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Eng 193

by: Emilie Notetaker
Emilie Notetaker

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Covers the entire notes I took in English 193: Detective Fiction. From Poe to Pynchon.
Detective Fiction
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This 54 page Bundle was uploaded by Emilie Notetaker on Thursday August 4, 2016. The Bundle belongs to Eng 193 at University of California Santa Barbara taught by Saylor in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Detective Fiction in English at University of California Santa Barbara.


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Date Created: 08/04/16
Topic: Class: Eng 193: Detective Fiction The Musgrave Ritual, Witness for the Prosecution, Noir Date: 6/23 Notes: Questions/Main Ideas: THE MUSGRAVE RITUAL * -Sherlock is cold and calculating while Watson makes good emotional support * AGATHACHRISTIE - 1890-1976 - The best-selling novelist of all time (behind shakespeare and the bible) - First book: The MysteriousAffair at Styles (1920) - Two Main Detectives: Miss Jane Marple and Hercule Poirot - Christie trademarks: mysteries involving large groups of people with secrets, the final revelation taking place in the parlor * Is Mr. Mayherne our WITNESS FOR THE PROSECUTION detective? Or is it someone * Originally published as “Traitor Hands” else? Romaine? * Made into a play in 1953 with different ending * Mayherne observes the - changes it so that it is more satisfying. This insinuates that facts, but doesn’t piece it not even Christie could deal with how different and weird the ending together is in Witness for the Prosecution * Mr. Mayherne: lawyer assigned to defend Leonard Vole, who is accused of murdering Emily French, old lady who is very wealthy * Mr. Mayherne is described in contradictions in the beginning of the novel compared to the way he acts through out the novel - “By no means a fool” but he is lead astray often times in the story * Compared to Musgrave Ritual, Christie’s story is more about strong narratives rather than the process * Mayherne is kind of like theMAYHERNE’S PROCESS guy that Dupin disses at the * Mayherne’s process is a “how not to be a detective” process end of The Murders of Rue * He looks at the other side’s argument and forms his arguments Morgue: he chooses to deny from that/ he’s not really concerned with what the truth is what is, and believes what is * Mayherne is not concerned with the innocence of his client not * We can tell that Vole is guilt because of several things: (1) he hesitates at the question of why he never brought his wife to see French (2) the author uses “hotly” (an adverb) to describe how Vole answers the question of if he knew about the will of Emily French (3) he gets very defensive about not knowing about the will * “I believe in your innocence in spite of the multitude of facts arrayed against you…” - This quote shows that Mayherne will not be the detective in this novel * Has our detective arrived? MRS. VOLE * Descriptions are always * Described as “… she was not English… very slight movement of important the hands that was distinctly foreign.Astrange woman, very quiet,” * Can’t trust anyone who’s * Mr. Mayherne’s ignorance does not allow him to see that Mrs. Vole not English in Detective actually playing him fiction * says that her husband is guilty and that they are not married * hesitation is a clue throug* threatens to testify him in court out the book saying that something’s off * Christie’s yelling ROMAINE HEILGER “THIS IS OUR * very good at the performance aspect detecting, movement in her DETECTIVE!” with all face * hands to her face these descriptions * principal witness for the prosecution * basically is playing everyone, very good at grabbing the audiences attention, and she knows what she wants to hear THE FINAL REVEAL * starts thinking about how people have these habits, and then he finally realizes something about the clenching hands * Romaine’s an actress and knows how to manipulate an audience * Mr. Mayherne was guilty THE ENTIRE TIME NOIR * “Might makes right” Noir is all about power * WWI (1914 - 1918) the time of Noir, war coming home * The idea of “old, English Soil” falls apart, peripheral violence in Europe * post-war trauma, organized crime, corruption in politics, skepticism of systems of power, and financial downturn * How do we survive in this new world? WE NEED MR. HARDBOILED 1. Independent Outsider * Where’s Watson? * Jeffersonian individualism - self-reliant 2. Cynical about motives and power structure * Moneyed power rule 3. Expects and uses force - tough as hell * this is completely differen* Chess, not Checkers then Dupin and Christie * Marlowe: “It’s a problem… not a game,” Summary: We first reviewed a little bit of Musgrave Ritual and who Watson is to Holmes. We then reviewedAgatha Christie’s Witness for the Prosecution, and the main themes of that story were: (1) untrustworthy narrator (2) observation and analysis is key (3) Mr. Mayherne always jumps to conclusions where Romaine is the real detective in our detective fiction novel (4) the weirdness of that ending We then touched on Noir, and the elements that make up that type of narrative compared to the “whodunnit.”Also, Chandler and Christie have some sort of feud. Christie being in favor of Whodunnits, Chandler being in favor of