Test 2 Notes
Popular in History of Art Survey 1
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Popular in Art History
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This 30 page Bundle was uploaded by Janice Carter on Monday August 17, 2015. The Bundle belongs to AHS 101 at Ball State University taught by Ronald D. Rarick in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 131 views. For similar materials see History of Art Survey 1 in Art History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 08/17/15
13015 The Ancient Near East Chapter 2 area between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers the Twin Rivers More experience farming food townscities lst place with real cities the invention of urban life gt Mesopotamia means between the waters in Greek 0 ia near the Persian Gulf First site of civilized cities citystates independent No regional government 0 Sumerian writing consisted of business records oldest written genre 0 Sumerian historical citystate Warka Verse Sumerian 31d ESE Warka Vase Carved from stone ba relief details gures at three levels Content People bringing food up to the Sumerian goddess Inanna 0 Figures from Eshnunna Tell Asmar SUMERIAN DISTINCTION long robes lower robe with fringelike details No legs or only lower legs covered with cylindrical robe Hands together prayer gesture Males with zigzag beards Huge eyes on all gures 2 0 Eyes window to the soul Reason for large eyes o tiny cylinder stamp Roll over soft medium that leaves an impression as it s rolled Combination of writing and pictures Depicted prayer or blessings Also used to mark possessions Stamp of ownership Miniature artworks o largest structure in a Sumerian city Like an arti cial mountain The top has a shrine Colorful Center of ritual and prayer Media mud brick and clay Overtime they ve eroded very bad Sm d rd if Er Samaritan 250E RUE Standard of Ur box with blue background and gold gures Bas relief One side depicts war as the other side depicts a banquet o Lyre with a Bull s Head shown in the Standard or Ur and found in a tomb o horizontal band with a ground line EX the Standard or Ur A DISTINCTION in literate cultures Akkadian a king starts conquering other cities for eXpansion Persian Gulf to Mediterranean First true empire in history The development of the Akkadian Empire Notes written by Janice Carter 0 Head of Akkadian Ruler the sculpture was vandalized with its eyes cut out Part of human nature after a negative ruler is deceased their former followers tries to strip them from artwork N r mggi Akkadian 23rd can fur Victory Stele of NarmaSin relief stele of a victory Oldest depiction of a landscape in art gt stele carved slab 2215 NeoSumerian southern Mesopotamia o NeoSumerian ruler who had his artworks done in a particular style Stout proportions carved from tone imported stone Holds attributes that relates to his generosity Holds a tablet with oor plan of a temple quot right Jar with owing water left Notes written by Janice Carter Sim Hamm mi NEHSumeri I 3th elem Em BEE Stele of Hammurabi stele with code of law of Hammurabi s kingdom Being seated is a privilege Standing gure is the king Hammurabi The seated gure is a god extending a staff of authority to the king 0 ancient empire modern country of Syria Works in monumental stone media Occupied Egypt for a while HUGE palaces emperors Empire of warriors many 0 composite being Body of a bull wings and enemies Many bas relief paintings a human head Symbol powerful swift and wise which establishes the king s character Notes written by Janice Carter I A fyfi M W 1 2 1w 30E 0 Imperial palace of the emperor reliefs with great things emperors have done Huge teams of people royal hunts etc displayed in reliefs Divinity with wings Muscles are sharply de ned mostly in lower legs distinction Notes written by Janice Carter NeoBabylonian Ishtar Gate News abyi i n 6m mm BCE Ishtar Gate Mudbrick glazed pottery tile Moved to Berlin Germany Relief Persia not in Mesopotamia but towards East Modern Iran Palace at PEPSEP HS Persian H p century Palace at Persepolis Two animal heads rests in notch of the beams of the palace A way to center the beams o Persian distinctions Soft relief sculptures Shows gures bringing things to the king PEACEFUL RELIEFS COMPARED TO ASSYRIANS Notes written by Janice Carter 2415 Ancient Egypt Chapter 3 