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EN 2203 All 4 Weeks of the summer course

by: Abigail Funderburg

EN 2203 All 4 Weeks of the summer course EN 2203

Marketplace > Mississippi State University > ENGLISH (ENG) > EN 2203 > EN 2203 All 4 Weeks of the summer course
Abigail Funderburg
GPA 3.17

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These notes cover all three test's of Dr. Crescenzo's class. All the basics of a literature class
Intro to Literature
Michele Crescenzo
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This 10 page Bundle was uploaded by Abigail Funderburg on Sunday July 31, 2016. The Bundle belongs to EN 2203 at Mississippi State University taught by Michele Crescenzo in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Intro to Literature in ENGLISH (ENG) at Mississippi State University.

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Date Created: 07/31/16
Intro to Lit: EN 2203 MSU: Summer 2016: Test 1/3 Dr. Crescenzo Types of Short Fiction: 1. Fable­ (pg.6) brief, humorous narrative told to illustrate a moral. o Characters are often animals. 2. Parable­ (pg.10) brief narrative to teach a moral o More realistic 3. Tale­ (pg.11) Something handed down from the past Elements of Plot 1. Protagonist­ (pg.15)­ main character who is in pursuit of something. 2. Dramatic Situation­ (pg. 14)­ a person is involved in conflict 3. Exposition­ background of the story 4. Conflict­ (pg. 15)­ leads to rising suspense  o Climax­ moment of tension at which the outcome is to be decided. 5. Resolution­ (pg. 15)­ outcome 6. Epiphany­ (pg. 16)­ moment of revelation The Short Story ­ • More realistic­ish: more depth (character development, etc.) Point of View: 1. First Person­ participant or observer (pg. 27) 2. All­knowing or Omniscient­ Sees into the minds of any or all characters. (pg.27) Intro to Lit: EN 2203 MSU: Summer 2016: Test 1/3 Dr. Crescenzo 3. Third person limited ­ perspective of which a story is told a nonparticipating narrator sees  events through the eyes of a single character, whether a major character or a minor one. (pg.27)  (when writing a paper, always use "the narrator states")­   Types of Narrators: • Innocent or naïve (pg.28) • Unreliable (pg.29) Narrative Techniques: 1. In medias res ­ (pg. 15)­ in the midst of things 2. Flash back­ (pg.15) ­ a scene relived in a character's memory. 3. Foreshadowing­ indication of events to come. 4. Stream­of­consciousness­ (pg. 29) Someone's stream of thoughts. The constant flow of  thoughts with no type of understandable organization. (How we actually think… We don’t  typically use sentences in our heads) 5. Interior monologue ­ (pg.29) ­ extended presentation of a character's thoughts, not in the  seemingly helter­skelter order of a stream of consciousness, but in an arrangement as if the  character were speaking out loud to himself, for us to overhear. (more connected stream of  thoughts.) 6. Character ­ (pg.74) an imagined person who inhabits a story. Intro to Lit: EN 2203 MSU: Summer 2016: Test 1/3 Dr. Crescenzo 7. Protagonist –  • Hero­ main character who is a hero, a good guy. • Antihero­ (pg. 75) main character who is not a hero, but a bad guy. 8. Antagonist ­ Someone or something against the main character. Development of Character: 1. Flat Character­ (pg. 75) Has only one outstanding trait or feature. 2. Round Character­ (pg.75) More realistic character: fully developed: well rounded. 3. Static Character­ (pg. 75) a fixed character: one way at the beginning and doesn't change at the end. 4. Dynamic Character­(pg.75) a changing character: one way at the beginning and has some kind of change by the end. 5. Stock Character­ (pg.74) Known by some outstanding trait (ex. Fearlessly wreck less, brilliant  but alcoholic) (changing characters)  6. Foil Character ­ exists to present a contrast in a story or play: a character that contrasts another character that exists. 7. Motivation­ (pg.76) The cause of a character's actions. 8. Epiphany ­(pg. 16)­ moment of revelation Names: can normally give you an idea of the character of the character. Setting: (pg.117) time and place of a story Intro to Lit: EN 2203 MSU: Summer 2016: Test 1/3 Dr. Crescenzo 1. Time­ year or time of day 2. Weather­ can be part of the story­ sets the mood of the story and effects the characters. 