Week 4 and 5 Lecture and Reading Notes
Week 4 and 5 Lecture and Reading Notes SOC-S 100
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This 4 page Bundle was uploaded by Margaret Guenther on Friday February 20, 2015. The Bundle belongs to SOC-S 100 at Indiana University taught by Eric Wright in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 46 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociology in Sociology at Indiana University.
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Date Created: 02/20/15
Week 4 Lecture Notes 522015 Organizations and Institutions Organizations A large group of individuals with a definite set of authority relations Many types of organizations exist in industrialized societies but not all are bureaucratic p 139 Informal vs Formal Organizations 0 Country Time Lemonade Formal 0 Looking to reach a set amount of profit 0 CEO CFO Managers employees Division of Labor 0 Kid s Lemonade Stand Informal o Wanting a profit to buy a toy etc 0 One or two people working the stand and making lemonade Institutions Any structure or mechanism of social order governing the behavior of a set of individuals within a given community Institutions identify with a social purpose transcending individuals and intentions by mediating the rules that govern living behavior Examples of Institutions 0 Education IU is an organization 0 The FamilyMarriage one unit of a family is an organization 0 Religion medicine the legal system military mass media league of nonprofit organizations Bureaucracy Max Weber Explicit hierarchy of authority Bureaucracy depends on this formal structure of hierarchy Rationalization encompasses all of the past formal policies the rules exist for the rules sake The Iron Cage of rationality when the red tape becomes so strict you feel trapped Three Strikes Law Law saying if you commitare convicted of three crimes of varying types you can be sentenced to a higher amount of time o Mandatory minimal sentencing o Removes leeway when a judge decides sentencing 0 Judge can t do anything The Origins of Office Speak Jargon set of language and symbols used in a certain situation to better explain something 0 Helps communicate broad orienting concepts efficiently o Differentiates ingroup members from outgroup members or others 0 What does jargon tell us about an organization 0 Once you get to the meaning of the jargon you are able to understand what s going on in that situation 0 Different types of language are used in different situations I Example how you speak in your dorm vs how you speak when you re home Organizational Development 1 Taylorism 1910s 0 Accuracy incentive viewed the workers as part of a machine 2 George Mayo 1920s1930s o Alienation wild cat strikes turnover management made sure the employers enjoyed coming to work financial greatness 3 SelfActualizers 1950s 0 Motivated without bosses around people entrust them 4 Marketers 1960s 0 Ideation native solutions advertisingmarketing selling product in a way that s appealing still around today Financers 1970s 0 Leverage valued Wall Street in group with training a lot less about humans more about profit Optimizers 1980s 0 People turning into product engines General Electric ATampT employees knew what is needed to do still around Disrupters 1990s 0 Download multitask Facebook make a business that shifts the market something new Creatives 2000s 0 Makers makerspaces distance themselves from people as machines Etsy Life Hakers 2010s 0 Vision value team value rebelling against bureaucracy sports teams Target Meyer Walmart Motivational goals to motivate employees Week 4 Reading Notes 322015 Groups and Networks Giddens 134152 Groups Social Group A collection of people who regularly interact with one another on the basis of shared expectations concerning behavior and who share a sense of common identity 0 You and your roommate make up a social group as do the members of your sociology class Social Aggregate A simple collection of people who happen to be together in a particular place but does not significantly interact or identify with one another 0 People walking in a crowd waiting for a bus or strolling on the beach Social Category People who share a common characteristic such as gender or occupation but do not necessarily interact or identify with one another Primary Groups Groups that are characterized by intense emotional ties facetoface interaction intimacy and a strong enduring sense of commitment 0 Groups of friends gangs other peer groups 0 Members experience unity 0 Primary groups exert a longlasting in uence on our social selves Secondary Groups Groups characterized by large size and by impersonal eeting relationships 0 Businesses schools work groups athletic clubs and governmental bodies 0 People join secondary groups to achieve a specific goal to earn a living get a college degree or compete on a sports team Obedience is a kind of conformity Organizations Organization A large group of individuals with a definite set of authority relations Many types of organizations exist in industrialized societies in uencing most aspects of our lives While not all organizations are bureaucratic there are close links between the development of organizations and bureaucratic tendencies Formal Organization A group that is rationally designed to achieve its objectives often by means of explicit rules regulations and procedures Gladwell Small Change 16 Twitter Revolution Without Twitter the people of Iran would not have felt empowered and confident to stand up for freedom and democracy Innovators tend to be solipsists the want to get everything they know into their new model The marvels of communication technology in the present have produce a false consciousness about the past even a sense that communication has no history or had nothing of importance to consider before the days of television and the Internet Critical Friends the more friends you had ho were critical of the regime the more likely you were to join the protest There is strength in weak ties Mark Granovetter our acquaintances are our greatest source of new ideas and information Social networks are effective at increasing participation not motivation Activism through networks has vulnerability because of the lack of central authority Al Qaeda was most dangerous when it was a unified hierarchy because there was disciplined and if captured the members wouldn t give up their comrades Week 5 Lecture Notes 1022015 Health and Illness Disease Biomedical conditions that lead you to feel bad 0 Example u aids cancer Illness You feeling bad Sickness The social component of ill health Sick role Giddens 558 0 Normative Expectations of the Sick Role 0 It s not your fault you re not held responsible for your sickness 0 Release from expectations ex don t go to workschool 0 Try to get better ex go to doctortake medicine Role set of given expectations associated with a certain position The Social Construction of Health Society decides what constitutes an illness ex obesity was seen as a sign of wealth 1222015 Family and the Life Course Family group of people directly linked by kin connections the adult members of which take care of the children 0 Family is a main agent of socialization Correlation Change together at the same time 0 Ex Height and weight when you grow taller your weight increases height doesn t cause weight gain 0 Fire trucks and damage Popsicles and murder Square vs Rectangle 0 A square is a special type of rectangle Correlational Living together before marriage and Divorce cohabitationmarriage at young age does mean divorce is more likely
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