Ancient Egypt located in northeast Africa near the Nile river gt rst art found in Egypt were boats used to carry the deceased Palette Hf i g Warmer Predyms e Er mm ween fury BEE o Palette of King Narmer rst evidence of literacy in ancient Egypt due to registers Used to mix ritual or ceremonial paints Top right people going to see decapitated bodies Notes written by Janice Carter 0 2 viewpoints in one scene head w sideview torso facing front leg facing sideways EGYPTIAN STYLE DISTINCTION 27 25th centuries BCE o structure built over the earliest Egyptian tombs The tomb is underground and the mastaba protects it Spirit shaft for the deceased to travel to the heavens Shrine room w an images representing the dead Images andor statues are substitutes in case the dead body becomes damaged af jnser Imh mep S qq m E jpmm E Fi E f r BCE O Pyramid of Djoser step pyramid Made of stone More intact than Sumerian ziggurats Marker of the burial of a king No shrine on top compared to ziggurats Stacks of mastabas to showoff status 0 1st time in human history w the name of the designer Imhotep o round supporting post also referred as pillar Top has a cap called the capital 0 at the top of a column Ancient civilizations has their own style of capitals 0 Egypt capital lotus a water ower A lotus blossom or bud 0 Some Egypt columns has vertical grooves representing reeds 0 Egypt has the oldest known columns Notes written by Janice Carter The Great gimmids GEEEH 9K E 2625 century BCE o The Great Pyramids all three were built within a 7 0year time span 0 dead city with tombs 0 east of the Nile reserved for the living west reserved for the dead necropolis Travel on a boat to transport the dead to the other side of the river 0 Pyramids are looted for building stone and valuables inside 0 separate temple images and altars of the dead For the living to make their offerings 0 same concept of the lamassu Lion body with human head 0 OK Egypt sculpture established the classic appearance of Egyptian style They used extremely hard stone Bronze age with tools the bronze is softer than the hard stone Sheer determination was needed to achieve n JIJII will r 39 those sculptures 2615 Notes written by Janice Carter Menkame am his new Egyptian 25th E l BEE I match ing k leP Pm mus hum Him 25 24 E I F B 0 Ti watching hippopotamus hunt very shallow relief Hippos associated with the god of Chaos They were eVil to the Egyptians Notes written by Janice Carter 0 mark of invasions not culturally ambitious compared to OK Invaders brought wheels and iron technology Rockcut tombs carved rooms from a hillside arti cial cave O located further down the Nile to avoid future invasions Time of midteen centuries BCE 15l3th The new golden age urinary Tampie f Hamhepsm NH Egyptian 1th century O Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut Hatshepsut s husband was king then he died They had a son but he was too young to rule so she took over Ruled for several decades lst female headofstate recorded in history 0 religious building place for ritual of the deities Not a mortuary temple Not tied to tombs Protection from the outside 0 Ritual path with massive walls on each side of the entrance pylons represents a fortress protecting sacredness of the temple 0 Courtside inside the entrance Further inside the temple depends on hierarchy of status 0 room filled with many columns Enclosed space very dark W fl wm capitals CIEFE EMW levels of a roof which provides a WEIR of roof is higher and other part is lower like a step scroll V a p l a guide book for the dead for 9 V39 v i the afterlife burl capitals Notes written by Janice Carter 2915 o king that revolutionized ancient Egypt He outlawed traditional Egyptian religion gods priest all Akhenaton V 39 declared there was only one god the Sun god quot 0 1st MONOTHEISTIC religion in human history V p H L O Akhenaton moved the capital of Egypt from Thebes to l N 1 El Amama o the city of El Amama where Akhenaton I narrow waist wide hips even on males and informality More realistic proportions as well t NEfertitf and dirt thf f 1411 can rm o King Tut boyking 89 years old when he began rule 0 He slightly shifted things back to ancient Egyptian ways including Akhenaton s religion 0 Tutankhamen died at 1819 His tomb was the only to contain most of its artifacts in ancient Egyptian history I Rockcut