New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Criminal Justice in a Multi-cultural Society

by: Madi Ashby

Criminal Justice in a Multi-cultural Society 3910

Marketplace > Washington State University > 3910 > Criminal Justice in a Multi cultural Society
Madi Ashby
GPA 3.5
Crm J 205: Realizing Justice in a Multicultural Society
John Turner

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These are all of the notes I take from Dr. Makin's lectures for crim j 205. They are mostly summations of what he talks about as opposed to the prezi's because those are all online. However, the ma...
Crm J 205: Realizing Justice in a Multicultural Society
John Turner
75 ?




Popular in Crm J 205: Realizing Justice in a Multicultural Society

Popular in Department

This 10 page Bundle was uploaded by Madi Ashby on Thursday February 19, 2015. The Bundle belongs to 3910 at Washington State University taught by John Turner in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 58 views.


Reviews for Criminal Justice in a Multi-cultural Society


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/19/15
Crimj 205 January 14th 1 Janet Helms 1995racial identity dominant class and popular punism a Racial identity emerged as a means of examining race as a sociopolitical and cultural construction i Evolution of racial identity 1 Differential sociopolitical and economic socialization 2 Biogenetic psychological characteristics inferred from the presence of observable signs commonly assumed to be racial in nature 3 Differential cultural socialization values beliefs rituals 2 Racial identity theory a Racial classi cations re ect sociopolitical and economic conveniences conferred to those who re ect the dominant culture comparative strength b Racial groups are not biologically distinct but instead re ect those groups that experience different conditions of domination suppression and bene ts inherent to their classi cation 3 Race is socially constructed not individually constructed a Whatever the dominant group is others try to match thatbleaching skin plastic surgery 4 Race quotI know it when I see itquot a Children as young as two have displayed awareness to identify differences based upon a race b Posit quotwequot are colorblindsociety has progressed After all the United States is a melting pot i Fruit salad is more re ective of what we have in Americanot all blended together but all coexisting in the bowl without mixing c How to be Hitlerclassify people i Easiest by race because cannot be hidden like religion can be 5 Mixed race a Mulatto i Negative connotation but derogatory in context Mixed racial composure b You39re never 39pure39 c How do you identify i How does it in uence your socialization 1 Coconut twinkie oreo 6 Stereotypes a Develop as we navigate the social world acquired through direct vicarious and mediabased sources b As we encounter meaningful racial material personal encounters we draw upon information that allows us to navigate the encounter psychology survive the encountercon ict may be a mechanism to 39survive39 f g Bias and stereotypes can be reinforced on each subsequent interaction or reduced based upon our ability to acknowledge those preconceived stereotypes and biases Bias and stereotypes are pervasivewe all experience themthe relative in uence of each depends on our experiences and willingness to admit they exist symbolic assailant in policing i The one that stands out and stereotyped as dangerous criminal ect Racial animusidea of everyone being internally racist Micro aggressionbystander and not correcting a friend s racist or sexist or whatever comment 7 Critical race theory a b Theory has sought to explain how people of color adapt to 39an environment in which they were generally denied access to a fair share of societal resources and in which innate racial inferiority was used as the justi cation for their mistreatment39 helms Theory also seeks to understand how whites utilize their sociopolitical and economic advantage to maintain their status 8 Privilege a Bestowed by virtue of being in a favored grouprace is a group Crim jjanuary 26th Read the books and take the quizzes50 or higher on average and get the credit 1 Discriminationdisparity continuum a Systematic discrimination i Discrimination within entire Cj system 1 Racism sexism against an entire group of people b Institutionalized discrimination i Disparities based on established polices 1 Crack cocainepowdered cocaine law a Areas of concentrated poverty 2 Hot spot policing a Put more bodies where there is more crimeactivity and make more arrests and make the area quothotterquot and results in more bodies while not sending any more people to the other areas 3 On the surface the law seems neutral but it isn39t c Contextual discrimination i Discrimination in certain situations 1 Geographic pro lingbasically racial pro ling with a different name d Individual discrimination i Discrimination by speci c justice