New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Survey Art History II Notes

by: Alexis Gooding

Survey Art History II Notes ART111

Marketplace > Ohio Wesleyan University > Art > ART111 > Survey Art History II Notes
Alexis Gooding
Ohio Wesleyan University
GPA 3.2

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes cover majors works of art in the during the Renaissance period.
Survey Art History II
Gwynne Ann Dilbeck
Art, history, Renaissance, painting, Humanities
75 ?




Popular in Survey Art History II

Popular in Art

This 20 page Bundle was uploaded by Alexis Gooding on Monday September 19, 2016. The Bundle belongs to ART111 at Ohio Wesleyan University taught by Gwynne Ann Dilbeck in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Survey Art History II in Art at Ohio Wesleyan University.


Reviews for Survey Art History II Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/19/16
1 Art History Survey II Late Medieval and Early Renaissance of Northern Europe - pretty much everything north of Italy -Robert Campin, Merode Altarpiece. -Ca. 1425-1428 -Triptych painting. 3 panel work -Hinges so that the panels can close and have other images on the back sides of the panels -Oil on Wood - religious scene in a contemporary setting. out the window there is a contemporary city scene. angel gabriel annunciation scene - painting on the left: shows the details of the purity of mary such as the Lily Flower and the two people in the garden. - the patrons are shown on the left. - They love oil paint gives off a rich color. - Sharp detailed folds in the fabrics. Jan Van Eyck, Ghent Altarpiece Saint Bavo Cathedral, Belgium Oil on Wood donors represented on the bottom, praying to their patron saints Annunciation scene above. at the closed state. over 11 X 7 Feet 1 2 At the opened state. highly skilled at illusionism completed by 1432 was going to be destroyed until Napoleon took it when he came to power. Hitler tried to get it during the Second World War but Hitler never got ahold of the piece so it is still with us today. Roger Van Der Weyden, Deposition -Center panel of a triptych from Notre-Dame -Belgium -ca. 1435 -Oil on Wood -colors are evenly placed. -figures are large so that there is nothing else to look at. forced to look at the figures -looking outwards with Jesus being the center focus. leads eye through the composition. different detail of emotional impact on each figure. Hugo Van Der Goes, Portinari Altarpiece, •from Florence, Italy •Tempera and Oil on wood •made an impact on the italian artists 2 3 • triptych Jan Van Eyck. Giovanni Arnolfini and His Wife •oil on wood •Finnish painted- shows all of the detail on the rug, dog, in the mirror. She is not pregnant just holding her thick dress • up. •shows the texture of objects with detail. Light shining through the glass and how it reflects off of the chandelier and the mirror that is in the background. •oil painting- intense red color. green is the opposite color really setting the wife apart from the room. •Saint margert- saint of childbirth •Dog- Fido- symbol of fidelity Hans Memling…Diptych of Marten Van Nieuwenhove -Oil on wood. -atmospheric perspective - blueish haze in the window. -Not married so Mary is on the opposite panel -Family crest shown. - Convex mirror that shows the reflection of the scene. can see two shadow figures in the mirror like they are in the same room. Her robe also drapes into the next panel- holding up his bible, as if she is really there with him. 3 4 Limbourg Brothers. The very rich hours of the Duke of Berry -January -scene of nobility PRINTMAKING - Can print in multiple colors or added by hand. - typically made out from wood cuts - multiple prints can be made multiple times, faster, - woodcuts are hard to get a range of hues/tones - engraving- much easier for the artist to get a range of tones and more variations of lines, typically on a metal/ copper plate. carving is typically used by a tool called a burin. Buxheim Saint Christopher. 1423 Hand colored woodcut Martin Schongauer, Anthony Tormented by Demons ca. 1480-1490 was able to levitate in the air, demons would attack him and try to get him to fall back down to earth. mixes of creatures that are spiky, feathery, bat wings. everything imaginative Able to show a range of tones and textures on the skin of the creatures. 4 5 Art History Survey II 1500s Characteristics of the renaissance: rational, symmetrical, balanced, even lighting, Mythological subject matter, Leonardo DiVinci was a jack of all trades- painter, scientist, sculptor Leonardo Da Vinci, Vitruvian Man, 1485-1490 sketch of a man tries to emphasize the study of science, poetry, and others are making him a better painter not just a “craftsman” paper becomes less expensive so sketches become more common Leonardo Da Vinci, Madonna of the Rocks Begun 1483 Oil on Wood affetti- outward actions can reflects the Sfumato- hazy affect over his paintings 5 6 Leonardo DaVinci, the Last Supper in a monk’s dining hall originally all on one side like the monks do when they eat- even Judas landscape in the background is blurry- atmospheric perspective scale proportioned nicely linear perspective of the orthogonal lines leading to one point.vanishing point is Jesus Jesus is in the middle of the window- natural halo. centered in the three windows mix oil in with the