Soc 102, Marxism
Soc 102, Marxism SOC 102
Popular in Contemporary Sociological Theory
Popular in Sociology
verified elite notetaker
This 2 page Bundle was uploaded by Freddie816 on Friday June 3, 2016. The Bundle belongs to SOC 102 at University of California - Los Angeles taught by Jepson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Contemporary Sociological Theory in Sociology at University of California - Los Angeles.
Reviews for Soc 102, Marxism
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 06/03/16
Jurgens Habermas Revises the idea of human emancipation, takes the focus off of the working class and says that the goal of humanity is an i deal speech community ( equality in communication/the right for free speech), not to tear down an entire social order (we can make this transition peacefully). Currently, to speak freely one needs access to the media, but the media is privatized and can only be accessed by the capitalist. Habermas argues that everyone has the right to free speech but under capitalism, this right ( ommunicative competency) becomes distorted by " i nstrumental rationality that reduces human relations to market transactions: People are occupied with self interest and see others simply as a means to their ends (as things) ie “what have you done for me lately?” Science is another source of corruption under capitalism iescientism. cientism is the belief that all human problems have technical solutions and because scientific research is funded by private companies, science endows the interests of the capitalist and becomes a marketing tool that gives false and misleading conclusions and theories to the public. Because we are lead to believe false scientifical research such as on the power balance bracelet, we are convinced that we need this stupid bracelet and thus, we buy it and contribute to the profit of the capitalist. (Because scientific research is embedded with the interest of the capitalist, we are fed a bunch of lies→ contributes to the growth of capitalism). I.eglobal warming With the rise of capitalism, there is a separation between politics and the economy ie capitalists want to remain free markets and keep the government out of their business. This is because the government tries to equalize the market by spreading out wealth and allowing it to trickle down to the poor ieby taxing the rich. The capitalist does not want this. By allowing markets to do what they want, markets create greater inequality by producing an excess of production. Therefore, the rich become richer while the poor become poorer. According to Habermas, the legitimation crisis begins as a ouble movement f irst t here is a struggle from the capitalist to free himself from the economy, this gradually creates a massive amount of social inequality as the rich get richer and the poor get poorer. Second, there is a backlash/a crisis which f inally leads to the creation of a safety net th overnmental intervention. (Free markets→ crisis→ governmental intervention). Capitalists fight back by giving false ideologies (iescientism) According to Habermas, a free speech community is attainable through c ommunicative competency. H abermas argues that human emancipation can be waged through the use of N ew Social Movements ( movements demand equality) iethe civil rights movement, the women’s movement, the environmental movement, the animal rights movement etc). [demanded by those at “the bottom of the ladder,” not the working class] ○ =rugged individualism, ppl are Meaningful communication can only be achieved when power … Paul sweezy and Paul Baran Focus on the creation of m onopolies→ iethe big fish eat the little fish/those with more capital trump those with less, ultimately ending in lower prices Monopoly capitalism replaces competitive capitalismb usinesses do not want to compete, they want to focus on working together in order to make more profit (Oligarchy). As competition decreases, businesses no longer care about the quality of their products, but focus on advertising and marketing skills instead. This leads to an increasing sense of fetishism as objects become mere s tatus symbols ( buying our product makes you more hip) Ex. monopoliesWalmart, the big 3 cell phone companies AT&T, Tmobile and Verizon, Kraft (Monopolies control smaller industries) Managerial revolution the owner of the business is replaced by educative executives (CEO’s etc)/those who built their business from the bottom up are replaced by managers Immanuel Wallerstein “The capitalist world system” F ocuses on globalization of businesses (capitalism as an international phenomenon)→ businesses make more revenue than countries ieCoke buys the water supply of Ecuador, makes soda, sells it back to Ecuador 3 main divisions of the capitalist world system ● The C ore: he G20 of the eveloped countries. ExEurope, the U.S., Japan, somewhat C ● The S emiperiphery: In between the core and the periphery countries, still dependent on the core countries. Ex Poland, Greece, Spain ● The Periphery “ The bottom of the heap”: Developing countries that are dependent on the core countries ■ Poor, starving, need money According to Wallerstein, by making other countries dependent, allows the core countries to control and decide the policies within these countries by placing these countries in debt (there is no need for colonization).
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'