tomb Notes written by Janice Carter Death Mask THI kh iE 5mm 14th century BCE 0 Death Mask of Tutankhamen after the ndings in Tutankhamen s tomb in that time the Egyptian style became popular in the l920 230 s Temple nf nmses Ab K Egyptian 13 century CE 0 Temple of Ramses II rockcut temple Design is similar to a pylon temple W hypostyle halls Built along the Nile river The temple was moved elevated up mountain to prevent ooding in the temple Ancient Egyptian rule weakened 1 A 0 A A 7 77 0 A T7quot 1 1 s w 7797r a n m7 p 7n J iv m In E U w 1gt My J gt Av L A 151 Ly l The Ancient Aegean Chapter 4 o Cycladic an island group between Greece and Turkey Figurines were found in caves Unliterate culture Oldest art in the Greek area is in the Cyclades 0 25001800 BCE r i Distinctions Female gures are standing thin A side view head is tilted I 7 backwards Nose is the guy only sculpted fac1al 02 q feature o Minoan large island 1712th century peak activity was 14th cen BCE during quot NK Egypt era Involved in seagoing O Worshipped gods that had element from A A nature natural features Religious ceremonies I were held outdoors avg M 16 o Literate culture but writing yet to be C QWW deciphered 3 0 Column style is narrow at the bottom with a l l cushion capital 33 Notes written by Janice Carter 0 medium painting technique where one paints on damp plaster As the plaster dries the paint is absorbed within the plaster staining allowing the paint not to ake Longer life of painting using this method 0 Used by the Minoans Minoan art distinctions absence of any Violence whatsoever love of marine sceneslife and wavy lines FulfilLeapi gf eem Enassus Notes written by Janice Carter 0 Santorini aka Thera an island in southern Aegean sea that was affected from an ancient volcano o Akrotiri ancient city on Santorini that s been excavated by archaeologists Frennn Tnnrn annnn I nn ennth BEE 0 Landscape Spring Fresco oldest existing work of a pure landscape Wout humans in history 0 The Victory Stele of NaramSin is the rst work with a landscape in the background Notes written by Janice Carter 1 5th cm mer BCE Sn like 61145de Mf 1 590 BCE Notes written by Janice Carter 0 Myceean culture before the Greeks A town in Greece called Mycenae Lien 39G fE My My 39 Hf century BCE v a o technique Where stones are laid horizontally in which an open gap is made in order to remove weight on the lintel O Mycenaeans usually puts something inside the gap ex Lion Gate Tremus Hf A Irena ye me yeanwmn 13th cenmry E 0 Treasury of Atreus it isn t a treasury despite its name Largest interior space Without supports corbeled throughout 0 a round structure ex inside the Treasury of Atreus Notes written by Janice Carter Funerary Mask B o Funerary Mask death mask of a king The in uence of Egyptian practice ex Death Mask of Tutankhamen Made of pure gold Warrior Vase 39 Myeemm mi 1200 RACE 0 Warrior Vase soldiers marching Dressed in uniforms Register layout 0 ancient Greek word meaning bowl Notes written by Jamaica Carla Ancient Greek and Hellenistic Chapter 5 Ancient greece remembered names of artists or all kinds achievement of the individual People became more independent and selfreliant Democracy evolved in this culture 0 shape of vase wide mouth w narrow neck A stopper used to store liquids angled decorations abstract geometric forms and black silhouettes 21315 a more uid style and larger silhouettes compared to Geometric style Various beasts and rosettes owers are placed between empty space 0 gures are black w terra cotta colored background More realistic posesactions narrative and slightly abstract No rosettes empty space is left between gures Larger scenes with no distractions SOLID BLACK frames the scene Less busy compared to orientalizing style o inverse of black gure style Figures are terra cottacolored and the background is black 0 ancient Greek drinking cup Wideshallow bowl on a foot w two handles Notes written by Janice Carter 0 white ware white background that is painted on a vessel The background serves as a canvas to mimic murals o like lamassu and sphinX half horse half human Represents chaos and the animal side of human nature 0 Greek word for young man or boy Represents vigorous youth Not a portrait but ideal compared to ancient Egypt Mostly shown naked 0 The Greeks had a strong appreciation of the naked male gure Males were