All of January and the first week in february
All of January and the first week in february HY104
Popular in History beyond 1865
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Popular in History
This 14 page Bundle was uploaded by Sarah Notetaker on Friday February 13, 2015. The Bundle belongs to HY104 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Elmore in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 175 views. For similar materials see History beyond 1865 in History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 02/13/15
11215 History 104 Lecture 1 Key Terms 1 Lincoln s Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction 2 Radical Republicans 3 War democrats 4 WadeDavis Bill 5 Thirteenth Amendment 6 Corwin Amendment 7 Andrew Johnson 8 Fourteenth Amendment 9 Freedmen s Bureau 10 Reconstruction Act of 1862 Central Questions 1 Can the country be reunited and if so what will it look like 2 What will freedom look like for 4 million men and women freed from bondage Aftermath of the Civil War 1 Early plans for reunion 18631865 a Lincoln s 10 plan December 1863 i Only 10 of confederate has to pledge their loyalty to the union in order to be readmitted ii Radical Republicans thought Lincoln was being soft 1 They wanted a big government and to protect the black citizens iii War democrats Fought for the union 1 Didn t care about black equality or ending slavery 2 Wants to end war with a union victory b WadeDavis Bill February 1864 i Over 50 of confederates had to pledge loyalty to the US ii Confederate leaders could not hold office or leadership positions in the US iii Bill was vetoed by Lincoln 11 Thirteenth Amendment and Emancipation a 13th Amendment i Passed by Congress January 31 1865 ii Ratified by December 5 1865 iii Outlawed slavery b Corwin Amendment proposed 13th Amendment i Allowed slavery to be ok ii Ratified by Ohio and Maryland prior to the civil war c 179000 blacks served in union forces III Lincoln s Assassination and Presidential Reconstruction under Andrew Johnson 18651867 a Lincoln assassinated April 5 1865 b Andrew Iohnson i Selfeducated ii Democrat iii Held his senate seat during the war iv Poor southerner V Racist not for black equality vi Very lenient on the south c Black Codes and Vagrancy Laws IV Roots of Radical Reconstruction a Radicals pissed about leniency b Renewed Freedman s Bureau in 1866 Test Questions 1 Did the 14th Amendment allow blacks to vote a No It said that if blacks were not allowed to vote by the state than that state could not count them as citizens for house representatives 11415 History 104 Lecture 2 Key Terms 1 Fisk University 2 Reconstruction Acts of 1867 3 Tenure of Office Act of 1867 4 Fifteenth Amendment 5 Hiram Revels 6 Colfax Massacre 7 Liberal Republicans 8 Compromise of 1877 9 Panic of 1873 10 Redemption Exam help Many people think that reconstruction failed but if you look at the early reconstruction successes that lead to the intense backlash seen in the later years of reconstruction Central Questions 1 Why did reconstruction end when it did 11 III Aftermath of the Civil War cont Roots of Radical Reconstruction 18671877 a Renewed Freedmen s Bureau in 1866 b Fourteenth Amendment June 14th 1866 c Reconstruction Acts of 1867 d Tenure of office act of 1867 i Says president can t remove cabinet member with congressional approval ii Violated by Andrew Johnson for removing Edwin M Stanton as Secretary of War on February 21 1868 iii Tried to appoint Ulysses S Grant but he refuses to take the job Andrew Iohnson s Impeachment 1868 a Passed by the house but not the senate by one vote b He violated congressional law Election of 1868 and Radical Reconstruction continues a Republicans pick Ulysses S Grant as their candidate i He was trying to promote peace b Fifteenth Amendment protect black males right to vote i Many people rebel against this because it doesn t include women c 2000 black Americans hold office during reconstruction i Hiram Revels elected in 1870 first black senator in Mississippi IV VI VII VIII IX 1 He fought in the civil war on the union forces ii PBS Pinchback first black governor Louisiana Radical Reconstruction s Success Breeds Southern Democrat Backlash a 1870s The KKK and Vigilante Violence i KKK found in Tennessee in 1866 b Colfax Massacre 1873 Louisiana i Republicans gained much control but there was much