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Fam Violence chapter 1 book notes

by: Khaila Coissiere

Fam Violence chapter 1 book notes CRJU 4070

Marketplace > Georgia State University > Criminal Justice > CRJU 4070 > Fam Violence chapter 1 book notes
Khaila Coissiere
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chapter 1
Family Violence and Criminal Justice
Dr. Dickinson
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This 5 page Bundle was uploaded by Khaila Coissiere on Thursday August 25, 2016. The Bundle belongs to CRJU 4070 at Georgia State University taught by Dr. Dickinson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 53 views. For similar materials see Family Violence and Criminal Justice in Criminal Justice at Georgia State University.

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Date Created: 08/25/16
Chapter One History and Definitions of Family Violence I. Violence in families a. Hard to know exact statistics on family violence because it happens behind closed doors and is hardly ever reported II. Intrafamilial nonfatal abuse a. Family interactions – greatest determinant of an individual’s level of violence  outside home b. Child maltreatment (DHHS) in 2007 approx. 3.5 million reports – 10.6 per 1000  children 15.3 per 1000 in 1993 c. NVAWS – 52% women and 66% men reported being assaulted as children by  adult caretakers d. NCVS – 255, 630 rapes occurred in 2006 39% by strangers, 60.9% by intimates,  and 22.9% were 18­20 years old and 22.8% were 21­29 years’ old e. NVAWS – rape by intimate partner occurred against 10% of women  f. NVAWS – IPV 22% women and 7% men  III. Intrafamilial fatal abuse a. DHHs in 2007 approx. 1, 760 children in USA died because of abuse and neglect  42.2% under one and 75.7% under 4 and one or both parents caused 70% of  fatalities  b. DOJ – juvenile murder victims 39% by family members, 46% acquaintances, and  15% by strangers c. CDC – 616 deaths of IPV from 16 states of 370  60.1% girls and 39.9% boys  and largest number of victims and offenders were in 35­44 age range d. NVDRS – homicide­suicide deaths IPV problems occurred 73% th e. CDC in 2005 reported homicide as 4  leading cause of death for children 1 to 11 IV. Why are families violent? a. Structural factors i. Amount of time spent together ii. Power iii. Privacy and autonomy b. Idealization of the family i. Parental rights supersede children’s rights  ii. Parents can and should have control over development of their children  iii. Family members will act in the best interests of children and elderly  parents who are incapable of caring for themselves  iv. Families rooted in traditional cultures are strong families  v. Families have right to privacy and autonomy c. Family norms i. Spanking d. Social tolerance of violence i. Contribution – society’s acceptance, encouragement, and glorification of  violence ii. Depiction of women in advertising and in video games iii. Objectification of males in media iv. Watching media violence Chapter One History and Definitions of Family Violence e. Social acceptance of violence i. 1992  domestic violence rated 5  on list of public concerns ii. 53% man has to hit a woman hard to deserve arrest iii. 94% punched her iv. 38% some women provoke men into abusing them v. 1995  domestic violence ranked 1  among social concerns f. cultural factors i. content of television programming  ii. approval of violence within home iii. cultural acceptance of male dominance g. individual factors  i. mental illness/disorder ii. individual differences iii. level of attachment V. discovering family violence: how social conditions become social problems a. 1989  United Nations convention on the rights of the child proclaimed all  children should be protected from “physical or mental violence injury or abuse,  neglect or negligent treatment, maltreatment or exploitation including sexual  abuse while in care of parents, legal guardians, or any other person who has care  of child” b. children’s human rights c. women’s human rights i. 2006 BBC news report – Ethiopian women most abused women in the  world 60% sexual violence and marital rape d. social constructionism  e. claims­making i. claims­making – activities of individuals or groups making assertions of  claims with respect to some putative condition  VI. discovering child maltreatment: the historical context a. discovering child physical abuse st i. house of refuge movement represents government’s 1  attempt to  intervene in neglect and abuse cases b. first child abuse court case i. most famous case tried in 1874  c. child saving movement  i. society for the Prevention of cruelty to children in 1874  d. the battered child syndrome i. 1974  congress enacted child abuse prevention and treatment act which  provided federal funding to help states fight child abuse e. discovering child sexual abuse i. 1978  north American man/boy love association (NAMBLA) supports  right of people to engage in consensual relations and opposes laws which  destroy relationships based on age f. discovering child neglect and psychological maltreatment Chapter One History and Definitions of Family Violence i. child neglect is most forgotten form of maltreatment VII. discovering intimate partner violence: the historical context a. 1965  women had access to birth control  b. discovering battered