English 122LE Final Study Guide
English 122LE Final Study Guide
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Date Created: 06/06/14
Animism Respecting the Living World by Graham Harvey Signs of Life and Personhood Animism believes that animals are people too various animist points of view and possibilities that are about the division between persons and objects first question how do animist know that animals are persons animals and humans communicate in a particular way amp are communal and individual at times humans are considered to be conscious in a different more advanced and better way to animals we are self conscious or re exive Personhood is marked by self consciousness and its communication language humans are alive and self aware and talkative animist Pagans believe animals have their own rituals ex A hedgehog making an entrance at a key moment Nayaka distinguish not between persons and objects but between persons in the process of relating and persons being disinterested in and unresponsive to others myth that animals gifted language to humans Animist think that much of what animals do are planed and purposive many actions are done without interest in humans ex Badgers make paths to their toilet areas wo considering the fact that that land is farmland some actions are done purposefully towards humans ex Communicating about food supplies and territories many human actions are about food and territory too Amazonian shamans see animals as humans Bird Persons unusual proximity that sometimes occurs in encounters between particular birds and particular humans can be considered to be deliberate acts of communicative intimacy ex Eagle ying over a drum group after finishing the final honor song if two creatures share similar rights and responsibilities they are responsible for each other s ourishing in the world only a human knows what is best for a human non human animals owls herons crowns nightjars do whatever they need to do everyone plays their own role fully Fish Persons Indian people have a relationship with the salmon in the rivers and streams without the salmon they would cease to be Indian people believe that personhood not only is the process of relating but also as relating is of the essence of animism indians do ceremonies to mark the arrival of the first salmon of the season salmon are not merely objects used for food and thought in human culture salmon are cultural persons with whom it is good to communicate Plant Persons some animists find it possible to speak with and listen to trees and other plants communicating the respect and exploration of a manner of speaking would be true to the task of sustainable dwelling a manner of speaking that would be true in the nondescriptive sense of being good some animists do speak with and listen to plants in what is both a respectful communing and a dialogue about information exchanges are made and relationships established maintained and celebrated plants are engaged with as powerful persons some give their lives or parts of themselves for the benefit of other persons the power of various fungi are not only initiators of contact but are both potent and demand respect the plants cultivated by Amazon women sustain their own familial relationships among the Bolivian Aymara potatoes are not only involved in kinship systems but in the ceremonial transactions transactions that humans are subject to are similar to those that plant persons undergo all require care and recognition Humans Are Animals Too Winoma La Duke quotes a Zapatista woman as saying we re treated like animals Ecocide and genocide are indistinguishable in many colonial projects neither are they distinguishable when seen from an animist point of view an assault on one group of persons is an assault on all with whom they are related Animals Might Be Humans Too Viveiros de Castro and others explain animals are really humans at the sametime animals see humans as animals or spirits this chapter argued that animism is an attempt to live respectfully with all who might be persons the living beings who surround us are not only good to eat andor good to think they are also good to talk with DEA TH It is about persons formed from continuously shifting relationships environments and circumstances life is recognizable in many forms processes and actions Death HappensDeliberately the problem of intentional killing is embedded in the larger more ordinary difficulty that any eating necessitates the killing of persons intentional killing is more severe crime than eating animism is about attempting to live respectfully is it possible to eat respectfully Tawny Grammar Reading The Same Old Song and Dance setting 1943 Portland OR from farther north by Puget Sound usual pastimes were watching the migrating waterfowl or sewing moccasins had a tough time dancing with a girl because she was taller than him and he was having a hard time keeping up had been in on adult society and its moment each dance and its music belong to a time and place Maize rice reindeer sweet potato indicate places and cultures the dance enables us to present our many human and nonhuman selves to each other and place the young people are to learn the dance and thus they are borne by their culture to become culturebearers the yoga of danceas the great Bharat Natyam performer and teacher Balasaraswati can be one of the paths to self realization the middle main part is the perpetual reincarnation of a sacramental sense of the world Current music is too much a commodity dance has cultural and religious significances it often comes under attack from the administrators for imperialist powers when missionaries went into lnupiaq Eskimo territory the first things they banned was dance in Russia and invigorating cultural renaissance which is taking them away from tv sets and back to the community hall to rehearse and perform Bharat Natyam the dance of South India is a confluence of archaic folk tradition court patronage northernderived religious devotionalism professional temple dance o enng the traditional has exceptionally high standards Baby Saraswati would be teaching classes in berkeley Balasaraswati new laws forbade women to dance in hindu temples In Bala s repertoire was a folk dance that completed the loop from cosmic myth to village life Much of the vernacular culture of South India is compressed into this one little performance The Kuuvangmiut and the Humanities Steve was at the Kobuk village where he was generously fed clothed and rested also friends with Hans and Bonnie Boenish who taught the school in Kobuk and were going to put us up Bornite a mine nearby the Kobuk Village and it supposed to contain some of the largest copper deposits in the world Mining will bring great changes socially and economically if it was to start Hans and Bonnie have been there for several years and hans his own sleds and team the village people I talked to were divided some wanted traditional skills to be maintained while others felt that it was too late and their children should be getting an education that would work for them as well as in Los Angeles as