Unit 1 Notes
Unit 1 Notes Psychology 350
Popular in Social Psychology
Popular in Psychlogy
This 5 page Bundle was uploaded by Courtney Stevenson on Tuesday February 17, 2015. The Bundle belongs to Psychology 350 at Washington State University taught by Donelle Posey in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 78 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology in Psychlogy at Washington State University.
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Date Created: 02/17/15
Chapter 1 Intro to Social Psychology Social psychology The scienti c study of how people think about in uence and relate to each other in a social context or environment o Relies on the scienti c method a way of asking and answering questions about social psychology 0 Focus on the individual 0 Interaction with the social environmentsocial You quot b otherssituation quotSocial contextquot individual within hisher world 0 quotother peoplequot don39t have to be real or present 0 Don39t have to be directly in uencing you could be in your mind quotI wonder what would thinkquot Components of Social psych Social cognition how we think about the situationcontext 0 Making judgments 0 Decision making based on external factors 0 Selfperceptions o Attitudes o All the things going on inside you quotwithin the skinquot Social in uence how the social world in uences or affects you as an individual 0 Conformity o Persuasion 0 Obedience Social relations how groups interact with one another and relate to one another 0 Prejudice or discrimination Brief History 18805 19205 0 biking slower example tug of war example 19305 19505 Adolf Hitler sparked research in social psychology because we wanted to understand prejudice and obedience Kurt Lewin part of the era as well Psychoanalysis internal Freud vs Behaviorism external BF Skinner reinforcerspunishers affect behavior Kurt Lewin interactionism perspective lnteractionism perspective interplay between internal and external factors 1960s mid 1970s 0 ethics came about amp fairness Stanford Prison experiment Mid 1970s 1990s 0 Researchers started taking on new methods started using multiple approaches Broadened perspective and becoming more global perspective Currently Combines quothotquot and quotcoldquot processes in social psychology 0 Hot emotional responsesreactions gut reaction 0 Cold thoughtful analytical cerebral calculating process thought out Social neuroscience o How certain social situations or members of a group re ect in the brain Behavioral genetics 0 How genes affect behavior Evolutionary psychology 0 Evolutionary pressures shaped characteristics Behavioral economics 0 How psychology relates to decision making INTRO TO SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY CONT 0 Related Disciplines Sociology Group S vs individual SP Cognitive Psychology 0 Mental processes vs mental processes amp social environment Personality Stable differences across vs commonalities within situations 0 Quick Quiz 1 Talker yes vs listener no Class discussions yes First date yes Convo on airplanes no Outgoing at party yes Lively with friends yes 0 Very few people even though extroverted might not say yes to every question 0 Social Psychology Common Sense Are the results of social psych research just con rming common sense 0 We39re all psychologists right Quiz 2 o How long does it take for people to unscramble the anagram 0 Ex WREAT WATER 0 Actual time 158224 seconds 0 Seems obvious after you knew the answer so its hard to predict how long it actually takes Hindsight bias the tendency to believe that you quotknew it all alongquot after you know the result 0 Problems with hindsight bias 0 Make us think that social psychology is the study of the obvious 0 Can lead to overcon dence in our understanding of social psych 0 Its can make it easy to nd fault in ourselves and others for what now seems obvious Construal the way in which people perceive comprehend and interpret the social world Perceptual Construal triangle within a triangle 0 How you perceive something that de nes what you actually see 0 Milgram Experiment Not always objective Chapter 2 Social Psychological Research Methods Research Methods Why 0 Research methods use systematic observation and experimentation Developing ideas 0 Theory a set of principles that explain and predict outcomes 0 O O O O O O O O Hypothesis testable prediction Operational de nition speci c procedure for manipulating or measuring a variable How do I know it when I see it Testing ideas using descriptive research Observational studies Archival studies Surveys Other methods Correlational research design Experimental research design Correlational Research Research that measures the relationship between variables not manipulated by the researcher Two problems The third variable problem The directionality problem X H Y Correlation does not mean causation Positive correlation the vales of two variables change in the same direction as one increases the other increases As on decreases the other decreases Negative correlation the values of two variables change in the opposite direction as one increases the other decreases vice versa Experimental Research 0 O O 0 Can demonstrate cause and effect relationships by manipulating one or more factors while controlling others IV and DV Random assignment assigning participants to experimental groups so that each participant has an equal chance at being chosen for any condition Control group group that does not get the treatment All other factors are held constant Statistical Signi cance Difference that is unlikely to have occurred by chance or coincidence When something is statistically signi cant we are saying that we re 95 sure that it did NOT occur by chance Subjectivity in social psychology Are scientists objective 0 Values principles or standards considered worthwhile or desirable How values enter psych 0 Choosing a research topic 0 How to study a topic 0 Interpretation Naturalistic fallacy o What is quotnaturalquot is good Ethical issues in Psych Ethics the rules concerning conduct in research Institutional Review Board IRB
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