Popular in Course
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Department
verified elite notetaker
This 8 page Bundle was uploaded by Sierra Beeson on Sunday May 4, 2014. The Bundle belongs to a course at University of California Santa Barbara taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 55 views.
Reviews for Chicana Studies
Eugh...this class is soo hard! I'm so glad that you'll be posting notes for this class
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 05/04/14
Chicana Studies Study Guide TERMS born and raised in Mexico culture and nation if in the US then she frequently travels back and forth a woman of Mexican and American ethnic heritage mixed ethnic and gender identities frequently US born 0 Self identification from parents family history cultural upbringing a mixingborrowing of cultures o Ex Magnificent 7 movie clip about rancheros involving co ethnic violence and patriarchy an ethnic and gender IDENTITY an Identity Scheme socially constructed think about identity as a whole even though there can be partial identities o internalized set of meanings values and practices that you can apply towards life a set of meanings values and practices that form a way of being living 0 Ex Gaucho identity deepens in you every day you go to UCSB we signal our identities with what we wear our activities and our values but we don39t express our gauchoness in the same way CONCEPTS CONFLICT BINARIES ARE FALSE 2 ANATOMY NOT GENDER M F genitalia Sex can be ambiguous intersexhermaphroditic LGBTQ Sexual orientation what you like regarding sexual attraction and practice EVERYTHING ASSOCIATED TO GENDER IS SOCIALLY CONSTRUCTED SOCIAL a complexvaried spectrum Social characteristics identifying a person as masculine feminine in a given place and time are subject to change not absolute Created by social life through language mediated processes Gender performance self expression of one s gender identityidentities 0 at BINARY ex Native American societies had 34 gender categories amp Two Spirit people Gender socialization is what you39re taught about what it means to be a certain gender some families teach their daughters to stay at home some teach their daughters to go out into the world GENDER HIERARCHIES Good woman has honor virgin asexual until marriage valued as ability to bear legitimate male heirs Bad woman no honor no value as bearer of male heirs via whom to transfer property Women valued based on their reproductive capabilities women become a possession of men so they can pass their wealth on to the next generation 9 a dichotomy of good women vs bad women GENDER AND ETHNIC VARIATIONS 1 Varying socialization 2 Varying identity expressions 3 Multiple social identities Explanation the character of social identity CHICANA IDENTITY IS A GENDERED AND ETHNIC IDENTITY Gender and ethnic identities DISTINCT BUT INTERCONNECTED 0 Ex the women in Salt ofthe Earth INTERSECTIONALITY Culture not nationality race a pan ethnic term refers to women in the US w any Spanish language origin or other Latin American ethnic heritage used historically by US Gov to refer to Latinos but the term is rejected by many people makes a reference to Europe imposed 3 KINDS OF IDENTITIES 1 identities based on social group membership participation culturalsub cultural 2 identities based on unique relationships to specific individuals how you define yourself uid and changing and always in process Social GROUP identities oEthnic Greek oNational AmericanBritain oGender malefemaletransgender oSexual LGTB oRacial blackwhiteetc 0 Religious ewish Muslim oSubcultural football fanGoth Social ROLE identities oWorkprofession oLocation SoCal oSocial role fathermotherphilanthropist oPhysical ability paralyzedhyper active Social identity formation 1 Learn a subset of all group meanings values practices 2 Choose to livepractice a subset of learned meanings values practices as a part of their identity Is A COMBINATION oF DIFFERENT SOCIAL IDENTITIEs Religious oClass oSexuality oGeneration oRegional identities oLinguistic identities CULTURAL DETERMINISM IS FALSE ust because you are Chicana doesn39t mean you are going to behave a certain Way Debunks the Ethnic Test by Anzaldua policy of extending a country39s power in uence upon others through diplomacy or military force Countries interested in imperialism to MAKE MONEY Imperialists justified stealing because they considered people abroad to be worseless than the people at home DEFIES HOW THE ENLIGTENMENT DEFINES THE SELF The empire made people think the same so when they encountered diff people cultures they didn39t respond well to it 9 felt isolated nervous scared 9 impulse to eliminate the threat UNDERLYING DRIVE AND IUSTIFICATION FoR THE EMPIRE Acquiring