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Chem102 Chemistry Families Review Sheet

by: Shir'Mel C. McCullough

Chem102 Chemistry Families Review Sheet Chem102

Marketplace > University of South Carolina > Chemistry > Chem102 > Chem102 Chemistry Families Review Sheet
Shir'Mel C. McCullough
GPA 3.7

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About this Document

Alkanes Alkenes Alkynes Aromatics Alcohols Ethers Aldehydes Ketones Carboxylic Acids Carboxylate Salts Esters Acid Halides Acid Anhydride Amines Amides
Fundamental Chemistry II/Lab
Daniel L. Freeman & Amelia S. Taylor-Perry
75 ?




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This 2 page Bundle was uploaded by Shir'Mel C. McCullough on Thursday August 11, 2016. The Bundle belongs to Chem102 at University of South Carolina taught by Daniel L. Freeman & Amelia S. Taylor-Perry in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Fundamental Chemistry II/Lab in Chemistry at University of South Carolina.


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Date Created: 08/11/16
Chem102 Final Review Family Name Formula Bond Angle Additional Facts Naming Reactions Alkanes C n 2n+2 ­ane monohalogenation tetrahedral saturated single bonds low melting and boiling points Alkenes CnH 2n ­ene addition trigonal planar unsaturated double bonds cis/trans low melting and boiling points Alkynes ­yne linear unsaturated triple bonds low melting and boiling points Aromatics "cyclic" ortho meta 1,3,5 conjugated single/double bonds para Alcohols ­OH ­ol dehydration (180 or above neutral charge alkene, 140 or below ether) polar oxidation (1°=aldehyde high melting and boiling points 2°=ketone) Ethers R­O­R "R groups" + dehydration (140 or below + neutral charge ether/oxy acid) polar Aldehydes end ­al reduction neutral charge carbonal oxidation (1°alcohol) polar Ketones chan ­one reduction neutral charge carbonal oxidation(2° alcohol) polar Carboxylic Acids carbonal ­oic acid strong base (carboxylate salt) acidic ­OH Carboxylate Salt carbonyl ­oate acidic X Esters carboxylic alkyl group + acid hydrolysis (carboxylic acid acid oate & alcohol alcohol basic hydrolysis ( arboxylic salt & alcohol Acid Halide ­ol + halogen neutral charge Acid Anhydride ­anhydride dehydration of carboxylic acids neutral charge Amine "N" ­amino basic Amides carboxylic acid hydrolysis (carboxylic acid basic acid + & ammonium salt) amine basic hydrolysis (carboxylic salt & amine


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