fresco. immediately started to flake 6 1 Art History Survey II Early Italian Renaissance • rise of humanism • Ideal Beauty/ proportions • Simplified Form, Measured proportions • Religious and mythological scenes. • Heroic, male nudes • Formal, reserved • Fresco, Tempera, oil • underlying anatomy, • static, balanced, carefully constructed perspectival space Lorenzo Ghiberti, Sacrifice of Isaac Competition panel of east doors, baptistery, florence, Italy, 1401-1402 Gilded Bronze Relief controposto- counter balance, to give a more naturalistic look gets the commission Filippo Brunelleschi, Sacrifice of Isaac, competition panel for east doors, Baptistry Florence, Italy 1401-1402 gilded Bronze 1 2 Orsanmichele originally a granary turned into a church- filled in the arches and then became the headquarters for the guilds (unions) of the city. Nanni Di Banco, Four Crowned Saints Donatello, Saint Mark 1411-1413 Marble for the linen makers guild Classical style 7’9” high contrapposto. one engaged weight baring leg Draped clothing and the knee obviously protruding outward head is turn off to the side 3D full round add tension by adding a knot tied or a diagonal going across the body Donatello, Saint George 1410-1415 Marble 6’10” High Knot tied on the shoulder hair emphasizes the emotion of the face rectangle relief that Saint George is standing on. Saint George and the Dragon 2 3 1417 Marble Flattened out relief Donatello, David Late 1440-1460 Bronze 5’ 2” Nudity used to portray a biblical hero rather than as an allegory for sinfulness Contrapposto - shift in hip and shoulder..victory pose Made for the Medici family private garden Free standing nude statue nude male form as something heroic- emphasized by him still wearing a hat and shin guards feather on the helmet of that he is standing on goes way up the inner thigh of David first free standing new statue since antiquity Donatello, Penitent Mary Magdalene wood - adds to the emotion of the figure 1455 beauty gone after she went and lived alone Lorenzo Ghiberti, East Doors (Gates of Paradise) 1425-1452 Gilded bronze 3 4 17’ high Lorenzo Ghiberti, Isaac and His Sons 1425-1452 continuous narrative attempt at employing a new system of space on a 2D surface cast bronze illusionist depth that the figures can occupy Linear perspective. using one point perspective. making the picture plane like a window. perfect illusion of a 2d space. Start with a horizon line and a vanishing point on the horizon line. anything located in the piece is going to head towards the vanishing point. Orthogonals- the diagonal lines that lead you to the vanishing point • Paolo Uccello, Battle of San Romano • Tempera on wood. • 6’ X 10.5’ Importance of Masaccio to Early Renaissance - Tribute Money — brings together innovations in 15th century painting — trailblazer whose work influenced other artists • linear perspective • aerial perspective • classical body types (idealizing the human form) • Chiaroscuro to create a more realistic picture, single light source from the right, model the human anatomy to give figures weight. • Balanced, symmetrical 4 5 Masaccio, Tribute Money, 1427 Fresco (painted on wet plaster) continuous narrative Masaccio, Expulsion of Adam and Eve from Eden. 1424-1427 figures have emotions, seen physically notice that adam’s and even’s body types and poses are derivative of ancient roman statuary eve has the ‘modest Venus” pose emphasis on the punishment - aware and ashamed of their nudity Masaccio, Holy Trinity, Santa Maria Novella. 1424-1427 Fresco Notice the symmetry created by the pyramidal composition. Notice the significance of the donors (Renaissance interest in the individual), classical architecture, and the memento mori at the base. reference to Adam at the foot of the cross vanishing point is at the foot of the cross. illusion of depth in two different perspectives. vanishing point at head level of the viewer. Andrea del castagno, Last Supper 1447 Fresco judas separated from the rest of the group by being on the other side of the table 5 6 Fra Filippo Lippi, Madonna and Child with Angels 1455 Tempera on wood teacher of bottacelli Sandro Botticelli, Birth of Venus, 1484-1486 linear style tempera on canvas flowing, billowing fabric gold in the strands of her hair one light source modest venus pose commissioned painting florence, Italy Perugino, Christ Delivering the keys of the Kingdom Vatican Rome, Italy. in the Sistine Chapel Fresco Art History Architecture - Filippo Brunelleschi, Cutaway from Florence Cathedral 6 7 • Filippo Brunelleschi, orphanage outside of Foundling Hospital - Florence,Italy - 1419 - everything is proportional - two-tone stone = paper architecture(about clarity of design) Leon Battista Alberti, West Facade of Sant’andrea. Mantua, Italy Designed 1470. Begun 1472 breaking away from gothic/medieval style Leonardo Da Vinci, The Mona Lisa 1503-1505 Oil on Wood 2’ 6 1/4” x 1’9” -smaller than expected wasn’t seen as appropriate for a woman’s portrait to look directly into a man’s eyes even in portraiture form strange landscape behind her sfumato varnish darkened her over time Raphael — - Trained in umbria by Perugino (Christ Delivering the Keys the Kingdom to Saint Peter) - Famous for paintings of the Madonna and Child 7 8 - Young Master moved to Rome; Influenced by Bramante - Absorbed elements of the work of Leonardo and