tension ii Black militia surrounded government building for protection iii White league attacked with cannons iv Black militia surrendered and over 100 black Americans were shot and killed 1 3 white men were killed c Enforcement Acts of 1871 i Grant wants to use the military to end the violent ii Causes the KKK to go underground in 1872 1 Resurface in the early 1900 s Radical Republicans begin to decline in 1870s a Leaders for black change begin to die off b Liberal Republicans wants to leave the south alone wants to clean up the northern government i Anti big government Presidential Election of 1872 a Democratic and Liberal Republican candidate is Horace Greeley editor of the New York Tribune Decline of Radical Reconstruction and Redemption 18721877 a Whiskey Ring Scandal of 1875 i Tax collectors got paid off to not collect tax from whiskey dealers b An economy in Shambles the Panic of 1873 i Economic crisis due to building railroads to far out places like Montana that can t be paid back Civil Rights act of 1875 a Public places can not be segregated b Declared unconstitutional by supreme court Redemption a States begin to get readmitted to the union b Redemption date white democrats redeem control of the southern states i Completed by 1877 c Removed black southerners and radical republicans from office Official end of reconstruction a Compromise of 1877 b Election of 1876 i Essentially a tie between Rutherford B Hayes and Samuel Tilman 12115 History 104 Lecture 3 Key Terms Gilded age Union Pacific Alexander Graham Bell Thomas Edison Andrew Carnegie Vertical Integration Standard Oil CocaCola PONP SJ39erSNNtquot Central Question 1 What forces encourage big businesses growth during the gilded age A Second Industrial Revolution Fosters a New Gilded Age 1870s to 1890s I The Second Industrial Revolution a Technological transformation Railroads i Railroads are the first big business ii Central Pacific and Union Pacific railroads connect to become first US transcontinental railroad May 10 1869 Promontory Summit Utah iii Created by railroad act of 1862 by Abraham Lincoln 1 Military decision iv Before railroads goods we transported by water and trade ceased in winter months v Railroads made good exchange simpler b Technological transformation Communication i 1861 Western Union invented transcontinental telegraph ii Alexander Graham Bell invented telephone in 1876 1 Immigrant from Scotland iii Thomas Edison 1 Phonograph 1877 2 Light Bulb 1879 3 Electric Power Generator 18805 c New Forms of Business Organizations Monopolies and Trusts i Andrew Carnegie 1 Scottish immigrant 2 Worked in telegraph and railroad industries 3 Carnegie Steel Company 18705 4 Vertical Integration ii John D Rockefeller 1 Standard Oil 1860s 2 Horizontal Integration d Government Aid to Big Businesses i Railroads struggle to create revenue 1 Yellowstone national park ii Government bonds pay 50 million to help build union pacific 1 Also given land grants iii Lax Incorporation Laws in Delaware 1 Business freedoms 2 Tax Preferential treatment e Cheap immigrant labor i Irish immigrants ii Chinese labors 1 Union pacific II The era of Mass Marketed consumer Goods Arrive a Cocacola capitalism i Iohn Pemberton invented CocaCola Atlanta 1886 1 Modeled after French wine laced with cocaine 12615 History 104 Lecture 4 Key Terms 1 CocaCola 2 Battle of Little Bighorn 3 Dawes Severalty Act of 1887 4 Republican and Democratic parties 18805 5 Populist movement 6 Sharecropping System 7 Omaha Platform 8 People s Party Central Question 1 What caused the populist movement and what did the populists want Coca Cola I The era of mass marketed consumer goods a CocaCola capitalism i Produced as a knock off Vin Mariani wine 1 Laced with cocaine until 1903 2 Still use Brazilian coca leaves today ii The government felt that alcohol was causing crime in the south 1 Prohibition in Atlanta 2 Removed the alcohol 3 Changed price from 1 to 005 iii Soda contained 5 pounds of sugar for every 1 gallon 1 Sugar was cheap because of mass production iv Coke became widespread in less than 10 years 11 Beneath the Golden Facade a Dispossessing Native Americans of their land b Battle of Little Bighorn 1876 i Montana and Dakota territories ii Gold was found in the black hills iii Native Americans were victorious but pissed of the US military iv General George A Custer and his 200 forces