ENV S 3 Final Study Guide
ENV S 3 Final Study Guide
Popular in Course
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Environmental Studies
This 25 page Bundle was uploaded by Helen Notetaker on Friday June 6, 2014. The Bundle belongs to a course at University of California Santa Barbara taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 69 views.
Reviews for ENV S 3 Final Study Guide
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 06/06/14
ENV S 3 051314 Political Economy and the Global Environment Today39s Major IDs Thomas Malthus 17661834 born into upper class English family trained to be Anglican minister political economists pioneer of population studies modern population theory vicious cycle of population growth scarce resources scarce food supply which lead to poverty and disease Robert Heilbroner The Worldly Philosophers o Book written by Robert Heilbroner An Essay on the Principle of Population As It Affects the Future Improvement of Society 1798 Doubhng o Malthus saw a geometric population growth 0 Said there was no way food production could keep up with modern industrial world Poverty scarcity 0 Poor will remain poor o Resources will be more expensive and the poor won39t be able to afford them Thomas Carlyle 0 One of the political economist of the day 0 Coined the term dismal science The dismal science o Pessimistic way of looking at the industrial world Scale 0 Economic scale 0 Malthus was the first to talk about o How big can the economy get before it outstrips its resources I Before the economy is not sustainable 0 Saw that food was the crucial resource Green Revolution 0 Put many more acres to production by using fertilizer irrigation etc 0 Using applied technology to grow more food Applied technology 0 Delayed the dire predictions of Thomas Malthus Birth control o Any kind of birth control that slows doubling population o Ex Pandemics ZPG movement Paul Ehrlich 0 Zero Population Growth movement I Replace yourself 0 Classical Malthusians o Argues have to go down to ZPG 0 Ehrlich is a classical ecological economist Ecological economists o Believed that global economy has grown far beyond what it should David Ricardo 17721823 asks a different question than Malthus and Smith Ricardo asks who gets what in a capitalist society questions the world of Adam Smith good friends with Malthus Smith said in a capitalist economy everyone will benefit equally but Ricardo said that39s not true concerned with distribution issue struggle of who gets what in the economy Workers capitalists landlords o Ricardo divided the population into nameless faceless 3 groups 0 He shapes his negative view of the greed of the workplace 0 The ungle of Avarice Sheep dogs pigs 0 George Orwell wrote Animal Farm in 1945 Pigs landlords Dogs capitalists Sheep workers Way to talk about the escalator in modern times The Escalator o The Escalator of capitalism taking everything up 0 Workers at the bottom cranking the escalator o Capitalists riding up the right side of the escalator fighting each other on the way up 0 Landlords have their own space on the left side on the escalator The Principles of Political Economy and Taxation 1817 0 Spare bare lifeless and tragic 0 Workers brought from farm for wages can be replaced easily expendable workers 0 Capitalists plant managers anywhere in the structure of manufacturing hire workers to make their products and try to sell their products to accumulate profit then invest in more plants more workers to increase their economic activity are in intense competition to make more profit and to eliminate other competition at the mercy of the capitalist system also 0 Landlords benefit from the economy no matter what collect rent which isn39t dependent always come out on the top living off the work of others workers and capitalists o Ricardo was urging British to do something about this Rent wages profits Corn Laws 0 Tariffs protecting English grain 0 Not allowing imports to come in without duties only profiting landlords o Ricardo denounced these 0 O O O Distribution 0 Believed Smith didn39t address this problem 0 Struggle of who gets what in the capitalist economy among the three groups Profit maximization o What corporations do Economic determinism 0 Believed economics determined everything How to maximize profits 0 1 Lower wages o 2 Lower standards 0 3 Reduce environmental safeguards Karl Marx 18181883 German revolution against monarchy believed economics controlled everything Prussia Austira Hungary 0 Where feudalism was still in place 1848 Revolutions 0 Peasants became more educated revolt against their working conditions I In education are the seeds of revolution 0 Against the monarchy against merchant classes Georg Hegel 0 17701831 0 Marx in uenced by German philosopher Hegel o Said there39s going to be dialectical change in central Europe I Struggle of opposites Dialectical materialism 0 Complete progressive change 0 Marx took this to the next level I