J101 Grammar for Communication
J101 Grammar for Communication
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Date Created: 05/30/14
UDY GUIDE Modules 111 3 s U LLI 1 K U 4jEE l 7 3quot O O 0 ME Pi H g l quot 39i V V l l u 1 La L r W 43 MK W r xk LL ht 8 Coffc a2 ts El What makes up a sentence El What does and doesn39t make up a subject El Tricky subjects M 0 d u Ie 1 P r a c tic e El A J W U CtI 0 G PF Iaaave slept outside addition to isters ate oatmeal my attic are a collection of novels 4 d ays is not enou gh Vac ation time 5 1 0otba11 team left yesterday 1 Lg E l ll fgur nights I have slept outside sltion to my sisters ate oatmeal c ltitic are a collection of novels p T 5 enou gh Vac ation time 5 7 H 1 NY b e football teasklgft yesterday xi 1 E ii lid 1 C 2 IWVJ a w P Had laid To get horizontal i r i L present Past participle Lay Had laid To place Had lain To get horizontal p indicate that the subject is doing 34 examples got know sat sleep 0 4 3 0 3 so 3 escribe the condition of the bject p verbs of to be am is are Was were ben as well as appear feel seem smell sound taste elping Verbs are additional Verbs that help give a slightly different meaning to a sentence 1 tell the time that something is taking place plez Can I play baseball with you Questions physical ability May I go to the bathroom Questions allowance Module 3 to Verbs II II 39 0 in s are s1ngular Ill l PxB s 39 are plural Countlwns are always s1n ular xamples diabetes athematics meas es mumps d s1c s II II JLa nouns ending in s can be singular or plural 9 economics ethics politics 1 II II II x ome plural nouns don39t end in s they end in a p E l t 0b ural form pF subjects work together and are considered one exaple peanut butter and jelly is my favorite sandwich 7 Collective Nouns groupings of humans and animals that have their own nouns examples audience team public school department society class Collective nouns are considered singular 5 orations and Organizations are alwa s sin ular example oc1at1on and organization match t e Ver that comes p of A quotie are singular example twelve gallons 0 m ngular or plural depending on use indefinite 17quot 1 P to what the fraction modifies The words the numb always singular words 11 number is alv7ays plural P hen someone or something is one of a larger group all of I la share some common characteristic match the Verb to the p if someone or somethin is the onl one doing something or 0 described match the Ver to the in ividual I bjects joined by or or nor if both subjects separated by 0 rm nor are singular choose singular Verb example Susan or nu is 16 When one subject is sin ular and the other is plural match the Verb to the closest subject example the skunk or the skunkweed plants are p 0 1 V r p y J I I I I I 4 Y L LL 0 VI le 7 T Everyone No one Anyone Both Each Few Any Everyone Many Most Much Several No one e P Someone p the correct form of the Verb the members of the committee is A II1 I391t A ii s live in sep arate house s Mathematicsuses cause many eadaches evhreequarters of the hospital were was emodeled llecting coins is are considered a waste of time by some D 1 w quoty Q n U 7 H W Lmn wjih If J 1quot L 5Lr 3 H urmi x 31 T quot 2 1 31 39 mm V w uquotquot v 1 U L Pig in I N W 1 1 A G glverbs M K K well and bad p 0 Orly Co iparing people and things Fewer less number amount and prepositions i provide details about nouns including i u infinitives and grovide more subject an or object V r s 1 02Q Q W P iptive providing more A ple the laaghzng man watched lg pT PA gquot ggm y L limitin malltingquotclear which one of t e writer means example That car is avor1te includes words such as a an the p that any and many and most numbers O may come immediately before the noun ltmodify or they may follow a linking Verb describe the condition of the subject such as is are feel or smell T rbs more than one part of speech Works adjectives and other adverbs FT 9is ekly brought to school ILL V rt oifies broeshich is a verb woman is the asaally timid salesperson timid which is an adjective drove very slowly Modifies slowly it A q p is an adverb Ca ao tell how reluctantly when yesterday where downstairs to what extent aaite