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First Two Weeks of Notes

by: Dilnoza Bobokalonova

First Two Weeks of Notes INS201

Marketplace > International Studies > INS201 > First Two Weeks of Notes
Dilnoza Bobokalonova
GPA 3.381
Globalization and Change in world Politics
Margarita Rodriguez

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This is the first two weeks of notes. It is an edited version of the previous file I uploaded which was names "First Week of Notes". So please disregard the previous one, and view this one instead.
Globalization and Change in world Politics
Margarita Rodriguez
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This 7 page Bundle was uploaded by Dilnoza Bobokalonova on Monday February 16, 2015. The Bundle belongs to INS201 at a university taught by Margarita Rodriguez in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 146 views.

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Date Created: 02/16/15
Thursday January 15th Global and Transnational Perpectives Global Perspective Global commodity chains Global cities The global criminal economy A global perspective and a transnational perspective An analysis that includes the entire world The understanding that there are world systemix forces which are articulated or connected with regional local events and processes 0 Sometimes its not about conceptualizing but what are you emphasizing Structure and forces social structures can be a particular aspect of society symbols Mental structures relationships They can be symbolic They tend to last for a longer time no slavery but discrimination and prejudice Structures are not necessarily materialistic Substantive Point of View of Global Perspectives We are looking for articulations that connect that global phenomenon to o Processes and phenomena on a planetary scale for example global patterns related to global changes from a global Perspective 0 A very localized phenomena Lets say narcodeforestation for example to the uses of remote forests as transit hub locations for elandestine roads and airplane landing strips in Central America from a Global Perspective The capital system provides global capitalism expanded itself globally Labor becomes a commodity a special type of commodity The new mode of labor in the role of production Examples of substantive global perspectives I Worldsystem perspective unequivocally a global perspective from a substantive perspective not the only one I Longterm conceptualization of analysis I A single mode of production that in uences the whole world I Establishes that there s a worldeconomy not just a world economy I The conceptualization of the worldeconomy builds upon a research assumption according to which there s an overarching predominant mode of production capitalism which filters into and shapes economic relations in every single society I The term world economy is also used when embracing a substantive global perspectuce but the use of worldeconomy OOOO points unequivocally to a global perspective Theoretical relevance of apparently simple concepts Worldeconomy and world economy The core semiperiphery and periphery of the worldeconomy world systems analysis perspective is referring to a hierarchy Developed countries and underdeveloped countries visavis developed countries and developing countries Emerging markets may imply the understanding of the world economy and even societies as a marketdrive outcome developing they might catch up Underdeveloped structural incompleteness that prevents development many structural obstacles You may never become developed Core dictate policies on a global scale Semiperiphery not that developed in uential but are not underdeveloped The rest are periphery Africa Tomorrow some countries of the core might become countries of semi periphery Thus that hierarchy might change over time Example of key conceptualizations based on a global perspective Global commodity chains GCC Production processes are further integrated through the expansion of Global Commodity Chains Certain conditions created the concepts we are given To grasp the level of essence the purpose of concepts They39re so good at doing that that they could be applied to reality Global Commodity Chains Original formularities of the definition by Hopkins and Wallerstein 1986 o a network of labor and production processes whose end result is a finished commodityquot Hopkins and Wallerstein 1986 0 As a result for example you don t have a computer that was made in the United States Example of a commodity chain in the global leatherfootwear industry Raw material leather from Argentina Product manufactured in Brazil Product marketing and internal and international distribution strategized and deployed from firms located in the United States PRODUCTION TAKES PLACE GLOBALLY Transnational enterprise exists when a person doesn t even move but depends on remittances received from another country GCC More recent formulation of the definition sets of organizational networks clustered around one commodity or product linking households enterprises and states to one another with the world economyquot Gereff and Korze 1994 NOTICE the state is not the forces of the analysis although it is not irrelevant The emphasis is on the commodity and economic forms of the articulations of different phases of the production of a commodity process globally Dimensions of the Global Commodity Chain Inputoutput structure production Territoriality dispersion of production and distribution across borders Governance structure governance is understood here from a business managerial point of view the governance structures of a global cooperation determine the resources are allocated within the commodity chain The led firms global manufactures global brand name companies global retailers determine key issues concerning allocation Example of a concept stemming from a global perspective global city What is a global city When expansion of the market takes place it s bifurcated meaning in two ways Sociological international studies perspective Global City Advanced produced services and production nodes High concentration of highvalue type of producer services design enginnering accounting services financial services real estate services etc Economic giants large economic output and budget International gateway Measures of the importance of a city in the international ows of people and goods Political and cultural hubs with great symbolic value globally recognized as such Tuesday January 20th Global Commodity Chains and the globalcity conceptualization The two conceptualizations study aspects of globalization without having the nationstate at the center of their analysis Does it mean the state has become quotirrelevantquot under conditions of globalization NO it means that understanding emerging phenomena associated