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psychology of aging

by: Renee Kisic

psychology of aging 423

Renee Kisic
GPA 3.7

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Psychology of Aging
Dr. Bert Hayslip
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This 10 page Bundle was uploaded by Renee Kisic on Wednesday October 12, 2016. The Bundle belongs to 423 at Coastal Carolina University taught by Dr. Bert Hayslip in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Aging in Psychology at Coastal Carolina University.


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Date Created: 10/12/16
Tuesday, August 30, 2016 Chapter 1 Major Issues • demographic shifts in balance of young vs. old - not limited to US (generation X/ baby boomers exceed millennials) • implications for our culture - interpersonally/psychosocially: perceptions of majority/minority group -politically/economically: social security, medicare • microaggression: demeaning; not paying attention to someone or failing to treat them like a human being • normal/primary: successful aging(biology) • secondary/pathological: lifestyle, able to control it - distinctions between the two above are difficult to make • tertiary aging: distance from death rather than distance from birth - rectangular aging curve *co-morbidity: multiple problems (heart disease, diabetes) 1 Tuesday, August 30, 2016 Aging Scale optimal(good)—> normal/primary(average)—>secondary/pathilogical(bad) • rectangular aging curve: this says that someone ages perfectly and dies only when their biological clock runs out; it is a continuous line for healthy aging(no decline) and then a straight drop off for death; this type of aging is highly unlikely - usually, the line looks more like stairs because people age slowly and quickly at certain points in their lives because of different experiences • normal aging - inter individual differences: fan effect; differences between people - intra individual differences: differences in one person overtime - fan effect generational stereotypes • - stereotypes: generalizations, can be positive or negative - most ageism is linked to greater involvement in risky behavior among younger adults - nobody is immune to stereotyping - generational differences emphasized over similarities empathy vs. perception of separateness: being aware of other peoples value systems 2 Tuesday, August 30, 2016 • Person-Environment Context (P-E-Fit): allows us to understand aging in context - people who are skilled are not stimulated enough in a bad environment - people who are not skilled can get too overwhelmed in a bad environment - you have to find the environment that fits with that person 3 Tuesday, September 6, 2016 What is Maturity? • relevance of transitions in adulthood • maturity is a process, not an outcome - less egocentric and impulsive - more introspective - broader social life - reciprocity: understanding how others feel The Lifespan Approach • the entirety of the lifespan is important • change is multidimensional and multidirectional (key ideas) • the dialects of change are emphasized - change is given, stability is the exception - process is important, not outcome - change comes around via the attempt to resolve opposites - contradiction is the rule - no pain, no gain - synchrony is the ideal, asynchrony is reality - causes of change are many - normative age graded - normative history-graded (cohort effects; must be internalized) - each of these influences interact with each other Research Methods in Adulthood • interviews, surveys, behavioral observations, archival data, online 1 Tuesday, September 6, 2016 Multiple Threshold Model of Identity • people vary in terms of that which they are sensitive to their thresholds • if threshold is low, you are more sensitive • if threshold is high, you are less sensitive • vulnerable= low threshold • bulletproof= high threshold Key Organ Systems • skeletal, skin, muscular, cardiovascular, CNS • arteriosclerosis: hardening • atherosclerosis: narrowing 2 Tuesday, September 20,2016 Cognition and Aging • cognitive influences: brain capacity • non cognitive influences: outside, performance rote learning: repeatedly going over information (cramming) (not connecting) • rote mediator: shortcut, mediates relationship between stimulus and response (ex: • acronym KISS keep it simple stupid) • chunking: example: social security number xxx-xx-xxxx • Types of Memory - retrospective - prospective - episodic (separated from generic by amt. of time since info. was given) - generic/semantic - structural - encoding • first in first out rule: your name is the first thing you learn and the last thing you forget • triarchic theory: sternberg - metacomponents/ executive processes - performance components - knowledge acquisition components • optimizing cognitive functioning: - acquire new heuristics - practice - anxiety reduction 1 Tuesday, September 20,2016 • pragmatics: pragmatics of intelligence - stay stable - GC - software - allows to compensate for declines in hardware • mechanics: fluid ability - hardware • Robert Peck choices: - physical vs. wisdom - ego preoccupation vs. ego transcendence - emotional impoverishment vs. emotional flexibility - body - sexualizing vs. socializing - work role vs. ego - self vs. others (closed off vs. open) - material vs. spiritual 2 Tuesday, October 4, 2016 Interpersonal Relationships • roles in adulthood: - internalized - institutional, tenuous, informal, formal - role strain, overload, conflict, transition, change • relationships in adulthood: - attachment - social integration - guidance - self worth - nurturance • centripetal family: primary; job is to be productive/nurturing • centrifugal family: permeable, allow children to make mistakes • fluid skill: GF, varies with situation, hardware, new, declines • crystalized skill: GC, stable, software, old, increases • fan effect: as people get older, they become more different from each other; we don't all have the same experiences • inter individual differences: one person and another • intra individual differences: only self (one time or over time) • developmental niche: transaction with environment is secure • stages of life linear: good job of describing children, biological, outdated, stages, lifespan view, having a baby at 25 • stages of life cyclical: not simple, lifespan view, non traditional, having a baby at 50 1 Tuesday, October 4, 2016 2 Tuesday, October 4, 2016 Interpersonal Relationships • convoy of support: key to all types of relationships - multilayered changes in the family system- events influencing such change: • - change in dynamics of relationships is key issue (gradual/sudden) - death/aging of parents and siblings; grief, redefinition of roles - divorce/joblessness; return to live at home for adult children - family violence; loss of connection - remarriage after divorce; newly constituted step family - single parents; salience of work, loneliness, parenting - grand-parent headed families - gay/lesbian unions - cohabitation; prelude to marriage - parenting • authoritarian parent: rule by force • authoritative parent: loving, concern for safety • laizze fair parent: flexible • formal thinking: rules • postformal thinking: morals • generativity: understand children will outgrow you • stagnation: resentment towards younger generation • threshold: point at which you are sensitive to something 1


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