Popular in History
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Popular in History
This 3 page Bundle was uploaded by quaaludesman on Friday April 29, 2016. The Bundle belongs to History 1020 at Auburn University taught by in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see History in History at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 04/29/16
U.S. Civil Rights Movement Segregation Jim Crow “Separate but equal” – Plessy vs. Ferguson Violence and extra-legal attacks – Lynching – If a white person accused a black person of a wrong doing the Klu Klux Klan would take it upon themselves to deal with them. Black Consciousness W.E.B. Dubois – Black intellectual, first black to earn his PhD at Harvard. He believed it was their job to know about their own history/heritage. He was also interested in generating this black consciousness outside of the United States. He was also an integrationist, someone who wanted to Marcus Garvey – Was much more radical than Dubois. He argued that blacks need to be black conscious, but not in the United States. He believed they should go back to Africa, and decolonize. Brown vs. Board of Education (1954) Earl Warren – Chief Justice on this case. Separate but equal, was not right. It was said that it th broke the 14 amendment. This is the kick off of the most intense time in the civil rights movement. NAACP (National Association of Advancement for Colored People) – Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955) Rosa Parks – She started off the boycott by not giving up her seat. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. & non-violence – Minister at a Baptist church. He believed in non-violence, he was a student of Gandhi. He also was a devout Christian, which further backed his non-violence Eisenhower Administration (Central High School 1957) Orville Faubus – Didn’t want to desegregate high schools so he called in the Arkansas National Guard to prevent 12-13 black high school students from entering Central High School. Eisenhower – He took control of the situation by Early 1960s Sit-ins – When blacks invade that “white space” and act normal o Woolworth’s (Greensboro, N.C.) – 4 Black college student went to the Woolworths and sat in the white people’s space. They weren’t served and then they went outside and began to pray. By the second day there were 85 people there. Highlander School – A school where black people were taught about non-violence forms of action. Integration of Universities – o James Meredith (1962) – First black to attend Ole Miss, and this ended up becoming violent. o Vivian Malone (1963) – First black to attend Alabama, George Wallace stood in front of Vivian to block her entry. o Harold Franklin (1964) – First black to attend Auburn, much more peaceful than that of Ole Miss or Alabama. 2 Birmingham Bombing (1963) – Results of the Birmingham protests. A church was bombed and 4 girls died. March on Washington (1963) – MLK’s famous “I Have a Dream” speech. Conveyed to the nation that desegregation is the basic To learn more and get OneNote, visit www.onenote.com. 3
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