Assignment 2 HLTH 3315
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This 3 page Bundle was uploaded by Spurthi Pasham on Sunday February 28, 2016. The Bundle belongs to HLTH 3315 at University of Texas at Dallas taught by Dr. Azadeh Stark in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see Issues In Patient Education in Nursing and Health Sciences at University of Texas at Dallas.
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Date Created: 02/28/16
Spurthi Pasham Issues in Patient Education Stark Assignment 2 Question 1: Describe the disease diabetes mellitus and its long-term adverse health outcomes Diabetes mellitus is basically a group of metabolic diseases charectized by high levels of glucose (aka hyperglycemia), and its long term health adversaries include failure of eye sight, kidneys, nerves, heart, and blood vesels, while reducing life expectancy by 2 years. Question 2: What is HbA1C biomarker? Why monitoring this biomarker? The hemaglobin A1C is used as a biomarker to mark the severity of hyperglycemia, and monitoring this biomarker is important because it informs us any further incidents that could further hurt the body due to hyperglycemia by things like diabetic retinopahty. Question 3: Browlee-Duffeck et al. have reported on the role of HBM in monitoring medical regime and metabolic control. Explain their findings. In their investigation they found that 52% of the variance in self reported adherence to regime, and 20% of variance in HBA1C, within same age group. Cost of adhering, statistically significant influence on patient self reported adherance with this group and patient susesptibility and severity scores only statistically significant on HBA1C values. Question 4: Bond, Aiken and Somerville tested HBM with young people diagnosed with diabetes. How did they assess and evaluated the ability of HBM in predicting adherence in their study sample? Explain method of data collection and then briefly explain evaluation of data. The 56 young people finished a questionnare completing CSAQ, diabetes health relief scale, diabetes regime compliance questionnare, and the summary of diabetes self-care activities, along with phone intervews on various lifestyle subjects. Question 5: Explain outcomes/findings of their research project. The study found that the sample was well-motivated to comply, perceived relatively low susceptibility but high severity of complications, perceived greater benefits than costs to adherence, and had a sensitivity to and willingness to act on cues.Increasing age was associated with decreases in adherence to three aspects of regimen –exercise, injection regularity and glucose testing frequency. The ultimate finding of the research was that the HBM most closely associated with adherence was willingness and ability to act on cues. Question 6: Identify and list the constructs that were added to HBM by Aalto and Uutela. Aalto and Uutela added, measures of locus of control, self-efficacy, health value, and social support to the HBM. Question 7: What the four measures of Cronenwett’s measures of social support? The four measures of social support received are emotional, informational, tangible, and appraisal. Question 8: Discuss the four subscale of locus of control in the Diabetes Locus of Control Scale. The Four subscales of locus are belief in diabetes control is internally driven, by chance, by significant others, and by health care professionals. The authors believed that control by healthcare profesisonals was more beneficial although, internal drive is also necessary. Question 9: Discuss the over findings of the research project (The Extended Health Belief Model Applied to the Experience of Diabetes in Young People) The study indicates participants of this study representative other other populations being researched. Firstly, it was found that family support across the board is low. The DFBC scores were used, and it progressive incleased with age for a diabetes patient, showing the family support decreased starting at 8.39, and ending around 7.75 . In a different sampling study the scores were a lot lower. For the all the other comparisons however, data was obtained from other studies. Through the process there was also a realization that the final model indicating adherance to diabetes sefl-care regime is far more complex. Question 10: In your own terms and as future healthcare professionals, defend the necessity of this type of knowledge when interaction with patients. It is necessary to a diabetes patient to have high levels of family support and low levels of locus of control beliefs, for the young patient to reduce vurnarability and perception of severity to diabetes. As a healthcare professonal, I would have more knowledge about the pateint's needs, not just physical but also emotional need that could create a better experience for them, and therefore that would make me a more compassionate doctor.
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