in Alaska The native people of Northwest Alaska have been intent on clarifying their own value system in recent years Fundamental values that works everywhere humor sharing humility hard work spirituality cooperation family roles avoid conflict hunter success domestic skills love for children respect for nature respect for others respect for elders responsibility for tribe knowledge of language knowledge of family tree These values are full of grandmother wisdom the fundamental alltime values of our species Children grow up hearing contradictory teachings one for getting what39s yours and another for being decent People who already have all the answers argue that the humanistic stance lacks moral decisiveness Buddhist system resolved to have no particular way There is no place in the phiosopher s enterprise where greed and hatred are given any kind of support or approval Everything except math linguistics and myth will become obsolete American society has its own set of unquestioned assumptions it cleaves to the idea that there can be unblemished scientific objectivity with no surroundings there can be no path and with no path one cannot become free eventually languages return to their inexplicable directions thinkers are behind the ideas and mythologies that people live by Sled dogs sung along to the gatha in an unstructured chorus of sweet mournful howls For the children s teachersnative or whitethe opportunity to teach a little history philosophy or literature is welcome whatever culture it comes from the rural teachers strongly support the teaching of traditional culture philosophy is thus a placebased exercise it comes from the body and the heart and is checked against shared expenence John Cooper first turned up at the Kobuk school poetry reading one night met once before when john was studying Range Management and becoming a wilderness defender A text is information stored through time the stratigraphy of rocks layers of pollen in a seen as text Every kind of writing relates to natural materials such as chinese writing came from cracked tortoise shells The current chinese writing with the hooks came from when Han Chinese shifted from incising signs with a stylus on shaved bamboo staves to writing with a rabbit hair brush dipped in a pine soot ink on absorbent mulberryfiber paper Erik Granquist showed how to read the story of the Pleistocene bison 36000 years old body Wild nature is inextricably in the weave of self and culture It s not enough to be shown in school that we are kin to all the rest we have to feel it all the way through Language is not a carving it s a curl of breath a breeze in the pines Metaphors of nature as books are not inaccurate they are pernicious Met Ron in Anchorage language belongs to our biological nature and writing is just moosetracks in the snow does language not in some sense belong to biology Ron s response was Wilhelm von Humboldt lecture there is no such thing as the fittest in among languages language is just one species there must be some other creatures in your mind wilderness it interacts with because a wilderness is a system poetry is a subset of language use that can t be it most of the native families seem to be perceived english as the wave of the future and the source of potential economic success for their children so they don t make an effort to speak Language at home The local mis of dialects and standard languages is unique to the place an ecology of language might start with recognizing the common coexistence of levels codes slangs dialects whole languages and languages even of different families All are rooted in nature but their vines and creepers reach worldwide To be considered a classic the text or tale must be enacted across many nations and a few millennia and must have received multiple translations Animals as characters in literature and as a universal presences in the imagination and in the archetypes of religion are there because they were born there The new world north is a window into the European past where do the sacred salmon of the celts the bjorns and brauns and bruns of northern European literature The persistence of these marvelous creatures in literature and imagination tells us how important they are to the health of our souls animals are fascinated by our language animals sees us strange we change too much we eat too many different things Ninety percent of what all socalled humanists have done throughout history has been to fiddle with language grammar and rhetoric and then philology ls it possible that a society as a whole might stay on better terms with nature and not simply by being foragers The subtle and manylayered cosms of the universe have found their own way into symbolic structure and have given is thousands of tawny humanlanguage grammars Character Anablsis narrator Rosemary Cooke 22 years old attending UC Davis 5th year student would not be graduating anytime soon saw no reason to hurry to graduate hadn t spoken to his father in a long time has very little interest reason for not having a major mother aggravated woman translator between narrator and father father Vince was a college professor has diabetes chain smoking hard drinking y fishing atheist from the Indianapolis 2O brother something happened that caused him to disappear 10 years ago sister disappeared 17 years ago Harlow Fielding from drama department major girl narrator meets from the commotion at the cafeteria from Fresno 3rd year at Davis dream was to live in Ashland Oregon and design sets amp lighting for the Shakespeare Company Arnie Haddick arresting officer39s name Grandma Donna Rosemary s grandmother on her mother39s side Grandma Fredericka Rosemary s grandmother on her father39s side Cousin Peter very intelligent son of Aunt Vivi able to cook a dinner for 4 at the age of 10 with whatever was in the frig the only all city cellist in the history of the world to be voted best looking in high school was especially nice to his sister anice Aunt Vivi Cousin Peter39s mother anice Peter s sister Aunt Vivi s daughter 4 years younger than her brother Todd Rosemary s roommate 3rd generation Irish American father 2nd generation Iapanese American mother parents hated each other Ezra Metzger Rosemary s apartment manager English 122LE Final Study Guide We are all completely beside ourselves by Karen Fowler Part One Winter of 1996 been so long since siblings disappeared that he doesn39t think of his siblings much couple sat next to narrator they were arguing girl got up and everything on the table fell on the oor boyfriend had asked her for more space and she got upset girl moved to another table and broke everything in sight they ended up breaking up policeman came because of all the commotion kept staring at the narrator girl from commotion threw a coup at the policeman policeman turned around narrator dropped her plate and fork accidently making policeman believe narrator did it narrator was holding a glass of milk that was half full narrator threw the glass on the oor as hard as possible Chapter Two 40 minutes have passed narrator and girl from fight with boyfriend