Exam 2 & Final EXAM Study Guide
Exam 2 & Final EXAM Study Guide SOC 101
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Date Created: 08/26/15
w 9999 9 EVOLUTION OF JAZZ FINAL EXAM Essence of Jazz Music 0 Improvisation What 2 unique Cultures combined in America to form Jazz Music 9 West Europe 0 Africa What is the birthplace of Jazz 9 New Orleans What are the 3 elements of Jazz Music 0 Harmony 0 Melody o Rhythm The Blues was created from a combination of what Melodic amp Harmonic sources 9 Melodic Blue Notes 9 Harmonic Hymns from Church Rhythm Q Where you play the harmony and melody the more syncopated and the more interested people seemed to be 0 Most important and unique Blue Notes 0 Melodic Notes More Somber Notes o The term blue notes came from slaves mixing indigo dye and turning bluish Hymns from Church o Harmonic source of the Blues What are the three styles of music sung by slaves during the nineteenth century 9 Work Songs 9 Field Hollers 9 Ring Shouts When was New Orleans founded o 1718 When was construction completed 9 1723 When was Louisiana territory ceded to Spain 0 1763 Who claimed Louisiana 0 Marquis Iberville Who was the architect that build New Orleans 0 Marius Beinville Scott Joplin 0 Most proli c Ragtime Composer 9 Jelly Roll Morton 9 9 Most proli c Ragtime Piano Player When and where was Ragtime rst debuted w EVOLUTION OF JAZZ FINAL EXAM o Chicago39s World Fair in 1893 What is the name of the RedLight District in New Orleans 9 Storyville Sidney Story 9 The man who instituted this district where illegal things were legal What was the most prevalent instrument played in the brothels 9 Piano Where was the center of a cities culture 9 Town Square What is Syncopation 0 Use of different accents and quiet notes to make things sound different and unsual What are the principle instruments in Dixieland o Trumpet o Trombone o Clarinet 0 Tuba 9 Banjo Riverboats o This is the prominent venue of Dixieland Music What is the name of the town square of New Orleans 9 Congo Square What is a Banjo o An African instrument guitar strung over a drumhead got incorporated into new Orleans music King Oliver 0 Innovator if Dixieland Music King Oliver39s Creole Jazz Band 0 Joe Oliver Trumpet 0 Kid Ory Trombone 0 Johnny Dodds Clarinet 0 Lil Harden Piano 9 Bill Johnson TubaString Base What are the four social classes of people in New Orleans circa 1900 o Caucasians o Creoles o Creoles of Color 9 Negros Creole 9 A person born in the new world where one parent is of French origin and the other Spanish Creole of Color 9 A person born in America with one parent from Spanish or French origin and the other of African American origin What happened in 1917 w w EVOLUTION OF JAZZ FINAL EXAM o Very rst jazz album was recorded by an allwhite group called Original Dixieland Jazz Band Louis Armstrong 9 Most important and in uential person in Jazz Music Louis Armstrong and the Hot Five 9 Louis Armstrong Trumpet 0 Johnny Dodds Clarinet 9 Johnny StCyr Banjo 0 Lil Hardin Piano 0 Kid Ory Trombone Louis Armstrong and the Hot Seven o The Hot Five with Pops Fosters Bass amp Baby Dodds Drummer Louis Armstrong Contribution amp Style Characteristics Jazz Music39s rst virtuoso He creates the vocabulary ofjazz lnvents scat singing Smoothed out the rhythms ofjazz o America s rst ambassador of this music Name 2 pieces of music performed by Louis Armstrong 0 Hello Dolly o What a Wonderful World What happened in 1899 9 Duke Ellington was born in DC Duke Ellington o The most important and in uential composer in the 20th century Edward Kennedy 9 Duke Ellington s given birth name Stride Piano Style 0 Duke Ellington played this style of piano Cotton Club o Ellington was hired at the cotton club as the musical director 0 Most famous Speakeasy What was the predominant venue in the 1930 s 9 Ballrooms Duke Ellington39s Contribution amp Style Characteristics o Extremely proli c wrote more than 2000 songs 0 Very Experiemental o Wrote speci cally for each band member 0 2nCI great