3. Atmosphere ­ (pg.118) ­ the mood or feeling that pervades all parts of a literary work. Tone and Style: 1. Tone­ (pg. 166) Whatever leads us to infer the author's attitude. 2. Style­ (pg. 166) Refers to the individual traits or characteristics of a piece of writing: to a  writer's particular ways of managing words that we come to recognize as habitual or customary.  It includes all the ways in which a writer uses words, imagery, tone, syntax, and figurative  language. 3. Diction­ (pg. 167) choice of words: abstract or concrete, bookish or close to speech.  4. Irony (verbal)­ (pg. 184) when the words being said have a different meaning. 5. Cosmic Irony (irony of fate)­ (pg. 185) fate is thwarting human efforts. There's a difference  between what people deserve and what they get. 6. Dramatic Irony­ (pg. 184) When a character is saying something ironic but they don't realize  it's ironic, but the audience does. 7. Sarcasm ­ (pg. 184) When irony is a somewhat sour statement tinged with mockery. Theme : Whatever general idea or insight the entire story reveals. Symbol: A person place or thing that suggests more than its literal meaning. Intro to Lit: EN 2203 MSU: Summer 2016: Test 1/3 Dr. Crescenzo 1. Symbolic Act­ a gesture with larger significance than usual. 2. Allegory ­ a story in which persons, places, and things form a system of clearly labeled  equivalents. Short Stories We Read and the authors: o A Rose for Emily ­ William Faulkner o Why I Live at the P.O. ­ Eudora Welty o How to Talk to Girls at Parties ­ Neil Gaiman o Cathedral ­ Raymond Carver o Brownies ­ ZZ Packer o A Pair of Tickets ­ Amy Tan o A Clean, Well­Lighted Place ­ Ernest Hemingway o Barn Burning ­ William Faulkner o A Good Man is Hard to Find ­ Flannery O'Conner o The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas ­ Ursula K. Le Guin Intro to Lit: EN 2203 MSU: Summer 2016: Test 2/3 Dr. Crescenzo Drama  Monologue­ A long speech said by a character out loud.  Soliloquy (1106)­ A monologue in which we seem to overhear the character’s inmost  thoughts uttered aloud.  Aside (1106)­ The character addresses the audience directly, unheard by the other  characters on stage.  Theme (1106)­ The general point or truth about human beings that may be drawn from it.  Dramatic Question (1120)­ What is the main question you are asking as the play  advances.   Subplot (double plot) (1119)­ a secondary arrangement of incidents, involving not the  protagonist but someone less important.  Comedy  Satiric (1137)­ human weakness or folly is ridiculed from a vantage point of supposedly  enlightened superiority.   High (1138) (Comedy of Manners)­ Relies more on wit and wordplay than on physical  action for its humor. It tries to address the audience’s intelligence by pointing out the  pretension and hypocrisy of human behavior.  o Epigram­ a brief and witty statement that memorably express some truth, large or  small. o Pun (1942)­ a play on words in which one word is substituted for a similar  word…  Low (1138)­ Explores the opposite extreme of humor. It places greater emphasis on  physical action and visual gags, and its verbal jokes do not require much intellect to  appreciate.  Intro to Lit: EN 2203 MSU: Summer 2016: Test 2/3 Dr. Crescenzo  Romantic (1139)­ Another traditional sort of comedy, is subtler. Its main characters are  generally lovers, and its plot unfolds their ultimately successful strivings to be united.  Tragedy (1129)­ A play that portrays a serious conflict between human beings and some  superior, overwhelming force. It ends sorrowfully and disastrously, and this outcome seems  inevitable.  