are in the policeman s car girl introduces herself as Harlow Fielding from the drama department narrator introduces herself as Rosemary Cooke both characters taken to the county jail arrested by a man named Arnie Haddick Rosemary was very uncomfortable in jail Harlow had probably been at a jail before she was relaxes and making sarcastic remarks Rosemary was put into a jail cell with 2 other girls one was a black drunk lady who cried for help because her elbow was bleeding other was a white middle aged woman who was arrested for shoplifting tortillas and salsa for a football game party Harlow left before Rosemary got picked up by the boyfriend she had fought with charged with destruction of property amp creating a public nuisance after getting processed Rosemary was let out charged with destruction of property creating a public nuisance and assaulting an officer Rosemary called her mother who was busy playing bridge R then called her father who was very upset but ultimately came to pick R up R s father Vince managed to reduce assault charge to nothing other charges for property damage and public nuisance were also dropped because cafeteria lady spoke for R at the jail R promised father to come home for Thanksgiving to explain what happened face to face R founds this a very harsh punishment for spilling milk Chapter Three Thanksgiving parents pretended that family was close knit which R claimed they were never that family R grew up in Bloomington Indiana where parents still live made it more difficult to go home for weekends during Thanksgiving dinner R barely saw her father he was too busy with a grant from the NIH father was diagnosed with diabetes a few years ago drank alcohol secretly R s family alternated between grandparents on holidays this thanksgiving they were going to Grandma Donna39s house Grandma Fredericka s house lots of Asian trinkets inside her house okay to bully guests into 2nd and 3rd helpings polite Grandma Donna39s house family ate more here house was decorated with unassailable taste Antagonism in my family comes wrapped in layers of code sideways feints full deniability pg 19 before R39s father could talk about work everyone closed off the opportunity for him to talk at the same time R s mother could have married Will Barker an estate lawyer R begins to think if her grandmother would be happier if R39s mother married Will instead meaning that R would have never existed R couldn39t remember what they talked about only what they didn39t talk about missing family members Clinton s reelection R going to jail cousin Peter39s tragic SAT score R s father brought up how well R did on her SAT scores Peter congratulated R on how well she did On the last night before going back to school R39s mother came into R39s room while R was doing homework R s mother touched some rocks on R39s dresser reminds are about her childhood days when she would go to the woods R s family has moved three times seeing empty rooms made her mother sad our houses like our family grow smeller each successive one would fit inside the last 25 When R39s family lived in their first house R made up a pretend friend named Mary R s mother did not like Mary Mary didn39t come home one day and they never spoke again Moved to another house when R was 5 years old the old house was taken down bc it was a farm house R calls the 2nd house a saltbox her room was pink until Grandpa oe her father39s father painted it blue then moved to the third house the current house no one planned to be here long 26 R didn39t think of this house as her home when she thought of home The reason R39s mother came into R39s room was to give her old journals to R R felt uncomfortable because her family never spoke about the past R doesn39t remember what she said in response to her mother I see how in a family like mine love doesn39t have to be earned and it can39t be lost just for a moment I see us that way I see us all Restored and repaired Reunited Refulgent pg 28 Chapter Four R ended up taking her mother39s journals There was nothing I wanted less than my mother39s journals pg 29 R lost the journals on the plane back to Davis airports fault R hoped her roommate Todd wasn39t home instead R found Harlow on her couch Harlow was wearing R39s shawl drinking R39s sodas and playing music R s kindergarten teacher told her she had boundary issues R claims she didn39t know people did not want to be touched Harlow explained that her boyfriend Reg kicked her out expecting her to come home in the morning the airline called to say R39s bag would be delivered in the afternoon the toilet over owed R had to call apartment manager Ezra Metzger R and manager spoke about Harlow s boyfriend 15 minutes passed before he reeled in a tampon It wasn39t mine pg 32 R had trouble going to bed Remnants of Harlow were everywhere on R39s pillow in the garbage the smell of the bed sheets Todd came home in a bad mood upset that the manager had let Harlow in the apartment when no one was home R had not received her luggage by afternoon called the airline R s mother called to tell R she was so happy about giving R her journals Todd came home with pizza R Todd and Todd39s girlfriend Kimmy Uchida watched a show and ate pizza then the couch got a little busy since it had been 4 whole days since Kimmy and Todd last saw each other pg 34 R went in her room to read a book The Mosquito Coast Chapter Five the next morning the airline called saying they had R39s suitcase and would deliver it in the afternoon R had class so airline promised to leave it with Ezra 3 nights passed before R found Ezra again R ran into Harlow one night Harlow apologized for staying in R39s apartment R and Harlow went to a bar everyone seemed to know Harlow pg 36 they received free drinks from the bartender amp other guys at the bar the girls got to know each other better every summer R visited her Grandpa Ioe and Grandma Fredericka s R s Cooke grandparents lived in Indianapolis R would always talk during the tv show angering her Grandmother one time R was humiliated because her skirt would y up while jumping on a trampoline R planned to run away from her grandparents house and go home she did this When it got dark she went into a random house a man sat her down and spoke with her about her plans to run away when R said who her grandparents were the man called them the next day R was sent back home to her parents back to the conversation with Harlow R was telling Harlow that while R was at the mans house she had opened the wrong door instead of finding the bathroom she found the bedroom inside the bedroom a woman was tied to the bed with a sock in her mouth R did not know what to do a man came up behind R and closed the door then Harlow s boyfriend came up behind Harlow and put his hand behind her neck Harlow and her boyfriend acted like siblings fighting Chapter Six the family never spoke about Fern R has a memory about her dad hitting a cat one day asks her grandmother if it was real but her grandmother says her dad would never do such a thing the idea of our own rationality he used to say was convincing to us only because we