ambassador of American music o Ellington39s ensamble of choice was Big Band Duke Ellington and his Famous Orchestra 9 Sonny Greer Drums 9 Bubbler Miley Trumpet o Cootie Williams Trumpet 9 Johnny Hodges Alto Sax 0000 EVOLUTION OF JAZZ FINAL EXAM 0 Irving Mills Publisher Bessie Smith 0 Sold more records than any other in the 192039s 9 Important and in uenctial singer of Swing Era 0 First recorded artist o The Empress of the Blues famous record of Bessie Smith What is Speakeasy 0 Venue during prohibition Big Band Era 9 1930 s Name the 7 most important Big Band Members 0 Duke Ellington Bessie Smith Harry James Artie Shaw Tommy Dorsey Benny Goodman Glenn Miller Big Band Sections of Instruments 0 Trumpets o Trombones o Saxophones o Rhythm Section Rhythm Section Instruments 9 Piano 9 Bass 0 Drums 0 Guitar Dance 9 Source of entertainment during prohibition 9 Most popular form of entertainment in America during the rst half of the 20th century What was the venue of the 194039s 9 Dance Halls The Charleston 9 New Dance James Johnson 9 1St African American to write for Broadway What is the instrument closest in tambour to human voice 9 Saxophone Who is the father of Modern Jazz Saxophone Player 0 Coleman Hawkins What is Coleman Hawkins most famous recording 9 Body and Soul Coleman Hawkins Contribution amp Style Characteristics 000000 EVOLUTION OF JAZZ FINAL EXAM 0 Fast Vibrato 0 Vertical Style 0 Bright Sound D brass metal mouth piece Lester Young o Saxophone player in Count Basie s Band that helped Billy Holiday Lester Young Contribution amp Style Characteristics 9 Little to no vibrato o Improvised in Linear Style 0 DarkWarm Sound D hard rubber mouth piece Harry James 0 Trumpet Player 0 Biggest Hit was quotYou Made Me Love Youquot Artie Shaw 0 Clarinet Player 9 ls person to hire a person of color into their band Tommy Dorsey o Trombone Player 0 Commended highest payroll of any band at the time Who are the members of the Tommy Dorsey Band 0 Frank Sinatra o Bubby Rich 9 Bed Freeman 0 Ken Curtis Benny Goodman o Clarinet Player 0 quotKing of Swingquot 0 1st white to fully integrate his band January 16 1938 9 Benny Goodman rented out Carnegie hall for the 1St ever jazz concert What was the rst recording device 0 Vinyl Chick Webb o The name of the band leader who gave Ella Fitzgerald his rst job Ella Fitzgerald 9 Important and in uential singer of the Swing Era William Count Basie o BoogieWoogie Piano Count Basie39s Jazz Band 9 The most in uential band that played the quotKansas City Swingquot Style Boogie Woogie o The style of piano playing used by Kansas City Swing Riff 0 Short Melodic Fragments What modern jazz developed smoothly from the swing style not as a reaction against it EVOLUTION OF JAZZ FINAL EXAM 9 False 9 Jam Sessions 0 Small bars where band players would meet to play 9 Musician who performed composed and recorded in ALL styles of Modern Jazz 0 Miles Davis 9 Charles Mingus 9 Modern Jazz lost its audience because it failed to appeal to o Dancers 9 TF Modern Jazz developed smoothly from Swing Style not as a reaction against it 9 False 9 AfroCuban Jazz was a style created by Chano P020 and the great Be Bop trumpeter 9 Dizzy Galespie John Birks Galespie 9 TF Cool School players sometimes used written arrangements 9 True 9 A quotlaidback39 tone quality is a style characteristic of what type of Modern Jazz 9 Cool School 9 In 1959 Miles Davis recorded an album that many people feel is the most important and in uential recording in Jazz History What is the name of the album 0 Kind of Blue 9 More activity from drummersquot is a style characteristic of what type of Modern Jazz 9 Hard Bop 9 The most in uential composer of Jazz Music in the HardBop era was whom o Horace Silver 9 Clifford Brown was the new trumpet sensation during what period of Modern Jazz Hard Bop 9 The great Hard Bop drummer and leader of The Jazz Messengers was 0 Art Blakley 9 The ability to change the timber of her voice midsong was a style characteristic of 9 Sarah Vaughan 9 