Wrote in newspapers I Some believe he was accountable for the 1848 Revolutions Fredrich Engels 0 18201895 0 Marx39s writing partner 0 Capitalist in Enlgand 0 Banished from Europe 0 Made their way to NYC Communist Manifesto 1848 o Marx and Engels 0 History would eventually favor the working classes Das Kapital 18671894 0 3 volume 0 Wrote bibles of socialism in the capitalist city of US Huntergatherers vs farmers o Said first struggle in human history o Farmers prevailed over hunter gatherers o Diamond39s theory Farmers vs merchants o Merchant culture emerges as dominant Merchants vs capitalists or bourgeoisie o Capitalists overcoming merchants Bourgeoisie vs proletariat or workers o Last struggle o Was happening in the middle 1800s and happen for a long time into the future o But eventually workers of the world will triumph I The end of history Socialist utopia o Utopia place where there is no struggle o Essence of what the Cold War was about I Marx39s theory scared the haves of the day o The struggle of capitalist and workers would lead to revolutions I Inspired socialist revolutions 1 Russian Revolution 1904 o Educated Russian peasants rebelled against capitalist o Eventually created the Soviet Union I Based on Marxism 1917 Revolution 0 Resource valuation o Marx believed resources had no value unless made by human labor Economic determinism o Marx is a lot like Ricardo I Asked who gets what I Whereas Malthus was looking at limits and scale Today39s Music Animals by Pink Floyd 1977 ENV S 3 051514 No major ID on New France It39s a Tough Old World Today39s Major IDs Iron Horse Symbol of the early industrial revolution what the Native Americans called the train First big business o Railroad first appeared about 1820 0 Very few good roads in Europe 0 First railroad built in Great Britain I Applied steam power to a locomotive o All major cities were connected by 1870 Transportation Revolution 0 Improvement of waterways mid 1800s I Used rivers to transport commerce and people 0 Stage coaches o Railroads I Response to Industrial Revolution Demanded reduce time travel fast travel Spinoff industries 0 Iron and steel industries I Needed to make railroads boomed I To build precision machinery trains etc Iron steel machine tools Bessemer process 0 1850 o Figured out a way to blow air into pig iron I Reduced impurities of pig iron I Resulted in pure hard non rustable iron steel London Smog o Early mid 19th century England developed severe air quality 0 Due to coal smoke from the steel power they used 0 Created the first externality air pollution Profit maximization o Railroads needed huge amounts of capital I Hired accountants o manage their profits Hierarchical management 0 First to create hierarchical corporate structure in business I CEO managers Time zones o Railroads created time zones o Greenwich mean time zone o To have better and accurate time Stocks and bonds o Railroads needed huge amounts of money to finance their operations I Had to generate capital 0 Starting selling securities stocks and bonds I First stocks and bonds traders The great resource gobbler o Used resources as they39ve never been used before Transatlantic transference o Railroads were able to transfer technology the know how to the rest of the continent and to the US Luddism Refers specifically to workers in England in early 1800s group who broke textile machines in fear that they will be replaced by them response to technology being imposed on the mills Weavers stockingers croppers o People who were skilled 0 Thought they were secure but they weren39t Against the Machine o Reader article by Nichols Fox o How for textile workers Ricardo s model was I Textile industry became cutthroat o 3 bad crop years I Food costs increased I Government increased tariffs on imports Nichols Fox Capitalists skilled and unskilled workers o Wages were cut 0 Capitalists needed more money so they started brining machines into skilled labor I Provided as much applied technology as they could I This got rid of the high paid skilled workers Workers rebelled Luddite Rebellion o Began 1811 o Ludite Triangle I Where most of the Luddite action took place o Started breaking machines Ned or King Ludd o Somewhat of a legend Nottingham 0 First breaking of machines o Broke into a lace factory 0 New threat Machine breaking o Expanded in 1811 to 1812 o Luddites attracted other people into the rebellion I Facing obsolescence 0 Plant owners responded by hiring armed guards spies to infiltrate the Luddite cells made the British government pass laws saying machine breaking a crime 0 1813 was when machine breaking stopped Modern Luddism 0 Natural world better than the human developed world 0 Loss of open space loss of wilderness o Genetically engineered food 0 Old ways are better than the new Aversion to modernity 0 Modern Luddism Fear of the machine 0 Humans becoming obsolete because of technology 0 Technology is taking over more of our lives Fear of capitalism 