Test 3 Notes
Popular in History of Art Survey 1
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This 22 page Bundle was uploaded by Janice Carter on Monday August 17, 2015. The Bundle belongs to AHS 101 at Ball State University taught by Ronald D. Rarick in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 43 views. For similar materials see History of Art Survey 1 in Art History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 08/17/15
Vows wrimm by Janice Come 22315 Etruscan Chapter 6 Etruria Etruscan located in central Italy Known for metals copper ore iron etc Smelting and shaping metal experts Transported metal work imported Greek ceramics o Closely related to the Greek Doric Order Columns have a base with a smooth shaft Columns are only on the front not in a peripteral Three naos inside the temple Etruscans worshipped three deities The entablature is different from the Doric Order Sculptures are only on top of the entablature they are ceramic statues Ap u fmm Veii Etruscan 6th century BCE 0 Apollo from Veii archaic smile borrowed from the Greeks O a pile of dirt an Earth mound that protects a tomb above ground Etruscan tomb interior looks like a house The living revisits the tomb on a regular basis 0 gt Etruscan distinctio sloped roof inside tomb like the ceiling of a house Unusual for Notes written by Janice Carter underground tombs Paintings inside Etruscan tombs are similar to Minoan art 0 cinerary urns urns that Etruscans put cremated ashes in o a sculpted head or entire body is used for an urn stopper S m p agus with re ning empire Efmsmn 5m mumm BEE Sarcophagus with reclining couple ceramic lifelize Archaic smile O sarcophagus sculpted cof n Notes written by Janice Carter 0 Roman Human infants are adopted by the wolf which is part of the story of the foundation of Rome M standard Roman toga hair gesture and boots Both Roman and Etruscan qualities Craftsmanship of metal work Etruscan The artist is Etruscan Ancient Rome Chapter 7 BCE Republic era l 4 K 3 X l 2 L t l 3 K 3 m K 3 X SPQR senate and people of Rome Roman temple Etruscan entrance and porch Greek Ionic Order with Greek entablature Fake peripteral known as pseudoperipteral Fake half columns that are part of the temple narrow columns l quot i i continuous frieze and curly leaves for the capital Greek order but Romans used it more consistently O Corinth is a Greek city which is the origin of this term 22515 0 a row of arches Romans discovered how to make concrete 0 vault an arched roof A simple kind is a barrel tunnel vault O intersection of two vaults that allows light in the building Looks like an X A signi cant Fig 143 Roman Corinthian Capital development It is wout posts no need for a hypostyle hall 0 means trut Great level of detailed realism Different from Greek s ideal 1 figures Every detail is captured 7 Usually old men in 11311 plan39s Hmin mull Pompeii prosperous town Farsouth of Italy lots of Greek in uence Destroyed by mountain eXplosion Many lives were lost but the town remained mostly intact including citizens homes 0 open area a plaza Located in a Roman town at the center of civic life 0 A temple dominates one end of a forum and markets are off to the side like a O like a military monument not a defensive wall Meant for victorious Romans that would be honored modern ea market Notes written by Janice Carter 0 not a temple but like a courthouse Also used for other public things Columns hold the roof 0 tall section roof is raised compared to side aisles O lower than the nave in order to let light into the nave Like a clerestory 0 baths 3 pools cold warm and hot Recreational functions 0 theater big c shape stone seating stage two cshape theaters together in one circleoval Stage is in the center of the open spacearena Used for combat Roman house Entrance atrium dining room and another courtyard 0 Domestic comes for this term principle courtyard of the doums 22715 Characteristics of a domus Imitate stone panels with painted frescos False windows with ideal scene Urban or countryside scenes were common Paintings directly on the wall that looked like paintings False architectural details Delicateinterior decorating style portraits Stylustomouth a writer thinking and standard pose Stilllife Notes written by Janice Carter Murals raf e Ville f m e Mysteries Pampeii Remem 3 15 mamaquot BEE o Murals of the Villa of the Mysteries Villa country house An imitation ritual Detailed painting 0 designpicture made by many small objects which are glued to a surface 0 Associate with social status mosaics are laborintensive which costs more money 0 Mosaics can look like