The piano player and leader of the band at Minton39s Playhouse in Harlem was 9 9 9 EVOLUTION OF JAZZ FINAL EXAM o Thelonious Sphere Monk Where was the venue for music during the Modern Jazz Era o Nightclubs such as Minton39s Playhouse TF The most prominent size ensemble for Modern Jazz is the Big Band 9 False First tempos and an quotagitatedquot feel describe which Era of Modern Jazz 9 BeBop Stan Getz introduced what style of Brazilian music to American Jazz 9 The Bosse Nova Other than Miles Davis name an in uential artist from the quotCool SchooP 9 Nat King Cole The leader of the PostBop movement was 0 John Coltrane List two style characteristics of BeBop o Agitates 9 Fast Tempos 9 Complex Harmonic Approach 9 Use of Contrafacts The in uential drummer in the John Coltrane Quartet was 9 Elvin Jones TF John Coltrane made the soprano saxophone a signi cant instrument of jazz 9 True The use of Third World Music is a style characteristic of what type of Modern Jazz 9 Avant Garde What was the most in uential musician of Avant Garde movement 9 Ornette Coleman Miles Davis altered the direction of Jazz in 1970 with a pivotal recording called 0 Bitches Brew The Fusion Era combined elements of what two musical styles 9 Jazz 0 Rock The most important and in uential band of the Jazz Fusion Era was caHed 9 Weather Report What new instrument became a signi cant sound of this group 0 Synthesizer What is the difference between a high art form and popular art form o High Art Form doesn39t require the approvalattendance of an audience 9 9 9 9 EVOLUTION OF JAZZ FINAL EXAM o Popular Art Form requires an audience and when the audience39s tastes change so does the music Name the piano player from the Cool School who went on to lead one of the most signi cant trios of Jazz History 9 Bill Evans The music of Ornette Coleman was sometimes completely free of what 0 Melody Harmony amp Rhythm Name the composer from Brazil whose music has in uenced many Jazz musicians since the start of the Cool School 9 Antonia Carlos Jobim Most important and in uential female vocalist of the Modern Jazz era 0 Ella Fitzgerald o Billie Holiday 9 Sarah Vaughan Gospel Soul and Funk were elements introduced into Jazz Music by whom o Horace Silver The use of quotquarter tonesquot is a style characteristic of what type of Modern Jazz 9 The very popular song quotTake Fivequot was originally recorded by whom 9 Dave Brubeck The most important musician in the development of Modern Jazz was whom 0 Charlie Parker Where was the venue for music during the Modern Jazz Era o Nightclubs What is Minten39s Playhouse o Bar in Harlem no cabaret license no dancing allowed had jam sessions sped up music so people couldn39t dance moving from a popular to a high art form smaller fan base Thelonious Sphere Monk Charlie Parker quotBirdquot helped develop new sophisticated vocabulary of jazz introvert worked with Galespie heroin found dead in 1955 John Birks Galespie quotDizzyquot played trumpet extrovert worked with Parker What is contrafact 0 New song built on the form of an old song What are the 6 style periods of modern jazz 9 Bebop The Cool School The Hard Bop Era John Coltrane Avant Garde the Free Jazz movement The Fusion movement 00000 9 9 9 EVOLUTION OF JAZZ FINAL EXAM Who was is the most important musician in the development of modern jazz 0 Charlie Parker Jazz quintet 9 Piano 9 Bass 0 Drums 0 Trumpet o Saxophone Cuban percussionist o Chano Pozo Most prominent ensemble size small o Piano bass drums horns trumpet and sax EDD Miles Davis 9 Became trumpet player in Charlie Parker quintet gets scholarship to Juliard heroin addiction shapes new style of modern jazz using his strengths lyrical quotBirth of the Coolquot recording 1949 The Cool School o Preeminent style ofjazz from 19491959 culmination of the Cool School was 1959 Gil Evans arranger 5 different albums recorded in 1959 o Kind of Blue Miles Davis Time Out Dave Brubeck Giant Steps John Coltrane The Shape ofJazz to Come Ornette Coleman Mingus