Sociology 101 Midterm Notes
Sociology 101 Midterm Notes SOC 1010
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This 4 page Bundle was uploaded by Ashley Notetaker on Tuesday May 3, 2016. The Bundle belongs to SOC 1010 at DePaul University taught by gina luby in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at DePaul University.
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Date Created: 05/03/16
SOC 101 Lesson One: Sociological Imagination Self + society Terrible but magnificent lesson “Big” picture and objectified selves Importance of time, place, group Recognition of patterns C. Wright Mills - Personal biography and history - Role of group memberships - Individuality exists, but it’s only part of who we are - We have agency, however limited Peter Berger - Sociology is science with goal of analysis - Challenge conventional truths - Interconnectedness of smaller units (individual) to larger units (groups/institutions) of society Self groups organizations institutions society Lesson Two: Founding Fathers Emile Durkheim = Structure Functionalism < Macro level - Deals with how society interacts - Longing for way world and culture was in past - Institutions (family, school, work, politics, media) are interconnected - Breakdown of these institutions to make generalizations about why something is Karl Marx = Social conflict - Haves vs have nots - Social change comes in time of social conflict - Stability is just society catering to the “haves” - Power structures exist within all institutions, ex: family = patriarch, media = wealthy companies Max Weber = wanting everything to be ordered and efficient has lead to society becoming bureaucratized George Herbert Mead = Symbolic Interactionism < Micro level - The I and the Me - How we construct and make sense of shared meanings in everyday life - We care what people think because their perception of us defines how we see our social self Lesson Three: Importance of Social Interactions Complex, integrated norms organized around preservation of basic societal values Normative systems that operate in six areas of life: 1. Family 2. Government 3. Economy 4. Education 5. Religion 6. Media Perspectives and social institutions - Functionalist = identify functions of each that ultimately lead to social stability - Conflict = identify systems of power embedded ultimately responsible for shaping goals & functions that serve ruling class Social significance of family - Primary organizing force of social structure - Change in family directly impacts other areas of life and culture - Change resulted in both positive and negative consequences for family Family functions - Replacement through reproduction - Regulation of sexual behavior - Economic responsibility for dependents - Socialization of young - Ascription of status - Emotional support Lesson Four: Status and Roles of Institutions Status = position held in society Roles = actions of status (expectations) Individual Example: do homework participate Student study attend class Status can interact, roles may conflict Institution Groups (primary + secondary) Networks other Institutions Cultural universal – exists in all cultures around world, may look different in places Social structure is built up from individual level Lesson Five: Race and Social Structures Constructing race and ethnicity - Distinctively identified - Social or biological? - Role of misrecognition - Disadvantaged, confirming inferiority Social construction - Defining race/ethnicity - Making race/ethnicity a problem - Resulting inequality - Racial inequality as a problem Becoming a problem - Growing in numbers - Motivations for presence - Shifts in economic structures - Availability of resources - Difference = threat Response to growth (and fear) - Threatened status quo - Techniques used to control “newer” people - Prejudice – beliefs of superiority - Discrimination – actions of superiority - Important to process of legitimizing treatment; reliance on stereotypes Discrimination NonDiscrimination Prejudice Blatant bigotry Closet bigotry NonPrejudice Institutional Discrimination Tolerance & equality Lesson Six: Social Stratification and Class Four basic principles: 1. Trait of society, not reflection of individual difference 2. Comes from one generation onto next 3. Universal but variable 4. Involves both inequality and beliefs Closed system = caste - Determines type of work (ascribed at birth) - Marry within ranking - Shape beliefs of caste - Social control, guide behavior Open system = class - Meritocracy (earn position in society) - Status consistency (prestige vs income) Social mobility in U.S. - Fairly high in last century, longterm trend upward - Within single generation mobility is low - Since 70’s fairly uneven and limited especially for lower classes Why do hierarchies endure? - Functions of social stratification Davis Moore Thesis: found everywhere, Egalitarian societies reduces productive efficiency, reward system shaped by environment - Stratification and conflict Marx: capitalists, proletariats, and alienation Weber: class, status, and power continuum Impact of structure and inequality in U.S. - Income, wealth and power - Occupational prestige - Education - Ancestry, race, gender - Health (handout) - Attitudes and values - Politics
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