detailed paintings o ae each individual piece mortared in a mosaic plural form tesserae is mostly used Ancient Rome The Empire 0 Ceasar lst and great leader of the Roman Empire Augu ue f Prim p R m Let century 3 Notes written by Janice Carter Augustus of Primaporta Roman gesture representing power and authority Bare feet divinity Imitated Greek s contrapposto stance from The Spear Bearer In uenced from Greek art Prmessiu Frieze Am Pam s A g ue O Ara Pacis Augustae the frieze only a procession of the alter Greek and Roman elements looks similar to the Parthenon frieze Nimes city located in Southern France Muf n Currie gmes anee Roman 13 rearm O Maison Carr e best preserved ancient Roman temple Corinthian Order Notes written by Janice Carter Pant d Gar Mirage Fr ee g Ea afc Human f 151quot earning 3GB 0 Font du Gard aqueduct 3915 The C f m r V Rome R m I5quot century CE 0 The Colosseum Ovalshaped Traditional Greek Orders False columns Tuscan Ionic and Corinthian Orders stacked on different stories of the Colosseum Contains a sub basement 0 Origin Roman emperor Nero carved a section of the town for his personal enjoyment This made the Romans furious The section also had an arti cial lake Niro died the proceeding emperor had to prove himself likeable to the Romans He built The Colosseum in Niro s arti cial lake Notes written by Janice Carter AWE T Rama Roman 15 century CE 0 lArch of Titusl Triumphal arch Represents military Victory of Israel conquest of Jerusalem Greekstyle architecture Reliefs that depicted real events compared to the Greeks 2nd Century Rome High empire Greatest extent of the Roman Empire Sp i If J m fgm Amt o Traj an emperor during the peak century 2nd century 0 Forum of Trajan Notes written by Janice Carter column of Trajan Rome Roman 4r l 231d 3111ij 3E The Pantheon Home Roman 2 Emmy CE O The Pantheon Best preserved Ancient Roman building Largestopened interior in a building of the ancient world 0 Religious building temple Temple for the Planetary Gods Each god had their own shrine Was later converted to a Christian church Sphere of temple models the Cosmos Used to have gilded stars 0 Pan allevery Notes written by Janice Carter 31115 0 Hadrian s Villa 1st time columns used to support arches Alternating lintels and arches Marcus Aurelius Roman 2nd century 0 Marcus Aurelius equestrian statue with the emperor being a noted philosopher Bronze gilded o medium of painting with hot wax Pigments provides colors 3rd century Rome start of the late empire Time where things were bad Notes written by Janice Carter 0 largest baths built in Roman empire located in Rome Caracalla was an emperor who built the baths 0 Multiple pools inside and outside Art galleries libraries lecture halls exercise areas a social center 0 Meant to entertain and distract the Roman people from the bad times of the 3rd century 0 pagan Roman sarcophagi appreciated by generations of Roman families a crowded composition on the sarcophagus 4th century Rome crumbling Roman empire The empire is split into two East and West empires Four people two in each empire rules Rome They are called the Tetrarchs The Tamaraks Roman century o The Tetrarchs the four rulers Their embracing symbolizes cooperation Standardized simpli ed style of art that is later seen in medieval times Notes written by Janice Carter 0 part of the Tetrarchs Lead a side of the Roman army Dreamt of the cross the Christian religious symbol He promoted and declared Christianity as the official religion of the Roman empire Pagan religions were outlawed Arch of E i Home Human 4th century CE 0 Arch of Constantine three arches Removed relief sculptures from earlier Roman monuments are on the arch near Roman forums 12 stands today Made of masonry and vaulted Last monumental Roman structure of Ancient Rome Late Antiquity Chapter 8 o cemetery that is tunneled through bedrock underground Holes in the walls are slots for the dead Lower levels are dug to allow more space usually 56 levels deep 0 Paintings are inside catacombs 0 Earl Christian Distinctions there is no official artstyle for Christianity instead it adapts to any artstyle Recognize CONTENT of art to identify as early Christian Notes written by Janice Carter 0 Early Christians used a gesture of raised hands as prayer 0 Jesus is called the good shepherd shown with sheep andor a sheep on shoulders 31315 o Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus marble carved with fairlycrowded gures Adam and Eve Daniel and the Lion s Den and Jesus entry into Jerusalem scenes 0 Old St Peter39s Basilica ancient Roman cemetery is underneath the place of St Peter s