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KIN 291 - Clinical Human Anatomy Exam Study Guides

by: bjwall

KIN 291 - Clinical Human Anatomy Exam Study Guides Kin 291

Marketplace > University of North Carolina - Greensboro > Kinesiology > Kin 291 > KIN 291 Clinical Human Anatomy Exam Study Guides
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About this Document

These are the exam study guides for KIN 291 Clinical Human Anatomy. I finished the classes with an A+, and it was by far my favorite class. I learned so much in this class. These study guides are s...
Clinical Anatomy
Justin Waxman
anatomy, skull, anatomical position, Anatomical terms, organs, clinical, Human
75 ?




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This 8 page Bundle was uploaded by bjwall on Tuesday August 9, 2016. The Bundle belongs to Kin 291 at University of North Carolina - Greensboro taught by Justin Waxman in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see Clinical Anatomy in Kinesiology at University of North Carolina - Greensboro.


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Date Created: 08/09/16
KIN 291 – Clinical Human Anatomy – Exam 1 Study Guide DEFINITIONS  Sagittal – vertical plane that divides the body into right and left parts  Frontal/Coronal – vertical plane that divides the body into anterior and  posterior parts  Transverse – horizontal planes that divides the body into cranial and caudal  parts   Flexion – decrease angle between 2 segments  Extension – increase angle between 2 segments  Dorsiflexion – point toes up (towards shin)  Plantar flexion – point toes down  Abduction – move away from midline   Adduction – move towards midline  Elevation – move shoulder superiorly  Depression – move shoulder girdle inferiorly   Distal – farther from trunk  Lateral – away from midline  Anterior – front side in anatomical position   Superficial – closer to surface  Plantar – bottom of foot  Proximal – closer to trunk  Medial – closer to midline  Inferior – farther from head  Dorsal – top of foot   Anatomical Planes – feet forward, palms forward  Inversion – life medial border of foot  Eversion – lift lateral border of foot  L/R lateral flexion – bend trunk left or right  Medial rotation – anterior surface rotates medially  Lateral rotation – anterior surface rotates laterally KEY CONCEPTS   2 anatomical divisions – Central Nervous System & Peripheral Nervous  System  Functions of digestive system include: ingestion, secretion, propulsion,  digestion, absorption, defecation   2 layers of skin: epidermis – outer layer, dermis – inner layer  The skin is the largest organ in the body   Hormones are messenger molecules  Respiratory tract includes nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi  Lungs are where gas exchange occurs  Urinary system includes paired kidneys, ureter for each kidney, urinary  bladder, and urethra  Kidneys filter blood SAMPLE QUESTIONS FOR EXAM 1. What is contained in the Central Nervous System? Brain and spinal cord 2. Which carries blood away from the heart: vein or artery? Artery  3. Which carries blood to the heart: vein or artery? Vein  4. What are the 2 functional divisions of the nervous system? Somatic and  Autonomic 5. Which of those are involuntary? Autonomic 6. What is a synapse? Communication space between 2 neurons  7. What is an axon? Carry impulses to cell body 8. What is another name for the shaft of a bone? Diaphysis 9. Name the 3 times of muscle: skeletal, cardiac, smooth 10.Is smooth muscle voluntary or involuntary? Involuntary  11.Where is it found? Blood vessels, skin, eye, digestive track 12.Where is cardiac muscle found? Heart KIN 291 – Clinical Human Anatomy – Exam 2 Study Guide *Know the clinical subdivisions of abdominal cavity* Picture below shows those KEY CONCEPTS  What are the 3 flat muscles with strong sheet like aponeuroses? External oblique, internal oblique, transversus abdominus  What are the 2 vertical muscles? Rectus abdominus and pyramidalis  2 divisions of peritoneum: parietal & visceral  Functions of stomach: food storage, mix food with gastric secretions to form chime, and chime delivery to small intestine  Which ribs are true ribs? 1-7  Which ribs are false ribs? 8-10  Which ribs are floating ribs? 11-12  How many lobes does the right lung have? 3 lobes  How many lobes does the left lung have? 2 lobes  Layers of the heart: epicardium, myocardium, endocardium  Heart – 4 chambers: 2 atria & 2 ventricles *Know blood flow through the heart* Diagram below helps KIN 291 – Clinical Human Anatomy – Exam 3 Study Guide Key Concepts  VERTEBRAE o 7 CERVICAL o 12 THORACIC o 5 LUMBAR o 5 SACRAL o 4 COCCYGEAL  Stenosis – narrowing of the vertebral foramen  Cervical vertebrae – support head  Lumbar vertebrae – largest, kidney bean shaped  3 membranes surround all Central Nervous System o Dura mater o Arachnoid o Pia mater  Epidural space – between dura mater and periosteum of the vertebrae  Why the varying degrees of gray and white matter? More bundles of nerves, more pathways  Herpes Zoster – painful or itching rash that is on one side of the body or face with dermatomal distribution  Cranial bones enclose the cranial cavity  Facial bones are for muscle attachment and separate oral and nasal cavities  Skull contains 22 bones (8 cranial & 14 facial bones)  Paranasal sinuses trap debri from going into lungs  Fontanelles are areas of fibrous connective tissue (soft spots). They allow the skull to flex during birth.  Hydrocephalus is when there is excess cerebral spinal fluid and there is pressure on the fontanelles.  Parts of the brain – cerebrum, diencephalon, brainstem, cerebellum  Frontal Lobe – thought, voluntary movement, speech motor, covers 1/3 of area of the brain  Temporal Lobe – memory, auditory function  Parietal Lobe – sensation, position/spatial orientation  Occipital Lobe – vision, visual processes, reading  Commissures interconnect right and left hemispheres so they can act as a whole *Important diagrams to know* More Key Concepts  Thalamus serves as a relay station for preliminary processing of all sensory input on its way to the cerebral cortex  Corpus callosum links 2 hemispheres  Association fibers connect different parts of the same hemisphere


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