Soc 102-Goffman SOC 102
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This 2 page Bundle was uploaded by Freddie816 on Friday June 3, 2016. The Bundle belongs to SOC 102 at University of California - Los Angeles taught by Jepson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Contemporary Sociological Theory in Sociology at University of California - Los Angeles.
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Date Created: 06/03/16
5/17/16 Erving goffman According to Goffman’s theory of d ramaturgy “the world is a stage and we are all performers.” Dramaturgy is a theatrical metaphor for the rituals individuals engage in to make impressions for who they want to be perceived as, in order to reach a goal in mind (to reach social acceptance and self validation). hus, life is a series of stages in which we enter and exit “impression” roles, which determine how we will behave. In other words, Impression management is an attempt to convince others that we are who we claim we are [to impress others], this process is never complete, we take on several other roles, screw up→and engage in strategies for epair strategies to protect face) ie ocial life is dominated by a struggle to control the impression we make on others Strategies of Impression Management ● Concealment: Engage in strategies to hide/disguise life events that can undermine our performance, in order to persuade o thers to believe that we are who we say we are. This involves a process of deciding what part of ourself we are going to share; we can use props to enhance our impression. Ie drive an expensive car so that others can think that we are rich ● Flattery: Make others feel superior in order to “open” people up to our impressions “buttering others up”/Make others feel like our performance is just for them ● Distance: we must keep a distant relationship with others and remain professional in order to maintain a successful impression (preserve the hierarchy), this convinces others that we know “what we are talking about” ● Consistency: we must maintain the same impression time and time again [so we don't come off as “fake”] ● Mystification: We have be able to amaze [impress[ our audience, this is more effective for those with a lot of charisma The problem with these strategies for impression management is that the individual must be on constant guard in order to maintain the impression that s/he is trying to portray. At times, others may try to continuously push back in order to harm one’s so called impression. Therefore, the individual must make extra efforts in an attempt to save his/her face iepeople must take d efensive measures. I n contrast Protective measures a re the efforts that people make to save someone else’s face Frontstage and backstage According to Goffman, the f ront stage is the scripted performance that we play for others (the audience). This is the “performance stage” that o thers ee. The ackstage i s the onvisible stage. This is where people tend to be themselves without worrying about who they are performing for. For example, in the ront stage a salesperson can act as if s/he is nice and may give his/her customers several compliments, in order to sell the customer an item. In the backstage h owever, the salesperson can finally be him/herself and may talk crap about his/her customer that “bought” his/her performance [this is because s/he is no longer performing for anyone ienot being seen by her audience]. Thus, the b ackstage i s the ore “genuine and authentic self” Exgender role: women tend to be more of themselves around other women but engage in performances when they are around men. Women may wear more makeup, wear 5/17/16 uncomfortable shoes etc. to fulfill her gender role and be socially accepted. Men are also taught that they need to fulfill certain roles, such as of being macho, tough, and dominant male roles are not as extensive as for women. When people do not fulfill their social roles, they are labeled d eviants. eing labeled a deviant in society leads to tigmatization a nd requires the individual to engage in further impression management. A stigma is a stereotype or a label used to mark someone as not normal. A stigmatized individual is cleaned of all his/her characteristics and becomes nothing more than what his/her stigma makes him/her out to be iea stigma becomes one’s m aster status. hose with a stigma are forced to engage in extensive impression management in order to reduce their “ spoiled identities” owever, those who carry a nonvisible stigma, are impacted to a lesser degree because these people are perceived as “normal” and are thus, able to ass as long as they carefully choose what and what not to share with others. Furthermore, a stigma becomes i nternalized i ecriminal and can lead to a elffulfilled prophecyp eople are taught to believe that they have certain limits because of their stigma and gradually learn to play out these roles, i.emental hospitals: individuals are constantly reminded that their is something inherently wrong with them and so patients learn to become dependent on the hospital. This has more of an impact on the young. Framing: A worldview or perspective for interpreting events or experiences/a way of making sense of the world ieattitudes. F rames are sets of concepts and perspectives on how individuals, groups and societies s hould rganize, perceive and communicate about reality. Framing is an inevitable (mental category or influence) on how one perceives reality and therefore shapes how s/he interprets and responds to life events. Framing allows us to make sense of reality through social lenses. Master frames are fixed frames that one carries all of the time iethe sociological perspective. Summary of Mead and the structure of the self ○
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