Arch 1 Week 1 Notes
Arch 1 Week 1 Notes XANTHRO 2AC
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This 5 page Bundle was uploaded by Adelina Notetaker on Sunday August 21, 2016. The Bundle belongs to XANTHRO 2AC at University of California Berkeley taught by K. Lightfoot in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Archaeology in Biology/Anthropology at University of California Berkeley.
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Date Created: 08/21/16
Francesca Ciacchella Internet Research Project 4/25/16 1. Online Glossary a. F flaming: Sending vicious personal attacks over the Internet. b. Aadmonition: A judge’s warning to jurors to consider only evidence presented in the courtroom. c. Ccommentaries: Onair discussions about the news. 2. Media Timelines a. Apple unveils the first iPod. This was revolutionary to music, as this was right after Apple released iTunes, the first application specifically used for music and video storage. Having an iPod was another platform to be able to carry this music with you opposed to bulky CD’s and tape players. b. Apple was the main company involved, which at the time Steve Jobs, one of the cofounders, ran. Sir Jonathan Ives worked closely with Jobs to produce a simplistic and attractive device that was also small enough to fit into your pocket. c. Some positives of the iPod were that iPods had easy interface with a click wheel and bright screen. The software integration was incredible at the time, making it easy to load your music onto your iPod with little to no hassle. The design of the iPod along with cool colors was also a pro. A con was that iPods, unlike CD players were charged and did not have batteries. That being said, this could be considered a pro or a con. A definite con about the iPod was that if the battery was damaged, you had to entirely replace the iPod and could not fix it. Lastly, this took many companies selling CD’s and CD players out of business as the ITunes store was usually used with the iPod. 3. Pew Research Center a. The PEW Research Center describes themselves as “a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping America and the world. It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research.” b. The Report I reviewed was titled, “5 Facts About Family Caregivers”. c. First, I learned that the majority of people caring for the elderly or sick are unpaid. The estimated number according to the bureau of labor statistics claimed that 40.4 million people are unpaid for being a family caregiver. Second, emotional support is one of the most important aspects of caregiving. The caregivers are usually (not always) helping out a loved one who is sick or elderly and are susceptible to feeling loneliness and depression. Third, most caregivers see their job as a privilege and enjoy what they do. Some even say it relieves stress. 4. Social Media a. Two social networking sites with over 20,000,000 users that I have not heard of before are Bebo and Classmates.com. b. I chose the story titled, “5 Ways to Humanize Your Company on Social Media”. A summary of the story would be that change is good and essentially needed, even if that includes making cuts and sometimes disappointing some of the users/customers. Choosing your words wisely is important because it is what personifies the company. Connecting with the audience of the company should be one of the top priorities in a company and feedback is one of the best ways to connect. Instead of aiming for goals that reach a certain amount of reposts, viewers, or likes, make the goal to create a conversation amongst the users and company. 5. FCC a. FCC stands for Federal Communications Commission. b. I chose the link titled, “Loud Commercials”. Information available includes Equipment that may help with volume and how the FCC requires all commercials to have the same volume as the programs that follow. Complaints can be filed either online, over the phone, or by mail. Complaints need to be thorough and detailed so the FCC can directly fix the problem. c. One of the stations that is being charged $27,500 is Infinity Broadcasting. The complaint was about “indecent material that was aired during the Howard Stern Show”. 6. History of Rock and Roll a. Today’s date in rock history is April 22 2016. b. In 1969, “John officially changes his name to John Ono Lennon.” In 2001, “‘Love, Janis,' a musical play based on actual letters sent to family members by Janis Joplin. In 1978, “Kiss hits #39 with “Rocket Ride” c. Deep Purple is a band I am unfamiliar with. “Smoke on the Water” became a song that was a part of Rock and Roll's culture. That being said, people think of Led Zeppelin, Black Sabbath, and Deep Purple as the “Big 3” or Holy Trinity who made Rock and Roll what it is today. (I am actually really happy I found this band through this website because I love Led Zeppelin and Black Sabbath. I am listening to them now and can’t believe I haven’t stumbled upon them until now! Thank you!) 7. Pulitzer a. I chose the story titled, “Bate the Great: Biographer of the Renown”. This story was about Walter Jackson who was not only an excellent biographer but also a writer, researcher, and teacher. His biographies were so popular and idolized that schools offered him to create entire classes on the people he was reporting. Harvard set this up for him, which led him to be remembered as a legendary professor. 8. Ethical News Gathering a. The four main categories in the code are to seek the truth and report it, minimize harm, act independently, and be accountable and transparent. b. To be accountable and transparent means to take constructive criticism, accept your mistakes and learn from them, don’t be a bystander and stand up for what is right, and explain why you do what you do. 9. The Free Press a. The two articles I chose from this website were The Sun and The Desert Sun The Sun and The Desert Sun. What makes the two pages I chose different from each other is that The Sun covers the importance and how to protect the relationship of the citizens and the police. The Desert Sun includes a picture and story of a mother and her two kids who are being discriminated against by the apartment building in which they live. b. The differences in design between the papers of Italy and Malaysia are that Italy has a colorful and florescent cover with many stories fitted onto the page. Malaysia has a more simplistic design. The colors are neutral and only half a page is given for the article. The add at the top takes up a fourth of the cover. 