State and Local Goverment Texas Health and Education
State and Local Goverment Texas Health and Education POLS 2312-006
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This 2 page Bundle was uploaded by Chandon Lim on Monday May 9, 2016. The Bundle belongs to POLS 2312-006 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Daniel D Sledge in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views.
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Date Created: 05/09/16
Health and Education Is understood as a police power, o Force people to be vaccinated against smallpox o Marine hospital institution o The national government can not interfere Death registration area 1915 o Not all states were certified to collect statistics on death Rockerfeller philanthropy o He donated 1 million toward the eradication of hookworms o Police powers o Lack of local governing capacity Inability of state and local governments to deal with serious problems o 1917 the united states was dragged into ww1 Many soldiers were trained in the south The government went in to military encampments and made sure they did not get malaria or hook worms Rural sanitation Southern support ,economic arguments Framed as an economic issue Generated support among the wealthy elite o Programs were created focusing on the health problems in the south that had emerged out of ww1 o The New Deal (1930) Public works project Drainage privies Social security act 1935 o The depression created a circumstance that made the government expand its power and play a bigger role in public health o Malaria control in war areas Created in 1942 Headquartered in Atlanta Renamed CDC in 1946 o Funding Government Constitutional prohibition on income tax, barring extraordinary action by legislature Constitutional prohibition on state wide property tax o State sales tax capped at 6.25%, localities may add an additional 2% o Additional Sources of Revenue vehicles sales and rentals o Motor Fuel o Insurance Tax o Fees, fines Approaches to Taxation o Progressive taxes those with higher incomes pay a higher percentage of their income on taxes o Regressive Taxes Those with lower income pay higher percentage of their income on particular taxes United States Classical Liberalism Texas: Emphasis on Individualism, self-reliance Texas: Emphasis on resistance to federal mandates Low Taxes, Low Services The Great Recession o TARP: 700 billion o Intended to purchase troubled assets used to bailout financial institutions and auto makers o Low interest rates o The Stimulus: 787 billion in tax cuts extension of unemployed benefits, money for state and local governments to cover budget shortfalls, infrastructure o In 2009 Texas used stimulus money to fill a 3.3 billion gap in the budget o For the 2010-2011 budgets, Texas filled its budget gap with 6.4 billion in stimulus money o The state did not apply for some education grants that were part of the stimulus and it refunded 556 million in money for extending unemployment’s benefits Education o Near bottom in spending per pupil o More than $3000 below national average around $66,000 o In 2011, the state legislature cut funding for schools by 5.3 billion
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