what other people already have requires a lot of justification Alternative justifications social hierarchies taking and violence ultimately justified by social hierarchies oReligion 0 Class oRace Spanish wanted to make the people they conquered like them constructed and hierarchical social relations subordinating women to men Manifests in most practices globally Limited gender roles forced to be a homeworkerwage earner 9 Can negatively affect men Sexual reproductive control can include extreme violence Link to Middle Sexes 1 subordination of women 2 variety of gender 3 Binary system enforced by British imperialism men restricted from being with their lovers because of the law 2 socially constructed Complex of social meanings the categorization of people according to phenotypes Race doesn39t mean anything the definition of races has changed over time we attach meanings to different races Race categories are extremely in uential 0 Shape social life stories can damage 0 Continually perpetuated and reconstructed 0 Race becomes part of our identity schemes and how we identify with other people US racial constructs originated in conquest British imperialism Chicana experience shaped by Spanish and English standards RACIAL PROBLEMS Racism commits 1 essentialism a core part of someone s being a stereotype if you are born into it then you must be good at it i Ex White people can39t dance 9 in order to be white you must not be able to dance 2 Racial hierarchy CHICANAS AND RACE Race intersects with patriarchy via colonization Chicanas can be of diff races white indigenous black etc generally MIXED racial heritage Ethnic identity is not determined by race A medium for creating understanding living and CHANGING social life 0 Ex a book is only a book because everyone agrees to call it a book OUR UNDERSTANDING OF THE MATERIAL WORLD HAPPENS THROUGH LANGUAGE Words signs symbols only have meaning when people agree to that meaning and meaning can depend on context 9 hand wave example There are social meanings via social convention 9 invention of social scripts rules practices etc 0 Ex gender dress and greetings gendered interactions BRO CODE HISTORY 19TH CENTURTY Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo 1848 9 end of Mexican American war and shifted the boarder South 20TH CENTURY 1 wave ofModern Mexican Migration 19101930 many Mexican Americans already lived in the US for a long time Depression and forced deportation 19311934 0 WWII 19411945 a lot of industrialization the war ended the depression many Mexicans and women were brought into the workforce because the men were off fighting Civil Rights Era 1960s early 1970s Nationalism Community organization and Feminism also sprung up NATIVE AMERICAN CULTURE PRECONQUEST Native American cultures destroyed by conquest and forced assimilation RACE AND SPANISH CONQUEST Spanish and Portuguese got racial attitudes from Moorish Arab conquest 9 extensive interracial interethnic mixture 1492 Spanish rule and conquest 9 Arabs driven out values and practices of racial mixture came to America with the conquest 9 Global hybridization of cultures Spanish in uence race a racial spectrum 0 Color caste has hierarchies English in uence color line stark blackwhite division blacks subordinate to whites CATHOLIC CHURCH ACTIVITY Part of Spanish conquest 1700s in CA unipero Serra a missionary who worked to prevent rape of Native women and to Christianize native people Church w military 9 aim to protect mission s religious work and to link Catholicism wloyalty to Spain they wanted Native people to protect Spain39s territory in case any one else tries to come and take over the land Sexual violence part of establishing oppression rape terrorism Serra strongly objects b c rape creating difficulties for Catholic missionaries 9 military tries to stop rapes but there was no effect o Riff raff Spanish soldiers discredited 0 Structural constraints distance too big for oversight and justice financial and legal shortfalls MOVIE NOTES SALT OF THE EARTH by Michael Wilson Who is Esperanza connected to 9 Her husband and her children What are her concerns struggles 9 She wants hot running water to improve sanitation and she wants her kids to have better opportunities than she did How does she resist efforts to subordinate her 9 She starts by standing up for herself to her husband joining the other women at the union meetings and ultimately striking in front of the coal mining company until her needs are heard How is gender shaping interactions 9 Gender includes gender roles which at first made Esperanza very submissive towards her husband but as she and her friends began to push their gender limitations they became empowered and pushed for equality between genders