so wished to be convinced R39s dad Chapter Seven R s remembers a memory with Fern R s mother was reading Mary Poppins to Fern and R while they sat on her lap R s remembers Fern and her mother dancing to music R wonders about snow ex Where it comes from asks mother but she doesn39t answer R even though it is cold fern does not want to wear clothes but R has to Lowell is trying to build a snow ant R s favorite grad student39s name is Matt he calls Fern and R quotluv Fern and R were so excited that in the strangely illuminating phrase my mother favors we39re completely beside ourselves pg 97 R believes she always knew what Fern was thinking Lowell wonders why they can39t learn Fern s language instead of Fern learning English Fern confuses communication and language which are 2 diff things Kellogg s did an experiment on raising a child alongside a chimpanzee in the 1930s twinness affects language acquisition by the time R was 3 she had already become the role as translator between Fern and the grad students one grad student named Timothy believed Fern and R had idioglossia a secret language of grunts and gestures surrounded by humans Fern believed she was human the neural system of a young brain develops partly by mirroring the brains around it R s dad found out that humans are much more imitative than the other apes Humans imitate exactly and chimps skip any unnecessary steps In kindergarten after Fern left R39s classmates called her monkey girl or the monkey there was something off about me maybe in my gestures my facial expressions or eye movements and certainly in the things I said R tried to convince her classmates that humans were apes R s mother told her to do certain things at school ex Sit up straight and don39t bite people I remembered these things most of the time But where you succeed will never matter so much as where you fail Pg 102 R learned a lot of things in kindergarten ex Read children39s faces school means being quiet big words don39t impress children R thought that when Fern went away her life was like the movie Tarzan Part Two R s parents and Lowell were more hurt by ferns disappearance than R R still missed Fern though developed bad habits biting her nails and pulling her eyebrow hairs I ve read that no loss compares to the loss of a twin pg108 R noticed that the grad students disappeared when fern did Chapter Two R shared a bedroom wall with her parents she heard them talking and having sex the whole department suffered when the experiment with Fern and R was over R s father was disrespecting by his colleagues Lowell had a counselor because he no longer believed his parents love for him was unconditional the counselor s name is Ms Delancy they wanted Lowell to feel loved so they filled the house with his favorite things this made Lowell furious R transferred to a diff school in first grade R s mother thought R was doing well because R had gotten the lead role in a play R s father gave her some tips on how to make friends subtly mock their movements ex smile when they smile lean in when they lean in kids took this as monkey see monkey do which did not help in R making friends Chapter Three When Lowell was in high school he stopped asking to see Fern Lowell had an on and off relationship with a girl named Katherine Chalmers aka kitch R figured out that she shouldn39t draw attention to herself especially at school R didn39t talk as much which she explained filled up her brain more with thoughts Lowell used to be the point guard in his high schools basketball team R went to all of Lowell39s games one day Lowell came home when he was suppose to be at practice by dinner time Lowell seemed normal He didn39t tell anyone he missed practice that night he went to R39s dads lab and let the rats go then he caught a bus to Chicago and never came back this hurt R39s father again he never had a grad students that an other professor wanted to work with everyone thought Lowell would come home since he ran away before but not this time after 2 weeks R39s parents called the police R went to read a book and found a note to her from Lowell it read Fern is not on a fucking farm 118 it never once occurred to R that her father had been lying all along R used to imagine her and Fern living on Fern s farm together in her imagination there were no adults only chimps she would read book to the baby chimps in R39s first day in 7th grade some one put a picture of a female s chimps butt on R39s back everyone kept poking R on her back in the hallway even though R cried for Lowell at night she never told her mom R stayed strong for her mom never complaining about working thankfully the first day of school for R was the worst then other kids who were weirder than R took R39s place R s parents were concerned about R because she was so quiet sometimes they heard from Lowell from a postcard they stopped looking for Lowell in 1987 after he had been gone for a year one day 2 FBI men came looking for Lowell they said he had caused fire that cost 46 million of damage most of the rats that Lowell released were found Chapter Four one day as R was biking she ran into Kitch she was living a good life sorority good grades boyfriend she had not received any information from Lowell either Matt R39s favorite grad student had left Bloomington with Fern Lowell hadn39t known that matt took Fern to a lab in Vermillion south Dakota where they had more than 20 chimps the doctor at this lab was mean matt explained that fern never lived with other chimps before but the doctor didn39t care and placed fern in a cage with larger chimps the doctor never called fern by her name Matt said they treated fern like some sort of animal 125 the FBI informed R39s family that Lowell had moved to Davis CA R wasn39t sure if she could trust them or not the spoken word converts individual knowledge into mutual knowledge and there is no way back once you39ve gone over that clif pg 125 Chapter Five by the time R left for college she tried to never think about fern in college R avoided classes that talked about primates R went to UC Davis to find Lowell and to leave the monkey girl behind R s roommate in the dorms was Larkin Rhodes a blonde from Los Gatos she was good at cross stitching R thought everyone s parents in college were weird you are lucky to be so fucking normal 131 roommate to R philosophical solipsism reality only exist inside your mind solved using a strategy called inference is the best explanation avg chimp friendship lasts abou 7 years Scully and R never fought in the 9 months they lived together after moving out they would never talk until 2010 when Scully finds R on facebook for Scullys 2nd year in college she rented an apartment with Todd Donnelly TD junior majoring in art history nice quiet guy had an irish father amp Iapanese mother While watching a movie called The Man in the Iron Mask R couldn39t breathe Todd rubbed Rs shoulders which relaxed R Todd s girlfriend gave R the popcorn bag to breathe into When asked what happened R didn39t know what had set her off R made some excuse to go lie down and cry more When there is an invisible elephant in