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Israeli/Palestinian Conflict

by: Nicole Sedgwick

Israeli/Palestinian Conflict History 105 Fry- Roots of Contemporary Issues

Nicole Sedgwick
GPA 3.0
History 105

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Roots of Contemporary Issues: Israeli/Palestinian Conflict
History 105
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This 4 page Bundle was uploaded by Nicole Sedgwick on Monday March 9, 2015. The Bundle belongs to History 105 Fry- Roots of Contemporary Issues at Washington State University taught by Faunce in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 19 views.

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Date Created: 03/09/15
The Roots of Contemporary Con icts IsraelPalestine 19902012 The Oslo Accords Declaration of Principles on Interim Self Government Arrangements August 20th 1993 It was the rst direct facetoface agreement between the government of Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization PLO Framework for future negotiations PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Robin and US President Bill Clinton Creation of a Palestinian National Authority PNA The Accords also called for the withdrawal of the Israel Defense Forces IDF form parts of the Gaza Strip and West Bank Yitzhak Robin was assassinated July 11 2000 Camp David Summit President Clinton new Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak and PNA Chairman Yasser Arafat Trilateral Statement What happened to Yasser Arafat 0 Was poisoned November 19 2014 Jerusalem has been the holiest city in jewish tradition King David of Israel rst established it as the capital of the Kingdom of Israel in c 1000 BCE King Solomon commissioned the building of the First Temple in the city In Christian tradition Jerusalem has been a holy city since Jesus was cruci ed there Sin Sunni Islam Jerusalem is the 3rd holiest city today 0 Was number one Temple Mount where 1st and 2nOI temples were built and destroyed The Western Wall The Church of the Holy Sepulchre The Dome of the Rock alAqsa Mosque Crusades Seljuk Turks started to attack Egypt and the Byzantine Empire Byzantine did not do well and they turned to the west for help Pope in Rome sent out call to arms to ght off the Muslims Jerusalem was only place the leaders had heard of so determined to march on Jerusalem o What did the Byzantine Empire want from the west 0 A source of mercenaries to supplant their own nations 0 Western forces would refuse to obey Byzantine Emperor Peter the Hermit Raised an army of peasants from France and Germany People s Crusadereached Constantinople Aug 1096 Looted and fought along the way 0 About 20000 men women and children crossed into Asia Minor 0 Oct 1096 all killed by Seljuk Turks 1st Crusade o 4 armies form France and Belgium Crusaders attacked Antioch June 1098 city fell Jan 1099 set out forJerusalem June 1099 attacked Jerusalem fell in July 1099 2nol Crusade Louis VIIFrance and Conrad lll Germany decided to dretaiate Why did the 2nCI Crusade fail o The Germans wanted to attack an ally of the French 0 Didn t accomplish anything Germans decided to attack Damascus They were only Muslim ally of the French so they said no Saladin of Egypt became new power in area Saladin took cities one by one until Jerusalem fell in 1187 December 1 2014 3rd Crusade 0 Frederick Barbossa Holy Roman Empire Germany 0 Phillip ll King of France 0 Richard quotthe Lion heartedquot King of England 4th Crusade 1204 sacked Constantinople 1215 decided to go to Egypt more wealth 1212 Children s Crusade Nicolas of Cologne led 10005 of children on a crusade 0 20000 High Middle Ages Byzantine Empire never recovered and ruled only over Constantinople 0 Finally destroyed by Ottoman Turks in 1453 Crusade did not help Byzantine empire but did help stabilize Europe December 3 2014 Terrorist Who are they 0 Terrorism Use of illegal force against civilians for the purpose of political control 0 Sec 802 0 To intimidate or coerce a civilian population 0 To in uence the policy Siek vs Sheik December 5 2014 0 Houston Stewart Chamberlain 18551927 0 Germans only true successors to Aryan race Needed to protect civilization from lower races Jews Blacks Asians AntiSemitism not new to Europe But antiSemitic parties rose up in Austria and Germany in 1880 s and 1890 s 19001948 In 1832 Palestine was conquered by Egypt 1840 Britain intervened and returned control to the Ottomans World War 1 Con rmed the league of nations on July 24 1922 The nonJewish Palestinians revolted in 1920 1929 1936 Western wall uprising august 1929 0 Over access to the western wall in Jerusalem Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler o Austrian mostly failure artist became very racist and anti semitic and a German nationalist 1935 Nuremberg laws againstJewish separated from rest of population December 10 2014 0 Great Britain decided in 1947 to leave Palestine 0 UN adopted a plan calling for the partition of Palestine into Jewish and Arab states 0 First ArabIsraeli state 1952 US Su 0 1990 1952 the population had doubled By the late 1960 s Jews from Asia and Africa began to outnumber Europeans 1956 SuezSinai WarIsrael attacked Egypt because 0 England and France asked them to do it Arab nationalism increased dramatically lsrael took 0 Gaza Strip amp the Sinai Peninsula from Egypt 0 EastJerusalem amp the West Bank form Jordan 0 Golan Heights from Syria The Occupied Territories included an Arab population of about 15 million Palestine Liberation Organization PLO Yasser Arafat Yom Kippur War October 1973 Egypt and Syria attacked to regain the territories lost in 1967 0 US is starting to enter into con ict now 0 Yom Kippur US is heavily involved Camp David Accords Egyptian President Anwar El Sadat Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin and PresidentJimmy Carter 900000 Soviet Jews immigrated June 1982 Why did lsrael launched an invasion of Lebanon 0 To drive the PLO out of Lebanon pport Formal intergovernment relations remained chilly until 1967 More than 140 billion between 1948 and 2004 Almost 3 billion in direct assistance Support for Israel is strong amount American Christians Informal lobbying also includes the activities ofJewish groups 3 key formal lobbying groups 0 Christians United for Israel 0 American lsrael Public Affairs December 12 2014 The Modern World Cultural lmperalism The practice of promoting the culture and language of one nation in another Americanization McWorld


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