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HWC 311 Textbooks Notes

by: Dana Mass

HWC 311 Textbooks Notes HWC 311

Marketplace > Stony Brook University > Social Work > HWC 311 > HWC 311 Textbooks Notes
Dana Mass
Stony Brook U
GPA 3.52

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About this Document

These notes are from Chapter 3 in the textbook.
Social Work Policy Services and Analysis
Jack Farrington
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This 2 page Bundle was uploaded by Dana Mass on Thursday September 15, 2016. The Bundle belongs to HWC 311 at Stony Brook University taught by Jack Farrington in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Social Work Policy Services and Analysis in Social Work at Stony Brook University.

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Date Created: 09/15/16
Wednesday, September 14, 2016 American Social Welfare Policy: A Pluralist Approach The Second Great Awakening - 1800-1830 was a time where there was an intense religious passion called the Second Great Awakening. - America’s destiny was to be a pure and holy nation (Says the Puritans) - In 1776 55.1% of religious people who follow God were made up of Congregationalists, Episcopalians, and Presbyterians. - By 1850, only 19.1% were represented, but the Baptists and Methodists grew from 19% to 55%. - Lyman Beecher (1775-1863) started the Connecticut Society for the Reformation of Morals (1823) and the American Temperance Union (1836). - This is the time when heavy drinking became a lot less because of morals. - The New England Sabbatarian campaign (1828-1832) started clashes between church and state. - James A. Morone believed that the ban on mail service on Sunday led to a new institutional symbiosis (any interdependent or mutually beneficial relationship between two persons) between private organizations and the public bureaucracy that was instrumental in melding (to announce and display) local and national interests in this geographically dispersed nation. - William Lloyd Garrison (1805-1979), former editor of a small Baptist temperance journal, thought slavery was evil. - Charles G. Finney (1792-1875) led religious revivals throughout the northern states that led converts to supper the abolition movement. - The Cane Ridge camp meeting in Kentucky was the beginning of the awakening. - Three products from the Second Great Awakening: - the religious impulse for reform was channeled into private organizations attempting to effect public change. - a group of trained female leaders were mobilized. - and African American clergy began to form to lead the African American converts. The Civil War Era - In 1845 the Methodists and Baptists divided into north and south. - Soldiers on both the North and South sides requires assistance from the church and private organizations. - Dorothea Dix, sunday school teacher, led a campaign to reform the care of the mentally ill. - Social welfare issues during the civil war: - Women were losing their men who were the breadwinners. - Increasing number of freed slaves. - Disease and filth in the army camps - With the help of the U.S. Sanitary Commission, Henry W. Bellows and the women who had helped him, worked hard on serving the needs of soldiers whether it was education, or preventative health information. - Freedman’s Bureau, a social welfare institution that raised from the Civil War, was responsible for directing a program of temporary relief for the duration of the war and one year afterwards. (General Oliver Howard) The Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries 1 Wednesday, September 14, 2016 - Parochial schools: Catholic versions of professional organizations , created a parallel society within which Catholics were protected from Protestant insults as well as from Protestant influences. - Immigration and industrialization made significant impacts on Protestant optimism. - Social darwinism (Charles Darwin) had a theory of evolution. Herbert Spencer and William Graham Sumner thought that is the laws of evolution determined the origin and development of species, then they might also be applied to understanding the laws of society. - Survival of the Fittest (Spencer) led to the poor reproducing rapidly and society was subsidizing its own demise. - Social Gospels: the church should recapture the militant spirit of Christ bt raking on the issues of social justice and poverty. The Rise of Social Work as a Profession - In 1880, there were 500 private, church-related social welfare organizations in New York City alone. - Originally social workers were focused more on spiritual guidance than material aid. Urban Needs during Industrialization - During the late nineteenth century there was: - Poverty - Overpopulation - Disease - Tuberculosis - No public education - Terrible factory conditions - Child labor Charity Organization Societies - Charity Organization Societies (COSs): coordinated relief giving by operating community- wide registration bureaus, providing direct relief, and “educating” both upper and lower classes. - Leaders of the movement followed ideas from social darwinism and the Protestant work ethic. Settlement Houses - Started in the 1880s - They were primarily set up in immigrant neighborhoods by wealthy people, college students, unattached women, teachers, doctors, lawyers who themselves moved into the not so amazing areas. - Jane Addams established the Hull House in 1889. The Social Casework Agency - During the “Progressive Era” (1890s- WW1) - COSs and settlement houses were shaped by two influences: - the need for scientifically based techniques - the localization of charities 2


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