ENR 2500 QUIZ BUNDLE
ENR 2500 QUIZ BUNDLE ENR 2500
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This 5 page Bundle was uploaded by Sophie_ on Saturday July 2, 2016. The Bundle belongs to ENR 2500 at Ohio State University taught by Jeremy Brooks in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 197 views. For similar materials see Introduction to EEDS in Environment and Natural Resources at Ohio State University.
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Date Created: 07/02/16
ENR 2500 QUIZ BUNDLE Introduction to Environment, Economy, Development & Sustainability | Fall 2015 | Sophie Chang All of these quizzes were taken on Carmen during the course of the class. ONE 1. Gallopin suggests that sustainable development can be conceptualized as the process of redefining progress, and he argues that, at its core, sustainable development is about: a. Protecting the foundations of important knowledge and experience b. Sustaining foundations for adaptation and renewal c. Finding an ideal state for society and keeping it constant d. Stimulating innovation and creativity e. All of the above f. All but C 2. Gallopin argues that there is a strong agreement in the sustainability literature about what sustainable development is and what it should emphasize. a. True b. False TWO 1. Nobel Prize winner Robert Solow argues that sustainability needs to be measured in terms of a. The resources we use up b. The resources we leave behind c. Both of the above d. None of the above 2. Esty and Winston claim that companies seeking an eco-advantage will, among other things, a. Limit their goals so as to not get too far afield of their core mission b. Partner with other polluting companies to avoid the most stringent regulations c. Promote and push their suppliers to become better environmental stewards d. None of the above 3. When discussing sustainability, both Robert Solow and Michael Toman focus on the idea that in many ways a. Physical and human capital can be substituted for natural capital b. Markets almost never fail to account for externalities c. Sustainability will be derived from slowing economic growth to near 0 d. None of the above 4. According to the economy, the first wave of sustainability ________; while the second wave may ___________. a. Was relatively low cost, or even free; cost companies resources to accomplish b. Was really expensive; take some time to implement because firms are worried about the costs c. Occurred practically overnight; take years to implement THREE 1. Hobbes argues that rapidly scaling up successful development projects often doesn't work. Which of the following reasons does he give for why it doesn't work? (2 points) a. Context matters; what works in one place won't necessarily work in others because of important social, cultural, political, economic, or environmental factors. b. Donor agencies/organizations stop doing the science/monitoring necessary to determine whether and why projects work in different contexts. 1 ENR 2500 QUIZ BUNDLE Introduction to Environment, Economy, Development & Sustainability | Fall 2015 | Sophie Chang All of these quizzes were taken on Carmen during the course of the class. c. The problem gets solved by some other intervention before the initial development project has a chance to work. d. A and B. 2. (Hobbes reading) Why did passing out textbooks fail to improve academic performance in Kenya but succeed in Nicaragua and the Philippines? (2 points) a. The textbooks were up-to-date in Nicaragua and the Philippines. b. Corrupt officials stole textbooks for their own kids to use. c. The textbooks were in English in Kenya, which most kids can't read well. d. People used the textbooks as fuel to cook dinners in Kenya. 3. The Mehrotra-Delamonica agenda described by Haslam et al. aligns most closely with which of the following poverty indicators that were previously discussed in the article? a. Income/Consumption b. Capabilities c. Social Exclusion d. None of the above. FOUR I(not full score) 1. What does the concept of "the extended self" refer to? a. People extending themselves in too many directions between work, family, hobbies, etc. b. The idea that we use our objects and our possessions to define and remind ourselves of who we are. c. The connections we make with others via social meetings that extend our personalities. d. None of the above 2. Beck mentions research suggesting that there are six kinds of value that an object might bring someone. Which of the following is NOT one of those six kinds of values? a. Social status b. Sentimental c. Sales price d. Social interaction e. Service f. None of the above 3. Wilk outlines three different paradigms for understanding consumption. Please match the name for the appropriate paradigm with its description. a. Cultural theories: this paradigm views consumption as an expressive act and a way for people to express meaning and social identity through symbolic behavior and purchases. b. Individual choice theories: this paradigm views consumption as a mechanism for meeting needs and maximizing short-term satisfactions. c. Social theories: this paradigm views consumption as a means of maintaining and challenging boundaries and signaling group membership. FIVE 1. According to the reader by Deitrich Earnhardt, developing countries treat most of their municipal sewage but very little of their industrial wastewater, creating an enormous problem because industrial sewage causes most of the pollution problems in developing countries. a. True 2 ENR 2500 QUIZ BUNDLE Introduction to Environment, Economy, Development & Sustainability | Fall 2015 | Sophie Chang All of these quizzes were taken on Carmen during the course of the class. b. False i. In contrast to developed economies, industrial wastewater discharges in developing and transition economies, where pollution control policies have not been implemented as vig- orously if at all, remain a concern. As of 2009, an estimated 70% of industrial wastewater in all developing economies is discharged into waterways without any treatment. This point notwithstanding, industrial wastewater still plays a smaller role than domestic sewage wastewater. For example, in East Africa, industrial polluters contribute only 21% of all biological oxy- gen demand (BOD) discharges, while sewage contributes more than 50%. Similarly, in West and Central Africa, industrial wastewater discharges represent only 16% of all point source discharges, that is, industrial and sewage combined; the com- parable figure for TSS discharges is 20%. 