AhUm Charles Mingus quotAll Bluesquot Miles Davis trumpet Cannonball Adderley alto John Coltrane tenor Bill Evans piano also composed most famous for his 19605 work with piano trio Paul Chambers bass 19551962 most recorded jazz artist Jimmy Cobb drums BHIEvans c 19605 jazz piano trio in Cool School Style piano acoustic bass drums intimate conversational sound Dave Brubeck o Piano player in quartet piano acoustic bass drums alto saxophone Paul Desmond Take Five by Dave Brubeck is the most requested jazz song Stan Getz o Goes to Brazil tenor saxophone 0000 0000 00 9 999 9 9 9 EVOLUTION OF JAZZ FINAL EXAM Antonio Carlos Jobim 0 Composer from Brazil The Bosse nova Nat King Cole 9 Cool School erastyle West Coast Jazz o What people from east coast called Miles Davis39 music The Hard Bop Era 19541962 0 Jazz developed the quickest in this era going back to bee bop styleroots with original compositions as opposed to contrafacts drummers come to the forefront 52nd Street in NYC where all jazz clubs were Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers 9 Single most important group in the Hard Bop era Birdland club production improvements in technology want to capture spontaneity on recordings remote technology 0 Clifford Brown trumpet o Horace Silver o Art Blakey drums ed group for 40 years Blue Note Records set remotes up in clubs around NY Clifford Brown o quotnew trumpet sensationquot able to hear advanced harmonic structure had awless technique could navigate dense and dif cult harmony killed at 26 years old on Pennsylvania Turnpike Horace Silver o Most important composer in Hard Bop era had roots in Gospel music made jazz more enriching funlq jazz piano Elvis Presley was the rst to sign a deal with a major rock abe Lee Morgan rock 39n roll rhythms trumpet 9 John Coltrane 9 9 9 o Saxophone tenor tookjazz to furthest deepest levels 9 One of 3 or 4 most in uential jazz musicians o 12 year career 19551967 9 Miles Davis gave him his break put him in his band Miles Davis quintet good technique play a lot of notes 9 Known for practicing habits abstract concerned with harmony developing a new harmonic approach o Atlantic Records mainly a tenor sax player starts to experiment with soprano sax 196364 becomes more religious wants to achieve more intensity in his music Round About Midnight o 1955 record by Miles Davis Coltrane featured soloist Giant Steps is dif cult dense harmony The John Coltrane Quartet 1960 9 John Coltrane saxophone o McCoy Tyner piano iulub 9 JHDJ 9 EVOLUTION OF JAZZ FINAL EXAM 9 Jimmy Garrison bass 9 Elvin Jones drums polyrhythmic very in uential A Love Supreme album 0 Prayer to God in 4 movements 0 One of most important jazz albums made 0 Johnny Hartman with Coltrane My One and Only Love Avant Garde free jazz 1959 9 Means something that39s ahead of its time least popular form ofjazz Ornette Coleman alto sax leader of Avant Garde movement Cecil Taylor D piano Fusion combination ofjazz and rock Miles Davis leads the way John McLaughlin 0 Led the Maha Vishnu Orchestra 0 Rock guitarist of British descent o Discovered by Miles Davis 0 1970 create Fusion together Bitches Brew 0 album put out by Miles Davis features McLaughlin starts to use rock instrumental no vocals use of guitar synthesizer new technology Funk Philadelphia San Francisco rhythmic rhythm over harmony George Ween concert promoter Sly and the Family Stone Weather Report 9 most important and in uential group in Fusion era members from Africa Costa Rica Ft Lauderdale quotBirdlandquot Jaco Pastorius in Weather Report one of most important bass players Style characteristics of Bebop o Agitated 0 Fast tempos 9 Complex harmonic approach 9 Use of contrafacts Characteristics of the Cool School 9 More melodic o Slower tempos o Laidback feel 0 Simpli ed harmonic approach 0 Lyrical improvisation o The use of written arrangements Characteristics of Hard Bop o More original compositions o A relentless harddriving feel 9 More activity from drummers Characteristics of PostBop