Popular in World History Since 1500
Popular in History
This 5 page Bundle was uploaded by Colleen Murphy on Sunday April 24, 2016. The Bundle belongs to HIST 102 - 11 at Radford University taught by Garth N. Montgomery in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see World History Since 1500 in History at Radford University.
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Date Created: 04/24/16
Colleen Murphy History 102 4/19/16 Before During and After of the WWI The “New Imperialism” (1860’s-1940’s) o Europeans make the move that the new imperialism was going to involve the transformation of the entire economy and culture o Europeans wants to make India European o Basically taking a culture and westernizing it. Remaking the world. The “Scramble for Africa” (1800’s) o Invasion, occupation, division, colonization, and annexation of Africa’s territory by European powers. o Money loosing operation for European countries o Going to train non European countries people into workers that will benefit Europe o Direct Imperialism: direct invasion of a country The “Open Door Policy” (1899) o Europeans, U.S., Japan in China o To be able to buy and sell things in China o All countries have open trade with China o Indirect Imperialism The Spanish American War (1898) o Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines o Fought between Spain and the U.S. that ended colonial rule in the Americas and resulted in the acquisition of the Philippines o U.S. reform the Philippines by bringing in American culture and even bringing in workers. Wanted to make the Pilipino people little Americans. Europe o Bismarck, Germany 3 Emperors League (1873-1878) Alliance between Germany, Russia, and Austria Hungary. Otto Von Bismarck took control of German foreign policy in order to keep France isolated. Goals of the league were to prevent intervention by Austria-Hungary or Russia in the event of an outbreak of hostilities between France and Germany and to prevent friction between Austria-Hungary and Russia over territorial claims in the Balkans. Serbia and Bosnia (try to invade Germany, Russia, and Austria Hungary territory) The Dual Alliance (1879) with Austria o Defensive alliance between Germany and Austria Hungary to prevent or limit war. All three bonded together and vowed to protect each other. The Reinsurance Treaty (1887) with Russia o Is Austria attacks Russia Germany will remain neutral German Kaiser William II (r. 1890-1918) He doesn’t get alone with Bismarck Wants to build 38 battleships which causes conflict with Britain Triple Alliance (Germany, Austria, Italy) v. Triple Entente (Britain, France, Russia) World War 1 (1914-1918) o Austrian Archduke Francis Ferdinand was assassinated and so was his wife by a Bosnian citizen o Mobilization (July-August 1914) Austria mobilizes against Serbia then Russia mobilizes against Austria. Austria mobilizes against Russia. Russia mobilizes against Germany. Germany mobilizes against Russia and France o Schlieffen Plan When Germany mobilizes and they do not stop. Want to beat France first and then conquer Russia. Marne (Sept 1914) Trench warfare Industrial warfare Galipoli (1915) o 150,000 dead Verdun (1916) o 700.000 dead o German attack Somme (1916) o 2 Million Dead Russia: o Duma = Parliament (March-November 1917) Tries to run the war because the ruler was trying to conduct it all by himself and it wasn’t working o Soviets (Bolshenks) Calling for a communist revolution o Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (March 1918) Peace treaty between the new Bolshevik government of Soviet Russia and the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and Ottoman Empire), that ended Russia's participation in World War I. Disaster for Russia because they give up so much stuff that really hurts their economy USA o Lusitania (1915) German U-Boats sunk a US passenger ship which was unrestricted warfare and US threatens to attack them if they continue o Woodrow Wilson’s 14 Points Fourteen goals of the United States in the peace negotiations after World War I. o Versailles Treaty Article #231 Section says that Germany accepts full responsibility for WWI and accepts responsibility for all casualties and damages German war debt to US. $10,000,000 dollars to the US Rhineland DMZ Where French and British troops occupy in order to keep an eye on Germany o Austria Hungary Disappears from the map History 102 4/12/16 Russia = Soviet Union (1918-1989) o Vladimir Lenin Leader of the Communist party War Communism (1919-1921) Communist win but in the process they alienate some of their own people NEP = New Economic Policy (1921) Going to reintroduce some democracy Lenin dies and 2 people fight to be his successor Trotsky o Rapid industrialization Wants to force people into factory work in order to increase product o Collectivization (v. Kulaks) Kulaks loose the most. They are farmers who do really well with selling their product o “world revolution” Stalin o NEP + “socialism in one country” o 5 year Plans list of economic goals based on his policy of socialism in one country o Bookkeeper on everybody so he had information to hold over peoples heads Germany o Versailles Treaty (Article #231) Paying off war debt The war debt is so high that Germany starts to experience Hyper-Inflation (1921-1923) o Gustav Stresemann Introduces new currency Dawes Plan Attempt in 1924 to solve the World War I reparations problem, which had bedeviled international politics following World War I and the Treaty of Versailles. Locarno Treaty Seven agreements negotiated at Locarno, Switzerland, on 5–16 October 1925, in which the First World War Western European Allied powers and the new states of Central and Eastern Europe sought to secure the post-war territorial settlement, and return normalizing relations with defeated Germany Italy o Benito Mussolini Fascism v. Marxism v. Democracy Pro Capitalist Depression 1929 o Speculation -> people wanting to get out head after the crash want to invest in Ford. Buying stocks on margin o Over Production -> everyone who wanted a certain product and could afford it went out and bought one o Stocks Collapse -> unemployment Germany o Weimar Constitution Article #48 Allowed the President, under certain circumstances, to take emergency measures without the prior consent of the Reichstag o Appointment of Hitler Jan 1933 o Hitler’s Enabling Act March 1933 Gave the German Cabinet – in effect, Chancellor Adolf Hitler – the power to enact laws without the involvement of the Reichstag o Nuremburg Laws September 1935 Define a "Jew" as someone with particular religious beliefs. Instead, anyone who had three or four Jewish grandparents was defined as a Jew, regardless of whether that individual identified himself or herself as a Jew or belonged to the Jewish religious community. Many Germans who had not practiced Judaism for years found themselves caught in the grip of Nazi terror Anti Semitism France and Britain o Social Democratic Gains o Cutting -> increasing gain spending USA o New Deal o WPA o TVA o NRA o CCC
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