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Intro to Psychology Days 26 to 30

by: Sterling

Intro to Psychology Days 26 to 30 PHI 206

Marketplace > Barry University > Psychology (PSYC) > PHI 206 > Intro to Psychology Days 26 to 30
Barry University
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About this Document

These are all of the notes for the sixth week of Intro to Psychology.
Intro to Psychology
Intro to Psychology, Psychology
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This 14 page Bundle was uploaded by Sterling on Wednesday September 14, 2016. The Bundle belongs to PHI 206 at Barry University taught by Hendrix in Fall 2013. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at Barry University.

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Date Created: 09/14/16
PSY 206 Introduction to Psychology Fall 2013 Notes L. Sterling Day 26 Abstract Provide a generalization to each of the key terms listed in this section. Sensing Sound, Smell, and Taste 0.1 Sound ▯ Movement of air molecules brought about by a source of vibration 0.2 Eardrum ▯ Part of the ear that vibrates when sound waves hit it 0.3 Frequency ▯ Numbers of waves cycles that occurs in second 1 0.4 Pitch ▯ Makes sound seem high or low 0.5 Amplitude ▯ Wave patterns that helps in distinguishing loud and soft sounds 0.6 Decibels ▯ Range 0.7 Place Theory of Hearings ▯ Di▯erent areas of the basilar membrane respond to di▯erent frequencies 0.8 Frequency Theory of Hearing ▯ Entire basilar membrane vibrates as a whole in response to a sound 0.9 Vestibular System ▯ Semicircular canals { Main structure of vestibule areas { 3 tubes containing uid that sloshes through them when the head moves for signaling rotational or angular movement to the brain 0.10 Otoliths ▯ Sense forward, backward, or an up-and-down motion as well as the pull gravity 2 0.11 Smell (Olfaction) ▯ Sense of smell is sparked when the molecules of a substance enter the nasal passage { Olfactory cells: Receptor neurons of the nose { Pheromones: Chemicals secreted into the environment ▯ Produce a reaction in other members of the same species 0.12 Taste { Gustation ▯ Sense of taste { Taste Qualities ▯ Sweet ▯ Salty ▯ Sour ▯ Bitter ▯ Umami - sometimes found in Asian { Taste Buds ▯ Supertasters ▯ Sensitive to taste ▯ Nontasters ▯ Insensitive to taste 3 PSY 206 Introduction to Psychology Fall 2013 Notes L. Sterling Day 27 Abstract Provide a generalization to each of the key terms listed in this section. States of Consciousness 0.1 Consciousness ▯ Awareness of the sensation, thoughts, and the feelings we experience at a given moment { Waking consciousness { Altered states of consciousness 0.2 Stages of Sleep ▯ Stage 1 { State of transition between wakefulness and sleep 1 { Rapid, low-amplitude brain waves ▯ Stage 2 { Slower, more regular wave patterns { Sleep spindles ▯ Stage 3 { Higher peaks and lower valleys of waves ▯ Stage 4 { Deepest stage { Least responsive to outside stimulations 0.3 REM ▯ Also known as Rapid Eye Movement ▯ Plays a role in learning and memory { Allows us to bethink and restores information and emotional experi- ences 0.4 Unconscious Wishful▯llment Theory ▯ Sigmund Freuds Theory { Dreams represent unconscious wishes that dreamers desire to see ful- ▯lled 0.5 Latent Content of Dreams ▯ Disguised 2 0.6 Manifest Content of Dreams ▯ Apparently storyline of dreams 0.7 Dream-for-Survival Theory ▯ Dreams permit info is critical for our daily survival { To be reconsidered and reprocessed during sleep 0.8 Activation-Synthesis Theory ▯ The brain produces random electrical energy during REM sleep that { Stimulates memories stored 0.9 Sleep Disturbances: Slumbering Problems ▯ Insomnia ▯ Sleep apnea { SIDS: Sudden Infant Death Syndrome ▯ Night terrors ▯ Narcolepsy ▯ Sleep talking ▯ Sleepwalking 0.10 Circadian Rhythm: Life Cycles ▯ Biological processes that occur regularly on approximately a 24-hour cycle { SCN: Suprachiasmatic Nucleus 3 ▯ controls circadian rhythms { Seasonal a▯ective disorder ▯ Severe depression which increases during the winter and de- creases during the rest of the year 0.11 Daydreams ▯ Dreams without sleep ▯ Fantasies that people construct while awake { Part of waking consciousness { Time spent in daydreaming varies from one individual to another 4 PSY 206 Introduction to Psychology Fall 2013 Notes L. Sterling Day 28 Abstract Provide a generalization to each of the key terms listed in this section. Hypnosis, Meditation, and Drug Use 0.1 Hypnosis ▯ A trance-forming experience ▯ Trancelike state of heightened susceptibility to the suggestions of others { Susceptibility to hypnosis varies greatly 0.2 Meditation ▯ Regulating our own state of consciousness ▯ Learned technique for refocusing attention that brings about an altered state of consciousness 1 { Repeating in the mantra 0.3 Drug Use ▯ The high and low and consciousness 0.4 Psychoactive Drugs ▯ In uence a persons emotions, perceptions, and behavior 0.5 Addictive Drugs ▯ Produce a biological or psychological dependence in the use { Withdrawal from the leads to a craving for the drug that may be nearly irresistible 0.6 Stimulants ▯ Drug highs 2 PSY 206 Introduction to Psychology Fall 2013 Notes L. Sterling Day 29 Abstract Provide a generalization to each of the key terms listed in this section. Drugs 0.1 Depressant: Drug Laws ▯ Drugs that slow down the nervous system { Alcohol ▯ Intoxication ▯ Binge drinking ▯ Depressive e▯ects ▯ Emotionally and physically unstable ▯ Poor judgment and may act aggressively ▯ Memory impairment 1 ▯ Diminished brain processing ▯ Slurred speech { Barbiturates ▯ Induces sleep or reduce stress { Bohypnol ▯ Date rape drug 0.2 Narcotics: Relieving Pain and Anxiety ▯ Drugs that increase relaxation and relieve pain and anxiety { Morphine { Heroin { Oxycodone (Oxycontin) { Methadone ▯ Satis▯ed as a heroin users physiological cravings for drug without providing the high 0.3 Hallucinogens: Psychedelic Drugs ▯ Produces hallucinogens or change in the perceptual process { THC ▯ Tetrahydrocannabinol ▯ Also known as marijuana { MDMA ▯ Ecstasy ▯ Club Drug 2 { LSD ▯ Lysergic Acid Diethylamide ▯ Also known as acid 3 PSY 206 Introduction to Psychology Fall 2013 Notes L. Sterling Day 30 Abstract Provide a generalization to each of the key terms listed in this section. Learning ▯ A relatively permanent change in behavior caused by experience or prac- tice { Mark Twain Quote: A man who carries a cat by the tail learns something that he can learn in no other way. 0.1 Classical Conditioning ▯ The association of the two stimuli in the environment 0.2 Stimulus ▯ Anything that triggers a reaction 1 0.3 Operant Conditioning ▯ Behavior followed by a consequence 0.4 Skinner Box ▯ A chamber with a highly controlled environment used to study operant conditioning processes with laboratory animals { Animal’s press the level(s) in response to stimuli in order to receive rewards 0.5 Positive Reinforcement ▯ When stimulus is added { Examples: Getting a raise for improved work ▯ Reinforcement: the increased behavior 2


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