Popular in History
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Popular in History
This 2 page Bundle was uploaded by quaaludesman on Friday April 29, 2016. The Bundle belongs to History 1020 at Auburn University taught by in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see History in History at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 04/29/16
Latin American History Guatemala Guatemala was a Cold War issue ground. Arevalo’s Reforms – Wanted to improve the conditions of labor at first. The United Fruit Company and Arevalo had bad relations. Election of Arbenz – Elected president of Guatemala, much more radical than Arevalo was. Begins to make everything nationalistic. United Fruit Company despised Arbenz, so they complained to the U.S. Government. So they put together an army of Guatemalans. Overthrow of the Government – This army of Guatemalans that was put together by the U.S. overthrew the government. Cuba U.S. – Had only one major export, sugar. Many people lived in the countryside but were very poor. Huge gap between middle and lower class. Havana was a great vacation destination for Americans. Many Americans were always concerned with what happened in Cuba because it was so close to Florida. Batista Regime – Dictator and no reforms happened that he said he would do. Castro’s Revolution – Castro is put in prison, and once he is released he moves to Mexico where he meets Che Guevara. Che Guevara and Castro become a team and move back to Cuba to end Batista’s Regime. Castro’s revolution improved the quality of health care, quality of education, and quality of housing. But the economy never really recovered as Castro had hoped. Chile Crisis in 1960s – Had democracy for a while, but during the 1960s their economy took a hit. During this time a Socialist named Allende was voted as the president. Allende does not have goo relations with parliament, so he cannot get anything done. Due to this he basically gave himself powers of a dictator. The Chile army overthrows Allende and is assassinated with the help of the Nixon Administration. Military Dictatorship – Nicaragua Somoza Regime – Very rich family, owned 1/4 of all the land in Nicaragua. Sandinistas – Socialists, win election and put Ortega in power. This is not good for the United Fruit Company, as well as the United States. Reagan Administration and the Contras – Heard the United Fruit Companies complaints, so they fund an army called the Contras. This leads to a decade long war, the Contras vs. the Sandinistas. To learn more and get OneNote, visit www.onenote.com. 2
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