were killed c Dawes Act of 1887 i Forced the tribes to divide up the land given to them by the US ii Each family was given land they had to farm iii If they didn t farm it the government could take it back iv 67 percent of the land was repossessed and given to white settlers d Wounded Knee 1890 i Lakota Pine Ridge reservation ii Tribes performed a ghost dance and troops were sent to check on them iii 200 Native Americans were shot and killed 1 Hosted a mass burial e Growing wealth inequality i By 1890 there is a richest 1 category Presidential Politics in the 1880s 1 Presidential Politics in the 1880 s a No one remembers the presidents from 18771893 i Era before charismatic campaigning ii Closely contested elections throughout this period iii 80 voter turn out compared to 55 today iv Clear voter platform Reuthford B Hayes James A Garfield assassinated after 4 months in office Chester Alan Arthur Grover Cleveland First democrat at this time Benjamin Harrison 11 R publican Party Platform a High Protective tariff b Gold standard c Pay civil war debt and veterans pensions i Highly supported by union soldiers III Democratic Party Platform a Low tariff b Laissez Faire governance c Soft money silver only partially true i Mostly supported by southerners ii They did not want to import goods from England IV Third Political Faction Emerges by 1890s a Populist Party i Working class people ii Farmers hurt by banks and agricultural price drop b Roots of the Agrarian Problem i Sharecropping in the south 1 Government lent supplies but wanted a certain percentage of crops in return 2 Eventually took almost all the crops ii Global cotton production increased 1 Asia 2 South America iii Farmer s Alliances 1 Subtreasury plan and government lending programs Human a Wanted government to store goods and provide loans until markets improve 2 Regulate railroads 3 In short they wanted populism a Rule by the peoplequot iv Farmers Alliance and Women 1 Anne L Diggs Kansas populist c Populist Movement i Formation of the Peoples party and the Omaha platform 1 Omaha platform a Direct election of Senators b Public ownerships of railroads c Government loans to farmers d Graduated income tax 12815 History 104 Lecture 4 Key Terms 1 People s party 2 Knights of Labor 3 American Federation of Labor 4 Colored Farmers Alliance 5 Election of 1896 6 Jim Crow 7 Poll Taxes Literacy Tests Grandfather clause 8 Plessey vs Ferguson 9 Lynching s 10 Booker T Washington and WEB Dubois Central Questions 1 Why did the Populist Party fail 2 How did Jim Crow Segregation undermine American democracy in the late nineteenth century Populism Surges in Election of 1892 1 Cracks in the populist coalition a Failure to incorporate urban working class agitation b 35000 workers a year died on the job c Knights oflabor 1869 i Combined skilled workers and unskilled workers ii Included blacks and women iii Had 1 million members by 1886 d American Federation of labor 1886 i Much more exclusive e Labor unions begin to cause problems i Haymarket Uprising Chicago 1886 1 Fought for 8 hour work day 2 Strikers were killed by police brutality ii Knights oflabor declined to 100000 by 1890 iii Homestead PA strike 1892 1 Carnegie Steel company 2 24 hour a day operation 3 Low wages iv Pullman strike of 1894 1 Railway car company 2 Fighting for better working conditions 3 President Cleveland sent US troops in f Northern workers don t want to pay higher prices for agricultural products g Fractions along racial lines form i Creation of colored farmers alliance ii Division by race hurt populist movement 11 Election of 1896 a William Jennings Bryan i Governor from Nebraska ii Candidate for both the Democratic and Populist parties iii Platform for free silver 1 Thought it would benefit farmers and reduce debt b William McKinley i Governor from Ohio ii Backed by big businesses 1 Gold standard iii Republican candidate c Beginning of the current quotcampaignquot style d Huge turnout from voters i Some states had as much as 95 III The birth of Jim Crow Segregation a Whites performed parody musicals that made fun of blacks i Iim crow was a popular character b Separation was for the quotmodernquot things contrary to popular belief c The south did everything possible to keep blacks from voting i Poll Tax 1 Had to pay to vote 2 Many poor blacks couldn t afford to vote ii Grandfather Clause 1 