0 Government took the side with businesses and stopped the rebellion 0 Don39t trust the government 0 Element of Luddism in modern environmentalism Early Environmentalism Movements were responses to the Industrial Revolution Paris Germany North Sea were places that were industrializing rapidly where early environmentalism ourished The Romantics 0 Highly intellectual 0 People started looking at naturalism Greco Roman times 0 Started writing romantically about it The lament o Lamented that the world was losing its wildness natural ways 0 Wanted to revive the Romantic times Over civilization o Romantics wanted to reduce over civilization of society Primitivism o Savages are much better than they are because they were primitive o I Rousseau 17171781 said primitivism was a virtue not something that needed to be changed Transcendentalism 0 American form of Romanticism 0 RW Emerson 18031882 founded the movement o Talked about improvement of the self being an individual staying away from the mainstream of thought closeness to nature o Develops in the early mid 1800s o Co founder was Margaret Fuller 18101850 I Greed and avarice is their worse enemy o Henry Thoreau 18171862 another founder I Talked about the need of simplicity Preservation movement o Preserve as much wild land as possible o Created many national parks and other reserves in US o Keep things in their primitive conditions o Many landscape painters painted romantic scenery to persuade people to preserve the environment o Spiritual side Conservation movement Spirituality vs science o Scientific side I Industrialization might not work out the way we think could lead to environmental problems Enlightenment o Francis Bacon 15611626 said everything can be explained through science and logic Resource depletion o Worried about water pollution resource depletion Degradation Species extinction o Started looking at things like destruction of buffalo and other extinctions Government39s role o George Perkins Marsh 18011880 I Said human beings are the new glaciers they39ll change the environment World conservation o Grew out of the work of Marsh ohn Muir 18381914 o Federal government was the way to change things o Becomes chief of the US Forest Service o Government was the only things that had the power to change things o Next big step in the world conservation movement Gifford Pinchot 18651947 o Came to the US and fell in love with the lanscapes o Preservation movement Today39s Music W A Mozart 17561791 Eine kleine Nachtmusik ENV S 3 052014 The Environmental Impact of Global Warfare Today39s IDs Ypres Global warfare expanding 1700s 1800s especially in Europe Ypres in Belgium where series of wars were fought during WWI effects of the battles were still present in the ground poison gas landscape etc War ended November 1918 Classic example of how big war had gotten Enough toxicity to where the soil is not safe to grow crops to this very day World War I Overview o 1915 all of Europe was at war o Germans were the major antagonist in the war I Trying to colonize and militarize I Believed Britain wouldn39t come to the aid for France 0 Fought with draftees o In order to maintain peace countries formed alliances I Entangling alliances The Great War 0 19141915 0 WWI Assassination of Franz Ferdinand o Launched the war 1914 0 Was the heir to the throne of Austria Hungary o Was visiting Bosnia Serbian assassin killed him and his wife Western Front 0 Germany believed they can march the North Sea and take control 0 Area between the border of France and Germany including Belgium North Sea 0 Ypres was right off the North Sea I Lot of action in Ypres I 3 major battles of Ypres 0 Where France and Britain could stop Germany 1 Battle of Ypres o 1914 o 237000 causalities Winston Churchill o Combatant foot soldier in the 1 Battle of Ypres o Eventually became the PM of Great Britain Machine guns 2nd Battle of Ypres 0 Between April and une of 1915 o Technology development of weapons I Poison gas and amethrowers o 105000 deaths Poison gas o Used during the 2nd Battle of Ypres o Caused extensive deaths Blister tear vomiting o Poison gas caused these symptoms Nerve Flamethrowers o Used for the first time during the 2nd Battle of Ypres 3rd Battle of Ypres o uly to November 1917 o Tank was becoming more lethal as the war progressed on I Carrying cannons o 570000 deaths o 900000 dead in the Battles of Ypres In uenza Generally spread by swine Exasperated by wartime conditions Killed young people more than old people Leftpeople Spanish Flu o 19181919 Questionable origins o Origins were probably from Asia Wartime conditions o Wartime conditions existed worldwide o Created the situation for the spread of virus like this Alfred Crosby o Wrote the book called America39s Forgotten Pandemic America39s Forgotten Pandemic 0 In uenza of 1918 Camp Funston KS o First case reported in the US in March 1918 Albert Mitchell o First patient o Soldier at Camp Funston KS I First wave of in