Noirs. Topic____________________ Class: Eng 193 ________________________ _ Date: 6/20 Notes: Questions/Main Ideas: Genre Characteristics (1) The Detective - (Sherlock, Sarah Coenig) Some hero that we can rely on (2) The Crime - (the mystery) (3) The Investigation - process to get to the final revelation (4) The Solution - (?) the final revelation Course Trajectory • THE “WHODUNIT” (1841-1900s)- cases always wrap up nicely, clues always add up, order is always restored • NOIR (begins in 1930s) - world affected by war, obsessed with power, affects of violence, harsh world, harsh crimes, harsh detectives • TRUE CRIME (begins in 1960s) - real cases narrated by authors/reporters, “truth” in facts, reporting, but also in psychological comprehension, makes “sense” of real violence (makes it safe?) Complications • The non-Western Detective - Chester Himes (The African-American Literary tradition), Louis Owens (The Native American literary tradition) • Different ways of gaining knowledge, different ways of “solving” cases • Not necessarily “rewrites” of the same script, but a different script all together Serial • Spin-off of The American Life • Co-created and co-produced by host Sarah Koenig and Julie Synder • Fastest podcast to reach 5 million downloads • Season 1 follows investigation into the 1999 murder of Have Min Lee in Baltimore, Maryland. Her ex- boyfriend, Adrian Syed, was arrested and convicted of the murder and is currently serving a life sentence • In each episode, Koenig investigates a different portion of the case, interviews old and new witnesses, retraces steps Todorov’s “Typology of Detective Fiction” (1971) • “Detective fiction has its norms; to “develop” them is also to disappoint them: to “improve upon” detective fiction is to write “literature,” not detective fiction. The whodunnit par excellence is not the one which transgresses the rules of the genre, but the one which conforms to them” • THREE TYPES OF DETECTION FICTION • The “whodunit” • the “thriller” • the “suspense novel” - in-between whodunit and thriller Summary: SimpleArt of Murder,” “Rede Class: Eng 193: Detective Fiction Wind,” Chester Himes, “ARage in Date: 6/27 Harlem Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: CHESS, NOT CHECKERS * Why is Marlowe so into chess? - Because Noir is all about people who have different amounts of power. - Chess is like the 1% vs 99%. - The world in which detection has changed, and thus the game that detectives play has changed * It’s a problem, not a game * Chandler must be one of the RAYMOND CHANDLER only authors that has actually * 1888- 1959 experienced what his heroes In Canadian Expeditionary Force, WWI Vinny Ridge, his unit * are going through surrounded, sole survivor * Lived in LosAngeles before the war * In WWI, is entire group was taken out except for him Alot of his stories come from his own experiences * “THE SIMPLEART OF MURDER” * Chandler believes that fiction should reflect the real world - This is why he does not like the “whodunnit” stories because it seems like it’s too whimsical * Likes Dashiell Hammet (Noir writer, inspired Chandler) - what’s at stake is realism * Marlowe is very dark - thinks that if he died no one would care * How to manipulate the world to make a pattern * Setting is SO much more “RED WIND” (1938) important in Red Wind then * Original Detective Name: John Dalmas it is in Poe, Doyle, and othe* Later re-named Phillip Marlowe in later publications (including our stories version) * * OPENING: “There was a desert wind blowing that night… Meek little wives feel the edge of the carving knife and study their husbands’necks…” - violence is very prevalent, and “anything can happen,” THEMES * The random nature of violence - Murders that aren’t planned Everyone cons everyone * - Everything is counterfeit, a good detective is able to detect fakes, not necessarily recover the real version, you’re either the liar or being lied to * Not “justice” or solving the puzzle, but survival, which often means compromise THE MURDER * The murder happens so quick because it’s not about solving the murder, it’s about all the stories that tie into it * The murder is very simple and is summarized right in the beginning THE MURDERER REVEALED (AND CAUGHT) * The man who kills Waldo is described as “repulsive,” “lizard,” almost like the guy is the gun rather than a guy * The murderers we’ve described before have been cold, not bloodthirsty. This contrasts this murderer in Red Wind * The man kills Waldo because he ratted him out on a bank job * We know how he did it: with a .22 pistol. But we don’t know why! That’s what Marlowe’s trying to figure out. COUNTERFEITAND CON * Pearls the kid replaces the woman who comes to save him when Marlowe * describes how he got saved to the detectives, Copernik * the woman’s husband isn’t going to meetings, but hooking up with another woman Drunk -Al Tessilore: cold, calculating killer * * Waldo - Joseph Coates (chauffeur - blackmailer - former convict * The “guinea” [racist derogatory term for italian decent - Ybarra detective UNTYING THE KNOTS * What’s our resolution? - life just goes on, there is a balance now. When he throws the pearls into the water he’s repaying a debt. CHESTER HIMES * 1909- 1984 * 1923 - his brother is blinded in a laboratory accident having to do with gunpowder, and the hospital turned his brother away because of segregation * crystallizes the