New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

ART 151 1.1-1.3 Lecture Notes

by: Toree Friedrich

ART 151 1.1-1.3 Lecture Notes ART 151-006

Marketplace > Indiana State University > Art > ART 151-006 > ART 151 1 1 1 3 Lecture Notes
Toree Friedrich

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Notes from lectures covering 1.1-1.3. These notes cover a portion of what will be on upcoming tests and quizzes.
Art in Civilization
Dr. Alice Alden Cavanaugh
Art, In, Civilization, Foundations
75 ?




Popular in Art in Civilization

Popular in Art

This 6 page Bundle was uploaded by Toree Friedrich on Monday September 26, 2016. The Bundle belongs to ART 151-006 at Indiana State University taught by Dr. Alice Alden Cavanaugh in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Art in Civilization in Art at Indiana State University.


Reviews for ART 151 1.1-1.3 Lecture Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/26/16
1.1 Line, Shape Contrast  Line  A mark, or implied mark, between two endpoints  Function  Can express control, freedom and passion  Can direct the viewer or communicate  Can suggest volume  Two Dimensional art  Flat surface  Paper, canvas, land  Three dimensional art  Can walk around  Look at from all sides  Outline  The outermost line or implied line of an object or figure, by which it is defined or  bounded  Contrast  A drastic difference between such elements as color or value when they are presented  together  Plane  A flat surface, often implied in the composition   Perspective  A way of showing a 3D thing on a flat surface  The creation of illusion of depth in a 2D image by using mathematical principle  Texture  The surface quality of a work  Ex. Fine/coarse  Space   The distance between identifiable points or plane  Conceptual art/artist  About ideas rather than an actual thing  Automatic  Suppressing conscious control to access subconscious sources of creativity and truth  Drawing whatever comes to mind: serious “doodling”  Style  A characteristic way in which an artist uses visual language to give a work an identifiable form of visual expression  Actual line  A continuous, uninterrupted line  Implied line  A line not actually drawn but suggested  Background  Part of work depicted furthest from the viewers space  Contour line  an outline defines a form  Only delineates edges of model; no modeling or shading  Value  Lightness or darkness of a plane or area  Shape  A 2D area, the boundaries of which are defined by lines or suggested by changes in color  or value  Something that has width and height  Geometric shapes  Predictable and mathematical  Bounded by normal lines  Organic shapes  Having irregular forms and shape, as though derived from living organisms  Unpredictable borders and outlines  Implied shape  Shape that isn’t really there, but eyes create shape  Highlight  An area of lightest value in a work  Contrast  A drastic difference between such elements as color or value (lightness or darkness)  when they are presented together  Positive Shapes  An image in which light areas are light and dark areas are dark (opposite of a negative)  Something that has form; a shape defined by its surrounding empty space  Negative space  An empty space given shape by its surround  Abstract shape  Used often to express feelings  Silhouette  A portrait or figure represented in outline and solidly colored in  Figure­Ground Reversal  What starts as background becomes the figure  The reversal of the relationship between one shape (the figure) and its background (the  ground), so that the figure becomes the background and the ground becomes the figure 1.2 Form, Volume, Mass, and Texture  Shape  A two dimensional form (drawing of a triangle)  Boundaries are defined by lines or suggested by change in color or value  Form  A three dimensional form (a pyramid)  An object that can be defined in three dimensions (height, width, depth)  Scale  Relative size  The size of an object relative to another object, or to a system of measurement  Volume  The space filled or enclosed by a three dimensional figure or object  Space  The distance between points or planes  Mass  A volume that has or gives the illusion of having weight, density and bulk  Texture  Surface quality of a work  Geometric form  Regular (cubes, spheres, cylinders, cones)  Three dimensional form composed of regular planes and curves  Planes  A flat surface; often implied  Organic Form  Three dimensional form made of unpredictable, irregular planes that suggest the natural  world  Ex. Roettgen Pieta (Vesperbild)  Used to humanize  Abstract  Art imagery that departs from recognizable images from the natural world   Color  The optical effect caused when reflected white light of the spectrum is divided into  separated wavelengths  Relief  A raised form on a largely flat background  In the Round  Freestanding sculpted work that can be viewed from all sides  Façade  Any side of a building, usually the front  Foreground  Part of a work depicted as nearest to the viewer  High Relief  Figures project with a great deal of depth from the background  Bas Relief (Low relief)  Sculpture carved with very little depth  Stela (Stelae=plural)  Stone slave with inscriptions or reliefs  Composition  Overall design or organization of a work  Freestanding  Sculpture that stands separate from a wall  Has 360­degree view   Focal Point  The center of interest or activity in a work of art, draws viewer’s attention to the most  important detail  Axis  Imaginary line showing the center of a shape, volume, or composition  Negative Space  An empty space given shape by its surround  Ex. The white arrow in the FEDEX logo  Mass  Suggests that a volume is solid and occupies space  Surrealism  An artistic movement in the 1920s and later whose works were inspired by dreams and  the unconscious  Surrealist artists try to upset your idea of normal  1.3 Implied Depth: Value and Space  Three Dimensional  Having height, width, and depth  Two Dimensional  Having height and width  Chiaro Scuro  An effect that creates in illusion of solidity and depth by using five defined values  (highlight, light, core shadow, reflected light, cast shadow)  Value  The lightness or darkness of a plane or area  Space  The distance between identifiable points or planes  Perspective  The creation of the illusion of depth in a two dimensional image by using mathematical  principles  Style  A characteristic way in which an artist or group of artists uses visual language to give a  work an identifiable form of visual expression  Plane  A flat surface, often implied in the composition  Renaissance  A period of cultural and artistic change in Europe from the 14  to the 17  century  Highlight  An area of lightest value in a work  Emphasis  The principle of drawing attention to particular content in a work  Hatching  The use of non­overlapping parallel lines to convey darkness or lightness   Medium (Plural: Media)  The material on or from which an artist chooses to make a work of art  Ex. Canvas and oil, marble, engraving, video or architecture  Cross­hatching  The use of overlapping parallel lines to convey darkness or lightness  Shape  A two dimensional area, the boundaries of which are defined by lines or suggested by  changes in color or value  Picture Plane  The surface of a painting or drawing  Relative Placement  The arrangement of shapes or lines to form a visual relationship to each other in a design  Foreground  The part of a work depicted as nearest to the viewer  Background  The part of a work depicted furthest from the viewer’s space, often behind the main  subject matter  Rhythm  The regular or ordered repetition of elements in the work  Intensity   The relative clarity of color in its purest raw form, demonstrated through luminous or  muted variations  Atmospheric Perspective  Use of shades of color and clarity to create the illusion of depth  Closer objects have warmer tones and clearer outlines, while objects set further away are  cooler and become hazy  Isometric Perspective  A system using diagonal parallel lines to communicated depth  Linear Perspective  A system using converging imaginary sight lines to create the illusion of depth  Vanishing Point  The point in a work of art at which imaginary sight lines appear to converge, suggesting  depth  Orthogonals  In perspective system with a single vanishing point on the horizon  One­point perspective  A perspective system with a single vanishing point on the horizon  Fresco  A technique where the artist paints onto freshly applied plaster, from the Italian “fresh”  Three Point Perspective  A perspective system with two banishing points on the horizon and one not on the  horizon  Foreshortening  A perspective technique that depicts a form at a very oblique (often dramatic) angle to the viewer in order to show depth in space  Woodcut – a print created from an incised piece of wood


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

75 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.