Notes from 2/2/15 to 2/11/15
Notes from 2/2/15 to 2/11/15 12092
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This 11 page Bundle was uploaded by Ysabelle Abraham on Thursday February 12, 2015. The Bundle belongs to 12092 at University of Houston taught by Douglas A Erwing in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 76 views. For similar materials see HIST 1377 - The U S To 1877 in History at University of Houston.
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Amazing. Wouldn't have passed this test without these notes. Hoping this notetaker will be around for the final!
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Date Created: 02/12/15
2215 0 China were born from interior to now 0 The colonizers cannot rely on the English government or the Virginia Company They have to form an identity away from England 0 Like the freedom of the business from government not evident in China 0 Analogy of Jamestown venture Mars away from former government but no Natives to contest with O No real communication 0 Montezuma39s Revenge Tobacco A new world crop cultivated in the Caribbeans Problem Plants and animals migrate with the Sun they move E W across Eurasia Not so easy N and S to transport plants like tobacco Tobacco immediately die John Rolfe and his wife Pocahontas O 0 He takes strains of tobacco and takes them to Virginia and sees similar plants and they cross pollinate and produces a tobacco that is favorful His tobacco has a rich textured favor and they chewed it and spit on the oor They made a huge market 1611 23 pounds of tobacco 1638 3 million pounds of tobacco 500 1000 Tobacco percent return An uneducated laborer once he gets his field cultivated makes45 times than the most skilled person Everyone is in the field frantically working such more so the requirement for people to grow food Theres a frantic demand to bring laborers and the population swells o 1616 350 people 1650 13 thousand 0 And the pace of immigration will quicken o Importation of another source of labor 1619 A dutch ship and sells 20 Africans The people on behalf of the Company own the land so the men will making money not the Company and shareholders since it is private enterprise In an effort to correct the problem 1621 still in a reorganization mode to get money for shareholder but 1622 the settlers Pocahontas died in England Indians launch an attack and colonizers die and the colonizers are pushed to the Atlantic and the shareholders ask the king to buy them out 1624 Virginia becomes a royal colony and there s now a governor 241 5 The King calls out with the House of Burgess 1639 there is official recognition that the House of Burgess represents the colony The sister colony to Virginia Maryland 0 England is a Catholic country 0 China sues the most of cigarettes today 0 Henry Vlll s daughter Elizabeth I is a great monarch Henry VIII makes England an Anglican church but it is very similar to Catholicism and many people don t like Catholicism and there is persecution of Catholic There is no religious freedom James is the son persecution of Catholic increases The privy councilor advisers to the King One man is his closest advisor is George Calvert secretary of state The two men sit alone on day and Calvert tells James that he is a Catholic and resigns and his conscious is clear But James doesn t let him go and now Calvert is pinned down So he asks for a colony for Catholic which is Maryland and gets a charter in 1620 1629 f irst attempts near Newfoundland fails 1625 Charles is married to a Catholic and the successor of James I 1632 Renewed charter for Calvert colony but dies and his son Cecilius Maryland is a place that tobacco is grown and the major of immigrants is actually Protestant and not Catholic Maryland and Virginia are the chesapeake bay colonies rely on servants and later slavery Land isn t systematic developed A lot of land claims plantations are hard to defend hard to have skilled laborers because not much urban density a lot of lawsuit Leads to a new individualism and self reliance and leads to a beginning of hospitality Southern hospitality I Other colonies in the Carribeans making sugar slavery by the 1630s David Gluerner bright professor at Yale sometimes given credit for the interet target of the Unabomber o Responded to What should we read about I There is now so many words so less time given to each word and so now readers and writers have less to time read or write The internet demands so many words and now there is less value on words We are becoming dumber and you are limited by our linguistic compatibility I The internet devalues the written word 0 Another cluster of English settlement close to Canada and the French there not near the Chesapeake Bay because they are there for religious reason the Puritans O O The Reformation a split from the Catholic Church 1517 I Struggle between Catholic and Protestants Wars 30 years End in 1648 Loose 13 and 50 of population Henry VIII on the side of the Reformer because he took them out of the Catholic Church But the anglican church is too close to the Catholic Church just a change in name only Dynastic machination made the English to think that England will go back to the Catholic realm On a normal day there would be horses dung children run a market place and the Catholic and Anglican clergy prayers for your soul in a language that you didn39t understand and you couldn39t see them The Puritans are religious reformers purify England or move to a new England wanted to rid the Church of corruption and out protestant reformation in England No separation in Church and state in EnglandThe monarch reigns over the civil state and the Church The King and Queen see it as a threat The reformers find no basis of bishops and archbishops in the Church Variation of Puritanism