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Leccion 4, 5, 6

by: Casey Notetaker

Leccion 4, 5, 6 SPN 120

Casey Notetaker
GPA 3.25

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About this Document

present progressive, future tense verbs vocabulary review demonstrative pronouns direct object/indirect object pronouns
Fundamentals of Spanish
David Munoz
demonstrative, lo, ir + infinitiv, Pronouns, future tense
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This 4 page Bundle was uploaded by Casey Notetaker on Saturday February 27, 2016. The Bundle belongs to SPN 120 at University of North Carolina - Wilmington taught by David Munoz in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see Fundamentals of Spanish in Spanish at University of North Carolina - Wilmington.


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Date Created: 02/27/16
Tener & Venir  tener = to have  yo tengo  nosotros tenemos  tu tienes  vosotros tenéis  él / ella tiene  éllos / ellas tienen    venir = to come  yo vengo  nosotros venimos  tu vienes  vosotros venís  él / ella viene  éllos / ellas vienen    tener + que + infinitive (“I have to…”)  1. Tengo dormir  2. Tiene caminar   expressions  tener...​ños (to be … years old)  tener calor (to be hot)  tener cuidado (to be careful)  tener frío (to be cold)  tener hambre (to be hungry)  Future tense  IR + INFINITIVE   ¿Que vas a hacer el martes?   What are you going to do on Tuesday?    Voy a pacer​ tiempo con mi familia.   I am going to spend time with my family.    Vamos a tomar ​ el sol a la playa.  We are going to sunbath at the beach.    Voy a dormir​  esta noche.   I am going to sleep tonight.    Irregulares (stem‐changing)  pedir = to ask for  yo pi​o  nosotros pedimos  tu pi​es  vosotros pedís  él / ellaide  éllos / ellas​en  ** verbs with stem‐changes follow ​he boot rule    conseguir, seguir, repetir, cerrar, empezar, volver, comenzar, perder, querer, poder,   antes ‐ before /depués​ ‐ after    expressions   poner la mesa (to make the table)  hacer la cama (to make the bed)  pensar + infinitive (to plan to do something)  Yo pienso estudiar para el examen.  Nosotros pensamos comer a las ocho esta noche.     Present progressive  estar = to be  yo estoy  nosotros estamos  tu estás  vosotros estáis  él / ella está  éllos / ellas están    “How you feel and where you are, always use the verb estar”  Estar is used with adjectives to describe physical conditions of nouns.    En la clase de espña estoy feliz.  En un exam estoy nerviosa.     Estar is also used for present progressive, a verb tense emphasizing an action in progress.     PRESENT PROGRESSIVE TENSE  PRESENT TENSE  Marcela está limpiando la casa  Marcela limpa la casa.   Marcela is cleaning the house.  Marcela cleans the house​.   ESTAR + ________ando (ar verbs)  Estoy hablando.   ** Always conjugate ​estar!     ESTAR + ________iendo (er/ir verbs)  Estoy bebiendo.  ** Always conjugate ​estar!     When a verb stem of an er/ir verb ends in a vowel (leer, traer) the present participle ends in ‐yendo  le ‐ yendo leyendo  tra ‐ yendo trayendo    more examples of present progressive  Estamos practicando deportes.  Carmen está comiendo en  Usts. están explicando.  casa.    Direct Objects  In English, the pronoun follows the verb. In Spanish, the pronoun precedes the verb.     Felipe compra ​un pasaje.  Felipe buys a ticket.    Felipe locompra.  Felipe buys it.    me​  (me)  nos​ (us)  te (you)  os (you plural)  lo /la (he / she / it)  los /las(them)  Yo escucho ​al profesor. (a + él)    La abuela cuida a la niña ​ La abuela la cuida.   Indirect Objects  Direct object pronouns and indirect object pronouns are the same, with the exception of 3rd person  singular and plural.     me​  (to, for me)  nos​ (to, for us)  te (to, for you)  os (to, for you plural)  le /la (to, for him / her / it)  le / la (to, for them)    Sabrina le compra un café ​a Valeria​.   Sabrina buys a coffee for Valeria.    Yo le presto una camisa ​a Luis.  I lend a t‐shirt to Luis.    Les doy el equipaje a ellos.  I give the equipment to them.   **When using le/la/les/las, it’s best to clarify as shown above!    Demonstrative adjectives  SINGULAR  PLURAL  (this)  (this)  este cuadro  estos cuadros  esta butaca   estas butacas      (that)  (that)  ese zapato  esos zapatos  esa mesa  esas mesas      (that over there)  (that over there)  aquel libro  aquellos libros  aquella casa  aquellas casas    Estos clientes gastan mucho dinero.  These​ customers spend a lot of money.  Extra vocabulary  101 ​ iento uno  200​ doscientos/as  1.000​mil  1.000.000​ un millón    dar ‐ to give  prestar ‐ to lend  regaler ‐ to give (as a gift)  salir con ‐ with who you date  mi novio​ ‐ my boyfriend   mi novia​ ‐ my girlfriend   


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