the room one is from time to time ound to trip over a trunk pg 135 Chapter Six some years passed R is eating in the cafeteria Harlow enters and throws everything bc she is angry R likes watching Harlow throw everything same story as the beginning of the book R s dad knew it was not R39s fault that R got in trouble in kindergarten R39s report card said impulsive possessive and demanding These are classicchimp traits and ive worked hard over the years to eradicate them thought Harlow was acting the same way as R R felt comfortable with Harlow but bc R lost her family members felt Harlow was untrustworthy R was very focused on her brother39s return thought that Lowell would come during her winter break so she could do all sorts of activities with him hoped Ezra was telling the truth when he said Lowell was going to come back R looked at old newspapers in the David library on the firebombing her brother was accused of starting the fire then researched on the Animal Liberation Front ALF read article on research done on animals R s suitcase is still lost Harlow came up with the idea of looking into the suitcase the airport accidentally sent R Ezra managed to open the lock found a ventriloquist s dummy inside called Madame Defarge R didn39t like playing with it she went in the kitchen and called the airport Chapter Seven R biked to class in the rain the class was Religion and Violence teacher was Dr Sosa R s dad told R to nod when the professor looks at her prof went from talking about violent women to chimps it seemed like Dr Sosa was looking at R the whole time he talked about chimps one female was forced to have sec with various males 170 times in one three day period made R shake her blood was rampaging she was breathing loudly which brought attention to her made R realize how hard it was for her to have sex without having friends r did have sex once at a fray party made R remember the banging on the wall from her parents having sex R knew the first time would hurt so she prepped by reading magazines it didn39t hurt the first time but the 2nd and 3rd time it did R went to see a doctor who told her it was R39s hymen R s hymen was so small that it had frayed but not broken back to lecture the prof moved on to chimps and their relations to bonobos ended the lecture by telling the class that preference for your own kind begins at birth the common humanity that we share is fundamentally based on the denial of a common shared humanity pg 151 R would not give the professor one last nod because she was extremely upset at him Part Four 2012 present day R trying t find out about other famous cross fostered chimps and their fates one chimp died of a respiratory infection after the Kellogg family returned her to the research lab another died of viral meningitis two more died of a severe diarrhea that developed within days of their families leaving them behind to go on vacation all of the accounts she read were taken from books written by the people who lived with the chimps Chapter Two after class R met up with Harlow on campus at a place called The Graduate R wanted to drink that evening after hearing about what Dr Sosa said about chimps Reg came Harlow brought the puppet from the suitcase Reg was a drama major drama dept was putting on Macbeth all the girls would be the male characters and vice versa Reg was chosen to help with the set and costumes she did not want to dress like a male Reg was irting with every guy at the bar Harlow just liked the performance a guy in a baseball cap asked Reg to dance Reg gave the puppet for the guy to dance with R grabbed the puppet and said she39s ot for dancing with they couldn39t talk inside cause it was too loud R and the boy went outside R told gave the boy a lecture about animals recognizing themselves in the mirror Chapter Three after the bar Reg left before R and Harlow did Harlow was biking while R was balancing on the handlebars they were trying to order a rice bowl at the lack in the Box they had an argument with the intercom lady the restaurant refused to serve them thru the drive thru bc they didn39t have a car they went to another bar called the G Street Pub R made out with some black guy in a letterman s jacket she supposed he was in high school but hoped not bc she kissed him R starts imagining what happened to Fern imagined that no one was there to help her except maybe matt placed in a small cage with other chimps having to learn her place in the chimp social status low bc shes a girl who knows what they did to her but no one would have stood up Harlow is imagining she his somewhere else even tho she is with Harlow and 2 other guys one guy has his arm wrapped around Harlow the other is trying to impress R but she doesn39t care all R can think about were her eyes bc they were stinging and aching from all that crying R can tell that she is irrigating the hell out of everyone R pukes in the bathroom stall when she finishes she realizes she was in the men39s bathroom R takes off her contacts and points at Reg who is in the bathroom too Reg gives R an Altoid and tells R that she always crowds people R likes Reg until he says that Emapthy is also natural human behavior and natural to chimps as well When we see someone hurt our brains respond to some extent as if we39d been hurt outselves pg169 Harlow and R are walking home from the bar they walk through the shell gas station car wash makes R remember Fern when they used to go thru the car wash R says that when she gets married she was the wedding to be in a car wash R is back at the F Street Pub Harlow and R are playing pool which is difficult for R Harlow and R get arrested by Officer Arnie Haddick for being too drunk right before getting arrested R imagines finding her brother at the bar Chapter Four the pill Harlow gave R made R think of Fern more than ever in the jail cell Harlow and R shared it with an elderly woman Fern was named after the only human in the book who can talk with nonhumans R imagined herself spinning a web like Charlotte39s Web R and Harlow had a conversion on how Charlotte39s ability to make a web is not a superpower in the morning R couldn39t remember where she had put her bike or where Madame Defarge had gone Reg came to give Harlow and R a ride home R was worried that she had lost Madame Defarge R remembers the time Lowell woke her up she knew Lowell missed the farm acreage they had one day R had gotten stung be a bee on the foot her mom wrapped her foot after putting a baking soda medicine on the wound R remembers her and her brother walking on the street when a car was coming towards them they took a shortcut through someone s backyard a dog barked and the upstairs window light turned on R kept talking To keep her quiet Lowell said to pretend to be Indians bc Indians don39t talk while walking through the forest they stopped at a pond and looked at the animals inside they passed by a rich person39s house then laid on the grass Chapter Five R called the bar and asked if Madame Defarge was there but the man on the phone didn39t understand the question R was walking in the rain searching for various things