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Test 1 Notes

by: Janice Carter

Test 1 Notes AHS 101

Janice Carter
History of Art Survey 1
Ronald D. Rarick

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About this Document

These are class notes for Test 1 for Dr. Rarick's AHS 101 course. These are by far the best notes that details everything from Rarick's lectures. Even though these were from Spring 2015, th...
History of Art Survey 1
Ronald D. Rarick
ahs, 101, ahs101, test, test1, 1, one, rarick, Art, history, ball, state, ballstate, University, course, class
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This 12 page Bundle was uploaded by Janice Carter on Monday August 17, 2015. The Bundle belongs to AHS 101 at Ball State University taught by Ronald D. Rarick in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 52 views. For similar materials see History of Art Survey 1 in Art History at Ball State University.


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Date Created: 08/17/15
1715 Four Areas of Analysis 1 CONTEXT answers where when evidence who patron artist and why 0 Q Where the historical environment WHERE THE ARTWORK COMES FROM When evidence physical evidence to show when the artwork was made How old the artwork is I Indicators Tree rings inside wooden art the artwork s style type of art etc Who the patron andor the artist of the work I a client or producer of an artwork THEY HIRE AN ARTIST Person who supplies funds for an artwork The product of the artwork is determined by the patron I Artist under patron some patrons let an artist be inventive Why the motivation the reason WHY THE ARTWORK WAS MADE IN THE FIRST PLACE 2 CONTENT what is going on in the artwork What does it mean WHAT IS DISPLAYED IN THE ARTWORK 0 000000 identifying what the picture is about who is that the study of subjects in artwork image that represents an abstract idea Symbols indirect reference etc allegory in a form of a person Ex Lady Liberty distinguishing features or object things that help identify a gure ordinary people doing ordinary things in an artwork collection of inanimate objects Ex Painting from Pompeii 3 MEDIUM physical aspect of art MATERIALS TOOLS TECHNIOUES Painting glass photography sculpture etc are media Mixed media is two or more combinations of media in one artwork O pouring liquid into a mold then the liquid hardens Media groups Three Dimensional 3D vs Two Dimensional at Problem of representing 3D architecture in 2D illustrations 0 image of a building on one of its outside faces 0 allows to see relationships of a building from inside to outside 0 layout of the building on the ground similar to a satellite image 0 3D sense of a building for a better mental image Functional vs Figurative Functional media for functional and practical usage Figurative media that is not practical instead symbolizes and elicits values 1 9 1 5 4 STYLEFORM the examination of the visual aesthetic qualities of an artwork WHAT IT LOOKS LIKE I It is systematic Speci c kinds of visual effects using professional terms Breaking down into parts Provide a checklist an outline of things that are to be reviewed museum essay I NOT MERE DESCRIPTION Helps understand how the artwork affects the viewer s response the arrangement of visual elements in space I Art is organized in space Updown leftright frontback gt Subfield of composition is below Balance symmetrical formal asymmetrical informal Rhythm direction and figureground Ex A child s first experience at birth They see their mother s face Her face is symmetrical since the human body is so The child had first experienced FORMAL balance Symmetry announces IMPORTANCE Asymmetrical on the other hand does not mean unbalanced o Rhythm regular repetition of accented elements pattems shapes same pose etc o Direction horizontalvertical diagonal path in an artwork gridstability diagonalsdynamic environmentenergy o Figureground where and how big are major elements compared to empty space 0 Do figures dominate a space of not Major figureconfinement smaller figureopennessease 0 Figures are not necessarily people but anything that is prominent in an artwork Line and Shape Geometric vs Organic 0 Geometric straight or geometric curves manmade 0 Organic irregular curves nature more expressive Lines 0 InterruptedImplies line 0 Thickheavy vs thinlight lines Shape 2D is determined by line outline contour etc Ligm 3 characteristics that are drawnout below luminosity bright or dim It also determines the contrast wavelength