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research methods notes bundle

by: Ymani Brewer

research methods notes bundle psyc 2101-001

Ymani Brewer

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About this Document

these are all the notes from the beginning of the semester up to the exam
research methods
Dr. Jane Gaultney
Psychology, research, methods
75 ?




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This 5 page Bundle was uploaded by Ymani Brewer on Sunday September 11, 2016. The Bundle belongs to psyc 2101-001 at University of North Carolina - Charlotte taught by Dr. Jane Gaultney in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see research methods in Psychology (PSYC) at University of North Carolina - Charlotte.

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Date Created: 09/11/16
Chapter 3­ Qualitative Research  Qualitative  Verbal, Descriptive  Used by many social sciences   Example: Do single moms on welfare want to get a job?   Takes information and reduce it to a theme                                       Qualitative            Quantitative End Product Descriptions Numbers  Participants Selected Representative sample Role of researcher Takes active role  Tries not to influence  outcome  Focus Holistic Reductionist  Purpose Explore  Test Specific Hypothesis  Qualitative Can capture information quantitative designs miss  ­Why did it happen? ­Did a program work or was it well received? ­ Relevance­ Impact  ­Unintended Effects? ­Allow diverse answers; can change in midstream  Examples of qualitative designs** used in social sciences Observational  Naturalistic (facilitate natural behavior)  ­    Ex. Schizophrenia Participants (learn from being an insider; insider perspective)  Case study ­    Phineas Gage (Iron rod through head & lived; drastic personality change  Brain & Memory **These may be used for qualitative/quantitative research; depends on type of data  collected  Focus Groups  ­    Explore new ideas  ­    Find out what people really think  ­    Can be used for brainstorming or reaching consensus  ­    Quick & relatively cheap  The Big Picture: Grounded Theory Summary Ecologically valid methodology (reflective of what people actually do/think) Exploratory Emergent  May overlap with other social sciences  Study of people or other species or even non­living things, events, programs   Stories (e.g. personal memories)   Artifacts (e.g. characteristic of Amish dolls)   History (e.g. historical roots of contemporary armed conflicts)   Symbols (e.g. historical uses of the swastika symbol)   Events (e.g. how Woodstock changed US culture)  Programs (e.g. neighborhood watch groups)   Music (e.g. characteristics of early rock & roll) Chapter 4: Nonexperimental Methods  True Experiments… 1. Can examine cause & effect  2. Manipulate one or more independent variables & has one or more dependent variables  3. Randomly assign participants to groups  Descriptive Studies Reasons to conduct descriptive studies  o Identify areas for more research  o Needs assessment o General info  Doesn’t involve comparisons, predictions, conclusions, cause, etc.  Could report means, courts, medians, measures of dispersion, and sample sizes  May use the same tools as qualitative, but end product is numeric. The type of research is defined by the nature of the data collected  Tools of nonexperimental research  Observational/ quantitative outcome  Think about o Reactance  o Sampling Schedule (across time & situation)  o Inter­rater Reliability  o Case studies o Archival Data­ using data that has already been collected  Ex post facto design  o Similar to experiment, but no random assignment to groups; therefore, non­ experimental Independent variable is a participant’s characteristics  o Men vs. Women  o Older vs. Younger  o Sleep deprived vs. Not sleep Deprived


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