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Soc 102-Goffman

by: Freddie816

Soc 102-Goffman SOC 102

GPA 3.3

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About this Document

Goffman's theory on dramaturgy
Contemporary Sociological Theory
soc, 102, jepson, goffman
75 ?




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This 2 page Bundle was uploaded by Freddie816 on Friday June 3, 2016. The Bundle belongs to SOC 102 at University of California - Los Angeles taught by Jepson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Contemporary Sociological Theory in Sociology at University of California - Los Angeles.


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Date Created: 06/03/16
    5/17/16  Erving goffman   According to Goffman’s theory of d   ramaturgy  “the world is a stage and we are all  performers.”   Dramaturgy is a theatrical metaphor for the rituals individuals engage in to make  impressions for who they want to be perceived as, in order to reach a goal in mind (to reach  social acceptance and self validation).   hus, life is a series of stages in which we enter and  exit “impression” roles, which determine how we will behave. In other words, Impression  management is an attempt to convince others that we are who we claim we are [to impress  others], this process is never complete, we take on several other roles, screw up→and  engage in strategies for  epair  strategies to protect face) ie  ocial life is dominated by a  struggle to control the impression we make on others  Strategies of Impression Management  ● Concealment: Engage in strategies to hide/disguise life events that can undermine our  performance, in order to  persuade o   thers to believe that we are who we say we are.  This involves a process of deciding what part of ourself we are going to share; we can  use props to enhance our impression. Ie­ drive an expensive car so that others can  think that we are rich  ● Flattery: Make others feel superior in order to “open” people up to our impressions  “buttering others up”/Make others feel like our performance is just for them   ● Distance: we must keep a distant relationship with others and remain professional in  order to maintain a successful impression (preserve the hierarchy), this convinces  others that we know “what we are talking about”  ● Consistency: we must maintain the same impression time and time again [so we don't  come off as “fake”]  ● Mystification: We have be able to amaze [impress[ our audience, this is more effective  for those with a lot of charisma   The problem with these strategies for impression management is that the individual must be  on constant guard in order to maintain the impression that s/he is trying to portray. At times,  others may try to continuously push back in order to harm one’s so called impression.  Therefore, the individual must make extra efforts in an attempt to save his/her face ie­people  must take d  efensive measures. I  n contrast  Protective measures a   re the efforts that people  make to save someone else’s face   Frontstage and backstage  According to Goffman, the f  ront stage  is the scripted performance that we play for others (the  audience). This is the “performance stage” that o  thers  ee. The   ackstage i s the  on­visible  stage. This is where people tend to be themselves without worrying about who they are  performing for. For example, in the  ront stage a   salesperson can act as if s/he is nice and  may give his/her customers several compliments, in order to sell the customer an item. In the  backstage h   owever, the salesperson can finally be him/herself and may talk crap about  his/her customer that “bought” his/her performance [this is because s/he is no longer  performing for anyone ie­not being seen by her audience]. Thus, the b   ackstage i s the  ore  “genuine and authentic self”  Ex­gender role: women tend to be more of themselves around other women but engage in  performances when they are around men. Women may wear more makeup, wear      5/17/16  uncomfortable shoes etc. to fulfill her gender role and be socially accepted. Men are also  taught that they need to fulfill certain roles, such as of being macho, tough, and dominant­  male roles are not as extensive as for women.  When people do not fulfill their social roles, they are labeled d  eviants.   eing labeled a  deviant in society leads to   tigmatization a  nd requires the individual to engage in further  impression management. A   stigma   is a stereotype or a label used to mark someone as not  normal. A stigmatized individual is cleaned of all his/her characteristics and becomes nothing  more than what his/her stigma makes him/her out to be ie­a stigma becomes one’s m   aster  status.   hose with a stigma are forced to engage in extensive impression management in  order to reduce their “  spoiled identities”   owever, those who carry a non­visible stigma, are  impacted to a lesser degree because these people are perceived as “normal”  and are thus,  able to   ass as long as they carefully choose what and what not to share with others.  Furthermore, a stigma becomes i  nternalized i e­criminal and can lead to a    elf­fulfilled  prophecy­p   eople are taught to believe that they have certain limits because of their stigma  and gradually learn to play out these roles, i.e­mental hospitals: individuals are constantly  reminded that their is something inherently wrong with them and so patients learn to become  dependent on the hospital. This has more of an impact on the young.    Framing: A worldview or perspective for interpreting events or experiences/a way of  making sense of the world  ie­attitudes. F   rames are sets of concepts and perspectives on  how individuals, groups and societies s   hould   rganize, perceive and communicate about  reality. Framing is an inevitable (mental category or influence) on how one perceives reality  and therefore shapes how s/he interprets and responds to life events. Framing allows us to  make sense of reality through social lenses.   Master frames   are fixed frames that one carries  all of the time ie­the sociological perspective.  Summary of Mead and the structure of the self  ○  


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