10. Poynter Institute a. I think fact checking is important in society because it’s a way to hold ourselves accountable and be transparent. On the website they described it is important to fact check because it can be a “tool for reconciliation”: I agree with this statement. If we are able to fact check electronically, we should definitely pursue the opportunity because it will evidently make us more authentic people. 11. Urban Legends a. The urban legend I chose was titled, “Swipe Driver’s License for Free Gas”, explaining a video game that can generate $10 of free gas due to leftover campaign money. b. False. c. Two references the author used to research the urban legend to tell if it was false was the FEC busting the myth about surplus funds and The Christian Science Monitor. 12. Media Hoaxes a. The first photo that fooled me was “The Magic Faucet” photo. The illusion is hidden by the running water, which covers the pipe holding up the faucet. This is located in Aqua land Water Park. The second photo that fooled me was “The Long Exposure of Tree Struck by Lightning”. The photo is actually a long exposure shot but the lightning is the illusion. The flames in the photo are edited to change color. b. “The Lottery Win” scam is about emails that include monetary prizes to individuals with very persuasive and welcoming letters to lure the reader in. To receive the nonexistent monetary prize, a payment to the people who set up the scam needs to be made for handling and distributing the prize. These emails should be ignored. 13. Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication a. Experts.com is a great source for people taking mass communication studies because it is entirely about networking with legitimate personnel. b. The website is a directory which promotes experts on certain topics and articles backing the information the experts share. It is helpful to students because they are getting their information from the best people and best possible answers from consultants, witnesses, and many others. 14. Public Relations a. PRSSA stands for Public Relations Student Society Of America. b. Two of the tips given under Guidelines for Submission are, “Vary sentence structure, providing a mix of simple, compound and complex sentences to avoid being redundant” and “Try to use the Rule of Thirds for all photos”. 15. Slate Magazine a. The article I chose was, “Do Dog Owners Really Have More Sex?” the reason why I chose this article is because I feel it pertains to the question asked and do not think it would sell in a print or newspaper version. The article pushes the question to be true because dog owners seem more compassionate and caring for others, giving them a better shot an active sex life. People who own dogs can usually be more outgoing, opposed to for instance someone owning a cat. Dogs can also boost the owner’s motivation, which automatically sets him or her up for success, maybe sometimes sexually. 16. More on the Media a. This website breaks down the study of media into segments with information to help students better understand this field. On the website I’ve also observed a bias leaning towards the dangers and cons of the media, which probably helps promote moderation of the media. This website teaches you how to stay accountable and look at things from an academic perspective as well as resources for journalists at the bottom of the page. b. Under “PR/propaganda Studies” there was a website link propogandacritic.com, going through the history of propaganda, patterns of propaganda in our own and other cultures today, and how to pick up on twisted messages and words in the media. c. Under the “Censorship Issues” there was a website link called Project Censored, a news firm that tries to post stories usually thrown under the rug or minimized. One of the top censored media stories of this year would be “Engaging the ISIS Threat” which looks at the problems with ISIS and the US from an anthropological perspective, explaining how it happened, what we need to destabilize them from getting stronger, and how to contain the situation after we defeat them to ensure closure”. 17. Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting a. One of the titles of one of the recent posts under the FAIR blog is, “Forget Bernie Bros, the Worst Trolls Work in Corporate Media”. b. I chose to select a story after searching “Sensationalism” which discussed how the Alex Jones show glorifies a lot of aspects that help enhance the conspiracy theories he presents on his show. 18. Buzz Feed a. I chose the trending article titled, “Can You Identify Fast Food Just By Looking At It?” which is a quiz that has you choose between two different photos that fit the fast food restaurant given. b. I chose the video, “Parents Eat Student Lunches”. The parents explained that they care what they’re children are eating and that the food they get at school looks good besides it behind bland. The parent’s scope out the school lunches their kids are receiving. The parents also try some of the food to either complain or compliment it. I think it went viral because it’s a relatable video and is appropriate for all ages. c. https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=1&v=u4FWO_peOZ8 19. Reddit a. I do not use Reddit but like that their site is just links to articles and they are not writing them. Even though they do not write, I still find them and have heard they are bias. Like Wikipedia, anyone can add to the website opening a door for people to lie and spread false information. I think the website would do better if there were editors like magazine companies to filter out the noise of the website. Thus, I don’t think it is a legitimate news source. 20. Using Library Databases a. After typing in “Violence and Media”, I got 34,543 results. After typing in “Violence and Media Effects”, I got 2,215 results. An article that came up was titled, “Harmful Effects of Media on Children and Adolescents”. It explains how even though the media has brought emphasis on education, entertainment, and news many children are beginning to develop aggressive behavior and other symptoms of media exposure. b. There were less results when I looked up “Violence and Media Effects” on the LexisNexis Academic. I did like how the results were categorized because it made navigating the site easier. Some of the articles were translated to English giving me access to articles globally. c. Two reasons why these three library databases are better sources for academic research than Google and Wikipedia are is because they are filtered and have a certain set of standards your article has to exemplify to be considered to be apart of the database. Also, they allow access to all articles, as many articles from Google and Google Scholar cost money to download or buy.
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