with globalization requires new types of approaches that may not be created in the nationstate if we want to advance our knowledge of specific phenomena The critique of the theological nationalism from a global perspective What is methodological perspective The intellectual political and research tendency to see the nationstate as the natural sociopolitical form of the modern world Methodological nationalism con ates society and the nationstate It sees societies from a perspective of the container model of societyquot societies are contained within nationstates when in reality this is not the case societies are increasingly reconstituted through Transnational Social Fields Societies over ow nationstates many individuals households enterprises institutions and groups of all sorts operate transnationally What is the difference between international and transnational Transnationalism The processes whereby international relations conducted by governments have been supplemented by relations among private individuals groups and societies that can and do have important consequences for the course of eventsquot Rosenau 1980 1 The governments may or may not be allowed in transnational relations Some promote relationships that are transnational Transnational relations regular transactions across national boundaries when at least one actor is a nonstate agent or does not operate on behalf of a national government or an in governmental organizationquot RisseKappen 19953 The concept of transnationalism emphasis 1 2 3 4 5 The regular nature of transnational relations The role of some forms of governmental agency in shaping transnationalism as long as they imply a high degree of autonomy from governmental agendas and courses of action That there s a sort of blurring of boundaries between international and domestic areas Intermestic issues international and domestic based on the forces leading to them and their implications migration trade That quottransnationalquot doesn t mean geocentric since actors that develop transnational practices still tend to rely on strong ties with at least one nationstate That transnational relations does not necessarily imply physical mobility across state boundaries which has become more apparent after the widespread use of the Internet Thursday January 22nd Globalization as a complex process Globalization is not a single set of processes and doesn t lead in a single direction It provides solidarities in some places and destroys them in others It has quite different consequences on one side of the world from the other In other words it is a wholly contradictory process It is not just about fragmentation I see it more as a shakeput institution in which new forms of unity go along with the new forms of fragmentationquot globalization not as a linear process but a dialectical one Key universal aspects of the process 1 There is negation of an old quality and affirmation of a new quality 2 The old quality is not completely destroyed it is partially preserve even if under new forms Based on Hegel German philosopher and a key representative of dialectical thinking Nothing is lost or destroyed but raised up and preserved as in a spiralquot 3 The mutual reconstitution of the global and the local Nonlinear approaches on globalization the global partially inhabits and even gets constituted inside the nationalquot Sassen 2007 the fact that a process or an entity is located within the territory of a sovereign state does not necessarily mean it is a national process or entity it might be localization of the global or a denationalized instance of the nationalquot ibid Is a new quality emerging as a result of a simultaneous affirmation and negation in relation to the role of the state under conditions of globalization Are we witnessing a The shrinking role of the state in domestic and global issues Globalization can be de ned as increasing connectivity Connectivity between or among countries Connectivity across societies as a result of the expansion of transnational production processes political processes cultural processes transnational policy processes etc Implications of Globalization For the states and the interstate system For individuals households families enterprises social classes political groups ethnic groups religious groups markets etc Role of international financial institutions two examples International monetary fund World bank Policy of conditionality of the two institutions What does it mean That money is lent based on the agreement with certain policy prescriptions this mechanism has become more sophisticated since the 1990s A global perspective challenges pervasive dualisms in the social sciences such as o the state visavis the marketquot the localquot visavis the globalquot north and southquot demarcated through rigid state boundaries north as the most advanced and south as the least developed There s a global north and there s a global south Another way of defining global north and global south without thinking of statecentric You have a global south within the north and vice versa 0 Higher level of education greater economic resources travel more that s how you analyze the implications of globalization 0 When analyzing it globally you re looking at populations and how the population in the north could be very similar to the one in the north There are poor people in the north and rich in the south 0 There s always another way of looking and all of this 0 Colonization became a global tool of power to dominate a society Exclusion exploitation 00000 0 Globalization and development understood as the phenomenon by which markets and production in different countries are becoming increasingly interdependent due to the dynamics of trade in goods and services and the ows of capital and technologyquot OECD I Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development Globalization can be defined as a process by means of which most of the world s developed countries and some of the developing countries aim to improve the free ow of information money ideas cooperation detection exchange and prosecution of criminals technology and trade between nationsquot jacob van der Westhuizen People around the globe are more connected to each other than ever before Information and money ow more quickly than ever Goods and services produced in one part of the world are increasingly available in all parts of the world International travel is more frequent Globalization is what we in the third world for several centuries called colonization globalization is not an output of the real forces of markets and technologies but is rather an input in the form of rhetorical and discursive constructs practices and ideologies which some groups are imposing on others for political and economic gainquot


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