she couldn39t find R went back to her apartment without having found anything Todd and Kimmy were playing a card game R always made Kimmy feel uncomfortable Harlow was with Lowell at the crepe place R felt sick to her stomach at seeing Lowell again After showering R opened the suitcase and found Madame Defarge in there R talks about Theory of Mind in children versus adults R heads to the Crepe Bistro for dinner with Harlow and Lowell she was afraid Lowell had told Harlow about their family which meant that Harlow may have found out that R was lying to her R wanted to be alone with her brother Chapter Six R arrives at the restaurant Lowell looked older more tired and less like himself he looked like R39s father R and Lowell hugged R was afraid to look at his face fearing that she wouldn39t be able to look away so she looked at his food and his clothes Harlow told Lowell what had happened in the past including getting arrested I do believe Harlow meant to be kindthat I wanted her tosell my brother one bunch of good qualities I didn39t truly have 193 afterwards the three of them went back to the apartment R was jealous that her brother and Harlow were getting along so well then like the old days Lowell woke R up in the night and asked if she wanted a piece of pie lowell asked about their parents lowell was disturbed to hear that there was no piano they were the only customers at the pie restaurant Chapter Seven Lowell and R stayed at Baker39s Square the rest of the night Lowell became a vegetarian except when he was on the road which was a lot Lowell regretting not going to college he had read their dad39s last book but he could barely understand it he did read a lot though Lowell felt that psychological studies of non human animals were mostly cumbersome convoluted and downright peculiar they teach us a little about animals and more about the researchers Dr Harlow for example used to come to their house for dinner used to read to Fern and R he would take monkey infants away from their mothers and give them inanimate mother instead the inanimate mothers were made of different materials experiment to see if the babies preferred one material over the other he claimed to be studying love 201 Lowell explains that their dad39s experiment with Fern had a aw it was always Fern s failure for not being able to talk to us never ours for not being able to understand her 201 there was a game Fern used to play with red and blue poker chips called same not same Fern would always hand R a red poke chip their dad hadn39t thought much of this behavior here is what R thought it meant I39d thought Fern was apologizing When you feel bad I feel bad is what I got from the red chip We39re the same you and I 203 Fern had gone to Dr Uljevik s lab in South Dakota Lowell went there and pretended to be a student interested in chimp studies Lowell sneaked into the mailbox when the secretary wasn39t looking he found a chain linked fence where he believed Fern was but there was no way in He fell asleep until morning when he head a car door slam shut there was a man unloading bags of dog food from his car As soon as the man disappeared inside the building Lowell went thru the gate once inside Lowell could hear the chimps in the basement he saw 4 cages in a row in a dark room Lowell asked R if she wanted him to go on even though R knew he wasn39t really offering to stop Lowell Recognized Fern right away bc Fern was the youngest and smallest there Lowell ran to the cage Fern took Lowell39s hand and couldn39t decide whether to bite it or not because she didn39t know if she was more angry or happy to see him Fern would not let go of Lowell39s hand Fern signed to Lowell that she would be good if Lowell brought her home Fern bit another big male chimp who got mad and bit Fern all the monkeys were worked up and making loud noises 2 men came and shouted at Lowell to get out they were deciding whether to dart Fern or not but decided not to after seeing the blood One man dragged Lowell away while the other stood by Fern Fern had protected Lowell form the big male yet Lowell had to leave her there After this Lowell never saw Fern again Part Five Even though Fern was living with R39s family she was still the property of Indiana University after the experiment R39s dad hoped to keep Fern but it was too expensive and IU had no place to house her safely R s father had no say when Fern was sold to South Dakota R didn39t have authority to send Matt too but did Lowell s eyes were red with fatigue and he was rubbing them har and making them redder 2 13 Lowell said that Fern was still in South Dakota at Dr Uljevik s lab there was no way Lowell could go back bc the FBI was waiting for him to return there Thankfully Dr Uljevik retired 5 years ago he made the chimps kiss his hand as he passed their cages Dr Uljevik always hated Fern one time Lowell talked up this rich guy into buying Fern Dr Uljevik would not sell Fern but offered a different chimp that chimp ended up being sold rather than Fern this chimp was attacked and beaten nearly to death in 1989 Uljevik sold 5 chimps to a medical lab where only one chimp now lives Lowell thought Fern would have been sold too but he figures she wasn39t because she was breeding well they inseminated Fern Fern has had three children her first and second child were sold to the St Louis zoo Fern s third child named Hazel stayed with Fern there was a study done to see if Fern could teach Hazel to sign After seeing Fern Lowell needed medical attention he broke 2 fingers sprained wrist and his face hit the cage Lowell knew he couldn39t rescue Fern by himself he decided to take a ride to Riverside CA since the police showed up at the lab and would be looking for him all over town Lowell never meant to never come home he just wanted to take care of Fern first Years and years of trying to rescue Fern and what does Fern have to show for it What a miserable excuse for a brother I turned out to be 218 Lowell asked R to take him to the train station he couldn39t stay since the FBI knew that R goes to school in Davis Lowell was planning something long term and so deep cover he39d have to completely disappear 219 As the train was arriving R told Lowell that she doesn39t remember why Fern had to leave Lowell told her that she made their parents choose between R and Fern Lowell told R not to blame herself since she was only 5 years old Tell Mom and Dad I love them Make them believe it that ll be the hard part 222 After Lowell left Mary appeared she told R You love Fern R hadn39t seen Mary since as long as she39d last seen Fern then she disappeared R was still jealous of Fern Lowell had come for Fern not R Here s what I thought about instead What kind of family lets a five year old child decide such things Chapter Two After Lowell left R went back home thinking about Fern and Lowell as much as ever To R Lowell appeared to be unstable Lowell told R that Fern was her job now R was afraid of this responsibility especially the difficulty of finding a new home for Fern When R got to her apartment Reg was sitting in his car in the driveway he was reading