Chapter 1 Notes
Chapter 1 Notes ANTH 135-021530
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This 2 page Bundle was uploaded by Brittany Notetaker on Friday August 12, 2016. The Bundle belongs to ANTH 135-021530 at Eastern Michigan University taught by Dr. Bradley Ensor in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 52 views.
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Date Created: 08/12/16
Anthropology Notes 9/139/15 Chapter 1 (Required Text for Class) Anthropology: The field that studies all people. They want to learn about people wherever they live today, as well as where they lived in the past. They are also interested in many different aspects of humans, such as: Topics of diverse skin colors Biological evolution Technological changes Languages Family life Religions Cuisines Art styles Impacts of globalization on the world’s people 5 main subfields of Anthropology 1. Physical Anthropology 2. Archeology 3. Cultural Anthropology 4. Linguistically Anthropology 5. Applied Anthropology Ethnocentrism: The belief that the moral standards, manners, attitudes & so forth of one’s own cultures are superior to those of other cultures. Physical (Biological) Anthropology: Studies the evolution of the human species, the behavior and anatomy of monkeys and apes, and the physical variations among & between human groups. Physical anthropology is closely related to natural science in goals & methods. Paleoanthropology: Tries to understand how & why humans evolved from prehumen, apelike ancestors. Primatology: The study of primates, including monkeys & apes. Human Variations: Physical different among human populations; an interest of physical anthropologists. Archeology: Studies the human past through excavation and analysis of the material remains left behind by past peoples. Cultural Anthropology: (also called social anthropology & ethnology) is the study of contemporary & historically recent human societies and cultures. Anthropology Perspectives: Holistic Perspective: means that no single aspect of a human community can be understood without exploring it’s relationships to other aspects of the community’s total way of life. Comparative Perspective: the insistence by anthropologists that valid hypotheses and theories about humanity be tested with data from a wide range of cultures. Relative Perspective: Known as Cultural Relativism means that no culture is inherently superior or inferior to any other.
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