2. One reason why it is difficult to regulate pollution from agricultural sources is: a. Farmers are not part of the economic system, so they cannot be regulated b. There is too much variation in market prices for food, so we cannot regulate farming c. Temporal and spatial variation amongst farms makes it hard to monitor the results of regulations d. Farmers are different from most of us because they will voluntarily reduce their pollution at great cost to themselves 3. Sterner discusses pollution permit trading and states that the most important and effective example of cap and trade systems to date have occurred in the US to regulate a. Carbon dioxide b. Sulfur dioxide c. Particulate matter d. All of the above 4. The Porter Hypothesis basically says: a. Regulation will be cheap because firms will innovate when strict regulations occur, driving down costs. b. If property rights are defined well enough, there is no reason to regulate pollution. c. Marginal costs increase, so people will pay increasingly large amounts to reduce pollution. d. All of the above SIX 1. Which of the following aspects of the environmental system contributed to the conflict over water in the Klamath basin? PAGE 291 a. It is arid. b. The lake is shallow. c. It is high elevation with a short growing season. d. All of the above. 2. Which of the following stakeholder groups are involved in the conflict in some way? PAGE 287 a. Farmers b. Fishing communities c. Mining companies d. Native Americans e. Environmentalists 3 ENR 2500 QUIZ BUNDLE Introduction to Environment, Economy, Development & Sustainability | Fall 2015 | Sophie Chang All of these quizzes were taken on Carmen during the course of the class. f. All but C (not mining companies) g. All but D (not Native Americans) 3. Which of the following explanations do the authors suggest is one of the main obstacles that keep farmers from switching to a different livelihood? PAGE 295 a. Arrogance b. Cultural identity c. Outside interests paying them d. Farming is fun e. To spite environmentalists SEVEN 1. Economically optimal carbon taxes, according to William Nordhaus, are around ___ per ton carbon and are significantly ___ than carbon taxes would need to be to stabilize emissions. (Nordhaus_1993.pdf page 21) a. $10; lower b. $10; higher c. $100; lower d. $100; higher 2. The social cost of carbon is ____ if a _____ discount rate is used to calculate the present value of future damages. (Social Cost of Carbon for Ria 2013 Update.pdf) a. Lower; lower b. Lower; higher c. Higher; lower d. Higher; higher Low cost with high discount rate High cost with low discount rate 1. Which of the following statements comes from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change? a. "Human influence has been detected in warming of the atmosphere and the ocean, in changes in the global water cycle, in reductions in snow and ice, in global mean sea level rise, and in changes to some climate extremes." b. "Human influence on the climate system is clear. This is evident from the increasing greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere, positive radiative forcing, observed warming, and understanding of the climate system." c. "Continued emissions of greenhouse gases will cause further warming and changes in all components of the climate system. Limiting climate change will require substantial and sustained reductions of greenhouse gas emissions." d. All of the above 2. When considering how much coal will be demanded in the future, it is likely most important to focus on: (IEA Outlook 2012 Summary.pdf) a. Brazil and Russia b. USA and Germany c. China and India d. South Africa and Australia EIGHT 4 ENR 2500 QUIZ BUNDLE Introduction to Environment, Economy, Development & Sustainability | Fall 2015 | Sophie Chang All of these quizzes were taken on Carmen during the course of the class. 1. In her paper on the history of conservation strategies and the evolution of the conservation-poverty debate, Roe (2008) argues that in recent years, the issues that have become paramount in this debate include: a. A shift to "protectionist" approaches to conservation b. The level of emphasis on poverty reduction as opposed to biodiversity conservation c. The level of funding for conservation and development programs d. All of the above e. A & B 2. Adams et al. (2004) summarize the different ways of thinking about conservation and poverty alleviation that exist in the world of conservation practice and policy. These different ways of thinking include: a. Poverty and conservation are separate policy realms b. Conservation should not compromise poverty reduction c. Poverty is a critical constraint on conservation d. Poverty reduction depends on living resource conservation e. A through C f. All of the above 3. True or False, Adams et al. claim that there is a great deal of evidence that international “pro- poor” conservation projects have been successful at producing “win-win” outcomes (i.e. both protecting biodiversity and natural resources and reducing poverty). a. True b. False 5
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