the book while stalking his girlfriend R told him that Harlow wasn39t home even though she might be Red said that he was planning on breaking up with Harlow because she wasn39t normal R went into her room with Madame Defarge and fell asleep Chapter Three Lowell told R about a experiment done in Davis with beagles they were exposed to strontium 9O and radium 226 their voice boxes were removed so that no ne would hear them suffering Lowell spoke about a number of experiments that involved abusing animals the world runs on the fuel of this endless fathomless misery 232 R wrote about these experiments on her final for Dr Sosa s class this ended R up in Dr Sosa s office where he didn39t want to unk her he explained that R had no answered the test questions R ended up getting a incomplete since R had been so attentive in class During winter break when R39s parents saw her grades they were furious Chapter Four The neighbor that lived below R Mr Benson moved out for the last month he had been in grass valley taking care of his sick mother R haven39t seen Reg since that morning when he was in his car R didn39t know who broke up with whom Harlow drank beer on the couch and spoke about Lowell she liked him even though he told her she would never be back Harlow wanted to know everything about Lowell so R told her then R told Harlow that Lowell is wanted by the FBI Harlow realized that a domestic terrorist is the kind of man she wants the ALF has a loose structure anyone can be a member as long as they follow the guidelines destruction of property was encouraged you join by doing something not just writing about the suffering of animals Harlow s face was swollen her eyes red her mouth pinched her skin pallid 238 she stopped coming to R39s apartment she wasn39t eating Ezra had seen her lying face down in the apartment below R39s probably crying Ezra blamed Reg for Harlow s behavior R believed Harlow should not have the right to be acting like this R thought Harlow should be taking care of her R had loved Lowell for 22 years and Harlow only 15 minutes I wonder sometimes if I39m the only one spending my life making the same mistake over and over again or if that39s simply human Do we all tend toward a single besetting sin 239 R began packing her stuff to go back home for winter break she was thinking what she should and shouldn39t tell her parents about Lowell a policeman came to the door but didn39t introduce himself this time it wasn39t Office Arnie R sensed that they weren39t going to be friends Chapter Five R was placed into an interrogation room not a cell R waited awhile until the officer that arrested her came in with a bunch of papers and a tape recorder R stayed quiet until the officer turned on the recorder and asked her to say her name and to confirm that Lowell was her brother R asks for a lawyer and to go to the bathroom a woman follows R to the bathroom and then brings R back to the room this time there was no one and nothing on the table the lady that brought R to the bathroom brought R a tuna fish sandwich and some chips she asked R if she needed to use the bathroom again R said she did just so she wouldn39t have to sit there then came back and ate the sandwich The sandwich smelled of cat fish which made R think about the time her mother read the book called Millions of Cats to Fern and R R and Fern had wanted a cat but R39s father said cats are killers and that they kill for the fun of it 246 R was shivering bc she was cold R asks for her jacket in case anyone was listening R starts thinking about childhood memories Sigmund Freud suggested that we have no early childhood memories a screen memory is a compromise between remembering something painful and defending yourself against that very remembering 247 Freud might have killed cats with his car for no reason Chapter Six R remembers being by the creek with Fern they played a game where Fern would jump on a branch and R would have to jump to touch Fern s feet R walks away and finds a cat and her kittens R picked up one gray kitten but the mother wined for the kitten R gave the kitten to Fern who she knew the mother cat would never go near the mother cat hissed and spit at Fern and Fern did it back Fern hit the kitten against the tree R got worried and ran inside to get her mother to fix everything R ran right into Lowell and tried to tell him what happened When R tool Lowell to the scene the cats were gone Lowell asked Fern where the cat was but Fern pretended nothing happened Fern though that R made up the whole story to get Fern in trouble R searched everywhere for the dead kitten a few days later Fern wouldn39t let R into the house R cried for her mom and then told her mom that R was scared of Fern this is when R was sent to her grandparents and when Fern got sent away Chapter Seven Back in the interrogation room R started playing with a pill bug R s plan was a malicious compliance 254 the interrogating officer never came a woman came in to tell R she was free to leave R let the pill bug go outside R had been in the interrogation room for about 8 hours Kimmy Todd and Todd39s mother were waiting for R outside they told R that Lowell had not been caught but someone else had One evening Ezra tried to break into the primate center at UC Davis he got arrested in the newspapers it said that most of the monkeys had refused to leave their cages 2 55 there was also a female accomplice who wasn39t caught 4 things kept R out of jail 1 Todd and Kimmy knew where R was the previous night in bed early watching a movie in the living room 2 Todd39s mother was a civil rights lawyer in San Francisco 3 the police couldn39t find Harlow 4 police never read R39s final Todd s mother took everyone out to dinner in old town Sacramento R was not suppose to leave town because she promised the police she wouldn39t but Todd39s mother said R could so R did the third oor apartment was having a party back at R39s apartment now that everyone had known who Lowell was they were thrilled to have entertained him in the apartment Todd Kimmy and R watched Miracle on 34 Street even though Todd and Kimmy slept through most of it the movie was a pro lawyer movie not kind to psychologists 260 they thought Lowell had turned Harlow into himself but R knew that wasn39t the case R thinks that Harlow is trying to find Lowell When R went into the bedroom she discovered that Madame Defarge was gone Part Six After Fern left R39s family they made it a habit to travel on Christmas Christmas had never meant much for their family since they aren39t religious When R got home there was only one sign of Christmas at her house a rosmary bush R decided not to tell her parents about seeing Lowell until after Christmas this year R39s family went to the Cooke grandparents house for dinner Grandpa oe fell asleep at the table mid sentence R s period was coming but she didn39t say anything about it R goes to lay down in a bedroom where she remembers being after Fern was sent away R thinks about the time she told Lowell about Fern killing the kitten as she laid in the bed she felt guilt then R realizes that she would have