uenza US Public Health Service 0 Was formed in 1912 in anticipation of a huge pandemic like in uenza o Overwhelmed by effects of in uenza o No parades even though the Allies won WWI I Government had to shut down public events Woodrow Wilson 0 18561924 0 President during this period o Treaty of Versailles League of Nations I But got the u while he was in Europe I Couldn39t get the negotiations to work to his favor o Weakened by the u Franklin Roosevelt o Serving in the navy during WWI o Also got the u o Ammonia in both lungs o Picked up polio Stalingrad Interwar Period 0 After WW1 and before WWII Adolf Hitler o Leader of Nazis 0 Didn39t like USSR Nazis USSR 0 Allies with US during WWII 0 Used everyone including women I Involved in combat Iosef Stalin 0 Leader of USSR Battle of Stalingrad 0 19421943 0 One continuous battle of siege after siege 0 Eventually Germans got right to Stalingrad I Forced retreat after 4 months of battle Breaking point of WWII I Victory of Soviets at Stalingrad I Stalingrad was saved along with oil fields I Soviet army began to reverse the advance of the army of Nazis Volgograd o Renamed Volograd Caspian Sea Lilya Litvyak o Soviet fighter pilot o 12 confirmed kills that she shot down 0 Women participated actively in the war Great Patriotic War 0 Because of participation of almost everyone Soviets call the war this 0 Environmental impact 0 Biggest battle ever fought o Soviets had to use everything to stop the Nazis The Scorched Earth Today39s Music La Valse by Maurice Ravel 18751937 wrote it after WWII Final is not cumulative ENV S 3 052214 The Environmental Impact of Global Warfare Today39s IDs The Scorched Earth When war comes it takes priority Environment becomes mitigated to manipulation The Ecology of War 0 Reading 0 jungle and desert Vietnam 0 Carryover from WWII Indigenous forces join with Allies to fight War between North and South N Communist China S French US bailed French out to fight against communism Scorched Earth Warfare I To make it not usable for opposition o Fought in Cambodia and Laos as well Defoliation 0 Get rid of the jungle so people can39t hide in the jungles Agent Orange 0 2 chlorinated hydrocarbon compound 0 Chemical used to burn down jungles o Weed killer 0 Spread by ying over jungles o Got rid off 6 million acres of jungles mostly in South Vietnam Operation Ranch Hand o Name of the defoliation operation 0 Motto Smokey the bear only you can prevent the forest fires I Only we can prevent forests 0 Take out as much of the jungle with bulldozers Rome plows 0 Were made by the Rome plow company from Georgia o Plow at the end of the bulldozers o Cleared as much land as they could o Tremendous amounts of destruction I Led to erosion I Monsoon area land can be eroded easily by rain etc Iungle fires 0 Douse the jungles with gasoline to set jungles on fire OOOOOO I Difficult to burn wet wood 0 Caused surface water contamination Weather modification 0 Would send planes up and seed the clouds with silver iodide I To cause rainstorms chemical watfare Carpet bombing 0 Bomb after bomb 0 Some bombs would explode above the surface and cause jungle fires Fuel air explosives o Contained Napalm 0 Some bombs would explode above the surface and cause jungle fires Napalm o Flammable agent that explodes and spreads jungle fires Iacksonville AR 0 US involvement in Vietnam was not successful withdrew in 1974 0 Made Agent Orange 0 People of Iacksonville started getting cancerous diseases I Found out water was contaminated with chemicals 0 Still cleaning up after all these years Dioxinville 0 Chemical output of Agent Orange when it gets into the ground water 0 Nickname of Iacksonville Persian Gulf War 0 1991 0 Iraq invaded Kuwait 0 George H W Bush organized a coalition of countries to fight back and to retake Kuwait Kuwait invasion 0 February 1991 coalition was ready to liberate Kuwait Saddam Hussein George H W Bush Mother of all battles 0 Never really happened but retreated o Saddam Hussein decided to scorch the earth I So that the country that he was leaving would be worthless Oil spills 0 Set oil wells on fire 0 Gigantic oil fires all over the area 0 Spilled onto Persian Gulf Environmental terrorism 0 Destroy the country rather than letting the enemy have it 0 US threatened to stop water ow into Iraq I But didn39t happen because the Iraqi military fell apart Gulf War Syndrome 0 Led to the soldiers suffering from this 0 Respiratory problem I Headache memory loss sleep deprivation H Bomb Developed during 19521953 More powerful than atomic bombs Thermonuclear Warfare 0 Atomic Cafe 0 1982 0 Made by historians who had access to it Post War Shockers Today39s Music Samuel Barber Adagio for Strings Staff Sergeant Barry Sadler The Ballad of the Green Berets 1967 Country oe and the Fish Fixin to Die Rag Merrie Melodies ENV S 3 052914 Today39s IDs H Bomb Atomic Caf o Film that prepared US for an atomic war Civil Defense Fallout shelters o Building a fallout shelter to