sitions ei amp when and many words that may be prepositions 0 j adverbs ii the difference p l objects whereas adverbs do not i Vi i t Adverb W ay have been out er mind Preposition and its object e D ost commonly used prepositions are at by for from in 2 05 to with E and its object make up a prepositiomzl phrase prepositions never contain a subject any pronoun repos1t1onal phrase Wlll e1ther be 1n the obect1Ve or case never nominative preposiwfions are always followed by more information V 1 X the adjective 0 Y style is crazy adverb 1 9 391 J L I L L 1ir Lg his brain he had a lot of fleeting Y bZ L s style is crazy rty the girls were quickly v P next one A A n H amp E E 39 Lb j Q u wwWEL 1 waxy 0 s 1 de h1s bram U he L P P wt pughts ii J had a lot of fleeting Module 7 Wirdiniating Conj Conjunctions L r 1 V quot it It s Fragments rr Whiakes up a sentence Differee between Independent and Dependent Clauses Difference between Subordinating Conjunctions and Coordinating Conjunctions Types of Clauses Noun phrase Verb phrase prepositional phrase Verbal phrase Phrases Versus fragments Practice quotat NBOYS stand for ix ttdinating c onj unction cl 0 does a sub jf einating conjunction do W at is an interjection 3 M D y6 Qt v P m Or yet SO N J oj phj jj clause s to each other Etroduce dependeea t clauses or o1n them to ent clause s p k 7 ort exclamation that expresses an emotion quot 39r lquot7 Mfr J ll lslyst lsjj 1ls quotf L 39 n C is i M fiquot395 l L4 l T J W l r Ek A DJ C t 6 M x v quot 39 H quot M v at an 393 H u 7 1 Hi FL I 1 H ll11T i V 7 c39l V H W Nil quot25 l lM L ii 1 1nf1 Ves f1rst person second person third person Module 8 Concepts Redundancy Comma Splice or RunOn Sentence Passive Voice Dead construction Misplaced Modifiers Dangling Modifiers Parallel Sentence Structure Practice p 09 two independent clauses together 1 31 gyhat is better t5iii5e passive Voice or an active ge s 29t is it called when a sentence begins with e ere is was or it is was 1k R ax wag K eww a comma and a conjunction a Lia tiV VOiC 0x5 constructmn quot O lt quot r i V h ax Gh Qh S L g L Hquot Ix V 7 quotquot LJrj u CY a A lLllJ lClllD El 2 RY M 4 O L a 77 ii 5 I T Pg W a life 1 Verb 0 a ill arllts lrLo7s Col Z Hyp hens Dashes Parenthesis Concepts M 0 d Cgarks signify of a sentence How to use periods How to use question marks How to use exclamation marks How to use ellipses How to use commas Common comma errors How to use semicolons How to use colons When to use hyphens Practice s quoteh and commas go on the Tit tion marks gt7 K form o fiufg gguation joins independent 0G is it okay to use double punctuation at the end of a sentence i iwi do you use ellip ses Wh are the four marks to signify the end of a sentence W H W 39 E vt hfL ZR Hg m V T p A 43 1 1 39 x quot aw quot P 39T 1 L711 0 my an Hg i A G H I m V iL g rt 74 i TV H something is missing or when leaving out of quote LL 4 staid question marks exclamation marks ellies Practice a quot yU ly about a decade where do you We V you make a plural first if a plural En owns something or do you add the Where does the apostrophe always go T we tw m numbers are or don39t use xamplez 19705 or 70s Wgke word plur gisigrst then add apostrophe y add apostrophe s to the second noun re the missing letter or number was LLKWR I Module 1 gm xT ua LsiL Us pimp S t J 1 f f r W 39 ra A D W 1 quot J 1 7 I 3911 0g vncepts pr far 3 K5 fwUuquot yS E Z don39t mean what you think they mean P affect Versus effect whemnguse certain phrases example a lot of times not using texting language in papers spell out words use ap0strophe39s and contractions capitalize proper names Practice quotat PTZ t 1 fference between affect and 39J 7 V L L 39 ltf J3 i K a N 39 V V 9 1 7 JK 4 nk 0 5 435 1 quotE5L 1quot 5 0 L O T uLw IELJ quot 1 7 EL 1 e a e j T A1 5 E 1 T T EN 39 L U T R 11 1 n in doubt P look it up in the 7 at ti Pid 9t should one do to avoid textingrelated e 0 X S problems Z A to receive Except Preposition I 15 391 Hr i r A 3 quotuW g7 iiJ 7 V711 5 W V I H M T M 1 0 1 7 1391 it IFLL V gt Hi1L 7 E pm out your words use apostrophe s and rrrractions capitalize proper names J 3i LLKWR I H
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