New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Homeland Security notes

by: Lizzie Enright

Homeland Security notes CJ 439

Lizzie Enright

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Notes from the first half of the semester
Homeland Security
Philip Schertzing
Homeland Security
75 ?




Popular in Homeland Security

Popular in Criminal Justice

This 7 page Bundle was uploaded by Lizzie Enright on Wednesday March 2, 2016. The Bundle belongs to CJ 439 at Michigan State University taught by Philip Schertzing in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 43 views. For similar materials see Homeland Security in Criminal Justice at Michigan State University.

Similar to CJ 439 at MSU

Popular in Criminal Justice


Reviews for Homeland Security notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 03/02/16
Emergency Management Four stages of homeland security cycle - Mitigation - Preparedness - Response - Recovery “Organized analysis, planning, decision-making, deployment and coordination of available resources to mitigate, prepare for, respond to and recover from the effects of all hazards.”(FEMA) “Emergency management generally refers to activities associated with avoiding and responding to natural and human-caused hazards.” (Reese) Integrated Emergency Management System (IEMS) - A national system including local, state, tribal, federal governments, private sector and volunteer organizations - Uses an “all-hazards” approach- same systems, first responders Emergency - Any instance in which the governor determines state assistance is necessary to supplement local efforts and capabilities to save lives, protect public health and safety Disaster - Occurrence or threat of widespread or severe damage, injury, loss of life or property resulting from natural or man-made causes Stafford act (1988) - Emergency declaration - Major disaster declaration - Fire management assistance grant declaration Local level: - Local first responders deployed; local CEO declares local state of emergency; may request state aid through state emergency management agency State level: - State EMA makes recommendation; Governor may issue declaration, mobilize state assets Federal Level: - Governor requests declaration from president through FEMA; FEMA activates National Response Framework and coordinates federal assets FEMA: In charge of consequence management FEMA coordinates federal agency response according to 15 Emergency Support Functions of the National Response Framework FEMA merged under Department of Homeland Security in 2003 - State/federal disaster relief intended only as a supplement for local resources, uninsured losses - Focus is to restore vital services necessary for life- not to “Make whole” or provide conveniences - Module 2 Homeland security is a broad and almost all- encompassing concept that continues to evolve and morph at a rapid pace May never have a consensus of a precise definition - Post- cold war – reduced fear of soviet nuclear attack - Focus on all-hazards emergency management, domestic terrorism after OKC bombing - Y2K preparedness the focus in 1999 - Homeland security and homeland defense used by a few in congress, military, as early as 1995 or 1998- not used by general public or news media until 9/11/01 9/11 - The term “homeland security” gradually began entering national lexicon- no precise definition - USA PATRIOT act passed in oct. 2001 - White House Office of Homeland Security established - Anthrax hysteria in fall of 2001 First official definition: Concerted national effort to prevent terrorist attacks within the united states, reduce Americas vulnerability to terrorism, and minimize the damage and recover from attacks that do occur 6 Critical mission areas: 1. Intelligence and warning 2. Border and transportation security 3. Domestic counterterrorism 4. Protecting critical infrastructures and key assets 5. Defending against catastrophic threats 6. Emergency preparedness and response National Strategy for Homeland security (2007)  Debate over adding all-hazards elements to definition to include natural disasters due to experience of hurricane Katrina Four Strategic Goals 1. Prevent and disrupt terrorist attacks 2. Protect the American people, our critical infrastructure, and key resources 3. Respond to Quadrennial Homeland Security Review - First one- required by congress- published by DHS under the Obama administration in 2010 - Homeland security is an overarching “umbrella” concept to reduce stovepipes- first official, explicit recognition of all-hazards approach to homeland security National Homeland Security Enterprise Three Key concepts - Security: Protect the U.S. and its people, vital interests, and way of life - Resilience: foster individual, community, and system adaptability and capacity for rapid recovery - Customs and exchange: expedite and enforce lawful trade, travel and immigration 5 mission areas - Prevent terrorism - Secure borders - Enforce immigration laws - Safeguard and secure cyberspace - National preparedness Areas of ongoing priority and emphasis - Nuclear terrorism using an improvised nuclear device - Immigration - National preparedness and the Whole Community Approach Natural threats - Some strike without warning - Some can be planned for or at least provide some warning - Some are long-term (droughts, winter storms, prolonged cold or heat spells) Black swans - Rapid adoption of technology-driven changes to manufacturing processes, such as three- dimensional processing, fundamentally altering the importance of transnational flows of information in relation to the flow of goods - A country unexpectedly becomes a failed state, leading to consequences such as loss of control over sensitive technologies or loss of general border integrity - A substantial increase in sophistication of hostile non-state actors, such as violent extremist group gaining the ability to launch a campaign of well-coordinated and highly organized attacks, conducted by interconnected but autonomous groups or individuals in the US - Abrupt impacts of climate change, such as drastic alterations in U.S. weather patterns and growing seasons or rapid opening of the arctic Hazards Defined - Hazards Defined: “A source of danger that may or may not lead to an emergency or disaster.” - Some sources propose three umbrella groups, types or categories: o Natural hazards o Technological hazards  Structural fires, Transportation accidents, nuclear accident, infrastructure failures, dam failures, hazmat incidents o Terrorism Hazards  Conventional explosives and secondary devices  Firearms  Chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear - Ganor: “Defining Terrorism” o Argues that a universal, objective definition of terrorism, and who is a terrorist, is possible and necessary o Ganor rejects the notion that “one man’s terrorist is another man’s freedom fighter.” o Focuses on targets of attacks- civilian or military- rather than goals or methods 9/11 Commission - A global strategy The united nations has no internationally agreed definition of terrorism CJ 439 January 27 th Perceptual framing of Homeland Security - Citing a lack of coherent theory to explain homeland security o Building a theory using multiple frame analysis - Paradigms are sets of theories, concepts, assumptions that constitute a way of viewing Four conceptual lenses: 1. Homeland security as a criminal justice problem, which views terrorism as a crime 2. Homeland security as an international relations problem, which views terrorism as war 3. Homeland security as an organization design problem which views terrorism as a network of sub- state transnational actors 4. Homeland security as a collaborative nexus which views terrorism as a complex mixture of social, political, economic and environmental issues- an overlap of lenses 1-3 2/15 Homeland Security Organizations, Law and Authorities National Security Act of 1947 Thesis: DHS still a work in progress 4 major responses to 9/11 attacks 1. Creation of the White House Office of Homeland security 2. Passing the USA patriot act 3. Implementation of a series of Homeland Security Presidential Directives 4. Creation of the Department of Homeland Security Four secretaries of DHS - Tom ridge - Michael Chertof - Janet Napolitano - Jeh Johnson DHS Organizational Structure - Office of the Secretary of Homeland Security - Directorate for National Protection and Programs - Directorate for Science and Technology - Directorate for Management Key legislation - Uniting and Strengthening American by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism (USA PATRIOT) - Homeland Security Act of 2002 - HSPDs and PPDs - Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act - USA FREEDOM Implications of State-Level Organization - Some state separate homeland security/ emergency management agencies or directors - Many governors have appointed homeland security advisors who lack cabinet-status and do not control funds or programs Michigan MSP- EMHSD EM/HS System - Michigan Emergency Management Act


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

75 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.