J 101 Grammar for Communication Midterm
J 101 Grammar for Communication Midterm
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Date Created: 04/25/14
101 Midterm Modules 15 Module 1 Terms I Subject I Object I Verb I Gerunds I Infinitives Concepts I What makes up a sentence I What does and doesn39t make up a subject I Tricky subjects Module 1 Practice I Identify the subject 1 2 For four nights I have slept outside I in addition to my sisters ate oatmeal Up in my attic are a collection of novels Two days is not enough vacation time The football team left yesterday For four nights I have slept outside I in addition to my sisters ate oatmeal Up in my attic are a collection of novels Two days is not enough vacation time The football team left yesterday Module 2 Terms I action verbs I linking verbs I helping verbs Concepts I Lay versus Lie Module 2 Practice I Fill in the table Past participle Lay Had laid Lay To get horizontal Past participle Lay Laid Had laid To place Lie Lay Had Iain To get horizontal What is an action verb linking verb and helping verb I Action verbs indicate that the subject is doing something examples got know sat sleep I Linking verbs describe the condition of the subject include all verbs of to be am is are was were been as well as appear feel loollt seem smell sound taste I Helping Verbs are additional verbs that help give a slightly different meaning to a sentence or tell the time that something is taking place Example Can I play baseball with you Questions physical ability May I go to the bathroom Questions allowance Module 3 Concepts I Pairing Subjects to Verbs I lVerbs ending in s are singular I ZNouns ending in s are plural I 3NonCountable nouns are always singular examples diabetes mathematics measles mumps physics I 4Some nouns ending in s can be singular or plural examples economics ethics politics I 5 Some plural nouns don t end in s they end in a in plural form I Two subjects work together and are considered one example peanut butter and jelly is my favorite sandwich I 7 Collective Nouns groupings of humans and animals that have their own nouns examples audience team public school department society class Collective nouns are considered singular 8 Corporations and Organizations are always singular example union association and organization match the verb that comes before the word of 9 Units of measurement are singular example twelve gallons is 10 Subjects can be singular or plural depending on use indefinite pronouns 11 Fractions match the verb to what the fraction modifies 12 The words the number are always singular 13 The words a number is always plural 14When someone or something is one of a larger group all of whom share some common characteristic match the verb to the group if someone or something is the only one doing something or being described match the verb to the individual 15 Subjects joined by or or nor if both subjects separated by or or nor are singular choose singular verb example Susan or Juan is 16When one subject is singular and the other is plural match the verb to the closest subject example the skunk or the slltunlltweed plants are Module 3 Practice I Fill in the table on Anyone All Few Everyone Many Most None No one Some Anyone Each Everyone Much No one Someone Both Few Many Several on All Any Most None Some I Fill in the correct form of the verb 1 Many of the members of the committee is are in agreement The couple liveslive in separate houses Mathematics causes cause many headaches Threequarters of the hospital werewas remodeled Collecting coins is are considered a waste of time by some Many of the members of the committee is are in agreement Many is plural The couple lives live in separate houses The couple is doing separate things so use plural Verb Mathematics causes cause many headaches Math ematics is singular Threequarters of the hospital werewas remodeled You match the Verb to what the fraction is modiiing Collecting coins is are considered a waste of time by some Module 4 Terms I Pronouns Nominative and Objective Concepts I Who versus Whom I 1Never join a nominative pronoun and an objective pronoun with the word and ZAvoid starting a sentence with an objective pronoun 3Don t put a pair of objective pronouns or an objective pronoun paired with a noun at the beginning of a sentence 4Never join a nominative pronoun subject with an objective pronoun object with a conjunction words such as and or but and nor when working together that s what conjunctions do you pronouns can either be a subject or an object 5 The pronouns in a prepositional phrase are always either objective or possessive they cannot be nominative 6 The pronouns in a nonessential phrase are always either objective or possessive they cannot be nominative 39ZWhen there are two possible possessive pronoun choices shown in the pronoun list use the first one when a noun follows immediately after the pronoun Use the second choice if there is no noun my mine you yours her hers our ours their theirs 8 The pronoun that comes immediately before a gerund must be possessive not objective Your winning the lottery made me happy Module 4 Practice I What are pronouns and what are two types I Function of pronouns is to replace nouns I Anything a noun or a gerund or an infinitive when acting as a noun can do so can a pronoun I Pronouns can be A subject She is an amazing athlete An object The mayor told him he was a great employee Possessive IIer posture improved after dance class I Different pronouns Nominative case act as subject Objective case are objects H objective I Me You She He It We They Who You Her Him It Us Them Whom Possessive My mine Your yours Her hers His Its Our ours TheiI theirs whose Choose the correct pronoun 1 Everyone except Hannah and Ime went to the football game 2 Between you and I me I have never liked golf 3 She is the woman whowhom the baseball had hit 4 The presenter gave the prize to Sophie and Ime Everyone except Hannah and I me went to the football game The pronouns in a nonessential phrase are always either objective or possessive they cannot be nominative Between you and I me I have never liked golf Never join a nominative and objective pronoun with and She is the woman whowhom the baseball had hit Whom is objective The presenter gave the prize to Sophie and I me Never join a nominative and objective pronoun with and Module 5 Terms I Adjectives I Adverbs I Prepositions Concepts I Goodwell and badpoorly I Comparing people and things I Fewerless number amount Module 5 Practice I What are adjectives adverbs and prepositions I Adjective provide details about nouns including gerunds and infinitives and provide more information about subject and or object details can be descriptive providing more information example the laughing man watched TV can be limiting mallting clear which one of something the writer means example That car is my favorite includes words such as a an the this that any and many and most numbers adjectives may come immediately before the noun they modify or they may follow a linllting verb describe the condition of the subject such as is are feel or smell I Adverbs Can modify more than one part of speechWorllts with verbs adjectives and other adverbs Examples lThe children were quickly brought to school Modifies brought which is a verb ZThe woman is the usually timid salesperson Modifies timid which is an adjective 3The racecar drove Very slowly Modifies slowly which is an adverb Can also tell how reluctantly when yesterday where downstairs to what extent quite I Prepositions Tell us wherewhen and many words that may be prepositions may also be adverbs How do you tell the difference Prepositions require objects whereas adverbs do not Example She said she was going out Adverb She may have been out of her mind Preposition and its object The most commonly used prepositions are at by for from in of on to with A preposition and its object make up a prepositiona phrase Because prepositions never contain a subject any pronoun in a prepositional phrase will either be in the objective or possessive case never nominative prepositions are always followed by more information I Identify the adjective 1 This boys style is crazy I Identify the adverb 2 After the party the girls were quickly invited to the next one I Identify the preposition 3 Inside his brain he had a lot of eeting thoughts 1 This boys style is crazy 2 After the party the girls were quickly invited to the next one 3 Inside his brain he had a lot of eeting thoughts
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