officials 1 Death penalty videos we39ll watch e Pure justice i No discrimination 1 No society has ever achieved this 2 A goal that is basically unobtainable f Lawrence V texasdiscrimination against homosexuals state stepped in to protect the safety of its population but wasn39t criminalized because of morality READ WILSONCHAPTER 2 FOR QUIZ SUNDAY 2 Criminal Justice Budget three institutions of cj system police courts and corrections a 200 billion dollar budget 60police 25corrections 15courts b How does this have an in uence on the system and its ability to create jusUce i With the courts having the least amount of funding it makes the courts less likely to spend the time on all the cases and could get the wrong person for the crime ii We know corrections works but we don39t fund it enough because it39s an after thought 1 Corrections only two responsibilities are to keep orderensure safety and to stay within budget c What whose justice is being created 3 Framing justice Guenther 1976unfair harsh and unjust Pepinsky 1993what is justiceIt is in the eye of the beholder and differs on our individual experiencesopinions Collective justice exists but can often be misguided c Crank 2003step outside of the normative justice approaches and consider the broader context in which justice is practiced See the individuals across all levels Who are they what are their experiences What guides them d Best 1979contextual constructivism e DeShaney Casecourts must not pursue justice O39QJ HOMEWORK write my opinion of what justice is Notesjanuary 30th Crimj 1 Deviancy ampli cationstructural but also dynamic to show criminal acts doesn39t need to be a crime to startcould be catalyst such as moral panics a Victim support movement in late 1990 b Series of police scandals in late 19902000 and unprecedented media criticism Key changes to police policy and practice More 39trivial39 crime reported and recorded Crime rate rises and clear up rate falls Press coverage con ates rise in crime to 39serious crimes Victim appearance in media in court and in diet Increasing fear of crime and moral panic Hardening of public attitudes to crime and punishment New legislation imposing more severe punishments k Criminal justice net widening 2 Assumptions a People who make the law and those who administer it must be different b Always must be a limit to the states power c d State must be equal within the process statesuspect 3 Deterrence a General i quotI punish you to deter your future behavior and the future behavior of othersquot ii More reprehensiblemorally wrong iii The one victim is being made an example of for the rest of perpetrators iv Fourth assumptionundermine theirjustice to scare off the rest from the same crime b Speci c 4 Criminal justice reforms occur when there are demographicpopulation changes 5 Buck v Bell274 US 200 1927 a Allowed criminal justice system to sterilize anyone in the population b Supreme court said its unconstitutional i Only because they exempted white colored criminals from this law c Targeted welfare promiscuous women preteen who was raped on her way home and deemed promiscuous because she allowed it to happen and feeble minded because she was bad at school 6 Skinner v Oklahoma1942 a Changed the sterilization to a 39social problem39 b During WW2 7 Dorothy Roberts nc2 hmon Author and anthropologist By the 197039s she found 200000 women who had been sterilized By the 198039s she had found 700000 Many cases where after giving birth the doctor would remove the womens uteruses and not document it 8 Emotion and Crime a Kardtedt39semotionaIity is an inescapable constant in criminal justice It in uences victims offenders and criminal justice practitioners i 39Emotionalization of law has permeated and altered the criminal justice system ii 39reassertion of emotionality in law 9 Four levels of victimization a Victim b Offender familyvictim and offender c Community macro and micro Cj Institutions d 10 Popular punitivism a To control crime is to embrace punitive policy b More punitive you have the more powerful you are c Signs of use i Political rhetoric focused on punitive policy ii Increases in sentencing rates iii Harsher penalties iv Zero tolerance policing v Sex offender registers vi Intrusive security monitoring closed circuit tv d Media i Increasing use of phrases rhetorical idioms and motifs ii 39tough on crime and 39do the crime do the time39 11Best 1987 a We39ve always had a political body but no criminal bodyit39s powerful b Nicole rafter creating born criminals i Rhetoric of rectitude we must protect X from X ii Rhetoric of rationality we must protect Y from X c Hannigan 1995 i The language tone and content take on rhetorical motifs recurring gures of speech 12james Q Wilson1975quotwicked people exist Nothing avails but to set them apart from innocent peoplequot 13Liberas offer that crime is caused by 39root causes39 14Conservatives more apt to believe crime is a choice of the individual