anger behind racial discrimination * expelled from Ohio State University, expelled because he was playing a prank on fellow black students because he feels that they were putting on a show or white people * Times is arrested for armed robbery, sentenced to 20-25 years * Begins writing after he is released from jail (also writes in jail) ARAGE IN HARLEM (1957) * Alternate titles: The Fiver-Cornered Square, For Love of Imabelle * First of Harlem Detective novels: nine novels (1957 - 1969) - Gravedigger Jones and Coffin Ed Johnson * Well-received abroad * Blaxploitation CHARACTERS * Con - men: * Slim * Hank * Jodie * Gus Parsons * Isabelle * Gold * Detectives * Grave Digger Jones * Coffin Ed Johnson * The Mark * Jackson Summary: First we covered why Noir is more like chess and not checkers Then we talked about Chandler and his aversion to whodunnits, perhaps because of his history in violence in WWI Then we talked about “Red Wind” and how completely different it was from the stories we have read Then we talked about Chester Himes and his history in segregation Then we did an introduction on “ARage in Harlem.” Topic____________________ Class: Eng 193 ________________________ _ Date: 6/21 Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: Edgar Allan Poe • 1809-1849 • Unity of Effect - believed that every piece of an artwork contributes to its overall effect on the reader (tone, theme, setting, character, etc.) “The Murders in the Rue Morgue” (1841) • First detective story: tale of “ratiocination” • C. Auguste Dupin, non-professional detective living in France • Unnamed narrator and accomplice • “The mental features discoursed of as the analytical, are, in themselves, but little susceptible of analysis. We appreciate them only in their efforts.” • “The faculty of the re-solution is possibly much invigorated by mathematical study, and especially by that highest branch of it which, unjustly, and merely on account of its retrograde operations, has been called, as if par excellence, analysis. Yet to calculate is not in itself to analyze.” • Chess vs Checkers • “The analytical power should not be confounded with simple ingenuity, for while the analyst is necessarily ingenious, the ingenious man is often remarkable incapable of analysis.” • “Between ingenuity and the analytic ability there exists a difference far greater, indeed, than that between the fancy and…” • Madam L’Espanaye and her dater Camille found murdered in the fourth story of their house in the rue morgue • Daughter’s corpse was thrust up the chimney, head down • EVIDENCE: mother and daughter are recluses, crowd gathers at house as shrieks emanate from house, two voices heard • One of the first points he makes is: how did they get in and how did they get out? • The second window is how he got in because the nail was loose • AN OURANG-OUTANG DID IT!! • MIC DROP TO THE PREFECT Arthur Conan Doyle • 1839-1930 • Publishes first Holmes story in 1887 • 1893- “The Final Problem” (Death of Holmes), 1903 - “The Adventure of the Empty House” (Holmes returns) • Sherlock Holmes • “a scientific detective who solved cases on his own merits ad not through the folly of the criminal” - Doyle • Modeled after former university teacher • cocaine, morphine addict • Dr. John H Watson • Friend, biographer, partner, foil • “The Adventure of the Dancing Men” (1903) • A “Save the cat” moment when Holmes deducts that he didn’t invest in an affair with Thurston when he observes that he has chalk on the grooves of his hand • Holmes receives drawings of dancing men for his case Summary: ARage in Harlem Class: Eng 193 Date: 6/28 Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: CHARACTERS OFARAGE IN HARLEM * Detectives - Grave Digger Jones and Coffin Ed Johnson - they are not very present - The first time we see them they are just keeping people in line to symbolize that they literally keep people in line TRACKING THEMES FORARiH * Violence - Random and pointless like “Red Wind,” or systematic * Gender - Women: dangerous, liars, powerful (Imabelle is most definitely a femme fatale) - Men: masculine, rigid, and unrelenting or weak and powerless * Verbal Play - Goldy as trickster figure - Survival by misdirection BLACK HARLEM * In 1910, Central Harlem was about 10% black * In 1920, central Harlem was 32.43% black * By 1930, central harlem was 70.18% black Physicality of Jackson vs. THE FEMME FATALE Imabelle vs. the detectives. * Dangerous Women/ Beauty Kills How are they all described * Imabelle differently? - In control of Jackson * Women are dangerous in the world of noir, but why? What about femininity is so threatening to the hard-boiled detective? * In opposition to: possessive masculinity, nuclear family, submissive femininity THE MEN OFARiH * Coffin Ed and Grave Digger - There in it for so little! Why have them show up in this book? - FOIL our real detective: Goldy * Jackson and Goldy are our true protagonists * Goldy’s only doing this for the gold in the trunk * Coffin Ed and Grave Digger are the only two who are devoted to each other, dependent on them, alone Summary: Review of the various characters inARage in Harlem, and how the setting plays into everything Topic: Class: English 193: Detective Fiction Serial, TheAdventure of the Dancing Men (continued), The Date: 6/22/16 Musgrave Ritual Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: The point of listening to the * SERIAL: Season One: Episode 1: TheAlibi podcast in class was to show * We listened to two boys recount their Friday nights and both of how unreliable memory can them were unable to give a clear description be. ie. It’s hard to remember what you did six weeks ago Why does Sherlock think that CONTINUING “THEADVENTURE OF THE DANCING MEN”… the dancing men are “grotesque?” That’s kind of a “It is certainly rather a curious production,” said Holmes. “At first dramatic way of describing it. sight it would appear to be some childish prank. It consists of a number of absurd little figures dancing across the paper upon which they are drawn. Why should you attribute any importance to so grotesque an object,” - by Holmes calling it “grotesque” it shows that he’s not fond of things that seem meaningless * MR. CUBBIT (husband of Elsie Cubbit) * Mr. Cubbit (the man who comes to Holmes to present the dancing men figures) is described as “… a fine creature, this man of the old English soil- simple, straight, and gentle, with his great earnest blue eyes and broad, comely face. His love for his wife and his trust in her shone in his features.” - this is all to show that Mr. Cubitt is a pretty good guy - emphasis on the fact that he’s a proud english man - This conventional theory * Mr. Cubitt is shot and killed and Mrs. Cubitt is in a coma from a is a lot like that Dupin Chess self-inflicted gunshot vs. Checkers paragraphs at the * Conventional Theory: Mrs. Cubitt kills her husband than shoots beginning of “The Murders in herself the Rue Morgue” We can’t just - they believed this because the window was locked from jump to conclusions without the inside, two bullets, etc. first looking at all of the facts step by step. * gutted: a candle that is * BREAKDOWN OF HOW SHERLOCK HOLMES WASABLE TO burned down until its center SOLVE THE CASE is hollow * “How did you find it?” “I looked for it,” (In reference to Sherlock Is Sherlock some sort of Holmes finding the third bullet outside the locked window) * super human detective? Or could Watson be just as * OBSERVATIONS: (1) the dancing men messages (2) Cubbits are a great? (Maybe he’s not) “devoted couple” (3) One shot was louder than the other, this suggests that there were two gun shots at the same time (4) smell of powder in the house (5) Window is shut and locked (6) Money in Elsie’s handbag (7) Third bullet (8) Candles not gutted (9) Third casing is outside * HOLMES METHOD * He deciphers the dancing men by finding the letter ‘e’first (it’s the most common in the alphabet * He also uses semiotics: ▯ * this description of Slaney isABE SLANEY less flattering than Mr. Described as “tall, handsome, swarthy fellow,… flannel… and a * Cubbit’s great hooked nose, and flourishing a can as he walked. He swaggered up a path as if the place beloved to him, and we heard his loud, confident peal at the bell.” American * * This description may be what Doyle views as the averageAmerican man * This description might ENDING = ORDER RESTORED suggest that order is restored * The Dancing Men now make sense when there is British rule * Slaney showed mercy, but inAmerica (see ya later, loser) rather thanAmerican rule. * Mrs. Cubitt devotes “her whole life to the care of the poor and to This idea is echoed in slave the administration of her husband’s estate.” owners and the idea that owners can “protect” their property. “THEADVENTURE OF THE MISGAVE RITUAL” (1893) * Sherlock describes an earlier story to Watson, the story takes place at the beginning of his career as a detective * Double-framed narrative: a story within a story * The importance of reading? THE RITUAL * Diff types of reading: (1) * a coming of age ritual that everyone has to do in the Musgrave The Text: Musgrave Ritual family, seemingly has no meaning (2) Space: The oak, the elm * “Whose was it?” “His who is gone.” “Who shall have it?”etc.… (3) Objects: The old metal * These are actually directions to where the crown is being hidden and pebbles (4) Human * Someone has been spying on Musgrave, but he is relieved when he emotions: Brunton and finds out the thing people have been spying on is the Musgrave Ritual Rachel Howells which he thinks nothing of * Holmes shows the HOLMES METHOD II (MUSGRAVE STYLE) importance of close reading in * There’s no way that they could have opened that passageway by the actual Musgrave Ritual. If themselves, they needed help, that’s why he’s able to come to the people looked into what it conclusion that the maid helped meant, then maybe they * What caused the Old Crown of England to get lost? Holmes would’ve known where the surmises that there must have been some break in information in crown is order for the Musgrave ritual to have no meaning. * WHAT CAUSED THIS TO BEASUCCESS? * There are still loose ends: Rachel Howes is still missing, etc. * Holmes feels satisfied just in that he solved the case Summary: In lecture, we first reviewed the first episode of Serial. The point of reviewing this was to establish that memory is pretty unreliable. Then we finished reviewing TheAdventure of the Dancing Men. Some themes: the American vs. the British man’s description, the conventional theory vs. close analysis and deduction, and the feeling of “order being restored” at the end of Doyle’s stories Finally, we reviewed The Musgrave Ritual. Some themes: the importance of reading, double framed story, and the satisfaction that