Some believe that the church can reform from within others separatists believe that the hope of reforming the Church is a lost cause and put distance between them and the Anglican church Puritan beliefs attendance should be for those who want instruction Compulsory attendance corrupts the church The structure is mostly Catholic so the Puritans and Protestants would congregationalist church and give it to the people and more of a variety between the people The priesthood needed to be deemphasized So worshippers can read The priest with their rituals and ceremonies are insufficient God saving grace is granted by God alone cannot be guaranteed by good works or be purchased So bishops and archbishops may not be invited to heaven but the drunkenness may The Puritans believe that you work hard and good works to be prepared to receive the grace Puritan dilemmas they try and hide the body s functions since you are reminded that we bear original sin and humanity A dark view of mankind And also delayed gratification They view virtue of thrift mortify strict discipline and diligence Don t celebrate Christmas since everyday is a gift from God and no one is significant In the Puritan communities there is pressure to monitor and supervise and there is communal supervision There is an inherent stress to the importance of reading it and now the Bible is the New King James leads to a drive to reading They stress that economically their goal is to obtain a competency a sum of money provided that relieves you from the stress of providing the basic necessities of life And if you are relieved of that you can pray They criticize the Church because there are high placed Puritans and the Crown did not feel strong enough to attack the Puritans But James declares war against the Puritans wants to harry them out of the land or do worse But Charles is when they face a time of true division 1625 Charles becomes king He is a believer in the Anglican way William Laud stern is a bishop a signal that the Puritans that they will not have sway Most Puritans decide that they will remain in England since they have a loyalty to England One group left 1608 Pilgrims Sailed in the Mayflower At first to the Netherlands in 1608 They don t know if they will make it in the New World In Holland though they are mostly farmerand they settle in Leiden and the jobs in more business And the children speak Dutch and they are assimilating to the Dutch after only a few years The King wanted them to go and the Pilgrims asked for a grant to the New World and the King grants it And here they join the Mayflower But hurricanes blow and the ship is nearly lost at sea but they make it across They settle in Plymouth in 1620 They arrive too late in the year super cold and can39t plant and they get Scurvy vitamin C deficiency They see an Indian and he asks for a beer He has been visited by English ships captain was John Smith and Squanto the indian return but because of the English the tribe died and so Squanto showed them how to make corn corn syrup 1st thanksgiving Virginia not Plymouth 1640 barely grows the Pilgrims colony merges with the Massachusetts bay colony They are the separatists The Puritans in Massachusetts bay the great migration were led by John Winthrop They haven39t turned their back on the main steam Anglican They are the eyes of the hill want to set a standard and be an example for the Anglican church for the reforms They write the Cambridge agreement a chart and calls for selfgovernment They move the headquarters to presentday Massachusetts and build colony with a robust economy and the colony quickly grows to many thousands It is organized around townships 1015 families Town green center A school read the Bible and church on opposite ends Well organized Harvard a seminary 1400 Puritans will come over 162942 1660 33 000 20000 are in massachusets bay Factors that made the success of New England colonies I Indians has been disseminated less of a threat They learn from the previous ventures how to have a better structure Better environment lower temperatures means less diseases They brought better equip better animals and reasonable expectations Declension a decline in religious devotion or really it changed Parties declined in England but the city of upon a hill experiment goes on Reasons that the devotion until and changes 2615 I Decline and testing to the receiving of grace c Number of announcements among the men decline privacy in society I Growth of Harvard and the printing business cranks Bible I Attendance of church is high I Witchcraft allegations 0 Labor Situation in New England 0 0 As opposed to the Chesapeake Bay colonies most people emigrating to New England are skilled people less agriculture so less servants Farm holdings are smaller The key to long term financial importance is the kids 1700s 5 servants 2 enslaved 20 in Virginia servants was much higher The goal of the New England colonies is competency amount of money you can earn that gives you your basic substances but not too much money Social gradations there is a equable distribution of wealth There is a broad equality of wealth looking on the outsides but there are groups and shifts Wealth is a symbol of upper class but can shift It is hard to transfer and maintained to the children They may not have the knowledge to maintain the wealth Economy booms in 1640s because immigrants bring capitals At the end of the great migration in the Massachusetts Bay colony there is a depression which leads to shipping building fishing and the transportation of good of other colony known as the carrying trade Problem of vision of the West Countrymen they are not consumers of the Mother country instead they are competing with it in the carrying trade anc in fishing Maryland Colony in the Chesapeake bay is important