Exam 1 Notes
Popular in Introduction to Sociology
Popular in Sociology
This 5 page Bundle was uploaded by Akea Kahikina on Tuesday February 17, 2015. The Bundle belongs to SOC101 at University of Miami taught by Katelyn Rozenbroek in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 173 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociology in Sociology at University of Miami.
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Date Created: 02/17/15
Sociology 101 January 14th What is sociology Sociology the scienti c study of human social relationships groups and societies Draw the de nition stick gure l world Alternate de nition the scienti c study of the interaction between individuals and society Social Imagination C Wright Mills The ability to understand the relationship between individual lives and the social forces that shape them Personal troubles and public issues Example Depression and the laws that deal with antidepressant distribution Biography location gender race family amp History laws impact view on world January 16th Agency ability of individuals and groups to exercise free will and to make social change on a largesmall scale Structure pattern social arrangements that have an effect on agency Structur Agency e microsystem small scale macrosystem large scale Stick gure micro world macro socioogy developed from social change father theorists were not sociologists Critical Thinking 1 Ask Questions 2 Be Clear amp Think Logically Evidence Don t Use Anecdotal Evidence Assumptions amp Biases Admit When Wrong 9915 4 Things that Inspired Sociology 1 Scienti c Revolution improvement move away from church 2 Enlightenment equality liberty 3 Industrial Revolution efficiency mass production lead to exploitation 4 Urbanization January 21st August Comte 17981857 Coined the term sociology Emphasized social status socia dynamics Known for theory 1 Theological superstitions religions a Ex Praying to gods for solutions 2 Metaphysical understanding without evidence a Ex Fire is hot 3 Positivist all knowledge from facts a Ex Men score higher on math part of SAT Harriet Martineau 18021876 Female founder Emphasized progressing for equal action Emile Durkeheim 18581917 Father of sociology social fact qualities of groups that are external to individual members yet constrain their thinking and behavior social solidarity bonds that unite a group together mechanical preindustrial rev Division of Labor organic postindustrial rev Social norms accepted social behaviors and beliefs Breaking norm deviant Karl Marx 18181883 Historical Materialism Cass struggleoppression class con ict competition between social classes over distribution of wealth power and other resources Marxism means of production Bourgeoisie wealthy manipulators Proletariat poor manipulated Con ict Theory powerful vs powerless January 23rel Max Weber 18641920 Verstenen interpretive understanding Bureaucracies formal organizations with written rules Protestant Ethic Spirit of Capitalism the harder you work the more faithful you are to God thought bureaucracy would strip us of humanity Theories a framework for the interpretation of social life Functional5m macro Looks at a body like a cell every part serves a function All parts of society work together if one falters everyone else works harder Manifest function of stated purpose ex For college education Latent unexpected things ex For college networking Dysfunctions mess ups ex For college student deaths Con ict macro Con ict between powerful and powerless Ex Crack and cocaine sentences Symbolic Interaction 5 micro Shared meaning Labeling Theory people believe in their given labels January 26th Research Methods Scienti c Method Problem gt Hypothesis gt test data gt conclusions Research Wheel Theory Hypothesis 1 1 Generalization Observations Variables concepts with multiple values Independent variable thing that s changing Dependent variable outcome variable what s being measured Correlation associationrelationship Positive variables move in same direction Negative variable move in opposite direction Correlation does not mean Causation Rules for Causation 1 Presence of AssociationCorrelation 2 Time order xgty 3 Nonspurious relationship Spurious relationship a correlation between two or more variables caused by a third variable that is not being measured Ex Higher ice cream sales higher murder rates Quantitative deductive large but not indepth data ie surveys close ended s Qualitative inductive limited but indepth data ie interviews eld research open ended s Deductive Reasoning General info gt Speci c idea Inductive Reasoning Speci c info gt General idea Experiments Trial 1 Trial 2 Group 1 01 X1 03 experimental Group 2 02 04 Control Ethics 1 Informed Consent have to explain what research is 2 Bene tHarm bene t must outweigh harm 3 Privacy everything is con dential Institutional Review Board approve research experiments Tuskeegee syphilis in Black farmers in Alabama failed to take care Milgram shock therapy amp learning gt obedience amp authority January 28th Culture shared beliefs norms and behaviors common to members of a group Mainstream culture dominant culture Subculture cultures that exist in the mainstream culture but have different aspects Countercultures direct opposition to mainstream KKK Norms socially accepted behaviors Folkways weak norms that if you don t follow them it s not that big of a deal wearing white wedding dress Mor s stronglyheld norms that if you break them they re highly objectible women not shaving Taboo norms that are forbidden to even think about marrying your siblings Laws written legallyenforced norms murder The Naciremaquot Ethnocentrism perceive other cultures by the standard of your own and place judgment Material culture people place emphasis on objects Nonmaterial culture social norms and behaviors ldeal culture values norms behaviors we claim to practice Real culture norms we actually carry through Cultural inconsistency when ideal and real culture have differences
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