The Etruscans Textbook + Lecture Notes
The Etruscans Textbook + Lecture Notes AH 1700
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This 3 page Bundle was uploaded by ajs1027 Notetaker on Sunday October 2, 2016. The Bundle belongs to AH 1700 at Georgia State University taught by Flora B. Anthony in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Survey of Art 1 in Art History at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 10/02/16
Chapter 6 (The Etruscans) -The Etruscans were the people who occupied the middle of Italy in early Roman days, and whom the Romans wiped out entirely -Figure 6-1 Interior of the Tomb of the Leopards, Monterozzi necropolis, Tarquinia, Italy, ca. 480 BCE. -one of the thousands of underground tombs laboriously carved out of the bedrock in Tarquinia -Late Archaic Geek stylistic features such as the tentative exploration of foreshortening & depiction of proﬁle eyes in proﬁle heads -name comes from the leopards guarding the burial chamber -reminiscent of the panthers on each side of Medusa in the pediment of the temple of Artemis at Corfu -no mythological ﬁgures -banqueting couples are protagonists of these frescoes -men have dark skin, women have light skin -unnaturally enlarged hands -man on the couch at the far right on the rear wall holds up an egg, the symbol of regeneration Early Etruscan Art -Figure 6-4 Apulu (Apollo of Vei), from the roof of the Portonaccio temple, Veii, Italy, ca. 510-500 BCE. Painted terracotta. -displays energy and excitement that characterize Archaic Etruscan art in general -one of four terra-cotta ﬁgures that adorned the temple’s ridgepole -statues depicted one of the 12 labors of Heracles -Figure 6-6 Sarcophagus with reclining couple, from the Banditaccia necropolis, Cerveteri, Italy, ca. 520 BCE. Painted terracotta. -depicts husband and wife reclining on a banqueting couch -four separately cast & ﬁred sections -sarcophagus contained only cremated ashes and not body -unique from Greek that the husband and wife are sharing the same banqueting couch -vibrant faces Later Etruscan Art -Figure 6-12 Capitoline Wolf, from Rome, Italy, ca. 500-480 BCE. Bronze. -depicts she-wolf that, according to legend, nursed Romulus & Remus after they were abandoned as infants -made for new Roman Republic after the expulsion of the Etruscan king Tarquinius Superbus The Etruscans Lecture Notes *Note: Vocab/Concepts will be included in detail on Study Guide* *Professor removed “Patera” from Vocabulary and added “Difference between Greek columns and Architecture”* KEY: Key Figure on Study Guide Figure discussed but not on Study Guide The Etruscans -believed by reading signs in the natural world would know the will of the gods; entrails of sacriﬁced animals, lightning strikes, ﬂight of birds -individual city states, never united, warred -eventually attacked by Romans and lost -taught Romans about city planning and grid systems, to build bridges, drainage systems and aqueducts Early Etruscan Art -Figure 6-2 Fibula with Orientalizing lions, from the Regolini-Galassi Tomb, Cerveteri, Italy, ca. 650-640 BCE. Gold. -ﬁbula is similar to clothespin Etruscan Architecture -differences between Greek columns/architecture and Etruscan: -temples had 3 cellas for gods: Tinia (Jupiter/Zeus), Minerve, etc. instead of just 1 cella -columns at front -statues on top of roof -no ﬂuting on columns -shorter than Doric and Ionic columns -columns made of wood and have bases Etruscan Sculpture -Figure 6-4 Apulu (Apollo of Vei) -archaic smile, clothed -Etruscan artists preferred terra-cotta for sculptures -enlarged hands -representation of men with dark skin, women with light skin -Figure 6-7 Tumuli in the Banditaccia necropolis, Cerveteri, Italy -necropoli — arranged along network of streets -Figure 6-6 Sarcophagus with reclining couple, from the Banditaccia necropolis, Cerveteri, Italy, ca. 530 BCE. Painted terracotta. -recalls Greek symposium and banqueting, public displays of affection -once brightly painted, inscriptions gave names of father and mother of deceased -Figure 6-1 Interior of the Tomb of the Leopards, Tarquinia, Italy, ca. 480-470 BCE. -skin color to distinguish gender -leopards are apotropaic -painted tombs rare: privilege of wealthiest families -exaggerated gestures and hands -landscape, grape arbors (in Ancient Egyptian tombs) Classical & Roman Etruscan Art -Figure 6-12 Capitoline Wolf, from Rome, Italy, ca. 500-480 BCE. Bronze. -twins not Etruscan (added in the Renaissance time period_ -patternized hair on wolf -Etruscan made wolf sculpture
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