If your grandfather could vote than so can you a Most blacks grandparents were enslaved iii Literacy tests 1 Had to answer questions about US history and the constitution 2 Assessed if they were eligible to vote 3 There were different tests for blacks and whites 4 Poll workers basically did whatever they wanted anyways d Alabama Legal Code 1901 i Separate schools for Blacks and Whites 1 Had to teach intolerance young ii Street cars in mobile were segregated iii Chain stores iv Commercial theaters v Unlawful for blacks and whites to play together 1 Birmingham 1950 vi The supreme court never intervened e Plessy vs Ferguson 2215 History 104 Lecture 6 Keywords 1 Seward s Folly Monroe Doctrine Panic of 1893 Frontier Thesis Manifest Destiny Alfred Thayer Mahan SpanishAmerican War USS Maine Insular Cases FPONP P39MPSNN Central Questions 1 Why did America seek imperial expansion overseas in the 1890 s Imperial Ambitions Overseas An American Empire Emerges 18901900 I A troubled nation at home looks to expand 11 America s isolationist past a International Context i Berlin Conference 18841885 1 Decided which nations would control parts of Africa the age of new imperialism 2 The United States was not really involved with this b Seward s Icebox i The United States acquired Alaska ii Named after William H Seward the secretary of state involved with the deal making iii Acquired in 1867 iv Paid 2 cents an acre 7 million total c The Monroe Doctrine 1823 i The western hemisphere is controlled by the US ii A US foreign policy iii Presented by James Monroe 111 Impetus for Expansion a Gilded Age for Economic Expansion 1893 b Panic of 1893 i Unemployment rise to 10 ii Over 600 Banks fail iii Economy is running at 80 of it s capacity 1 Some people think it is because of the currency policy trying to say with the gold standard 2 We were overproducing way more than the market could take supply and demand 3 Railroads were overextending to places where there is nothing a Not producing revenue b Railroad companies begin to go into debt iv Economic collapse c Closure of the American Frontier d Frederick Iackson Turner i Significance of the frontier in American historyquot 1893 ii American Historical Association AHA speech iii US census claims they cannot determine what is what 1890 1 There is no more frontier e Manifest Destiny and the white man s burdenquot i Iohn Gast American Progress 1872 1 Idea that we have Christian culture that is destined to conquer the west maybe even the world 2 Racialized white anglosaxon 3 tradition 4 It was the white mans burden to spread to the world in masses ii Patriotism was on the rise in the 1890 s 1 Flag day was create 2 The pledge of allegiance began to be said in classrooms 3 People wanted to spread anglosaxon tradition around the world f Alfred Thayer Mahan and sea power i In uence of sea power upon history 1890 ii Why don t Americans like peace time army s IV SpanishAmerican War 1898 a Cuba had been in control of the Spanish empire Cubans that were living on the island were reinstating Spanish rule Sugar companies in cuba were good c USS Maine sunk Feb 17 1898 270 Americans die i Drove America to war ii This ship was never actually shot by anyone it was a mechanical error iii William McKinley gives the ok iv Teller Amendment America will not take over cuba d Iohn Hay Secretary of State i A splendid little warquot 1 Admiral George Dewey US Navy 2 Invades Mania Bay Philippines May 1 1898 US goes for the war here a The Manila surrenders in a matter of months e Teddy Roosevelt and the Rough Riders San Juan Hill Cuba i Becomes US president in 1901 ii Him and his group take the hill and that is his upcoming for presidency iii The Spanish American War launched Roosevelt s career 1 He went to war at age 40 iv 2000 black americans fought during the Spanish American war V Treaty of Paris 1898 Dec 10 1898 and the Platt Amendment 1 America gets Puerto Rico as a territory Guam and military control over cuba and Hawaii a Sugar is grown in Hawaii f Legacies of Expansion i Insular Cases 1 This happens in 1901 2 Areas will be territory but may not receive all rights granted by the constitution 3 When black American soldiers come home they came through the south and many of them were spat at 4 Black americans still haven t been including in democracy
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