John Coltrane o Incredibly advanced harmonic approach 9 Great ballad player o Introduces soprano saxophone into jazz JHDJHDJHIHIHI EVOLUTION OF JAZZ FINAL EXAM o Evolves jazz into free jazz movement 9 Sheets of sound Style Characteristics of Avant Garde 0 Use of thirdworld in uencemusic o Often void of harmony o Often void of melody o Often void of rhythm Style Characteristics of Fusion 0 Combination of elements ofjazz and rock music Sarah Vaughan 9 In uential female vocalist o Known for having tremendous range 4 octaves 0 Sometimes sang slowly 0 My Funny Valentine one of the most recorded songs Charles Mingus Bass started as ceo player gospel in his upbringing Wanted to emulate Duke Ellington39s music Wrote in all 5 subsets of modern jazz Weird ensembles included instruments like French horn bassoon etc Fables of Faubus like the secondcoming of Duke Ellington 9 One of the most important composers in jazz in the 20th century after Ellington o Artistic visionary Known for collective improvisation 0 Used a lot of his music for political reasons 0 0000 0 Nelson Riddle Crooning Frank Sinatra Rustic Cabin Inn The Weather Report Fusion Group Two people created a new style of music Kenny G Broadcast Architecture e is not English must submit proof of proficiency in English which may include the exams listed below Scores should be mailed directly from the testing institution to Vesalius College The reference number for the TOEFL is 3574 TOEFL score or plan to take on TELTS Academic Module score or plan to take on 8 Personal Essay On a separate sheet of paper please write in your own words a one page essay minimum 300 words on an issue of local national international or personal interest that is important to you 9 Additional Information On a separate sheet of paper please list any extracurricular activities in which you may have participated either at school or in the community including any recognition awards received Any work experience you may have had may also be listed here If you have been out of school for an extended period of time please provide details about how you have spent that time Two letters of recommendation should be sent directly to Vesalius College Usual references include teachers professors guidance counsellors or school directors UniversityCollege Transcript official Interested in applying for internship Once the Internship catalogue is published in order to officially apply for the Internship course students must complete the Internship Application Form For more detailed information please check the Vesalius College Website HYPERLINK quothttpwwwvesaliuseducareervipquothttpwwwvesaliuseducaree rvip Belgian Health Insurance Please see Annex 1 and sign Form Proof of International Health Insurance Proof of International Civil Personal Liability Insurance should include coverage for bedbugs If this type of insurance is not available in the students heme eountrYT then the student i i 1 J 3 E 33 3 E UbilUUJ C I ULLC 1quot Iran w114p11 1AA A 1739 JCLJJD UbilUUJ C AA114 1A L39lUULlJ zlleAJJo L 11th ouLC Jquott n ll39 UQLC zUJJCjC 0 L114 nAJ 139I39I 1A JCLUJJJ that you have fall back Options in case a course is full We shall reqister vou for the tob 5 courses selected CIEE students will be reqistered for their ton 4 courses EPA students will be reqistered for their ton 2 courses Hendrix students will be reqistered for their first choice For full time students if a course is full vou will be reqistered for the next course down the list If the full eeurse Vou seleeted was ene ef vour first 4 I 33 3 1 1 3 E 4A1nnr A39l39l39I HA nAJAr AI39I39I HA KUUJ DC zUUCKUULDC VUULDC UCACVLAULL nA39I39I39I Hf O O O O AC nAIAJIIAJ AAA AmtN I n ll39 Hubc wunuupp VAN39I39Il A4 LCMHAQLAULLD CLLLKJ KUUC UJ r4 Anm l I39M Nm I 39I39I A ULUUCLLL o u4q11apuLC 04 11 VCDQAALAD VCDQAALAD UUAACMCo r4 AA LU QUAUC LJV IIA 4 A n ll39 Hubc LllClLL o UUAACMC 4 1IInr D UAMLLQLULCo oINIAA r C J 11JA1A I ULUUCLLL
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