women  st i. Chiswick women’s aid – 1  shelter for battered women opened in England in 1971  c. Discovering marital rape i. Law in July 1993 d. Discovering dating violence e. Discovering sexual assault among dating couples i. 27% college women victims of 15% rape of 12% attempted rape f. discovering stalking i. cyberstalking become frequent tool of stalking  g. discovering elder abuse h. discovering battered men VIII. the co­occurrence of child maltreatment and marital violence IX. international and understudied groups in the discovery of family violence a. 17% and 38% world’s women are victims of intimate violence b. cross­cultural family violence c. immigrant family violence i. immigrant women are vulnerable to IPV d. violence among ethnic and racial minorities i. policies bias in racial disparity in felony arrest rates for black women  ii. demographic and socioeconomic factors e. violence between gay and lesbian partners f. abuse of disabled intimates i. disabled women 10x more likely to be abused g. religious diversity h. abuse of rural residents i. more patriarchal social order ii. greater gun use iii. inadequate or no criminal justice response to incidents of male­to­female  IPV iv. lack of confidentiality, phones, shelter, social support, transportation, and  legal representation  i. abuse among intimates serving in the military X. defining family violence: understanding the social construction of deviance  definitions XI. corporal punishment XII. defining rape a. FBI defines rape as carnal knowledge of a female forcibly and against her will b. Ability to consent is comprised by alcohol/drugs or through form of coercion  XIII. defining family XIV. defining violence Chapter One History and Definitions of Family Violence a. violence – act carried out with intention of, or an act perceived as having intention of physically hurting another person  XV. defining family violence a. family violence includes family members acts of omission or commission  resulting in physical abuse, sexual abuse emotional abuse, neglect or other forms  of maltreatment that hamper individual’s healthy development b. violence against intimate partners i. physical abuse ii. sexual abuse iii. threats of physical and/or sexual abuse c. abuse i. stalking  ii. psychological/emotional abuse iii. physical abuse iv. sexual abuse d. domestic violence – any action by a person that cause physical harm to one or  more members of his/her family unit XVI. legally defining family violence XVII. monetary and other costs of family violence a. (average numbers of injuries) x (average cost of services for each injury) = $386.  76 per person for men and $948 per person for women  XVIII. practice, policy, and prevention issues a. prevention – social support and education programs designed to stop family  violence before it occurs  b. intervention – societal response to family violence after it occurs c. family support and training programs d. school­based programs e. community awareness campaigns i. easiest and most cost efficient family violence prevention techniques –  public education through advertisements and public service  announcements XIX. intervention strategies  a. mandatory reporting laws i. US state had enacted laws mandating professionals report all cases of  suspected child abuse b. Family preservation, foster care, and adoption  c. Criminal justice responses i. Police arrest about ¼ of batterers, prosecutors prosecute about 1/3 of those arrested about 1% of those prosecuted receive jail tie beyond time served  at arrest ii. No drop rule requires prosecutors to move forward with criminal  proceedings even if victim has recanted or asked prosecution to cease d. Treating offenders Chapter One History and Definitions of Family Violence i. Treatment for IPV rests mainly on court­ordered group counseling over a  period of 6 months to a year e. Treating victims f. Shelters and hotlines i. Most visible form of intervention for IPV victims is battered women’s  shelter ii. US government took an active role in promoting shelter movement in  1994 st 1. Passed 1  violence against women act (VAWA) g. Coordinated community responses h. Most commonly community response to the problem of domestic violence is  domestic abuse intervention project (DAIP) implemented in 1980s I Duluth, MN XX. Common myths about family violence a. Gelles and cornell  1  writers to call attention to the myths in family violence b. Family violence is uncommon c. Only poor people are violent d. Abused children always become abusive partners or parents i. Majority of abused children don’t grow up to be abusive adults e. Battered women “ask for it” f. Family violence sometimes “just happens” g. Minor acts of family violence are always trivial and inconsequential  h. Alcohol and drugs are real cause of family violence i. Vast majority of men who drink don’t hit their wives i. Women who claim date rape are “lying” “deserve what they got” or were “asking  for it” i. Most common myth about women who report date rape is that they are  lying j. Some people cannot be raped and anyway coercive sexual contact is not  damaging k. If he ever laid a hand on me I would leave XXI. US one of the most violent industrialized countries in world­high proportion of  violence occurs within families 


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