nude most of the time compared to females as they were restricted by wearing robes O Archaic sculpture a distinctive style from the Greeks within the 7 6th centuries A time of monumental stone and architecture 0 a smile that slightly animates the face in Archaic sculpture Was meant to bring the rigidness of the sculpture to life 0 Greek word for a young woman notably covered in a robe 21615 core room of a temple with a cult image god goddess etc a row of columns a colonnade surrounding a temple the roof everything else which is supported by the columns 0 Simplest style of Greek architecture The frieze has a pattern of metopes resting between two triglyphs The pediment is at the top Notes written by Janice Carter 0 horizontal band directly above the lintels o block with three marks 0 relief sculptures between two triglyphs o triangular panel on the face of the roof contains relief sculptures o Greek style of architecture Columns have a decorative base with a thin shaft The capital is a volute The temple s frieze has a continuous band of relief sculpture unlike the Doric Order 0 scrolllike design 0 small modi cations that stray from strict geometry in Greek architecture in order to give more life to a building 0 where the column swells slightly Classical Greece 0 Acropolis in Greek means high city Athens is an acropolis The Persimmon HERE and E fkr f A w y magical Freak 51h EE tmj BEE n ASL o The Parthenon the most large and expensive building in Classical Greece 0 Compared to Egyptian pylon temples Greek temples were opened to the public whereas pylon temples were scretative 0 Hidden Ionic element a continuous frieze behind the outside frieze The cult sculpture was 40ft high and made from gold ivory o a Greek sculptor that directed the work of some Greek architecture o isAm Q wm rem W dim sVTmrT a Gm e9 m y U39iv 4M LlL Lixiv 11 l u itg V iw quot o a British ambassador Who plotted the theft of some Greek architecture like the Three Goddesses from the Parthenon Three eetieeeee ff m Hie Pere g ieeei eel Greek 5m EEHIHPT BEE r a hi IIq V Rim a I rquot a fa gt The female was still clothed in Greek art but the gure can be seen through the detailed drapery This is a compromise for artists Who wanted to portray the female gure 21815 Eeeehmeiee Athens eeeieel Greek 5th een39mry ESE o Erechtheion across from the Parthenon Not typical for Greek architecture Ionic Order Porch of the Maidens O female statues that serve as columns ex Porch of the Maidens Mares written by Janice Cam er Temple efA melee Nike Kellikrefee Atheee Cfeeeieef Greek century BCE 0 Temple of Athena Nike Small temple near entry of Athens Nike A eet ng her Seedei Cieeeieel Greek 51 century BCE 0 Nike Adjusting her Sandal stone panel from the Temple of Athena Nike Kri as Ci s ml Greek 5th century BCE o Kritios Boy the merge from Archaic kouros to the Classical Greek version Contrapposto is introduced 0 Italian term for counter weight The weight of the gure is concentrated on one leg not both More naturallooking O The Archaic smile is no longer needed 0 contrapposto Classical Greek distinction Notes written by Janice Carter RENE Warrior Cissiml Greek 5th cert O Riace Warrior high status sculpture made from bronze The use of metal allowed more freedom to choose a larger variety of poses due to metal s durability o a bronze casting process Where the result is a hollow bronze sculpture ems Classical Greek 5th century BCE Mates written by Janice Carter Spear Bearer Pelykieims Cleesim Geek cee terry 7 O Spear Bearer displays ideal canon of the male gure by the standard set by Polykleitos Hermee eee D39ieeyeee Pee reies eeefeei Greek ere een m 11 ESE extreme contrapposto Aphrodite of fd s Prs efes Classical Greek 415 century BCE o Aphrodite of Knidos rst time in Classical Greece that the female gure is nude by PraXiteles o created the greatest empire in human history Hellenistic Distinctions the miX of local distinctions With Greek distinctions more realistic looks and situations in art compared to the Greek ideal blatant eroticism Notes written by Janice Carter Nike 0f Samxmmee He eniS e 2 WWW BCE 0 Nike 0f Samothrace presents drama Dying Gemini He eni ie 3rd f BEE Notes written by Janice Carter Use this JaEh ard stu y sail fur tI39m entire mum quizletmmr janiDEIEEQE QIdEr fahsdEH
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