Holmes feels with solving the case despite their being some loose ends. Topic:ARage in Harlem Class: Eng 193: Detective Fiction Date: 6/29 Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: * violence is systemic THE MEN OFARiH * that’s why he stems it to * Jackson slave stories “…short black fat man… pearly white teeth made for laughing, but Jackson wasn’t laughing” * Trusting, religious, gullible, moral * Fugitive narrative -African-American folk song concerning escape from slavery, slave patrols - Why parallel fugitive slave narratives in noir, hard-boiled detective novel? * very passionate about getting GOLDY out of trouble. references Cross-dresser - sister of Mercy impersonator * Agatha Christie and the * Has wife (34) passion behind the * Heroin addict performance * Lives with two other cross-dressers: “All three impersonated females and lived by their wits” (34) * Sells tickets to “Heaven” * Gets out of trouble * “signifying” is grotesque to THE SIGNIFYING MONKEY = GOLDY? someone like Sherlock * African-American folk tale trickster figure Holmes, but is celebrated in * Derived fromAfrican mythological figure Esu Elegbara African culture * Deals in trickery: tricks Lion and Elephant into fighting * Macguffin is a literary CONS strategy in order to push the * The Blow: “Lifting” ten dollar bills plot forward. It’s something * The Lost Gold Mine Pitch that everybody wants - Trunk as “Macguffin” THE DEATH OF GOLDY Goldy’s death scream is mingled with the locomotive. Symbolizing * that he kind of is Harlem. His death is the death of Harlem * Jackson stays alive. He stays alive by always moving. This is kind of what Goldy used to do CLOSING * “Daddy don’t you worry. Who cares about an old trunk full of gold ore, as long as I got you!” (159) Summary: Just went over the end ofARage in Harlem. Didion, Some Dreamers of theoan Class: Eng 193: Detective Fiction Golden Date: 6/30 Notes: Questions/Main Ideas: * Chekov’s Rifle - if you see aSERIAL SEASON ONE EPISODE 4: INCONSISTENCIES rifle in the first at expect it tThe inconsistencies in Jae’s statement * be fired in the third act * He says they went to two different malls * She emphasizes how long it took her to find these inconsistencies in order to make the audience sympathize with her, as well as show she’s done the work * He also says two different places for where he was shown the dead body TRUE CRIME: ORIGINS * 1842- The Mystery of Marie Roget - based on Mary Cecilia Rogers death * 1910 - William Roughead Trial of Oscar Slater * Slater accused of murdering older woman on faulty evidence * In 1912, influenced by Roughead, SirArthur Conan Doyle publishes The Case of Oscar Slater * Slater released in 1928 * Edmund Pearson - Studies in Murder includes famous essay on Lizzie Borden, More Studies in Murder RISE IN TRUE CRIME * Between 1964-1974,American murder rate doubles from 5.1 to 9.8 per 100,000 people per year * 1960s - rise in “stranger killings” * Decrease in murder case clearing * True crime expresses and manages fear over increasing threat of crime (Murley) JOAN DIDION * Born in 1934, Sacramento, CA * Father inArmyAir Corps, family always moving led to constant outsider status * 1956 - UC Berkeley BAin English, wins essay prize and offered position at Vogue * Fiction and non-fiction writer, well known as essayist * 1968 - Slouching Towards Bethlehem - experiences in California during the 1960s, examination of hippie movement and the California “dream” SOME DREAMERS OF THE GOLDEN DREAM * Tabloid murder story: Lucille Miller accused of murdering her husband in 1964 for insurance money - drugs him and lights car on fire off side of road after she fails to drive it off embankment, during trial, affair withArthwell Hayton comes to light * Question: What is Didion trying to accomplish by recounting this story? What puzzle or issue is she trying to solve, and how does she go about solving it? DIDIONAND PLACE * Didion seems obsessed with place * “This is a story about love and death in the golden land, and begins with the country.” * California is a place that was made by man. We weren’t meant to live here LUCILLE MILLER * She’s a midwestern girl who tries to make it in California * This optimism will end up being her downfall * The Golden Dream being the FAMILIAR NARRATIVES idea of California being a * talks as if people kind of already know what’s going on place to become successful * bad marriage and rich and famous * Why does she make these narratives so familiar? * There is a commonplace, but EFFICACY OF LOVE * Efficacy: The ability to produce a desired or intended result * Lucille tries to take back her story * “It was all, moreover, in the name of “love” “The dream was teaching the WHAT IS THE CALIFORNIA“PROMISE?” dreamers how to live,” - * Two conflicting forces * A: The alien, harsh nature of San Bernardino * B: The desire to see CAas a place of possibility * The result:Acurious graft - your hopeful vision of a place means nothing in the face of its true nature, you are never fully in control of your dreams for the future Summary: Reviewed Serial, talked about inconsistencies Reviewed the origin of true crime, and different dates that it came about Reviewed Joan Didion and how awesome she is, a literary bad ass, and some themes of “the golden dream” from Some Dreamers of the Golden Dream Topic: In Cold Blood Class: Eng 193 Questions/Main Ideas: Date: 