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Bones and Joints notes

by: Lauren

Bones and Joints notes BIOL 291

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About this Document

These notes have all the bones that you need to cover for exam 2 and exam 3. As well as information on Joint to remember and a bones study guide.
Human Anatomy-Physiology I
Joseph W. Matthews
bones, Joints, Study Guide, Biology, anatomy, Physiology
75 ?




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This 5 page Bundle was uploaded by Lauren on Sunday September 25, 2016. The Bundle belongs to BIOL 291 at Western Carolina University taught by Joseph W. Matthews in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Human Anatomy-Physiology I in Biology at Western Carolina University.


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Date Created: 09/25/16
BIOL 214 Skeletal System Study Guide (Howell) UPDATED 10/2015 Be able to identify the following bones &  (occipital bone); sella turcica, foramen ovale, optic  canal  markings on the axial skeleton. (sphenoid); external acoustic meatus, mastoid  Thoracic cage process, styloid process, zygomatic process  (temporal bone); temporal process  Bones: Ribs & sternum (zygomatic bone); anterior cranial fossa  Sternum (1): (frontal bone); cribiform plate, crista galla   Manubrium, body & xyphoid process  Articulates with the first 7 ribs (true ribs) via (ethmoid bone); costal cartilages Foramina of Skull  Articulates with clavicles (jugular notch)  Foramen magnum  Supraorbital foramina Ribs (24):  Infraorbital foramina  Head, neck, body (shaft)  Costal groove  Mental foramina  True ribs (1­7), false ribs (8­12), floating ribs (11­  Mandibular foramina 12) Vertebral column Be able to identify the following bones &  Bones: Vertebrae (24) Features of vertebrae: markings on the appendicular skeleton. Typical vertebra: body, vertebral arch (pedicles,  lamina), spinous process, vertebral foramen,  Pectoral Girdle Bones: clavicles, scapulae transverse process, intervertebral foramen, superior & inferior articular processes; spinal curves (normal &  Clavicle: abnormal)  acromial facet, sternal facet, coronoid tubercle Cervical vertebrae (7): relatively small, large  Scapula: vertebral foramen, small body, bifid spinous process,   subscapular fossa, infraspinous fossa, supraspinous fossa transverse foramen; Atlas = C1, lacks body,   coracoid process, acromion, spine articulates with occipital condyles; Axis = C2, small  body, dens (vertical process) articulates with Atlas.  inferior angle, lateral angle, superior angle, Thoracic vertebrae (12): medium­sized, heart­shaped superior border, lateral border, medial border body (superior view), giraffe ­head profile, articulate   glenoid cavity Arm & Forearm with ribs Lumbar vertebrae (5): large body (moose­head  Bones: humerus, ulna, radius profile), small vertebral foramen Humerus: Sacrum: fusion of 5 vertebrae, four sacral foramina,   radial fossa, olecranon fossa, coronoid fossa sacral promontory, transverse ridges, ala, apex,   humeral condyle (capitulum + trochlea) superior articular process, hiatus, canal  lateral epicondyle, medial epicondyle  greater tubercle, lesser tubercle Coccyx: the “tailbone”, formed by the fusion of 3­5  small vertebrae (fusion does not begin until mid­20’s)  anatomical neck, surgical neck, humeral head The Skull  deltoid tuberosity (hard to see on some bones) Cranial bones: frontal bone, parietal bone, temporal  Ulna:  olecranon bone, occipital bone, sphenoid bone, ethmoid bone  trochlear notch Facial bones: mandible, maxillae, palatine bone, zygomatic bone, lacrimal bone, nasal bone, vomer,   radial notch inferior nasal conchae, hyoid bone  coronoid process Features of the skull:  ulnar tuberosity zygomatic arch; mandibular angle, body, ramus,   proximal radioulnar joint, distal radioulnar joint  ulnar head coronoid process and condyle; cranial bone sutures;  mental foramen, infraorbital foramen, supraorbital   styloid process foramen, foramen magnum; occipital condyles,  Radius: superior nuchal line, inferior nuchal line, external   radial head occipital crest, posterior cranial fossa  radial tuberosity  ulnar notch  styloid process BIOL 214 Skeletal System Study Guide (Howell) UPDATED 10/2015 Wrist & Hand  patellar surface, popliteal surface Bones: carpal bones, metacarpals, phalanges Patella: Carpal bones:  distinguish anterior, posterior, superior and  know all carpal bones inferior surfaces, as well as left and right Metacarpal bones: Tibia:  I­V (beginning with pollex)  lateral condyle, medial condyle Phalanges:  tibial tuberosity  I­V, proximal, middle & distal (except pollex has  anterior margin (shin bone) no middle phalanx)  medial malleolus Pelvic Girdle Fibula:  fibular head Bones: ilium, ischium, pubis (os coxae)  Fossa: iliac fossa, acetabulum  superior tibiofibular joint, inferior tibiofibular  Crests: iliac crest, pubic crest (tubercle) joint  Rami: superior & inferior rami of pubis, ischial  lateral malleolus ramus of ischium Ankle & Foot  Spines: anterior superior iliac, anterior inferior Bones: Tarsal bones, metatarsal, phalanges iliac, posterior superior iliac, posterior inferior Tarsal bones: iliac, ischial spine  know all tarsal bones  Articulations: sacroiliac articulation, pubic Metatarsal bones: symphysis  I­V (beginning with hallux) – tuberosity of 5 th  Other: greater sciatic notch, lesser sciatic notch metatarsal Thigh & Leg Phalanges: Bones: femur, patella, tibia, fibula  I­V, proximal, middle & distal (except hallux has Femur: no middle phalanx) Also…  femoral head, neck, linea aspera, gluteal tuberosity  Know the distribution of weight through the  greater trochanter, lesser trochanter thigh, leg, ankle and foot bones  medial condyle, lateral condyle  Be able to distinguish left vs. right bones for any  medial epicondyle, lateral epicondyle of the appendicular bones


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