of light in a spectrum Cool warm electromagnetic energy 0 Cool colors blue purple green They are calming 0 Warm colors orange red yellow They are exciting dangerous etc intensity a single wavelength dominates ex a laser pointer Think of it like a PURE color 0 Does not change value light and dim It is all about color l Texture real or illusion Textures are visual effects Contrasting textures Sm Three Dimensionally Real or illusion Imagine 3D through 2D artwork Overlapping objects in the front vertical position close of far linear or atmospheric perspective further is close smaller is far foreshortening oosition of an object distance 11215 Space real spaces involves mass vs void similar to figureground Sculpture formats low relief bas relief and high relief 0 fully three dimensional O the absolute SIZE of an artwork Colossal huge lifesize selfexplanatory and miniature small gt Photo of an artwork loses a sense of scale It must be viewed in reallife or the artwork s captions should be analyzed for scale 0 relative size of dimensions of parts Heightwidth etc 0 NOT THE SIZE OF THE ARTWORK scale Parts compared to one another in the artwork O law or rule 0 relative size of figures to each other indicating STATUS O Bigger scale more importance in an artwork Smaller the opposite Style consistent way formal elements are applied Distinctive to the time and place Style can also differentiate among individual artists Prehistoric Art ancient culture without writing 0 hunting gathering cultures 0 European concentration Venus qf Willend rf Paleolithic E39 256399 BEE Sculptures without faces were most likely to have been ORIGINALLY PAINTED Prehistoric art survived bc they were protected in CAVES o painting on a wall Paintings in me care a mem T Paleolithic Frame ca l l l l BEE 1 14 1 5 Paintings in the Chauvet Cave France 0 in France high quality art that is restricted to only a few people per year 0 development of agriculture controlled food production 0 baked Earth clay Earliest ceramics Resultsrough touch tan or brown in color gt Larger sculptures are present in Neolithic era compared to Paleolithic era 0 big stone culture They are settled capacity to use big stones Used in tombs and houses SUBCATEGORY OF NEOLITHIC Organized around geometric shapes Notes written by Janice Carter Si e mge Neolithic England ca 2110 ECE o Post uprights with horizontal lintel resting Bronze Age Copper is the easiest metal to work with Next is iron it has a higher working temperature 1 16 1 5 o conical tower before 1450 CE Largest masonry monument in Africa except Egypt 0 people of the Niger River area masonry Villages masking costumes sculpture stretched people simpli ed features 0 culture of a Nigerian town Terra cotta heads from around 500 BCEZOOCE Physical openings looped eyes full lips headdresses O 17th18th century African Kingdom before Nigeria Abstract bronze heads enlarged eyes stacked chokers attribute Nigerian culture largest ethnic subgroup Stacked figure sculptures on the left 121 1 5 Ashanti powerful kingdom People wears insignia gold wrap etc to identify status Kente cloth African weaving done by men Grids of bright colors and repeating patterns Patterns are symbolic like a written language Kosta People lives among Congo River Displays and protects baskets of the bones of their ancestors Sacred connection to the spirit world Kota reliquary container figures Anything that shine repels evil 0 used in healing rituals Cavity for sacred medicines 1 to almost lifesize Impaled with metal like a pincushion Nailsstrong Oceania and Australia Paci c islands between Australia and the Americas 0 the spirit worldspirits themselves Humananimallike form interior of animals bones organs islands near Australia at the east and north Papua New Guinea natives in Melanesia An intact culture Display great native body art 0 scari cation on the body to form art Papua New Guinea buildings w paintings on the front Halfalmond shaped reds yellows and blacks Symbolic womb of New Guinea culture Asmat people who headhunt o Asmat treetrunk gures stacked on each other like totem pole Grasshopperlike forms symbolic to headhunting Used for ceremonies leading up to head raid Flange on bisj pole is a phallus Vanuatu figures Fingers spread widely protect crops to grow many islands in central south Paci c 0 New Zealand Huge tree forms no large mammals birds instead 0 natives in New Zealand Warrior culture Sticks tongues out to threat Facial tattoos called moko Spirals mostly on body joints tongues and