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Ancient History Notes Unit One

by: Brittany Notetaker

Ancient History Notes Unit One History 353

Marketplace > University of Wisconsin - Whitewater > History > History 353 > Ancient History Notes Unit One
Brittany Notetaker
GPA 4.0

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Unit one Notes for Exam one
Ancient History
Dr. Thiboudoux
ancient, history, Greece, hoplite, phalanx
75 ?




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This 2 page Bundle was uploaded by Brittany Notetaker on Wednesday May 11, 2016. The Bundle belongs to History 353 at University of Wisconsin - Whitewater taught by Dr. Thiboudoux in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Ancient History in History at University of Wisconsin - Whitewater.


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Date Created: 05/11/16
                                            Section one Directions: Who, what, when, where, and significant. 1. Hoplite phalanx: The hoplite phalanx is a military innovation where foot soldiers  marched into battle within an 8x8 formation. This formation began in the Greek city­ states but was later adapted elsewhere. This adaption began to change the social  aspects of the Athens Greek city­states because it was designed to protect the group  both commoners and aristocrats to literally have one another’s backs on the battlefield in which the use of shields amplified the idea of group protection. The social issues arises  not on the battlefield but at home where commoners and aristocrats are no longer equal. Dark Ages. 2. Cleisthenes: Or the  “father of democracy”  because he furthered modified  Solon’s reforms within Athens. Cleisthenes was elected as an archon I'm 508 BCE in  which he implemented different reforms within the political government.Cleisthenes is  significant in the means that he created demes in which rotated membership and send  representatives to speak for the assembly and also for the vote.  3. Solon:  A reformer based within Athens. He was a merchant and later a leader in  594 BCE. He soon became a very wealthy chief archon. Solon’s importance was  centered around political and economic reforms. Solon’s  economic reforms included  citizenship, exportation, and abolishment of selling oneself to pay off debt. Through  citizenship, Solon allowed foreign artisans to stay within Athens. This is important  because these artisans are able to teach citizens the craft and create different items for  the city state. Solon also created the policy in which anyone who owned land was a  citizen. This made a larger range of people able to have a say in government instead of  just the warrior aristocracy. Through exportation Solon passed that olive oil and pottery  were able to be exported where wheat was not. This is important because it increased  exportations. Lastly, the abolishment of slavery to free debt was key to Solon's reforms  because one could no longer be able to sell himself or family members into slavery in  order to wipe away debt. The importance of this lies within the idea of citizenship. In  order to be a citizen one must have land and without land one did not have a say. 4. Drako:  Is known as a tyrant in Athen in which the rule of one person could be  good or bad. In 621 BCE Drakon also known as Draco was an aristocrat in Athens that  was charged with creating laws against violence. These laws were harsh and out of  date. The significance of Draco is to show that such punishment was to harsh and  ultimately leads Athens close to a civil war. 5. Deme:  Roughly 500 BCE Cleisthenes created the demes in which he split  Athens into different sections this is relatable to what we now call Jerry Meandering.  These demes split Athens where the sections were diverse instead of the same social  hierarchy. Within each deme representatives would be sent to discuss and vote on  issues. This was a major change because before only land owners had a say in Solon's  reforms and before that only warrior aristocrats had a say in government.  6. Ostrakon: Roughly 500 BCE under Cleisthenes the ostrakon was created.  Ostracism is the ability to neutralize a threat once a year in which all representatives  wrote down a name on a shard of pottery they believed that was a threat to democracy.  The individual with the most names written on an Ostrakon was removed for ten years  because within this time those ostracized would lack support due to deaths or  forgetfulness.  This was an issue in which created concern because these votes were  based upon rumors of even out of spite. 7. Phillip II and military technology: Roughly 350 BCE Philip II of Macedonia   innovated the  hoplite phalanx with an addition of a 13 ft. spear. This innovation was  important because within the army there was a large number of peasants with lack of  weapons they did not have to worry about hand to hand combat. 8. Peloponnesian War:  431­404 BCE This war was between two city­states Sparta  and Athens. This war is significant in terms that Athens in the end surrenders and both  city­states are left broken in which Athens was lead by a puppet government . The war  between the two city­states started over “competition.” In other words, both Athenians  and Spartans believed they had the best military.Within the Funeral Oration of Pericles  we see propaganda used by the Athenians during a time of war to portray themselves a  superior.  9. Aristotle “cooked uterus” theory:(384–322) Aristotle was an Athenian in which  believed that women were deformed males. Aristotle believed after studying sea animals that women were deformed males because they were not completely cooked. This made men superior to women in Athenian society because women were not seen as “perfect.”  10. Kore/Kouros: 


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