go to it when there39s a bomb explosion 0 Gave the allusion that they could survival a nuclear war Dr Strangelove o Played by Peter Sellers 1964 film About not worrying and loving the bomb Even though it39s a comedy it had a strong message People realized that the Cold War is not something that could be won Fail Safe 0 Henry Fonda plays the president and Walter Matthau plays a nuclear strategist 0 Nuclear war will kill all biological life on earth Atmospheric tests o Would give out toxic fallout and affect the atmosphere around the whole world Nuclear Test Ban Treaty 0 1963 o US and Soviet Union came together with the United Nations to ban nuclear testing Ban the Bomb 0 Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament Symbol 1958 I Became the peace symbol Nuclear fatalism o In the DNA ofthe people at the time The bomb and environmentalism 0 Silent Spring by Rachel Carson I We can destroy things 0 Caused early environmental writings Fission fusion science o A lot of our population today don39t believe in science I But how do you explain nuclear bombs then 0 O O O Post War Shockers 1 Oil and Gas Cleveland OH o Classic rust belt city I Had decrepit industries o First oil patch was in Ohio 0 Naturally situated place for refined oil production Cuyahoga River o Flows through Cleveland to Lake Erie 0 When there was an oil spill they set it on fire 0 Burned for 9 days I Because it was so polluted that it had enough hydrocarbons to keep it burning Lake Erie o Was also polluted Santa Barbara Oil Spill o Resulted about 70000 barrels of oil pouring out into the ocean o The marine life was immediately threatened Union Oil Co 0 1969 was drilling at Platform A o Had an accident where the pipe ruptured o Tried to downplay this Platform A o One of the Union Oil Co platforms UCSB Environmental Studies Program o 1970 UCSB professors decided to study the human impact 0 Beginning of the ES program Exxon Valdez 0 March 1989 o Left port of Valdez and hit a reef ship broke off I Oil spill into Prince William Sound Prince William Sound 1989 Port of Valdez AK The oil spill went right to the shore 11 million gallons Covered 400 miles of coastline One of the solutions was to steam it but that also steamed the shellfish at the same time 0 When you move oil there39s going to be spills Trans Alaska Pipeline Prudhoe Bay 0 Where the oil is taken from and goes on the Trans Alaska Pipeline Bhopal India o Poisonous gas covers Bhopal 1984 0 Making cyanide o In a matter of hours after the leak 3000 people were dead immediately I Another 2000 were badly injured or shocked OOOOOO I People continued to die thereafter Union Carbide o In charge of the gas plant Gulf of Mexico Spill 0 BP oil spill 0 Has tremendous amounts of oil beneath its oor I 31000 platforms on the Gulf 2010 Tried to stop it by setting it on fire but the oil spill was too big 172 million gallons of oil 0 Slick heads over to Louisiana coastline British Petroleum Co Tar balls and dispersants 0 People had to pick up tar balls on the beach OOO Post War Shockers 11 Nuclear Power Provides about 20 of the world electricity Three Mile Island 0 One of the cooling towers went wrong and the temperature in the reactor increased I Had a meltdown of the reactor 0 In order to deal with it they had to use radioactive steam I Had to evacuate the people around it 0 People were worried about nuclear power in the US Harrisburg PA 0 Edison has a nuclear power plant here Metropolitan Edison Chernobyl 0 Power plant in Kiev 0 1986 0 Massive explosion of one of the four reactors 0 Sent radioactive fallout around the world Kiev USSR Mikhail Gorbachev 0 193 1 o Perestroika and glasnost I Effort to become more open and western Legacies apan Earthquake and Tsunami 0 March 2011 0 Natural disaster 0 91 earthquake I But the 30 meter tsunami did more damage Hit a nuclear power plant Nuclear power in apan o apan has no oil so they use nuclear power Fukushima Daiichi o The tsunami hit the Fukushima power plant and it exploded o Damage is greater than that of Chernobyl Tokyo Electric Power Co The next shocker 0 Wind Big Essay General theme is to discuss a modern environmental issue from the perspectives of some classical political economists and contemporary economists and environmentalists Today39s Music Within you and without you by the Beatles The Beat Foes On by Sonny and Cher ENV S 3 060314 Today39s IDs NEPA and Sustainability National Environmental Policy Act 1970 o US government responded to environmental impact 0 Towards development and towards relationships with the environment I Development must be done in harmony with the environment 0 Took 10 years to get it through Congress 0 Most important piece of environmental legislation ever passed in history Rachel Carson 0 Silent Spring in 1962 o Pesticide use in the US o Catalysts towards passage of NEPA Lady Bird ohnson 19122007 0 Lyndon ohnson s wife 0 Keep America Beautiful Campaign 0 New philosophy to what the outdoors was