threepronged hands represents bird feet are distinctive of the Maori gt Modern Maori is bringing back moko into their culture Hawaii precontact times a war god Protects and encourages the warriors Red feathers royalty Grimacing mouth dangerous Stout proportions muscular 12315 Easter Island Island Developed writing Island was deforested crop failure and starvation occurred Starvedlooking gurines known gures of the Rapa Nui Stone Large heads with bodyslender armspointed chinslong noses Forehead is small Squidward s house is a Moai head Central Polynesia gure artworks with creased face almondshaped eyesmouth small gures attached to big gures and blatant male genitals 0 Staff Gods long carved sticks Wrapped Rare due to European contact ordering them to be destroyed Tapa cloth Not woven but beatentreated inner tree bark Decorated with dyes Women art Nowadays made for income from tourists Native North America Arctic region technically paleolithic no agriculture for obvious reasons 0 Wearable art walrus ivory shallow masks with asymmetrical art Things sticking out on the edges of artwork Notes written by Janice Carter 0 Rings in Arctic art represent spiritualcosmic realms carved tree trunks with gures stacked Figures represent generations of ancestors Style of gures are half human half animal Still made in modern time Forms are generated from rounded rectangles mask that transform from a animal form to a human form Mstern Woodlands ancient Mississippian culture Cahokia protected monument area Farmers a sociallystrati ed culture mound shaped in a form of an image ef gyimage Serpent Man rid Mitreissrppi 0 in ma century CE Serpent Mound burial mound with bodies and artifacts o Mica natural mineral into thin sheets Used on the art found in the Serpent Mound Eastern Woodlands recent 0 Shoulder bag Europeanmade traded with the local cultures 0 Iroquois culture that made cornhusk masks Plains abundant buffalo Native Americans Buffalo hides for tipis clothes and many other things Buffalo hide With paintings Notes written by Janice Carter Southwest US ancient the four comers Cliff Palace Stone ceremonial room like a chapel for sacred ceremonies Climb down into Each for an extended family 12615 0 culture people who made shallow bowls w abstract gures of animals and humans A hole at the bottom of bowls probably a ceremonial act 0 Taos pueblo buildings that are ef cient for altitude desert Buildings are grouped together for better insulation 0 a supernatural being associated with nature s powers Embodied in masks Dolls made for children Straight lines zigzags 90 degree angle etc o Navajo weaving lots of symbolic geometric designs PreColumbian Notes written by Janice Carter Latin America before European contact Columbus Mexico and central America 0 mother culture of ancient Mexico Literate developed writing never deciphered Located in southern bay of Mexico 0 Little Olmec gures with adult head and infant body 0 Great Olmec heads with thick nose large mouth and a cap No lower body only head Most memorable Olmec art 0 Multiethnic population inland of Mexico Culture inspired by Olmec ideas The 1st great city of the Americas 0 Holds the Pyrami 39I d of the Sun one of the largest in the world Temple inf r fmi TE fihu m Maxim 3rd century CE Quetzalcoatl serpent god returns south to former Olmec location into the central Americas Jungle area Abundant of cities and agriculture 500800 CE golden age Maya culture still exist 0 Mayan glyphs highly developed calendar and descriptive history 0 Kings Very steep pyramids O Warlike independent city states like the ancient Greeks uplands of Mexico main city in ancient Aztec It is now Mexico s capital 3 7 V A AA V v 9 0 quotV 7 9774 s s 0 9397 1 f s m 9quot f 9397 9 W 57 s j y i gt43 u i i Ky Lj w lLngl x y k L 44 5 Yb mmcw A ee m 1500 o pages joined at one edge ex modern book not a scroll O Aztecs made codex picture books Peru South America 0 Chavin mother culture of Peru Art of very detailed weaving Paracas large geoglyph a weaving that creates a picture or pattern rst set of threads to hold the weft each colored thread that makes a woven design south of Peru Large ef gies on the land DON T NEED TO STUDY THIS TERM or Inca large empire along Paci c coast Culture with ne tapestry large stones wout mortar Direct dry stone that is stacked Notes written by Janice Carter Much Pi h Inks Pam miquot 33 wa CE USE this aahcam study set far the Entire murssa niuizkleztmtjanicelee ffal ersfa hstr D1


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