Class shapes interactions because the coal mining company was able to take advantage of the miners since they were of a lower class ie giving them no running water and fewer safety precautions It made the miners reluctant to strike at first but then gave them a cause to strike for in the end How are race and ethnicity factors shaping events 9 Because many of the miners were of Mexican origin they were treated as less than human in some instances and their wishes and requests were disregarded The strike took place between WWII and the Civil Rights Era Women viewed as weak dumb and their needs concerns were not as important as the men39s When the strike started initially women were not allowed to picket but the women found other ways to support the strike brought food and drinks for the men at the line when the men were banned from picketing the women took their place While the women were in jail the men had to do the house chores which made them see the concerns of their wives As the strike persisted the women became stronger and the men didn39t know how to handle it but when one of the families got evicted from their house both the men and the women bonded together 9 a step towards gender equality and the end of the strike There were many different Chicanas that approached the problems in many different ways MOVIE CLIP DOLORES IUERTA AND HELENA CHAVEZ People gain power by coming together and speaking together The Grapes of Wrath and The Harvest of Shame put a spotlight on the migrant farm workers Dolores and Gilbert came together with many others to create a union of farm workers strikes didn39t work because workers got black listed MOVIE BRO CODE Why men have a sexist culture socially constructed masculinity MTV amplifies the sexist values in society men value getting as much sex with as many women as possible women try to be the hottest most seductive person in the room In music videos they show masculinity by men controlling women Bros before Hoes The script in the Bro Code men own women No means yes 11 and 12 year olds watching MTV start to copy what they see on TV sexism and the TV makers copy the kids o Kids sponges they learn a lot of culture when they are young you don39t have to be consciously engaged for social construction to take place W regard to Chicana studies it39s about reshaping the conventionunderstanding of gender norms MOVIE MIDDLE SEXES Trans genders in the Bible Belt have a very hard time 50 are killed or kill themselves they bring a certain fear in other people 9 violent acts against them Hermaphrodites inter sex people challenge the binary idea of sex Connect to the reaction European imperialists had towards the indigenous people of the lands they conquered different 9 fear 9 annihilation There are differences in the brains of heterosexuals and homosexuals in transsexuals the brain disconnected from the genitaliahormones VARAITION IS NORMAL in biology society hates it In India it is very normal to have homosexual friendships and many men39s first sexual experience is with other men it isn39t considered homosexual or even real when the BRITISH took over they said sexual variety activity bad all sex should be reproductive all homosexual relationships illegal 0 They have a 3rd gender neither male or female there are no real job opportunities for this gender 9 prostitution or begging IN CLASS QUESTIONS Q What big concern is declared by the Zink Town miners A Workplace safety equality and fair wages Q All Chicanas have identical experiences attitudes and preferences A False Q Identity is involves A A scheme of meanings values practices derived from teaching and living experiences Q Why are Chicanas diverse but share commonalities A They choose to identify through different markers of common culture they learn different aspects of their common culture Q Ethnicity is not race it is culture a socially constructed way of life comprised of sets of meanings values and practices A True Q Gender is A Comprised of sets of socially constructed meanings values practices learned masculinity and or femininity Q The gender binary fully describes the lived experiences of gender for all human beings A False Q Sex refers to A Anatomy of the body Q Racial binary ie race black or white is a racial paradigm brought to the Americas by Spanish Imperialism A False it was a product of BRITISH imperialism Q It is racist to say In some cases skin color plays a role in how a person is treated by some police officers A False because you are stating a reality Q Why was European colonialism so often violent and destructive of indigenous cultures A It was financially profitable and cultural differences were threatening
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'