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AMH2097, Lecture 1

by: Sarah Cureton

AMH2097, Lecture 1 AMH2097

Sarah Cureton

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Detailed coverage of Lecture 1
Nationality, Race, and Ethnicity in the United States
Richard Soash
history, race, ethnicity
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This 2 page Bundle was uploaded by Sarah Cureton on Wednesday August 10, 2016. The Bundle belongs to AMH2097 at Florida State University taught by Richard Soash in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Nationality, Race, and Ethnicity in the United States in History at Florida State University.


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Date Created: 08/10/16
Immigration and Public Health, 1880 to 1920  “Old” Immigrants, “New” Immigrants—Old immigrants; North and West, Irish, German, and English. Considered the first wave. New; East and South, Italians, Jews, Japanese.  Middle East and Latin America, second wave of immigration.   Gilded Age—1800­1900. Gilded=thin layer of gold, symbolizes the rich covering layers  of problems. America’s industrial revolution started here, factories had a huge need for  unskilled labor. The wealth in this age covered up problems that arose in that era, such as: unsafe work places, unsanitary meats, living in overcrowded tenements, small number of  men controlling wealth and politics.  Progressive Era—Reformers from 1900­1920, generally from Southern and Eastern  Europe, Asia, and Middle East; very diverse. Jews, Southern Italians, and Japanese came  in huge numbers at the end, over 23 million in the US. WASPs against monopolistic  companies and urban political machines, defend the “white middle class,” saw  immigrants as part of the problem of the gilded age and passed laws to regulate minority  life.  The Progressives—Teachers, lawyers, doctors, professionals. Oppose monopolistic  companies and urban political machines. They believe in representing the middle people,  (white middle class) Reformers who tried to progress the gilded problems.  Germ Theory—Adapted from Miasma theory (idea that filth generates disease, you catch  it by smelling it) Germs are transmitted through breathing things in, doctors associate  germs and immigrants together by political cartoons. Led people to believe that  immigrants are “biologically dangerous,” “splurge”. Good science, bad application.  Trachoma—harmful and painful eye bacteria disease.   “Splurge”—people not touching things that immigrants have touched. Ex: bathrooms  Scientific Racism— “bad science” because it started with a conclusion in mind.  Measurement of a skull to determine what character or intelligence you possess. They  took what they believed to be true and made it math the results. “Racial Hierarchy,”  looking for evidence to justify this.   Craniometry—measurement of someone’s skull to determine character of intelligence.  Alfred Binet—founded IQ tests by trying to diagnose French students who have troubles  with school. Asks students to repeat 7 random numbers, draw pictures. Intellectual  development can be affected by the environment around you. Eventually becomes  influenced by race, required to be taken by immigrants at immigration stations; written in English, so they are being set up to fail.   Henry Goddard  Ellis Island—Island operated from 1892­1954 as an immigration station, took in about  5,000 immigrants per day.  12 million immigrants in total. Checked for diseases, divided  Southern and Northern Italy.   Positive Eugenics— (Eugenics—attempting to improve the genetic stock of a country,  making intelligence hereditary. Form of “bad science”) Helped reproduce the good traits  Negative Eugenics—neutering people to reduce the undesirable traits.  Buck v. Bell—women sewed after being forcibly sterilized, court won and stated that it  was legal; form of negative eugenics. Only about a dozen states didn’t pass the law to  allow this. Remains legal until the 1940’s when America goes to war with Nazi Germany  and Hitler makes them realize that it’s crazy.  The Extinction Thesis—Southerners compare Black health statistics from two different  periods; 1840­1860 and 1870­1900. They found that the black population rate was  slightly higher than in the mid 1800’s, and that the growth rate in the late 1800’s was far  smaller than the growth rates of white in the same period. It “proved” that black’s health  was better during slavery. Whites came to the conclusion that blacks were going extinct.   Paul Barringer—became president of Virginia Tech, was one of the leads in the  extinction thesis judgement and conclusion.


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