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Chapter 1 Notes

by: Brittany Notetaker

Chapter 1 Notes ANTH 135-021530

Brittany Notetaker

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About this Document

Notes from Chapter 1 from the required reading. I took notes on the entire chapter and pulled out the important points from the chapter.
Intro to Cultural Anthropology
Dr. Bradley Ensor
Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
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This 2 page Bundle was uploaded by Brittany Notetaker on Friday August 12, 2016. The Bundle belongs to ANTH 135-021530 at Eastern Michigan University taught by Dr. Bradley Ensor in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 52 views.

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Date Created: 08/12/16
Anthropology Notes 9/13­9/15 Chapter 1 (Required Text for Class)  Anthropology: The field that studies all people. They want to learn about people  wherever they live today, as well as where they lived in the past.  They are also interested in many different aspects of humans, such as: ­Topics of diverse skin colors ­Biological evolution ­Technological changes ­Languages ­Family life ­Religions ­Cuisines ­Art styles ­Impacts of globalization on the world’s people  5 main subfields of Anthropology 1. Physical Anthropology 2. Archeology 3. Cultural Anthropology  4. Linguistically Anthropology  5. Applied Anthropology   Ethnocentrism: The belief that the moral standards, manners, attitudes & so forth of  one’s own cultures are superior to those of other cultures.   Physical (Biological) Anthropology: Studies the evolution of the human species, the  behavior and anatomy of monkeys and apes, and the physical variations among &  between human groups. Physical anthropology is closely related to natural science in  goals & methods.   Paleoanthropology: Tries to understand how & why humans evolved from prehumen,  apelike ancestors.   Primatology: The study of primates, including monkeys & apes.   Human Variations: Physical different among human populations; an interest of  physical anthropologists.   Archeology: Studies the human past through excavation and analysis of the material  remains left behind by past peoples.   Cultural Anthropology: (also called social anthropology & ethnology) is the study of  contemporary & historically recent human societies and cultures.   Anthropology Perspectives:  ­ Holistic Perspective: means that no single aspect of a human community can  be understood without exploring it’s relationships to other aspects of the  community’s total way of life. ­ Comparative Perspective: the insistence by anthropologists that valid  hypotheses and theories about humanity be tested with data from a wide range of cultures. ­ Relative Perspective: Known as Cultural Relativism means that no culture is  inherently superior or inferior to any other.  


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