New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Week 10

by: Colleen Murphy

Week 10 HIST 102 - 11

Colleen Murphy

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

The beginnings of WWI
World History Since 1500
Garth N. Montgomery
75 ?




Popular in World History Since 1500

Popular in History

This 5 page Bundle was uploaded by Colleen Murphy on Sunday April 24, 2016. The Bundle belongs to HIST 102 - 11 at Radford University taught by Garth N. Montgomery in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see World History Since 1500 in History at Radford University.


Reviews for Week 10


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 04/24/16
Colleen Murphy History 102 4/19/16 Before During and After of the WWI  The “New Imperialism” (1860’s-1940’s) o Europeans make the move that the new imperialism was going to involve the transformation of the entire economy and culture o Europeans wants to make India European o Basically taking a culture and westernizing it. Remaking the world.  The “Scramble for Africa” (1800’s) o Invasion, occupation, division, colonization, and annexation of Africa’s territory by European powers. o Money loosing operation for European countries o Going to train non European countries people into workers that will benefit Europe o Direct Imperialism: direct invasion of a country  The “Open Door Policy” (1899) o Europeans, U.S., Japan in China o To be able to buy and sell things in China o All countries have open trade with China o Indirect Imperialism  The Spanish American War (1898) o Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines o Fought between Spain and the U.S. that ended colonial rule in the Americas and resulted in the acquisition of the Philippines o U.S. reform the Philippines by bringing in American culture and even bringing in workers. Wanted to make the Pilipino people little Americans.  Europe o Bismarck, Germany  3 Emperors League (1873-1878)  Alliance between Germany, Russia, and Austria Hungary. Otto Von Bismarck took control of German foreign policy in order to keep France isolated.  Goals of the league were to prevent intervention by Austria-Hungary or Russia in the event of an outbreak of hostilities between France and Germany and to prevent friction between Austria-Hungary and Russia over territorial claims in the Balkans.  Serbia and Bosnia (try to invade Germany, Russia, and Austria Hungary territory)  The Dual Alliance (1879) with Austria o Defensive alliance between Germany and Austria Hungary to prevent or limit war. All three bonded together and vowed to protect each other.  The Reinsurance Treaty (1887) with Russia o Is Austria attacks Russia Germany will remain neutral  German Kaiser William II (r. 1890-1918)  He doesn’t get alone with Bismarck  Wants to build 38 battleships which causes conflict with Britain  Triple Alliance (Germany, Austria, Italy) v. Triple Entente (Britain, France, Russia)  World War 1 (1914-1918) o Austrian Archduke Francis Ferdinand was assassinated and so was his wife by a Bosnian citizen o Mobilization (July-August 1914)  Austria mobilizes against Serbia then Russia mobilizes against Austria. Austria mobilizes against Russia. Russia mobilizes against Germany. Germany mobilizes against Russia and France o Schlieffen Plan  When Germany mobilizes and they do not stop. Want to beat France first and then conquer Russia.  Marne (Sept 1914)  Trench warfare  Industrial warfare  Galipoli (1915) o 150,000 dead  Verdun (1916) o 700.000 dead o German attack  Somme (1916) o 2 Million Dead  Russia: o Duma = Parliament (March-November 1917)  Tries to run the war because the ruler was trying to conduct it all by himself and it wasn’t working o Soviets (Bolshenks)  Calling for a communist revolution o Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (March 1918)  Peace treaty between the new Bolshevik government of Soviet Russia and the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and Ottoman Empire), that ended Russia's participation in World War I.  Disaster for Russia because they give up so much stuff that really hurts their economy  USA o Lusitania (1915)  German U-Boats sunk a US passenger ship which was unrestricted warfare and US threatens to attack them if they continue o Woodrow Wilson’s 14 Points  Fourteen goals of the United States in the peace negotiations after World War I. o Versailles Treaty Article #231  Section says that Germany accepts full responsibility for WWI and accepts responsibility for all casualties and damages  German war debt to US. $10,000,000 dollars to the US  Rhineland DMZ  Where French and British troops occupy in order to keep an eye on Germany o Austria Hungary  Disappears from the map History 102 4/12/16  Russia = Soviet Union (1918-1989) o Vladimir Lenin  Leader of the Communist party  War Communism (1919-1921)  Communist win but in the process they alienate some of their own people  NEP = New Economic Policy (1921)  Going to reintroduce some democracy  Lenin dies and 2 people fight to be his successor  Trotsky o Rapid industrialization  Wants to force people into factory work in order to increase product o Collectivization (v. Kulaks)  Kulaks loose the most. They are farmers who do really well with selling their product o “world revolution”  Stalin o NEP + “socialism in one country” o 5 year Plans  list of economic goals based on his policy of socialism in one country o Bookkeeper on everybody so he had information to hold over peoples heads  Germany o Versailles Treaty (Article #231)  Paying off war debt  The war debt is so high that Germany starts to experience Hyper-Inflation (1921-1923) o Gustav Stresemann  Introduces new currency  Dawes Plan  Attempt in 1924 to solve the World War I reparations problem, which had bedeviled international politics following World War I and the Treaty of Versailles.  Locarno Treaty  Seven agreements negotiated at Locarno, Switzerland, on 5–16 October 1925, in which the First World War Western European Allied powers and the new states of Central and Eastern Europe sought to secure the post-war territorial settlement, and return normalizing relations with defeated Germany  Italy o Benito Mussolini  Fascism  v. Marxism  v. Democracy  Pro Capitalist  Depression 1929 o Speculation -> people wanting to get out head after the crash want to invest in Ford. Buying stocks on margin o Over Production -> everyone who wanted a certain product and could afford it went out and bought one o Stocks Collapse -> unemployment  Germany o Weimar Constitution Article #48  Allowed the President, under certain circumstances, to take emergency measures without the prior consent of the Reichstag o Appointment of Hitler Jan 1933  o Hitler’s Enabling Act March 1933  Gave the German Cabinet – in effect, Chancellor Adolf Hitler – the power to enact laws without the involvement of the Reichstag o Nuremburg Laws September 1935  Define a "Jew" as someone with particular religious beliefs. Instead, anyone who had three or four Jewish grandparents was defined as a Jew, regardless of whether that individual identified himself or herself as a Jew or belonged to the Jewish religious community. Many Germans who had not practiced Judaism for years found themselves caught in the grip of Nazi terror  Anti Semitism  France and Britain o Social Democratic Gains o Cutting -> increasing gain spending  USA o New Deal o WPA o TVA o NRA o CCC


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

75 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.