Michelangelo to create his own unique style - Talented, popular, and beloved artist who died young (entombed in the Pantheon) - Raphael, Marriage of the Virgin, • From the Chapel of Saint Joseph • 1504 • oil on wood atmospheric perspective • • linear perspective to create illusion of space and depth • balanced • one light source • classical building look - Leonardo Da Vinci, Madonna and Child with Saint Anne and the Infant Saint John. • ca. 1505-1507 • charcoal heightened with white on brown paper • interacting with each other- unified • unfinished - Raphael, Madonna in the Meadow • Oil on Wood - rich clear colors. bright • 1505 • natural world represented 8 9 • compositional cues that help our gaze move from her to jesus to john the baptist to the cross back to Mary. - Raphael, School of Athens • rome, italy • 1509-1511 • Fresco • propaganda • Roman gods (apollo and Athena) represented • balanced. symmetrical • four branches of human knowledge represented :philosophy, theology, poetry, justice • commissioned by Pope Julius II • Plato (older) and Aristotle (student) in the center of the painting. both holding books written by themselves. • colors of clothing representing the 4 elements • barrel vaulting - Raphael, Galatea, • Rome, Italy 1513 • • Freak • 3 angels • Graceful figures as they move 9 10 - Donato D’Angelo Bramante, Tempietto, • Meant to mark the site of St. Peters crucifixion in Rome • Uses classical architecture (templed raised, simple doric style columns, entablature that has sculpture reliefs, dome) • , symmetrical, balanced • 1502 • Rome, Italy - Andrea Palladio, Villa Rotonda • Vicenza, Italy ca. 1566-1570 • • meant to be a space for entertainment • 4 open corticoves, to be able to look at the view from 4 different directions • classical elements: the dome, columns, triangle temple facade, raised on podium , stairs coming into the front first time a dome has been put on a building that was not religious • - Giovanni Bellini, San Zaccaria Altarpiece • Oil on Wood transferred to canvas • 1505 • bright, venetian color, more of a sense of lyrical quality, beauty and pleasure - Titian,Assumption of the Virgin • 1516-1518 • Oil on Canvas • build of color, warm glowing light, soft textures. 10 11 • 22 feet high, behind the high altar • figures in red draw your eye upward • glowing yellow is typical of Titian - Titian,Madonna of the Pesaro Family • Oil on canvas 1519-1526 • • head of household kneeling before the Virgin Mary • St. Peter has keys to heaven • Diagonal look of Mary • pillars stabilize the diagonals - Titian,Venus of Urbino, • 1538 • Oil On canvas • standard representation of a nude woman • by calling her Venus, she is elevated to a goddess/mythological creature • dog at the end of the bed. symbol of marriage - fidelity • flat color pushes her forward. open space in the background • line drawn of the curtain to draw the viewers eye to her sexuality - • slightly inviting with the small smile • sensuous details of touch from the ring on her finger, ear ring, touch of the flowers in her right hand • one light source • about to be dressed by her maidservants 11 12 Art History Survey II Mannerism • intellectually playful often unsettling • • artificial sense • ambiguity of space and subject • • - Jacopo Da Pontormo, Entombment of Christ • Florence, Italy • 1525-1528 • Oil on wood • proportions are off on the figures- elongated Northern Renaissance Albrecht Durer: “Leonardo of the North” - Travelled widely through europe and became an international celebrity - Took trips to Italy to Study Renaissance art - First artist to synthesize Northern Europe Stylistic Features (intricate detail, realistic rendering of objects, symbols hidden as everyday objects) and blend them with itaalian features (classical body types, learner perspective)— admired the work of Leonardo - First artist to keep a thorough record of his life (self-portriats, treatises on his thoughts,and a diary) - Important graphic artist — best known for his engravings 12 13 - influenced significantly by Martin Luther and Protestant Reformation - Albrecht Durer, Self Portrait, • Oil on Wood • 1500 • Not typical pose. very frontal • unsure of why he portrays himself this way (could be a religious reason) realism, surface texture - pronounced here • • monogram to encourage to look straight across the eyes - Albrecht Durer: The Four Apostles •1526 •Diptych •Protestant reformation •Paul and John depicted first- most associated with Martin Luther •can have a personal relationship with God because the Bible is being printed and read by people •Left panel: John (in red), St. Peter (holding key) •Right panel: Paul (holds book and sword), St. Mark (holding scroll) - Albrecht Durer, Fall of Man (Adam and Eve) • 1504 • engraving print • perfect human proportions 13 14 • snake- evil and temptations • rats- symbols of lust • sense of surface texture • bird- symbol of virgin mary • Northern Landscape - Hieronymus Bosch, Garden of Earthly Delights • 1505-1510 • Oil on wood • triptych • another image on the closed state • Left panel: Creation scene in paradise/ garden • Center panel: chaotic • Right panel: Hellish scene where people are getting punished • dante’s inferno like scenes of punishments • 14


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

75 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.