Popular in History
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Popular in History
This 4 page Bundle was uploaded by quaaludesman on Friday April 29, 2016. The Bundle belongs to History 1020 at Auburn University taught by in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see History in History at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 04/29/16
Nationalism in the Middle East Background Peoples and Religion Foreign Interest & Intervention Trends associated with Nationalism Modernization – The idea of modernizing the economy/society, bringing these places into the 20th century. Revival of Islam – Emphasis on getting back to a way of life of how someone would live according to the Corinthians Oil Wealth – Turkey Mustafa Kamal-Ataturk – Founder of turkey /first president Revolution = Takes power away from the sultan, and hw then become the first president Kemalism = Westernization &secular stater o Abolish Caliph o Abolished Islamic Law & Polygamy – Islamic law was remade and were very much “western” o Suffrage o Metric System o Education Iran (Shi’ite community) Monarchy Muhammed vs Reza Pahavli as Shah o Government Policies – very authoritarian, wants to modernizing. o Relations with clergy – had a bad relationship with the clergy. Ayyaolltah o White Revolution Land reforms – created land reform but, plots of land are too small for people to live off of. Nationalized Industrial – Big companies comin un from the Education – o Thiss blows up in his face. Iranian Revolution, 1978-79 Beginnings Repressions & mourning processions – Return of the ayatollah Khomeini Why? Foreign influences in Iran – Power of Clergy & support of people Failures of White Revolution To learn more and get OneNote, visit www.onenote.com. 2 Decolonization in Africa, II Algeria Effects of war in Indochina National Liberation Front (FLN) – Nationalist group, Dienbienphu made them believe that they too could fight back against the French. War against the French o French in Algeria – Many troops stationed in Algeria o International Pressure – France wanted to stop the flow of supplies from Egypt to Algeria, so they went to take control of the Suez Canal. o Fall of Fourth Republic – The government fell from power, a new government known as the Fifth Republic replaced the Fourth as the new French Government. It was ruled by DeGaulle. o DeGaulle & Independence – Wanted to get the French out of Algeria, but this wasn’t easy because of the Pieds Noirs. South Africa Apartheid – Refers to “apartness,” the equivalent to Americas Jim Crow Laws. Officially recognized four groups, White, Colored/Mixed, Asian, and Blacks. If you were an African farmer, you got moved off your land. Homelands, created these homelands so when they moved them off of their property, they just shoved all the blacks onto little land. Employers were legally allowed to pay Blacks less. Focused on moving the Blacks away from the Whites. Passbook – Carried around by all blacks, said what tribe affiliations you had and what homeland you came from, as well as job history. Townships – Designated to be occupied by blacks, so they could work near the city. Black Consciousness in 1970s and 1980s – African National Congress (ANC) – Pursued a policy of non violence but after it takes awhile, and apartheid is introduced they believe they need to stand up a bit more. Nelson Mandela – Helped with an act of sabotage, and was put in jail for 18 years. Isn’t released until 1990 that means he was in jail for 29 years. He was the face of nationalism because he would refuse to leave jail under the governments terms. They said he would have to drop all affiliations with the ANC but he would not do it. This brought a lot of attention to Nelson Mandela. International Opposition – People began to rise up against arpatheid Soweto Uprising – wanted the blacks of Soweto to learn Afrikaans, this caused a major protest. 500+ people were killed and only 5 of them were white, the rest were black. Botha – His policies were inflammatory. De Klerk – Replaces Brotha. Negotiates and implements majority rule. Ended apartheid. White Resistance – Majority Rule (1993) – To learn more and get OneNote, visit www.onenote.com. 2
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