Theogony Reading Notes (Classics 320)
Theogony Reading Notes (Classics 320) Classics 320
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This 3 page Bundle was uploaded by Hannah James on Tuesday September 8, 2015. The Bundle belongs to Classics 320 at University of Wisconsin - Madison taught by Laura McClure in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 127 views. For similar materials see The Greeks in Classical Studies at University of Wisconsin - Madison.
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Date Created: 09/08/15
Theogonv bv Hesiod Creation came out of the Chasm chaos this is probably the realm or nothingness present before the universe was created 0 Earth Tartara Taratrus and Erebos the realm of darknessdeath came from the chasm Eros was the first god the god of sexual love Eros youngest son Kronos was a schemer and most fearsome of his children 0 Kronos hated Eros The children of Heaven and Earth were many 0 Earth bore the heavens first and later the mountains and sea 0 They bore cyclopes who had only one eye and gave Zeus his thunderbolt 0 They also bore three sons with 100 arms and 50 heads who were strong and powerful Kottos Briareos and Gyges Heaven hated his children from the beginning and he hid them away in a cavern of Earth 0 This filled Earth and she groaned and hated it 0 Earth created the element grey adamant a heavy metal the gods use and made a large hook She showed it to her children and Kronos said he would help her 0 Heaven came and stretched over Earth during the night and Kronos ambushed 0 him cutting off his genitals I When he ung them across the Earth the Erinyes Giants and Meliai were created 0 Erinyes goddesses of retribution for crimes such as murder and other serious crimes 0 Giants powerful beings that once fought against the gods and were defeated 0 Meliai tree nymphs I The genitals landed in the sea and when it foamed around them Aphrodite was created Heaven then gave his children the name Titans Night bore dark things like the Fates Death Misery Strife and O Hesperides signing maidens who live in the gardens beyond the sunset Hercules had to get their apples 0 The Furies prosecute the transgressions of men and gods Sea bore Nereus sometimes called Old man of the sea Thaumus bore Iris god s messenger assoc with rainbow and the Harpies goddesses of the stormwinds Phorcys and Ceto bore 0 The old women shared one eye and one tooth O The gorgons two were immortal Medusa was mortal I Poseidon lay with Medusa and when Perseus cut off her head Chrysaor and Pegasus came out 0 Pegasus ew away to live with the gods bringing thunder and lightning to Zeus I Chrysaor fathered threeheaded Geryoneus from whom Hercules stole cattle and whose dog Orthos he also killed 0 Echinda part nymph part serpent I Bore Orthos the dog I Bore Cerberus Hades dog I Bore the Hydra of Lerna the serpent that grows more heads when they are severed whom Hera fostered in her wrath towards Hercules 0 Hercules slew it with the help of Athena I Bore Chimaera who bore the Sphinx death to the people of Cadmus until Oedipus solved her riddle and the Nemean Lion slain by Hercules Tethys bore the swirling rivers Nile Rhesus etc and the Nymphs who bring fertility and fortune Thea with Hyperion gave birth to the Sun Moon and Dawn Dawn bore the winds and mist who bore the Morning Star and the other stars Rhea bore to Kronos O Hestia goddess of the hearth Demeter goddess of cereals Hera Hades Poseidon and Zeus Kronos swallowed all his children for Heaven and Earth predicted that he would be defeated by Zeus 0 When Zeus was to be born Rhea hid him in a cave to be raised by Earth and gave Kronos a stone to swallow Zeus defeated Kronos releasing the Cyclops s who gave him his thunderbolt as a thankyou Iapetos fathered Prometheus and Atlas 0 Atlas holds up the sky and Prometheus was punished by a bird for stealing fire for Man until Heracles set him free Zeus hated Man and punished them for receiving fire by working with Hephaestus and Athena to create Woman often called Athena Zeus recruited the hundredarmed men sons of Earth and Heaven who had long been imprisoned to fight the Titans 0 This turned the tide of the war and allowed Zeus to win 0 The Titans were imprisoned in Tartarus guarded by the hundredarmed men Nearby Tartarus stands Atlas who holds the sky 0 Night and Day switch places and one always waits in the house Night cradles Sleep and his brother Death Further on stands the house of Hades his hound Cerberus and the goddess Styx Earth bore her youngest son Typhoeus who had 100 snake heads that made every sound imaginable O Zeus saw how dangerous he was and he cut off all his heads and ung him into Tartarus O Typhoeus is responsible for the wet winds that blow haphazardly across the sea and trouble men on ships Zeus made Metis an Oceanid nymph whose name meant resourceful and cunning his first wife 0 But when she became pregnant Earth advised him to put her in his belly so that no other god could hold his royal station which he did Metis children would ve been very clever I He prevented the birth of an heir and now Metis is inside him which is why he possess resourcefulness and cunning Zeus second wife was Themis all that was right and proper in society 0 She bore him the Watchers Justice Lawfulness Peace and the Fates Eurynome bore Zeus the three Graces Splendor Good Cheer and Festivity Demeter bore Zeus Persephone who was stolen by Hades Memory bore Zeus the nine Muses Leto bore him Apollo and Artemis Hera bore him Hebe Ares and Eileithyia goddess of childbirth Zeus bore by himself Athena while Hera bore Hephaestus Poseidon and Amphitrite bore Tirton Ares and Cytherea bore Terror Fear and Harmonia To Zeus Maia Atlas daughter bore Hermes and Cadmus daughter King of Thebes Semele bore him Dionysus Alcmene bore Zeus Hercules Hephaestus made Aglaia his wife Dionysus made Ariadne Minos daughter his wife who was made immortal for him Heracles made Hebe daughter of Zeus his wife and became immortal Sun and Perseis bore Circe and King Aeetes Demeter gave birth to Wealth
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