance of ecological processes biological diversity and resources 2 Social and Cultural sustainability tourism development is compatible with culture and values of locals 3 Economic sustainability tourism is economically efficient and supports local communities CHAPTER 3 Tourism Policy and Organizations Why involve the government Political reasons ex to foster international relations environmental reasons economic reasons ex tourism dominant economies or countries with centralized government Roles of government in tourism tourism coordination between levels of got industry sectors policy setting and tourism planning matching supply demand and principles of sustainability tourism legislation visa zoning license requirements carrying capacity regulations infrastructure development roads airports sewage etc tourism development facilitation and control seeking developers investors etc tourism operations state national parks museums monuments etc tourism research and marketing tourism training and education Tourism policy it is a set of guidelines for all those directly and indirectly involved in tourism by specifying the broad goals and objectives priorities and actions that provide the basis for the future development of tourism law Aspects to consider destination area needs tourism goals constraints internal and external tourism strategies and programs Tourism organizations can be analyzed according to geographical scale global multicountry regional national stateterritorial regional local Global tourism organizations United world tourism organization UNWTO 1975 headquarters in Madrid global forum for tourism issues and practical innovations intergovernmental organization regional programs for africa americas asia europe middle east world travel and tourism council 1990 London UK Private sector membership organization forum for business leaders in travel and tourism strategic priorities 1 freedom to travel 2 policies for growth 3 tourism for tomorrow international civil aviation organization icao 1944 montreal canada governments of 190 countries goal is promote safe secure and sustainable development of international civil aviation Multi country organizations 1 organizations for broader economic development EU organization for economic cooperation and development OECD association of southeast asian nations asan 2 tourism specific caribbean tourism organization headquartered in barbados provide services and information necessary for sustainable tourism development european travel commission south pacific tourism organization developmental agencies and banks National tourism organizations 1 national tourism administration nta department of resources energy in tourism in AU policy making and planning 2 national tourist office nto tourism australia the canadian tourism commission mainly marketing responsibilities Local tourism organizations room or innkeeper tax grants membership programs activities promotion fam tours tourism planning sometimes know functions located funded Chapter 5 Tourism Planning Reasons tourism development has both negative and positive impacts tourism is more competitive than ever before and there has been a profileration in the promotion of tourism destinations tourism is more complicated phenomenon than it was previously thought to be tourism has damaged many natural and cultural resources tourism effects everyone in a community and all people involved in tourism should participate in the tourism planning process Consequences of unplanned tourism development physical impacts human impacts marketing impacts organizational impacts other impacts The destination life cycle butler 1991 exploration involvement development consolidation stagnation decline rejuvenation Exploratino small numbers of adventurous visitors little or no infrastructure for tourism Involvement local investment in tourism and infrastructure starts visitor numbers begin to increase Development A rapid growth in visitor number visitors become less adventurous External investment replaces local Consolidation growth in visitor numbers begin to slow tourism becomes mass market Stagnation heavily rely on the repeat visitors frequent changes in tourism business ownership 0 country club Decline visitor numbers decrease external investors begin to pull out Rejuvenation new attractions are developed Plog s 1973 Model Psychographic groups 1 Allocentrics venturers innovators in travel markets seek uncrowded and unique destinations 2 psychometrics dependables followers in travel markets seek comfortable commercionalized destinations 3 midcentrices most of us combo of the two jj7j
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