7/ 11 Notes: * We start to see Capote blind FACT CHECKING the lines between a novelist * Fact checked by New Yorker employee Sandy Campbell and reporter at the ending of * Dates, names, job titles checked the book * “Nonfiction novel” * Allegations that Capote gives KBI more credit in solving case than actuality - Alvin Dewey and his teams of detectives - Claims that Dewey didn’t follow prison lead right away - Delay in following Dick/ Perry lead allows them to Florida (suspects in Walker family murder) * fights the idea of the THE ROAD TRIP normative nuclear family MichaelAtkinson: the road trip film as “ideogram of human desire * * Capote is trying to imbue and last-ditch search for self.” these road trip values on to * 1955: Jack Kerouac’s On The Road Dick and Perry. We are - Road trip as counterculture introduced with this quaint Bohemian lifestyle vs. materialism, family values of 50s - little town in Kansas, then - Frontier/ Western imagery those ideas are challenged in * Homer’s Odyssey, Twains’s Huckleberry Finn, Conrad’s Heart of Dick and Perry’s road trip Darkness: “Journey functions ambivalently, as a mode for critical Capote is planting this social observation but also for conquest” (David Laderman) * narrative on these confessed * Alderman: On the Road (but also cold be speaking of INC) criminals - “Acritique ofAmerican culture via a renewed iteration of it, through the back door, so to speak, and a rejection of and a rediscovery of Americanism” * Tropes - Ethnic Other as authentic token for road narrative Dick and Perry’s march through the desert (they travel around - singing “Glory! Glory! Hallelujah!” (Manifest Destiny)) - Examination of class (when Dick saw the man who was the same age as him, but with a lot more money, Dick is jealous)(this is why he tries to molest that younger girl because he wants to feel power) - Dick and Perry’s mobility allows Capote to stretch his authorial gaze toAmerica as a whole * Capote is still trying to messDICKAND PERRY’S RELATIONSHIP with our ideas of nuclear * Critical community in 1950s-60 widely homophobic (Diana Trilling family ideas with Dick and * Many early critics comments on “muted homosexual” relationship Perry’s relationship between Dick and Perry * Why do we hear it from * Early drafts with far more homosexual allusions Perry in the car? It’s only * Voss: Truman includes obvious gay subtext and side narrative of with Perry that we can get Perry’s seduction and unrequited attraction to Dick as possible closer to the “Why?” explanation for Perry’s killing of Clutter family: frustration made worse by jealousy when he discovers that Dick wants to rape Nancy * Was there any sexual relationship between them? No none at all. * Dick often refers to Perry as “honey” “baby” “darling” Perry admires Dick for his “masculinity” and “virility” * * Perry often feminized * kind of like the dreamers CAPITAL PUNISHMENT who dreamed the golden * When we meet the other men who are getting the punishment dream - They are plotting to get out - The argument here is that if these guys get out, wouldn’t we feel responsible for not killing them if we don’t? - Topic: In Cold Blood Characters Class: Eng 193 Date: 7/7 Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: * Capote is not like Serial. He ALVIN DEWEY doesn’t intentionally try to * Detective figure keep us listening. There’s a * He sees this crime through the vision of others (main person Perry beginning and an end. He Smith) entices us with the characters. * He knows * there’s a motive for the * depression dancing men (love) there’s a * terror motive for Red Wind (the guy confusion * ratted him out), so for there * “However long it takes, and it may be the rest of my life, I’m going not to be a motive in this case to know what happened in that house: the why and the who” would be sad and horrible * The conventional theory: Robbery, specifically it cannot be random because then it would be solvable * Why have Dewey around? : the “good” character * Detection: Nancy keeps a watch in her shoe. What does say? She’s getting robbed. Capote is using Dewey as a moral character, almost a small town * sheriff FABULA/SUJET * Russian Formalism (Todorov, Propp, Shklyovsky) * Fabula: the raw material of the story; the chronological events of the story as they happened * Sujet: the way a story is organized; how the events of the story are ordered by the narrative ex. Forrest Gump Fabula: Forrest’s enture life in chronological order, from his birth to when he takes his son to his first day of school Sujet: Forrest tells his life sotyr in flashbacks to random people waiting at a bus stop FABULA/SUJET OF IN COLD BLOOD * So far: * Fabula: the lives of the main characters involved in the Clutter murders, including the Clutter family and the perpetrators, Perry Smith and Dick Hickok * Sujet: follows the murders and immediate investigation\, including the Clutter family’s last day and Dick and Perry’s preparations and subsequent flight from Kansas. Includes flashbacks from characters and interviews from townsfolk remembering events. * Some events retold multiple times from multiple perspectives * Result: Capote erases the mystery of who commits these murders by telling the story more or less chronologically. But why? * gay subtext between Dick DICKAND PERRY: CHARACTER DETECTIVES and Perry * It seems like the same page reprinted when Dick