AMH2097, Lecture 1
AMH2097, Lecture 1 AMH2097
Popular in Nationality, Race, and Ethnicity in the United States
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Popular in History
This 2 page Bundle was uploaded by Sarah Cureton on Wednesday August 10, 2016. The Bundle belongs to AMH2097 at Florida State University taught by Richard Soash in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Nationality, Race, and Ethnicity in the United States in History at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 08/10/16
Immigration and Public Health, 1880 to 1920 “Old” Immigrants, “New” Immigrants—Old immigrants; North and West, Irish, German, and English. Considered the first wave. New; East and South, Italians, Jews, Japanese. Middle East and Latin America, second wave of immigration. Gilded Age—18001900. Gilded=thin layer of gold, symbolizes the rich covering layers of problems. America’s industrial revolution started here, factories had a huge need for unskilled labor. The wealth in this age covered up problems that arose in that era, such as: unsafe work places, unsanitary meats, living in overcrowded tenements, small number of men controlling wealth and politics. Progressive Era—Reformers from 19001920, generally from Southern and Eastern Europe, Asia, and Middle East; very diverse. Jews, Southern Italians, and Japanese came in huge numbers at the end, over 23 million in the US. WASPs against monopolistic companies and urban political machines, defend the “white middle class,” saw immigrants as part of the problem of the gilded age and passed laws to regulate minority life. The Progressives—Teachers, lawyers, doctors, professionals. Oppose monopolistic companies and urban political machines. They believe in representing the middle people, (white middle class) Reformers who tried to progress the gilded problems. Germ Theory—Adapted from Miasma theory (idea that filth generates disease, you catch it by smelling it) Germs are transmitted through breathing things in, doctors associate germs and immigrants together by political cartoons. Led people to believe that immigrants are “biologically dangerous,” “splurge”. Good science, bad application. Trachoma—harmful and painful eye bacteria disease. “Splurge”—people not touching things that immigrants have touched. Ex: bathrooms Scientific Racism— “bad science” because it started with a conclusion in mind. Measurement of a skull to determine what character or intelligence you possess. They took what they believed to be true and made it math the results. “Racial Hierarchy,” looking for evidence to justify this. Craniometry—measurement of someone’s skull to determine character of intelligence. Alfred Binet—founded IQ tests by trying to diagnose French students who have troubles with school. Asks students to repeat 7 random numbers, draw pictures. Intellectual development can be affected by the environment around you. Eventually becomes influenced by race, required to be taken by immigrants at immigration stations; written in English, so they are being set up to fail. Henry Goddard Ellis Island—Island operated from 18921954 as an immigration station, took in about 5,000 immigrants per day. 12 million immigrants in total. Checked for diseases, divided Southern and Northern Italy. Positive Eugenics— (Eugenics—attempting to improve the genetic stock of a country, making intelligence hereditary. Form of “bad science”) Helped reproduce the good traits Negative Eugenics—neutering people to reduce the undesirable traits. Buck v. Bell—women sewed after being forcibly sterilized, court won and stated that it was legal; form of negative eugenics. Only about a dozen states didn’t pass the law to allow this. Remains legal until the 1940’s when America goes to war with Nazi Germany and Hitler makes them realize that it’s crazy. The Extinction Thesis—Southerners compare Black health statistics from two different periods; 18401860 and 18701900. They found that the black population rate was slightly higher than in the mid 1800’s, and that the growth rate in the late 1800’s was far smaller than the growth rates of white in the same period. It “proved” that black’s health was better during slavery. Whites came to the conclusion that blacks were going extinct. Paul Barringer—became president of Virginia Tech, was one of the leads in the extinction thesis judgement and conclusion.
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