person 15Storyline criminaology a Agnew quantitative criminologist i Life is full of critical moments ii Identify the critical moments and understand the decisions to intervene in crime and delinquency b Examples i Lose yourjobget a check the next pay period ii Loss of status iii Death in family apem iv Victimizationgov39t gets the money back to you 16SNAPfood stamps Chapter 4 notescrim j For playspentorg put the number of days that you lasted on the bottom of the essay and get a free 100 on a quiz that I missed 1 quotpower does not corrupt Fear corruptsperhaps the fear of a loss of powerquot 2 Emotion and policy welfare queen a Emerged in the late 1970s as a derogatory term playing upon stereotypes of race class and gender b Used extensively to highlight black females with many kids and has been expanded and was a continuation of the 39southern strategy c Wilsonculture and structure must be xed 3 Culture and structure a Unwed mother rates i 68 of African Americans ii 39 of Native Americans iii 43 of Hispanics iv 26 of whites v 11 of Asians vi 357 US population rate b Conveyance of behaviors and attitudes conductive to inhibit c Rates because families want gov39t bene ts d Same exact cases get tons of media attention if the victims or perps are white but just about zero media attention if they39re black 4 Concept building a lron quadrangle i Victims and victim advocates class of victim Politicians including criminal justice executives iii Media local national international media ect iv Experts lawyers psychiatrists academicsdecending order 1 The public remains the dominant expert b Political polarization has more in uence within politically contested issues health careHindman criminal justiceunnever Cullen and sher social supportwilson c Popular punitivism interplay between media public opinion politicians i Freiberg suggests that popular punitivism allows politicians to effectively draw from and shape public power opinion 1 Vote buying and power maintenance ii Garland contends that popular punitivenss has progressed to become a deep seated aspect of American Culture 5 Drug testing the poor a Little to no ef ciency that such programs work b What prior concept connects to this program c Should anyone received federal or state nancial assistance be tested for drugs i Utah30000 26 positivenational89 ii Arizona87000 screening 3year period amp 1633opt out1 person failed iii Florida26 percent failure ratestate lost 45780 for reimbursement for testing costs clean 6 The Role of Psychology a Psychological processes i Externalization and splitting 1 The process in which an individual disconnects internal faults and seeks to place blame on others a Example I was not hired for that job because they used a quota system not because I was less quaH ed ii Bootstrap mentality 1 The belief that if a single individual can rise from adversity all people are able to rise and any inability is a personality aw not a re ection on external factors 7 Economic Inequality a Patterns of economic inequality i A large gap between rich and poor without regard to race or ethnicity ii A large economic gap between white American39 5 and racial minorities b ASPIRE i American Saving for Personal Investment retirement and education act 1 Those in lowest quartile would receive resources necessary to mitigate the inheritance of wealth ii Controversial 1 How much do you provide 2 Example included 5000075000 decided upon net worth not income of family DOCUMENTARY Law and Disorder in Philadelphiayoutube 2nCI Essay is about this documentary due march 30th 8 Policing Radical and orthodox a Punch 2000 quotThe police are the state made fleshquot b Kaariainen 2007the police and state are linked in a reciprocal relationship c 4 assumptions are failures because quotthe moment you allow the police to expand their own power you undermine the rule of lawquot d Police usually hangout with other police which socially isolate them i Look up quothow not to get your ass kicked by the copsquot e Arrest rates 49 chance of black man being arrested by age of 23 30 by age 18 44 chance of Hispanic man being arrested by 23 26 by age 18 40 chance white man being arrested by 23 22 by 18 f 20012010 Over 8 million marijuana arrests 15 years10 million arrests self reported drug rates equal for black and white 1825 Black arrest rates are about 4 times higher 373 76 of those arrested and charged are young people g Street justice Police of cers used to take people like sex offenders out to a park or alley and beat them within an inch of their life and just left them there Used to carry 2 guns and shoot and drop the clean gun Myths 1 Not grounded in any real truth but grounded in some root of reality 2 Dominate and control how poice operate 3 Every single interaction is a possibility to be life threatening Rituals 1 Mechanisms of control


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

75 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.