o Aristotle (1160) (1235)­ Read this o Evoke pity and fear o Catharsis or (Purgation)­ everything becomes pent up and something must  occur to feel relief. o Reversal of fortune­ from good fortune to misfortune o Tragic Hero: Flaw (error or hamartia)­ the hero has to has some flaw or it  won’t be truly tragic. Can’t be all bad or all good  Iambic Pentameter­ five unstressed and five stressed syllables. (When it is not rhymed, it  is called blank verse)  Themes: o Deception o Reason vs. supernatural Intro to Lit: EN 2203 MSU: Summer 2016: Test 3/3 Dr. Crescenzo Types of Poems: o Lyric­ a short expressing the thoughts and feelings of a single speaker. (One idea or one  moment in time.) (ex. Those Winter Sundays: pg. 644) o Narrative­ one whose main purpose is to tell a story o Dramatic­ presents the voice of an imaginary character (or characters) speaking directly  without any additional narration by the author. (ex. My Last Duchess: pg. 649) (rhyming  couplets: aa bb cc dd) (closed form because of the rhyme scheme and iambic pentameter) Poem Forms: o Open­ does not rhyme o Closed­ rhymes  Components of Poems: o Sense­ What is literally being said (not the interpretation_ o Sound­ Alliteration, onomatopoeia, etc. o Imagery­ A word or sequence of words that refers to any sensory experience.  (taste, sight, touch, smell, sound) o Rhythm­ The beat of the poem. (fixed meter): the recurrence of stresses and pauses in it. o Figurative Language­ similes, metaphors, personification Tone­ in literature often conveys an attitude toward the person addressed.  Diction­ choice of words Denotation­ The literal, dictionary meaning of a word. Connotation­ Overtones or suggestions of additional meaning that it gains from all the contexts  in which we have met it in the past. Intro to Lit: EN 2203 MSU: Summer 2016: Test 3/3 Dr. Crescenzo Terms: o Consonance­ Occurs when the rimed words or phrases have the same beginning and  ending consonant sounds but a different vowel. (chitter and chatter) o Paradox­ Occurs in a statement that at first strikes us a self­contradictory but that on  reflection make some sense. o Pun­ Play on words o Onomatopoeia­ An attempt to represent a thing or action by a word that imitates the  sound associated with it; zoom, whiz, crash, bang... o Cacophony­ A harsh, discordant effect. It too is chosen for the sake of meaning. o Euphony­ The sound of words working together with meaning pleases mind and ear. o Understatement­ Implying more than is said o Overstatement (hyperbole)­ To emphasize a point with a statement containing  exaggeration. Not literal truth, but a figure of speech. o Assonance­ The repetition of two or more vowel sounds in successive words, which  creates a kind of rime. Like alliteration, the assonance may occur initially or internally (all the awful auguries) o Run­on line­ (pg. 789) a line that does not end in punctuation and that therefore is read  with only a slight pause after it.  o Apostrophe­ A direct address to someone or something. A speaker may address an  inanimate object, a dead or absent person, an abstract thing or spirit. Poems and Authors: o White Lies­ Natasha Trethewey (Listening to a Voice) (pg. 661) o When Daisies Pied and Violets Blue­ William Shakespeare (Sound) (pg. 782) o We Real Cool­ Gwendolyn Brooks (Rhythm) (pg. 790) o Uphill­ Christina Rossetti (Symbol) (pg. 850) o True Ease in Writing . . .­ Alexander Pope (Sound) (pg. 770) o Those Winter Sundays­ Robert Hayden (Reading a Poem) (pg. 644) o This Is Just to Say­ William Carlos Williams (Words) (pg. 681) o The World Is Too Much with Us­ William Wordsworth (Myth and Narrative) (pg.  860) o The Second Coming­ William Butler Yeats (Myth and Narrative) (pg. 866) o The Road Not Taken­ Robert Frost (Three Critical Casebooks) (pg. 986) o The Lake Isle of Innisfree­ William Butler Yeats (Reading a Poem) (pg. 642) Intro to Lit: EN 2203 MSU: Summer 2016: Test 3/3 Dr. Crescenzo o The Fury of Aerial Bombardment­ Richard Eberhart (Words) (pg. 691) o Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer's Day?­ William Shakespeare (Figures of Speech) (pg. 733) o My Papa's Waltz­ Theodore Roethke (Listening to a Voice) (pg. 656) o Reapers­ Jean Toomer (Imagery) (pg. 718) o Pied Beauty­ Gerard Manley Hopkins (Imagery) (pg. 718) o My Last Duchess­ Robert Browning (Reading a Poem) (pg. 649) o Metaphors­ Sylvia Plath (Metaphor and Simile) (pg. 737) o In a Station of the Metro­ Ezra Pound (Imagery) (pg. 713) o Down, Wanton, Down!­ Robert Graves (Words) (pg. 682)


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