burial Courtyard out in the front Modern version Old St Peter s Church now stands quotupquot quot i39wr ll quot quot hum I mquot quotmull quot u IFFMM INN will Maw will Notes written by Janice Carter 0 gt Earl Christian Distinctio churches imitate Roman secular basilicas Standard format only for large Christian churches o gt Earl Christian Distinctio churches were plain on the outside and elaborately decorated in the inside A symbol to stay humble on that outside while having richness in the inside 0 apse alter in a church High arch capped with a dome The apse is at the end of the nave in a church 3mm Costanza interim Early Chiirriga 23 1 caning CE 0 Santa Costanza interior church that has a central plan 0 central plan church is built based based from the center being the same from all sides Usually wrapped in a circle central plans do not have to be round 0 ambulatory like side aisles of a basilica only for the central plan Means walking around 0 Vintaging scene making wine important to Pagans and Christians Notes written by Janice Carter The Byzantine Empire East Roman Empire reached its peak in 6th century CE 0 modern Istanbul Turkey capital of Byzantine empire Town of imperial status 0 greatest Byzantine emperor Reined during the 6th century 0 People who lived in the Byzantine empire still considered themselves as Romans Notes written by Janice Carter built by Justinian greatest church in the empire Radically different than anything done before due to its architectural details 0 lst time pendentives were used to support a dome o structures in the shape of curved triangles that supports a dome Notes written by Janice Carter SEE Vii f rs nausea Ef gy with century CE 0 San Vitale octagonal central plan church Plain outside elaborate inside 0 Within church mosaics glass is used as the tesserae This is due to the variety of colors and the glittering effect of glass 0 embedded gold leaf in glass tesserae The gold background represents a sacredheavenly realm No blue skies only GOLD Notes written by Janice Carter 31615 Justinian his attendants E 39 nea ma eet Mammal 6th E i TE O Justinian and his attendants Justinian members of the church secular leaders and a group of soldiers in the mosaic O The Byzantine empire was divided into 3 branches church secular state and the military 0 chirhoiota means Christ in Greek Soldiers bear this insignia of Christ 0 X universal symbol for Christ in the early centuries ex Xmas The spirit gives life the esh is useless This verse is the reason that human gures in Christian art are not too detailed in comparison to early Roman art T e Tr g g Catherine 75 giantquot Hymnti e 5m entuw ICE Notes written by Janice Carter 0 event from the bible where Jesus is transformed from a mortal human to a divinity A distinction of the Trans guration is the presence of siX gures in the artwork Christ three disciples and two other gures 0 form that surrounds entire gure which represents divinity no mortal has the mandorla Like a wholebodied halo 0 handwritten book with pictures and or decorations O The Vienna Genesis is the oldest illuminated manuscript 0 the destruction or hiding of images 0 Byzantine Christian art was barley or never made during the iconoclasm Lasted about a century and a half in the Byzantine empire after Islam spread Art came back only weaker Reduced empire and smaller churches l 112th century of the Byzantine empire was the 2nd Golden Age 0 Churches were decorated on the outside and inside now This happens throughout Europe O golden mosaic inside dome looking down Olderstem look on Christ Book with recorded names of the blessed key to heaven Rulerking of all Christ king of the universe Notes written by Janice Carter Mark 3 Byzantine quotml 1 Hm century CE 17 1 39 393 M39 39 1 quot 339 x 39 39 lt t I quotV 11 5 t a 3921 V L I N Hg73 k1 I I iv 39 Mrs 4 0 St Mark s Basilica multiple domes Hagia Sophia has one dome Supported by pendentives Abundance of gold mosaics 39 739 I The Paris P t l A David Clampingng Psalms Elizantine a I 19th century CE P39 9 o The Paris Psalter David Composing Psalms in an illuminated manuscript Psalter book of Psalms David shown with a harp 0 Artwork reverts back to early Roman style resurrecting the Romanness of Byzantine life 0 gt B zantine Distinctio Christian subject matter and a decorated border on an artwork an illuminated manuscript Notes written by Janice Carter wall between apse and people in church Place for icons o a divine being LIEE this fleeheard singlyr get far the entire murse allizIIEitmmljanieeleeQEHnl erslahsp39l I311
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