never lied about what had happened bc that is not who she is R is thinking about when she should tell her parents about seeing Lowell R left a lot of info out like going to jail for drunkenness R s dad confessed and said that he did not want to tell R the truth about where Fern was going because R was so young R39s parents were shocked that Lowell wanted to come home and go to college everyone was crying R thought she could handle the talk about every time Fern s name came up she cried there were other incidents that happened while Fern was around that made R39s parents send fern away R still blames herself for Fern getting sent away even though her parents said it was never R39s fault Chapter Two for breakiung into the primate center at Davis Ezra got 8 months in prison this cost him his job R visited Ezra who asked about Harlow s location which was still unknown Harlow had lots of half siblings bc her mother liked being pregnant HArlows parents were very scared for Harlow they hadn39t received any calls it was unlike harlow to not come home for Christmas R assured them that she was alive Chapter Three After Lowell left R found no reason to stick around Davis she had to take care of Fern R researched on a bunch of monkey girls Rthinks about becoming a teacher education was the easiest the degree to get by looking at the classes shes taken R went to go see the drama departments show Macbeth Reg walked R half way home until R realized that Reg thought this was a date then R walked the rest of the way alone Reg asked to go out again the next day they lasted 5 months as a couple they fought all the time and never moved in together R isn39t sure why they broke up R s father died in 1998 he had a heart attack but thought it was the u then had another heart attack a day later and then at the hospital that night R planned to forgive Dad someday R is grateful to have helped her dad carry his bag that day they were camping he was 58 when he died His body was older bc of diseases and drinking By the time the obituary was written in the newspaper R was at Stanford Chapter Four Backin 1996 the airlines returned R39s suitcase after R had left for Christmas vacation Todd was home to take the suitcase inside While R was away Harlow had come back and put Madame Defarge back R felt bad for playing with the puppet so she returned the suitcase with a note inside R opens her mother39s journals from her suitcase o the cover of one was a baby picture of R on the cover of the other was a baby picture of Fern the journals were R and Fern s baby books not research journals Chapter Five R goes through the baby books Fern was born in Africa a month laterhermother was killed and sold as food some friends of R39s family bought Fern from poachers in Cameroon hoping R s family would want Fern Fern came into the family a month after R was born Fern went through a lot of suffering since she was almost killed when she was bought R and her mother talked about growing up with Fern one night at the table they were celebrating the sale of their book R wonders if her mother ever thought about the impact being with Fern would have on R R s mother said yes all the time but R was always happy with Fern so they thought it was okay I wanted you to have an extraordinary life 289 R and her mother watch old videos of R and Fern the year is 2012 R and Mom live together in Vermilion South Dakota R is a kindergarten teacher at Addison Elementary R is good at reading a kids body language R teaches the kids about being a monkey and even has skype connection open so other students can talk to the chimps at the primate center Fern has grown old and manages the social life at the center R s mother volunteers at the center her job is to make sure Fern is getting the food she likes he book that R and her mom published is her moms journals all profits from the book go directly to the primate center Chapter Six my sister39s life as performed by madamedefarge 3OO R tells a fairytale story that exaggerates Fern s life chimp studies will be funded only if the research is necessary for human health Fern and R celebrated this victory by drinking champagne R wonders about Fern s memory R tells about research done on chimps Chapter Seven Lowell got arrested in Colorado he had been planning an attack on seaworld Fern is the reason why R and her mom decided to published the journals R argues for Lowell39s innocence for attacking seaworld Lowell was in custody for 3 months without an attourney he has a mental condition that is not good R and her mom aren39t allowed to see him Lowell decided to be an animal R writes about articles about animals going to court Todd s mother is interested in represting Lowell incourt Lowell s actions had been the resultof his best qualities emparthy compassion loyalty and love R talks about seeing Fern for the first time in 22 years R brought a red poker chip and some items that might make Fern remember Fern s body was unfamiliar to R but R recognized everything about Fern The Old People by William Faulkner boy shot a buck Sam tells boy to slit the throat of the buck to end its misery Sam s father was Ikkemoubbe named himself Doom Sam s father was 60 had hair like a horse s mane was half black and half white father was chief Sam s eyes seemed more like the eyes of a lion or bear in a cage smells the cage reason why he looks like that the reason why his eyes look like that Sam was sold into slavery by father along with his mother held no resentment because damage had been already done did white man s work wanted to go hunting but wasn t old enough lived with negroes and consorted with them was son of Chickasaw chief Boon also Chickasaw was white but not son of a chief In the boy s eyes it was Sam that bore himself and to all white men Sam taught the boy the woods when to kill and when to not kill the boy lived through the old stories as if he was there Jobaker hermit market hunter fisherman talked to no one only Sam would approach Jobaker died after the boy listened to two old men talk Jobaker s hut was on fire when some Negros went hunting at night It was sam that shot them who was approaching Sam wanted to live where the group hunted big bottom no one argued with Sam who was 9 years old now Sam said that the boy was ready to hunt finally Sam admitted that he wanted to leave 6 months earlier from where he lived No one saw Sam leave he was just gone one morning Sam didn t return home it was the boy who returned and returned home alone Sam refused to go home he would walk with the rest until the road then ride the horse back Sam had shown the boy the connectedness to the wilderness the idea of younger vs older generation while hunting the boy knew that the shaking will go away when he needed it to sam had taught him well the deer was not there where the boy had shot but did not kill the adult buck it walked right by them unyielding unafraid headstrong Walter had shot the younger deer walter had shot the younger deer you always wear out life long before you have exhausted the possibilities of living
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