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Soc 102, Marxism

by: Freddie816

Soc 102, Marxism SOC 102

GPA 3.3

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Lecture on Marx, Lucaks and Gramsci
Contemporary Sociological Theory
soc, 102, jeppson, sociological, Theory
75 ?




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This 2 page Bundle was uploaded by Freddie816 on Friday June 3, 2016. The Bundle belongs to SOC 102 at University of California - Los Angeles taught by Jepson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Contemporary Sociological Theory in Sociology at University of California - Los Angeles.


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Date Created: 06/03/16
Jurgens Habermas  Revises the idea of human emancipation, takes the focus off of the working class and says  that the goal of humanity is an i deal speech community (  equality in communication/the right  for free speech), not to tear down an entire social order (we can make this transition  peacefully). Currently, to speak freely one needs access to the media, but the media is  privatized and can only be accessed by the capitalist. Habermas argues that everyone has  the right to free speech but under capitalism, this right (  ommunicative competency)  becomes distorted  by "  i nstrumental rationality  that reduces human relations to market  transactions: People are occupied with self interest and see others simply as a means to their ends  (as things) ie­ “what have you done for me lately?”  Science is another source of corruption under capitalism ie­scientism.  cientism  is the belief that all  human problems have technical solutions and because scientific research is funded by private  companies, science endows the interests of the capitalist and becomes a marketing tool that gives  false and misleading conclusions and theories to the public. Because we are lead to believe false  scientifical research such as on the power balance bracelet, we are convinced that we need this  stupid bracelet and thus, we buy it and contribute to the profit of the capitalist. (Because scientific  research is embedded with the interest of the capitalist, we are fed a bunch of lies→ contributes to  the growth of capitalism). I.e­global warming  With the rise of capitalism, there is a separation between politics and the economy ie­ capitalists  want to remain free markets and keep the government out of their business. This is because the  government tries to equalize the market by spreading out wealth and allowing it to trickle down to the  poor ie­by taxing the rich. The capitalist does not want this. By allowing markets to do what they  want, markets create greater inequality by producing an excess of production. Therefore, the rich  become richer while the poor become poorer.  According to Habermas, the  legitimation crisis  begins as a  ouble movement­  f irst t here is a  struggle from the capitalist to free himself from the economy, this gradually creates a massive  amount of social inequality as the rich get richer and the poor get poorer.  Second,  there is a  backlash/a crisis which f inally  leads to the creation of a safety net th  overnmental  intervention.  (Free markets→ crisis→ governmental intervention). Capitalists fight back by giving  false ideologies (ie­scientism)  According to Habermas, a free speech community is attainable through c   ommunicative  competency. H   abermas argues that human emancipation can be waged through the use of N   ew  Social Movements (  movements demand equality) ie­the civil rights movement, the women’s  movement, the environmental movement, the animal rights movement etc). [demanded by those at  “the bottom of the ladder,” not the working class]   ○ =rugged individualism, ppl are Meaningful communication can only be achieved  when power …    Paul sweezy and Paul Baran   Focus on the creation of m   onopolies→    ie­the big fish eat the little fish/those with more capital  trump those with less, ultimately  ending in lower prices   Monopoly capitalism replaces competitive capitalism­b   usinesses do not want to compete,  they want to focus on working together in order to make more profit (Oligarchy). As  competition decreases, businesses no longer care about the quality of their products, but  focus on advertising and marketing skills instead. This leads to an increasing sense of  fetishism  as objects become mere s   tatus symbols ( buying our product makes you more  hip)   Ex. monopolies­Walmart, the big 3 cell phone companies AT&T, Tmobile and Verizon, Kraft  (Monopolies control smaller industries)   Managerial revolution­  the owner of the business is replaced by educative executives (CEO’s  etc)/those who built their business from the bottom up are replaced by managers    Immanuel Wallerstein   “The capitalist world system” F   ocuses on globalization of businesses (capitalism as an  international phenomenon)→ businesses make more revenue than countries ie­Coke buys  the water supply of Ecuador, makes soda, sells it back to Ecuador  3 main divisions of the capitalist world system  ● The C  ore:   he G20 of the   eveloped  countries. Ex­Europe, the U.S., Japan,  somewhat C  ● The S  emi­periphery:   In between the core and the periphery countries, still dependent  on the core countries. Ex­ Poland, Greece, Spain  ● The  Periphery “ The bottom of the heap”: Developing countries that are dependent on  the core countries  ■ Poor, starving, need money   According to Wallerstein, by making other countries dependent, allows the core countries to  control and decide the policies within these countries by placing these countries in debt (there  is no need for colonization).      


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