PERSONALITY notes PSY150A1
Popular in Psychology
Popular in Psychlogy
This 7 page Bundle was uploaded by Gabriella Viera on Friday February 27, 2015. The Bundle belongs to PSY150A1 at University of Arizona taught by Julie Feldman in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 213 views. For similar materials see Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Arizona.
Reviews for PERSONALITY notes
I'm pretty sure these materials are like the Rosetta Stone of note taking. Thanks Gabriella!!!
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 02/27/15
PERSONALITY What is it o lndividual39s characteristic patterns of behaving thinking and feeling 0 Personality theories 0 Psychoanalytic Freud o NeoFreudian 0 Learning 0 Humanistic o Trait 0 Biological Psychoanalytic o 3 levels of awareness O O Conscious Preconscious Unconscious 3 systems of personality ld Pleasure principle Ego reality principle Superego conscience and ideal Concept of personality Ego conscious and preconscious mainly ld unconscious Superego conscious preconscious and unconscious Personality comes from the id ego and superego combining Defense mechanisms Repression Blocking a wish or desire from conscious expression Denial Refusing to believe a painful reality Projection Attributing an unconscious impulse attitude or behavior to another Reaction formation Switching unacceptable impulses to their opposite Regression Returning to an earlier form of expressing an impulse Displacement Shift sexual or aggressive impulses toward a more acceptable or less threatening object or person Mechanisms break down due to not enough energy Break downs lead to psychological problems Psychosexual development Oral birth to 18mnths Stop breastfeeding Fixation smoke cigs in life Anal 1836mnths Expelling and withholding urine and feces Potty training Fixation ocd tendencies Phallic 36yrs Selfstimulation Shift in the direction of the opposite sex parent as the sexual desire competitiveness Fixation oedipal complex boy jealous of dad likes mom castration anxietyscared the dad might cut of the penis electra complexgir hates mom and loves dad penis envyjealous of male Latency 6puberty Period of relative calm Making friendships Genital puberty on Sexual grati cation is organized around the genitals Freud thought it was more of a goal not always reached 0 SUMMARY Motives unconscious motives lead to behavior Interplay of inner con icts and resolution lead to personality 0 Personality is set by adolescence NeoFreudian O CadJung Freud39s quotcrown princequot Interests Archeology Mythology Religion Astrology Analytic psychology Components of personality Conscious ego Personal unconscious Collective unconscious Collective unconscious the ability to see the world in some universally common ways bc of our shared history as human beings Animus Male component of the female psyche Independence aggression competitiveness adventuresome Anima Female component of the male psyche Intuition tenderness sentimentality gregariousness The shadow The dark side of human nature Freud39s id The persona The social mask we all wear around other people O O A false self Danger identifying more with your persona than with your true self The self This archetype guides our search for wholeness and uni cation among the various elements of our personality Where can we nd these archetypes Alfred Adler All around us 0 Fairy tales movies cultural Why are star wars harry potter and batman popular Bc they have a lot of archetypes Individual psychology lnferiority leads to a compensatory process Siblings A Perfectionist reliable list maker organized serious scholarly B Mediator compromising diplomatic avoids con ict independent loyal to peers C Manipulative charming blames others attention seeker natural salesperson D Little adult by age 7 thorough high achiever self motivated fearful high expectations black amp white thinker Oldest chid leaders Middle chid relaxed negotiators Youngest children clowns Only children perfectionists Erikson Psychosocial stages Birth through death You face issues throughout life lnfancy Trust vs mistrust Trust Feeds easy Sleeps well Eliminates regularly Minimal distress w short absences Mistrust Fussy Sleeps tfully Constipates Greatly distressed Early childhood 25 Autonomy vs shame amp doubt Preschool 35 Initiative vs guilt School age 511 Industry vs inferiority Industry Reality based activities Role of effort Better grades Agree w socially desirable statements Inferiority Fantasybased activities Role of ability Worse grades Less likely to agree w socially desirable statements Adolescence 1220 Identity vs role confusion Identity Fidelitytruthfulness Role confusion Inability to select careermajor Identify w popular heroesgroups Young adulthood mid 205 Intimacy vs isolation Intimacy Approach relationships Willingness to share personal things Open and receptive to disclosures Live up to commitment Strong identity Isolation Feels apart from others Unable to commit Adulthood to 605 Generativity vs stagnation Generativity Desire to create things that will outlive you 0 Creating and guiding growth for the next generation Stagnation Inability or unwillingness to give oneself to the future Preoccupied with their own concerns Old age Ego integrity vs despair Ego integrity 0 Feeling that life has order and meaning Accepting the choices made and thins did 0 Feeling of satisfaction Despair Feeling that life was wasted Wishing you39d done things different Bitterness about how things turned out Humanism 0 Focus on the bright side 0 Spirituality creativity and tolerance 0 Carl rogers Selftheory The most innate tendency of humans is a drive towards becoming a fully functioning person Actualizing tendency Urge to expand extend develop and mature 2 types of personalities Fully functioning person Selfactualizing with a positive selfconcept Maladjusted person 0 Not selfactualizing with a negative selfconcept Incongruence Congruence Open authentic communication in which the way I present myself to the world matches what I think and feel at a deeper level 0 Abraham Maslow Goal is selfactualizing Experiencing fully vividly sel essly with full concentration and total absorption Hierarchy of needs Physiological survival needs 0 Most needs Safety needs 0 On the whole an individual cannot satisfy any level unless needs below are satis ed Love affection and belongingness needs Esteem needs Need for selfactualization A healthy individual39s prime motivation Actualizing one39s potential becoming all one is capable of becoming Trait perspective 0 2 key themes 0 People display consistency in their actions thoughts and feeHngs People differ from each other in many ways 0 How many traits Allport says in nite Cattell says 16 Eysenck says 2 0 Cost amp McCrae say 5 0 Five factor model 0 Cost amp McCrae OCEAN Extraversion Degree of interpersonal interactionactivity level Neuroticism Degree of emotional stability Agreeableness Quality of interpersonal orientation Conscientiousness Degree of organization goalorientation Openness to experience Preference for exploration tolerance of unfamiliar Biological o Competitors or complements Personal assessment 0 What is the best way to measure how people differ o How can we place them on a personality dimension 0 Psychoanalytic Uses projective tests aimed at revealing unconscious motivations o Humanistic Questionnaire assessments of selfconcept and selfactualization o Trait Objective psychological tests to assess the strength of different traits Projective tests 0 An instrument that indirectly measures motives desires or emotion by asking the subject to respond to an ambiguous stimulus lnkblot vague photo openended sentences 0 Rorschach39s ink blot test 0 Most widely used c The test assumes that what we see in its 10 symmetrical inkblots re ects our inner feelings and con ict 0 A modern view CRAP c clinically interesting r reliably scored a a beginning sense of the person p predictive validity is low 33 o Thematic apperception test TAT o A short scale measuring selfactualization Norms for college students Men 45 02 standard deviation495 Women 4607 standard deviation479 Psychological tests 0 Minnesota multiphasic personality inventory Assesses disorders rather than normal personality traits Items empirically derived
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'