ART 151 1.1-1.3 Lecture Notes
ART 151 1.1-1.3 Lecture Notes ART 151-006
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This 6 page Bundle was uploaded by Toree Friedrich on Monday September 26, 2016. The Bundle belongs to ART 151-006 at Indiana State University taught by Dr. Alice Alden Cavanaugh in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Art in Civilization in Art at Indiana State University.
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Date Created: 09/26/16
1.1 Line, Shape Contrast Line A mark, or implied mark, between two endpoints Function Can express control, freedom and passion Can direct the viewer or communicate Can suggest volume Two Dimensional art Flat surface Paper, canvas, land Three dimensional art Can walk around Look at from all sides Outline The outermost line or implied line of an object or figure, by which it is defined or bounded Contrast A drastic difference between such elements as color or value when they are presented together Plane A flat surface, often implied in the composition Perspective A way of showing a 3D thing on a flat surface The creation of illusion of depth in a 2D image by using mathematical principle Texture The surface quality of a work Ex. Fine/coarse Space The distance between identifiable points or plane Conceptual art/artist About ideas rather than an actual thing Automatic Suppressing conscious control to access subconscious sources of creativity and truth Drawing whatever comes to mind: serious “doodling” Style A characteristic way in which an artist uses visual language to give a work an identifiable form of visual expression Actual line A continuous, uninterrupted line Implied line A line not actually drawn but suggested Background Part of work depicted furthest from the viewers space Contour line an outline defines a form Only delineates edges of model; no modeling or shading Value Lightness or darkness of a plane or area Shape A 2D area, the boundaries of which are defined by lines or suggested by changes in color or value Something that has width and height Geometric shapes Predictable and mathematical Bounded by normal lines Organic shapes Having irregular forms and shape, as though derived from living organisms Unpredictable borders and outlines Implied shape Shape that isn’t really there, but eyes create shape Highlight An area of lightest value in a work Contrast A drastic difference between such elements as color or value (lightness or darkness) when they are presented together Positive Shapes An image in which light areas are light and dark areas are dark (opposite of a negative) Something that has form; a shape defined by its surrounding empty space Negative space An empty space given shape by its surround Abstract shape Used often to express feelings Silhouette A portrait or figure represented in outline and solidly colored in FigureGround Reversal What starts as background becomes the figure The reversal of the relationship between one shape (the figure) and its background (the ground), so that the figure becomes the background and the ground becomes the figure 1.2 Form, Volume, Mass, and Texture Shape A two dimensional form (drawing of a triangle) Boundaries are defined by lines or suggested by change in color or value Form A three dimensional form (a pyramid) An object that can be defined in three dimensions (height, width, depth) Scale Relative size The size of an object relative to another object, or to a system of measurement Volume The space filled or enclosed by a three dimensional figure or object Space The distance between points or planes Mass A volume that has or gives the illusion of having weight, density and bulk Texture Surface quality of a work Geometric form Regular (cubes, spheres, cylinders, cones) Three dimensional form composed of regular planes and curves Planes A flat surface; often implied Organic Form Three dimensional form made of unpredictable, irregular planes that suggest the natural world Ex. Roettgen Pieta (Vesperbild) Used to humanize Abstract Art imagery that departs from recognizable images from the natural world Color The optical effect caused when reflected white light of the spectrum is divided into separated wavelengths Relief A raised form on a largely flat background In the Round Freestanding sculpted work that can be viewed from all sides Façade Any side of a building, usually the front Foreground Part of a work depicted as nearest to the viewer High Relief Figures project with a great deal of depth from the background Bas Relief (Low relief) Sculpture carved with very little depth Stela (Stelae=plural) Stone slave with inscriptions or reliefs Composition Overall design or organization of a work Freestanding Sculpture that stands separate from a wall Has 360degree view Focal Point The center of interest or activity in a work of art, draws viewer’s attention to the most important detail Axis Imaginary line showing the center of a shape, volume, or composition Negative Space An empty space given shape by its surround Ex. The white arrow in the FEDEX logo Mass Suggests that a volume is solid and occupies space Surrealism An artistic movement in the 1920s and later whose works were inspired by dreams and the unconscious Surrealist artists try to upset your idea of normal 1.3 Implied Depth: Value and Space Three Dimensional Having height, width, and depth Two Dimensional Having height and width Chiaro Scuro An effect that creates in illusion of solidity and depth by using five defined values (highlight, light, core shadow, reflected light, cast shadow) Value The lightness or darkness of a plane or area Space The distance between identifiable points or planes Perspective The creation of the illusion of depth in a two dimensional image by using mathematical principles Style A characteristic way in which an artist or group of artists uses visual language to give a work an identifiable form of visual expression Plane A flat surface, often implied in the composition Renaissance A period of cultural and artistic change in Europe from the 14 to the 17 century Highlight An area of lightest value in a work Emphasis The principle of drawing attention to particular content in a work Hatching The use of nonoverlapping parallel lines to convey darkness or lightness Medium (Plural: Media) The material on or from which an artist chooses to make a work of art Ex. Canvas and oil, marble, engraving, video or architecture Crosshatching The use of overlapping parallel lines to convey darkness or lightness Shape A two dimensional area, the boundaries of which are defined by lines or suggested by changes in color or value Picture Plane The surface of a painting or drawing Relative Placement The arrangement of shapes or lines to form a visual relationship to each other in a design Foreground The part of a work depicted as nearest to the viewer Background The part of a work depicted furthest from the viewer’s space, often behind the main subject matter Rhythm The regular or ordered repetition of elements in the work Intensity The relative clarity of color in its purest raw form, demonstrated through luminous or muted variations Atmospheric Perspective Use of shades of color and clarity to create the illusion of depth Closer objects have warmer tones and clearer outlines, while objects set further away are cooler and become hazy Isometric Perspective A system using diagonal parallel lines to communicated depth Linear Perspective A system using converging imaginary sight lines to create the illusion of depth Vanishing Point The point in a work of art at which imaginary sight lines appear to converge, suggesting depth Orthogonals In perspective system with a single vanishing point on the horizon Onepoint perspective A perspective system with a single vanishing point on the horizon Fresco A technique where the artist paints onto freshly applied plaster, from the Italian “fresh” Three Point Perspective A perspective system with two banishing points on the horizon and one not on the horizon Foreshortening A perspective technique that depicts a form at a very oblique (often dramatic) angle to the viewer in order to show depth in space Woodcut – a print created from an incised piece of wood
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