I Original purpose of settling is Catholic reason but after a while looks like Virginia I 1638 First Assembly opened to all freeholders Problem so many Protestants are coming that Catholic become a minority 1649 Act Concerning Religion mandated religious freedom Designed to protect the minority Catholics There is a deep agreement with the monarch there is a reservoir of power to the people The monarch is suppressing the voice of the people The consequence of the choice of First Assembly and the Cambridge Assembly is that there is instability There was profit in Jamestown with the decentralization charter with the Natives Weakness cumbersome slow breaths decent Pilgrims separate Puritans purify the church 0 Virginia Company 0 O 0 Run out of food cannibalism bad situation before the House of Burgess Unusual unique set of circumstances the birth of democracy American Exceptionalism is the democracy born out of the a unique circumstances or can be replicated around the world Witchcraft O 1691 group of young girls in Salem Massachusetts and discuss their husbands and what trade their husbands One of the girls made a crystal ball suspended of the egg What one of the girls saw in the egg yoke was a coffin they began had fits and distempers others had seizures and were being tortured and lit with fire and flame Feb 1692 Rev Samuel Parris is the father and uncle of the two girls brought in a local physician he thought it was witchcraft People in the village thought the girls were possessed The dog died when given one of the girl s urine Feb 28 1692 Sarah Good Sarah Osborne Tituba slave they were arrested Tituba confessed and described the devil as a thing and all three women are put in jail Rev Lawson came to the village and gave antiwitchcraft sermon and a number of children of Putnam and beckoned The mother seems to be afflicted Charges continue to fly and the authorities organized a number of trails Jan 2 Bridget Bishop found guilty and was hanged The court at the end of the month tried and convicted 5 girls and were hanged Until September the governor and his wife were accused and the trials ended 19 girls were hanged and one man is crushed 150 were jailed and released by 1693 We don39t have an exclamation though two explanations I Boyer and Misunbow Salem39s persisted 0 Salem Town town proposed The soil was insufficient for cash crops So the town becomes a gateway from the interior for trade trade is going in and coming out The town grew enough and the village grew up next to it o The Porters and the Putmans moved through the town to the village Putman comes first and richer and he produces a number of land holders on the westside and northside Porter has less money but still wants to buy land and he buy landholding in the village just outside of the town Both of them dieboth boy and girl This town village occurs through Massachusetts And the village normally broke away from the town and the town declined and the village progressed So here the town refused to let the village to break away Because of financial where the Putmans are is harder to get money from land so they invest in a iron foundry but the foundry goes under and fails The other option is that the daughter of Putnam and she is dating an heir of the Cars On the eve of the elder Car dying he rewrote his wia and cuts out of the eldest son the guy who is dating the Putmans daughter Their money situation is bad The Porters economic fortune sore because there land is valuable and their warehouse does well In Nov 1691 the will is read The inflicted with the Putnams and the 2915 0 The connection between the rise and fall of the two families and witchcraft They didn39t take religion seriously in explanation o Chesapeake Bay 1650 O Planter s quality sought was independence a new kind of freedom when relationships were vertical You were dependent on others of greater means and higher statue Problem if you are only a crop or two from the elite you will only a crop of two from being destitute Bad weather and others can jeopardize that Power is decentralized some measure of power has devolved to local authorities In term the local authorities foster a series of allegiances to maintain their power they build an interlocking set of relationship like the families colony country and church and the monarch into to maintain their place But change comes to the Chesapeake Bay in the 50s and 60s because tobacco prices fall Less opportunity of immigrants and they move to the frontier while working on someone elses land England has too little work for many people The chesapeake bay is the complete opposite 120000 immigrants in Virginia 90000 are undisturbed servants in the 60s only 2 is enslaved In times of criticising tension we learn more about society when things are not going so well 1676 Bacon s Rebellion I The pigs rebel 6mins I Bacon comes to Virginia Hope is that by being sent to the colony we will make his way in the world I In 1676 he arrives and the governor is William Berkeley and Berkeley is an influential member of the elite for 30 years He has been the governor deputy governor and tobacco trade businessman Green Springs is owned by him and Berkeley and his groups are called the Green Springs Clique The problem for Berkeley is that there is growing unease in the colony and people think that Berkely being the governor he is responsible I The tension in the colony when Bacon comes I Depression in the tobacco market There is a gluck of tobacco by the Navigation Acts laws that regulate trade in the empire by the king and parliament Did not allow traders to look for new customers for the tobacco industry I Heavy tax burden Financial Problem 0 Two purposes of taxes 0 Fort protecting the Jamestown harbor The English win the war against of the Dutch so no more need for the forts