Richard Nixon 19131994 0 I have become convinced that 1970 is when America repays its debts to the environment NEPA development in harmony with the environment 0 Created Council on Environmental Quality 0 All federal actions required an environmental impact statement Council on Environmental Quality 0 Committee that advises the president on environmental issues and policy Environmental Impact Statement EIS Sustainability Lynton Caldwell 19132006 0 Wrote the NEPA 0 Political scientist Public involvement interdisciplinary planning interagency involvement 0 Need these things to have a good impact statement Stockholm Declaration 1972 Issue 1 Taking Sides 0 Is sustainability realistic 0 Yes I Manufactured goods should be manufactured so they can be repaired and upgraded I Sustainability can be a realistic way for society 0 No I Crashed consumerism I NEPA Market capitalism Oil well analogy NEPA working within the system Tragedy of the Commons Garrett Hardin 19152003 Pollution Population over population Mandatory restrictions 0 Going to have to have mandatory restrictions on birth Mutual coercion o Mutually agreed upon 0 We all need to use less to have fewer children 0 We are not being coerced by the government per say we need to agree to be sustainable 0 There is no other solution there is no technology to reduce population growth The Commons 0 A place where all the people of several villages raise their sheep 0 Common territory that no one owns Lifeboat analogy 0 If you overload the lifeboat it sinks Lifeboat Ethics Carrying capacity Sustainable unsustainable o In equilibrium of carrying capacity you have sustainability ane Hardin 0 Also developed diseases Hemlock Society 0 Took their own lives Talking the talk Walking the walk Air and ocean 0 Great commons ulian Simon 19321998 University of Maryland Cato Institute Neo Smithian Interview with ulian Simon Sustainability and the free market Today39s Music Beach Boys Trader Beach Boys Don39t Go Near the Water Beach Boys California ENV S 3 060514 Past Present and Future Today39s IDs Iulian Simon 19321998 University of Maryland 0 Where he taught at Cato Institute 0 Conservative think tank in Washington DC o Wrote small papers with this group Neo Smithian 0 Let the market place determine everything everything will work out o All about people 0 Everything else on earth is pretty much a resource thing The Bible says 0 Earth is yours to use subdue 0 Take all resources humans have dominion over 0 Creation story Economics rules 0 Economics rules everything 0 Only important thing 0 Like Marx Issue 7 Taking Sides over consumption or over population o Is population a consumption problem or is it a numbers problem 0 Yes I If people didn39t consume so much the population of the earth wouldn39t be a problem 0 No I Too many people living on earth I Population is growing dramatically Aspirituality o No spirituality to his views 0 All about economics I Humans controlling everything 0 Losing the natural world early environmentalists I Simon will say why Biodiversity 0 Simon doesn39t care about biodiversity o If not useful it doesn39t matter The bet 0 With Paul Erwick 0 If prices of metals are lower or higher after 10 years o They were lower like Simon said 0 Iust because something s getting cheaper it doesn39t mean it39s not becoming scarce Sustainability Today39s Music Dave Brubeck Quartet Final exam has two parts Major IDs and Final Essay Major IDs 2 in all 50 Essay 48 Film 1 Music 1 The final essay will concern making connections between the classical economists discussed at the beginning of the second half of the class modern economists and environmentalists and a current environmental issue Final Tuesday Iune 10 9 11AM ENVS3 060614 Problems Key terms themes Environ Significance Marsh Man is doing damage to Conservation Inspired the creation environment of natural parks and We need to conserve forests replenish our resources All American environmentalism stemmed from Pinchot Limited resources Conservation inspired by Environment should Marsh be used wisely Muir Wants to preserve Preservation Founded Sierra Club national parks Neo Smithian Established Sequoia Wants government Free market and Yosemite ownership of land national parks Supports economic activity any growth Pristine Simon Humans are most scarce A spirituality Scarcity market resource Economics rules about how much Neo Smithian resources in the market Hardin Population growth Tragedy of Commons Population will be Concerns of over Mandatory restrictions not sustainable with population Mutual coercion growth Pollution unlike Malthus The Commons Lifeboat analogy Neo Malthusian Carson Environmental problems Conservation Nationwide ban on Casual by synthetic Reversal in national DDT and other pesticides pesticide policy pesticides Inspired US environmental protection agency Sustainability in accordance with ecology without harming the ecosystem
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'