and Perry are * We have Perry’s sensitive confessing views of life and Dick’s * Perry: brings up the crime more vicious ways of looking at * Dick: the ostrich, tries to think out the reason that they killed them: life. Do these guys really “Deal me out, baby, I’m a normal,” in denial deserve the death penalty? * Character detectives = you can judge how a person is from they way We’re more sympathetic that they walk. towards Perry then we are to * Perry deems himself a good character detective Dick. * “It’s just that I don’t believe it - that anyone can get away with a thing like that” (109, 112) - he’s basically saying “I can’t believe we got away with it,” PERRY SMITH * Explained from five different perspectives: * Himself * Capote * Perry’s Father * Sister, Barbara * Willie-Jay, cell-mate Perry’s Smith’s mother was an alcoholic, cherokee indian who does rodeo, she moves to San Francisco. Father moves toAlaska. Brother makes his wife commit suicide. Brother kills himself. Dick doesn’t get the same punishment? This comparison is purposeful in order to show how people look at killers Owens, Bone Gamelood, Louis Class: Eng 193 Date: 7/12 Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: CAPITAL PUNISHMENT * He’s trying to get us to think about people we don’t want to think about * The final chapters are kind of like “the final” of In Cold Blood * At the end of the book, Dick becomes more vocal about the fact that he didn’t kill anybody * Before he is killed, Perry says how he doesn’t believe in capital punishment * Dewey goes to see the deaths of Dick and Perry. He feels no remorse for Dick, but feels a little bit of sadness for Perry * Dewey finally feels closure when he sees the graves of the Clutter family LOUIS OWENS * 1948 - 2002 * Born in Lompoc, CAChoctaw, Cherokee, and Irish-American * B.A. and M.A. from UC Santa Barbara * Author and Critic (Literature and NativeAmerican Studies) * Other Destinies (1992) - narratives of renegotiatingAmerican Indian identify in face of Euro-american subjugation * Santa Cruz is a main theme BONE GAME (1996) of Bone Game and Owens writing * Sequel to The Sharpest Sight * There’s a series of patterns of violence in Santa Cruz * “non-linear novel, one that worked rather like a mosaic,” * Capote and Owens were both trying to figure out violence - Capote the different subjectivities, and Owens violence in this specific space of Santa Cruz * the accuracy of history is ANEW TYPE OF DETECTION going to be a main theme in * Western Modernist epistemology this novel, as well Rationalist - the criterion of the truth is not sensory but intellectual - and deductive - Objectivist - “the state of quality of being true even outside of a subject’s individual biases, interpretations, feelings, and imaginings” * Summary - you should determine what is true by adhering to reason and disregarding personal bias. Personal beliefs or spiritualism should not come into play Owens is trying to write “the NativeAmerican Detective” * * NativeAmerican cultures - Oral tradition as way of passing down knowledge, encoding identity, recording history *Arnold Krupa, “America’s Histories:” We (western culture) call NativeAmerican oral narratives myths when they cannot be factually proven or deemed not historical. These oral narratives are in fact history: “what [NativeAmerican cultures] traditionally take to be their true history is, indeed, historical even when it is not factually accurate * truth is not singular HISTORYAND STORY * Deborah Miranda, Bad Indians:ATribal Memoir - Story is the most powerful force in the world - in our world, maybe in all worlds. Story is culture. Story, like culture, is constantly moving. It is a river where no gallon of water is the same gallon of water it was one second ago. Yet it is still the same river. It exists as truth.As a whole. Even if the whole is in constant change. In fact, because of that constant change.” * Conclusion: in confronting Bone Game, we need to come with a different conception of what justifies knowledge. Truth will not be earned in the same way as Western detectives, but it will still be earned. Gamec: CA’s Mission System, Bone Class: Eng 193 Date: 7/13 Notes: Questions/Main Ideas: * History exists in all places THE POWER OF STORIES and it keeps existing * Owens is trying to get us to think about the history of California * NativeAmericans are not this non-existing entities * The NativeAmerican and Oral tradition are structured in a way that is based on survival CAMISSION HISTORY * 1741 -After Columbus, King Phillip V declares need for religious * 1769 - Visitador General Jose de Galvez, stationed in Baja CA, receives orders to “Occupy and fortify San Diego and Monterey for God and the King of Spain * 1769 - Junipero Sierra founds Mission San Diego deAlcala * 1786 - Mission Santa Barbara is founded * 1823 - Northern most mission founded in Sonoma * 1833 - Missions secularized by new independent Mexican government (they take these NativeAmericans and force them into these places with no food or anything else, they basically starve) MISSION SYSTEM * Genocide of an original population to be around 300,000 mission system accounts for 200,000 deaths * Measles outbreaks in 1806 and 1828 bring high mortality rates, need for new conversions * New native converts (neophytes) not allowed to leave mission * Young native women forced to live in monjerios (for “nunneries”) Sexually abused PHILIP DELORIA, PLAYING INDIAN (1994) * Argument: WhiteAmerica has always relied onAmerican Indian culture to inform and establish its normative identity - EarlyAmerican identity forged in relation toAmerican Indian population (wilderness-natives) - You cannot have the frontier without the wilderness (Native Americans) - In early 20th century, increase urbanization, white collar work, and emergence of women in the workspace leads to male groups appropriating native culture (boy scouts, men’s clubs) - Hippy culture of 60s leads appropriation of pseudo- Native spiritualism *Alex very much is the NATIVE “ERASURE”AND “VICTIMRY” embodiment of Survivance (he * Western narratives often frame NativeAmericans in the past tense; doesn’t like to be categorized as having disappeared in western terms, he tries to Constant allusion to NativeAmericans as victims of historical * keep NativeAmerican culture trauma alive outside of the scope of * What is the danger in only referencing a group of people as victims? Western culture) * Gerald Vizenor : “survivance” (survivor + resistance), pushes against victim narrative, demonstrates native ability to flourish by constantly renegotiating what native identity is * the quote is trying to fix inBONE GAME OPENING time these two crimes * October 15, 1812/ November 1, 1993 together * Two “crimes,” separated by 181 years * Right off the bat, time is * “Children. Neofitos. Bestes.And still it is the same sky, the same slippery in this book, just as night arched like a reed house, the stars of their birth.” dreams are * What is Bone Game trying to prepare its readers for? Topic: Final Review, Bone Game Class:Eng 193 Questions/Main Ideas: Date: 7/18 Notes: * try to be specific, if you Final Structure make connections, use BLUE BOOK specifics (doesn’t necessarily Part One: Passage ID mean longer) Choose 7 passages to identify book, then author Choose 5 of those passages to identify significance Part Two: Critical Terms 5-7 terms Define these terms in context within the class itself ex. Dreams * the bullet is the thing that MIXED-BLOOD IDENTITY catches Robert (the bullet * Cole: teaches Modernism and NativeAmerican studies that he uses to kill the othe* “He had made a journey with his brother’s bones, taking them home victims) to Mississippi, and discovered the reality of Uncle Luther and * We have no idea if the Onetime, a Choctaw world that lived beside this one…” detectives are actually solving this case THE KILLER(?) * “The young woman stands beside the road where the university campus dips toward the bay and town… In the one streetlamp she steps forward. How voice when he speaks is low, without offering,” (7) * “He doesn’t want to go, struggles against this thing. The mother is in the kitchen, the two boys sleeping” (13) * Both Cole and Robert were THE GAMBLER depressed figures Half Black/Half White appearance * * The book shows us how to * Variation of Choctaw figure Nalusa Chito (soul-eater) deal with trauma through * Both dream-like and physical appearance leaves tracks but also Cole (with the loss of his disappears brother), and how not to deal with trauma through Robert (trying to make himself whole again) * NativeAmericans always THE TROUBLE WITH HISTORY pictured as the “survivors.” * “It’s not wrong to survive. I see Indians all the time who are In that way, Onatima is ashamed of surviving, and they don’t even know it. We have saying NativeAmericans survived a five-hundred-year war in which millions of us were need to not feel bound to starved to death, burned in our homes, shot and killed with disease those parts of history and alcohol. It’s a miracle any Indian is alive today. Why us, we * Much likeAlex, a fluid wonder. We read their books and find out we’re supposed to die. identity (crossdresser, Native That’s the story they’ve made up for us” (165) Onatima Americanness, but ends up * “We pretend that the past is over, that ten or thirty or two hundred withAbby) years puts a distance between us and what we were. But we know in * Onatima as the oldest, has our hearts there is no such thing as the past” (176) Onatima the most words of wisdoms “Your father has always grieved for his brother and yet never lost * as show to the right him. To believe otherwise is to deceive ourselves and to never be whole.” (176) Onatima * “In the old tribal days I’d be a doddering elder already sucking venison broth, and you’d be a sacred clown playing with your wooden dick” (179) Onatima * “That was your last stand, Custer” (192)Alex burying the dog * “He went to the shed and emerged with chain saw… ‘May he rest in peace,’he said” (192)Alex just deciding to take a chain saw to the dog * Alex andAbby’s depictions in the news report in Ch. 57 (222) (a romanticized version of their NativeAmericanness * Cole’s big thing at the end of ROBERT’S TROUBLE WITH HISTORY/CULTURE the book, Cole just says the * “Robert’s a funny mix. He’s smart as hell, but he’s a simple-minded Gambler’s name to the romantic at the same time. He’s one of those white people who Gambler suspect all the evil their ancestors have done to the earth and feel the need to atone somehow. What he really wants it to be a white Indian,” (200) * “‘Every minute element is interrelated inextricably with every other element, and if we screw up one tiny part we


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