against the Dutch 0 The soldiers are in the fort and the indians are killing the settlers A static defense is ineffective and the image that the settlers have Berkely stays on the Tidewater and they are subject to attacks I Colonists angry that the defenses are completely ineffective Communicative effect on the colonists I Corrupt handling by the Crown of a large tract of land on the frontier 0 King needs money and couldnt ask Parliament to boost his spending needs so he carves out of land in Big sinai and gave land to his immediate and pay his debts and Beverly signs up on it It makes the colonists mad since they only have the access of more land So Bacons arrives and is offered by Berkeley a place to live in Green Springs Bacon thinks that by being invited to Green Springs he is part of the CLique and that s not the case Berkeley is old and is doing it for Bacon s father When Bacon feels snubbed and wants to undermined Berkeley Bacon is a capable leader and he senses that there is a great deal of resentment and tensions and for many people it is all Berkeley He quickly assembles an antiBerkeley faction and talks to the common people Since Berkley is a tried political man he realizes that Bacon is a threat and tries to counter him 1675 Far to the North unexpectedly the Iroquois go to the war They are victorious and claim their land to the South and it eventually leads to the war spilling into the Virgnia and Bacon is keen to this opportunity settlers are in an uproar and Bacon want reappraises the Indian Berkeley orders caution foolishly Bacon acts decisively and immediately goes to the war and launching a war against the Indians He defeats the Indians on the frontier in the middle of this campaign blunders and comes out against Bacon and brands the men that serve under Bacon as mutineers He just criticized the man who successfully defeats the ndiansdefending their land And all he has is a hundred poorly trained English troops Berkeley calls out the militia and asks for troops to England and calls out the House of Burgess and engineers a series of bills to pacifies the very people he brands as mutineers O 0 He expands the vote so more people can vote He lets freemen vote on the vestry minister of the local church So now every 3 years man can decide who is the local minister Limits plural office holding Before you can hold a lot of plural offices and so now Berkley now have a huge amount of power with his friends Passed a law that appeals an exemption that allow the governor and his friends to not pay tax So now they have to pay taxes If he had made these laws a year before he might have quelled the rebellion Too little too later Bacon march on into Jamestown The fire burns Jamestown and Bacon dies in 3 weeks because of a disease With Bacon gone the settlers melted back into the frontier from where they had come from A small and capable military from england and Berkeley puts the colony but Berkeley is called back to England The King has little sympathy for Berkeley and Bacon 5 bits of significant to Bacon s Rebellion 0 One consequences of the episode the Kind inserts greater control of the colony The elite of Virginia unite against the Crown I The lesson for Virginia39s elite is that they can not fight amongst themselves since it all started with Bacon v Berkeley They stand together The number of freed man has to be controlled The unruly mass or scum by British They will move towards slavery A shifting in patterns of dissent I As the Virginia elite untie their focus is on the power of the Assembly The local assembly is the place where locals express their dissent The colonists focused the unify through the local assembly in opposition to the Crown and his elite The emergence of a split between the settled East and the frontier West 21115 0 Berkley isn t responsible for the tobacco and the taxes And also the fort how is he supposed to know that the English is going to win and also he couldn t say no to the King There is whole series by the monarch that are contrary to the interests of the colony The Berkeley opposition and the shooting here is in the history 100 years later in the Revolution Bacon s rebellions is a sign of deeper rebellion 0 Reasons of slavery o Decline of number of indentured servants 0 Rise of hooliganism indentured servants serve out their servants and carve out some land and can become unruly 0 Economic realization that owning slaves is better than indentured servants o Is Bacon39s Rebellion a sign of chaos or unease o What makes a culture superior 0 00000 00000 Educationmeritocracy Protection militarysurvival Autonomy within rules and laws Respect for existencePride Stability Trade Diplomacy Promote Science and Technology Art complex Transmit and have people independently be affected by yours Respect for other peoples Another vision of witchcraft Devil in the shape of a woman I A book that said that witchcraft was a part of religious beliefs I new England witchcraft is in village in England which is in women in England women are enemies of people and God I How does it come over to New World through people and the society is different and the patterns of accusations take a while I 165060 develop of the new patterns in the New England it isn39tjust women but he better sort of women being accused I Basic the allegations of the women are really about the women 80 of allegations are levelled against women I They are handmaidens of devils Women personality traits angry envious seductive lying prideful the worst The better sort of the women are disrupting a well ordered society I Problems with the theory A full 20 are women If it really is durable there should have to been more women and longer time I This is theory is flawed like Boyer and Misbower
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